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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [16] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 ثُمَّ وَصَلَ إِلَى دَرْبَةَ وَلِسْتَرَةَ، وَإِذَا تِلْمِيذٌ كَانَ هُنَاكَ اسْمُهُ تِيمُوثَاوُسُ، ابْنُ امْرَأَةٍ يَهُودِيَّةٍ مُؤْمِنَةٍ وَلكِنَّ أَبَاهُ يُونَانِيٌّ،1 Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek:
2 وَكَانَ مَشْهُودًا لَهُ مِنَ الإِخْوَةِ الَّذِينَ فِي لِسْتَرَةَ وَإِيقُونِيَةَ.2 Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium.
3 فَأَرَادَ بُولُسُ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ هذَا مَعَهُ، فَأَخَذَهُ وَخَتَنَهُ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْيَهُودِ الَّذِينَ فِي تِلْكَ الأَمَاكِنِ، لأَنَّ الْجَمِيعَ كَانُوا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبَاهُ أَنَّهُ يُونَانِيٌّ.3 Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
4 وَإِذْ كَانُوا يَجْتَازُونَ فِي الْمُدُنِ كَانُوا يُسَلِّمُونَهُمُ الْقَضَايَا الَّتِي حَكَمَ بِهَا الرُّسُلُ وَالْمَشَايخُ الَّذِينَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ لِيَحْفَظُوهَا.4 And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
5 فَكَانَتِ الْكَنَائِسُ تَتَشَدَّدُ فِي الإِيمَانِ وَتَزْدَادُ فِي الْعَدَدِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ.5 And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily.
6 وَبَعْدَ مَا اجْتَازُوا فِي فِرِيجِيَّةَ وَكُورَةِ غَلاَطِيَّةَ، مَنَعَهُمُ الرُّوحُ الْقُدُسُ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُوا بِالْكَلِمَةِ فِي أَسِيَّا.6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
7 فَلَمَّا أَتَوْا إِلَى مِيسِيَّا حَاوَلُوا أَنْ يَذْهَبُوا إِلَى بِثِينِيَّةَ، فَلَمْ يَدَعْهُمُ الرُّوحُ.7 After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.
8 فَمَرُّوا عَلَى مِيسِيَّا وَانْحَدَرُوا إِلَى تَرُوَاسَ.8 And they passing by Mysia came down to Troas.
9 وَظَهَرَتْ لِبُولُسَ رُؤْيَا فِي اللَّيْلِ: رَجُلٌ مَكِدُونِيٌّ قَائِمٌ يَطْلُبُ إِلَيْهِ وَيَقُولُ:«اعْبُرْ إِلَى مَكِدُونِيَّةَ وَأَعِنَّا!».9 And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.
10 فَلَمَّا رَأَى الرُّؤْيَا لِلْوَقْتِ طَلَبْنَا أَنْ نَخْرُجَ إِلَى مَكِدُونِيَّةَ، مُتَحَقِّقِينَ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ دَعَانَا لِنُبَشِّرَهُمْ.10 And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.
11 فَأَقْلَعْنَا مِنْ تَرُوَاسَ وَتَوَجَّهْنَا بِالاسْتِقَامَةِ إِلَى سَامُوثْرَاكِي، وَفِي الْغَدِ إِلَى نِيَابُولِيسَ.11 Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis;
12 وَمِنْ هُنَاكَ إِلَى فِيلِبِّي، الَّتِي هِيَ أَوَّلُ مَدِينَةٍ مِنْ مُقَاطَعَةِ مَكِدُونِيَّةَ، وَهِيَ كُولُونِيَّةُ. فَأَقَمْنَا فِي هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ أَيَّامًا.12 And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days.
13 وَفِي يَوْمِ السَّبْتِ خَرَجْنَا إِلَى خَارِجِ الْمَدِينَةِ عِنْدَ نَهْرٍ، حَيْثُ جَرَتِ الْعَادَةُ أَنْ تَكُونَ صَلاَةٌ، فَجَلَسْنَا وَكُنَّا نُكