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إصحاحات Chapters
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [11] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 فَسَمِعَ الرُّسُلُ وَالإِخْوَةُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا فِي الْيَهُودِيَّةِ أَنَّ الأُمَمَ أَيْضًا قَبِلُوا كَلِمَةَ اللهِ.1 And the apostles and brethren that were in Judaea heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of God.
2 وَلَمَّا صَعِدَ بُطْرُسُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، خَاصَمَهُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْخِتَانِ،2 And when Peter was come up to Jerusalem, they that were of the circumcision contended with him,
3 قَائِلِينَ:«إِنَّكَ دَخَلْتَ إِلَى رِجَال ذَوِي غُلْفَةٍ وَأَكَلْتَ مَعَهُمْ».3 Saying, Thou wentest in to men uncircumcised, and didst eat with them.
4 فَابْتَدَأَ بُطْرُسُ يَشْرَحُ لَهُمْ بِالتَّتَابُعِ قَائِلاً:4 But Peter rehearsed the matter from the beginning, and expounded it by order unto them, saying,
5 «أَنَا كُنْتُ فِي مَدِينَةِ يَافَا أُصَلِّي، فَرَأَيْتُ فِي غَيْبَةٍ رُؤْيَا: إِنَاءً نَازِلاً مِثْلَ مُلاَءَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ مُدَّلاَةٍ بِأَرْبَعَةِ أَطْرَافٍ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، فَأَتَى إِلَيَّ.5 I was in the city of Joppa praying: and in a trance I saw a vision, A certain vessel descend, as it had been a great sheet, let down from heaven by four corners; and it came even to me:
6 فَتَفَرَّسْتُ فِيهِ مُتَأَمِّلاً، فَرَأَيْتُ دَوَابَّ الأَرْضِ وَالْوُحُوشَ وَالزَّحَّافَاتِ وَطُيُورَ السَّمَاءِ.6 Upon the which when I had fastened mine eyes, I considered, and saw fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air.
7 وَسَمِعْتُ صَوْتًا قَائِلاً لِي: قُمْ يَا بُطْرُسُ، اذْبَحْ وَكُلْ.7 And I heard a voice saying unto me, Arise, Peter; slay and eat.
8 فَقُلْتُ: كَلاَّ يَارَبُّ! لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَدْخُلْ فَمِي قَطُّ دَنِسٌ أَوْ نَجِسٌ.8 But I said, Not so, Lord: for nothing common or unclean hath at any time entered into my mouth.
9 فَأَجَابَنِي صَوْتٌ ثَانِيَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ: مَا طَهَّرَهُ اللهُ لاَ تُنَجِّسْهُ أَنْتَ.9 But the voice answered me again from heaven, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
10 وَكَانَ هذَا عَلَى ثَلاَثِ مَرَّاتٍ. ثُمَّ انْتُشِلَ الْجَمِيعُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ أَيْضًا.10 And this was done three times: and all were drawn up again into heaven.
11 وَإِذَا ثَلاَثَةُ رِجَال قَدْ وَقَفُوا لِلْوَقْتِ عِنْدَ الْبَيْتِ الَّذِي كُنْتُ فِيهِ، مُرْسَلِينَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ قَيْصَرِيَّةَ.11 And, behold, immediately there were three men already come unto the house where I was, sent from Caesarea unto me.
12 فَقَالَ لِي الرُّوحُ أَنْ أَذْهَبَ مَعَهُمْ غَيْرَ مُرْتَابٍ فِي شَيْءٍ. وَذَهَبَ مَعِي أَيْضًا هؤُلاَءِ الإِخْوَةُ السِّتَّةُ. فَدَخَلْنَا بَيْتَ الرَّجُلِ،12 And the Spirit bade me go with them, nothing doubting. Moreover these six brethren accompanied me, and we entered into the man's house:
13 فَأَخْبَرَنَا كَيْفَ رَأَى الْمَلاَكَ فِي بَيْتِهِ قَائِمًا وَقَائِلاً لَهُ: أَرْسِلْ إِلَى يَافَا رِجَالاً، وَاسْتَدْعِ سِمْعَانَ الْمُلَقَّبَ بُطْرُسَ،13 And he shewed us how he had seen an angel in his house, which stood and said unto him, Send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, whose surname is Peter;
14 وَهُوَ يُكَلِّمُكَ كَلاَمًا بِهِ تَخْلُصُ أَنْتَ وَكُلُّ بَيْتِكَ.14 Who shall tell thee words, whereby thou and all thy house shall be saved.
15 فَلَمَّا ابْتَدَأْتُ أَتَكَلَّمُ، حَلَّ الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ عَلَيْهِمْ كَمَا عَلَيْنَا أَيْضًا فِي الْبُدَاءَةِ.15 And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning.
16 فَتَذَكَّرْتُ كَلاَمَ الرَّبِّ كَيْفَ قَالَ: إِنَّ يُوحَنَّا عَمَّدَ بِمَاءٍ وَأَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَسَتُعَمَّدُونَ بِالرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ.16 Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.
17 فَإِنْ كَانَ اللهُ قَدْ أَعْطَاهُمُ الْمَوْهِبَةَ كَمَا لَنَا أَيْضًا بِالسَّوِيَّةِ مُؤْمِنِينَ بِالرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ، فَمَنْ أَنَا؟ أَقَادِرٌ أَنْ أَمْنَعَ اللهَ؟».17 Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?
18 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا ذلِكَ سَكَتُوا، وَكَانُوا يُمَجِّدُونَ اللهَ قَائِلِينَ:«إِذًا أَعْطَى اللهُ الأُمَمَ أَيْضًا التَّوْبَةَ لِلْحَيَاةِ!».18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
19 أَمَّا الَّذِينَ تَشَتَّتُوا مِنْ جَرَّاءِ الضِّيقِ الَّذِي حَصَلَ بِسَبَبِ اسْتِفَانُوسَ فَاجْتَازُوا إِلَى فِينِيقِيَةَ وَقُبْرُسَ وَأَنْطَاكِيَةَ، وَهُمْ لاَ يُكَلِّمُونَ أَحَدًا بِالْكَلِمَةِ إِلاَّ الْيَهُودَ فَقَطْ.19 Now they which were scattered abroad upon the persecution that arose about Stephen travelled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to none but unto the Jews only.
20 وَلكِنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ قَوْمٌ، وَهُمْ رِجَالٌ قُبْرُسِيُّونَ وَقَيْرَوَانِيُّونَ، الَّذِينَ لَمَّا دَخَلُوا أَنْطَاكِيَةَ كَانُوا يُخَاطِبُونَ الْيُونَانِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ بِالرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ.20 And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the LORD Jesus.
21 وَكَانَتْ يَدُ الرَّبِّ مَعَهُمْ، فَآمَنَ عَدَدٌ كَثِيرٌ وَرَجَعُوا إِلَى الرَّبِّ.21 And the hand of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed, and turned unto the Lord.
22 فَسُمِعَ الْخَبَرُ عَنْهُمْ فِي آذَانِ الْكَنِيسَةِ الَّتِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، فَأَرْسَلُوا بَرْنَابَا لِكَيْ يَجْتَازَ إِلَى أَنْطَاكِيَةَ.22 Then tidings of these things came unto the ears of the church which was in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as Antioch.
23 الَّذِي لَمَّا أَتَى وَرَأَى نِعْمَةَ اللهِ فَرِحَ، وَوَعَظَ الْجَمِيعَ أَنْ يَثْبُتُوا فِي الرَّبِّ بِعَزْمِ الْقَلْبِ23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
24 لأَنَّهُ كَانَ رَجُلاً صَالِحًا وَمُمْتَلِئًا مِنَ الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ وَالإِيمَانِ. فَانْضَمَّ إِلَى الرَّبِّ جَمْعٌ غَفِيرٌ.24 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people was added unto the Lord.
25 ثُمَّ خَرَجَ بَرْنَابَا إِلَى طَرْسُوسَ لِيَطْلُبَ شَاوُلَ. وَلَمَّا وَجَدَهُ جَاءَ بِهِ إِلَى أَنْطَاكِيَةَ.25 Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul:
26 فَحَدَثَ أَنَّهُمَا اجْتَمَعَا فِي الْكَنِيسَةِ سَنَةً كَامِلَةً وَعَلَّمَا جَمْعًا غَفِيرًا. وَدُعِيَ التَّلاَمِيذُ «مَسِيحِيِّينَ» فِي أَنْطَاكِيَةَ أَوَّلاً.26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.
27 وَفِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ انْحَدَرَ أَنْبِيَاءُ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ إِلَى أَنْطَاكِيَةَ.27 And in these days came prophets from Jerusalem unto Antioch.
28 وَقَامَ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمُ اسْمُهُ أَغَابُوسُ، وَأَشَارَ بِالرُّوحِ أَنَّ جُوعًا عَظِيمًا كَانَ عَتِيدًا أَنْ يَصِيرَ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الْمَسْكُونَةِ، الَّذِي صَارَ أَيْضًا فِي أَيَّامِ كُلُودِيُوسَ قَيْصَرَ.28 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.
29 فَحَتَمَ التَّلاَمِيذُ حَسْبَمَا تَيَسَّرَ لِكُلّ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُرْسِلَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ شَيْئًا، خِدْمَةً إِلَى الإِخْوَةِ السَّاكِنِينَ فِي الْيَهُودِيَّةِ. 29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea:
30 فَفَعَلُوا ذلِكَ مُرْسِلِينَ إِلَى الْمَشَايِخِ بِيَدِ بَرْنَابَا وَشَاوُلَ.30 Which also they did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.
حتم
قررّ، حدد، قضى.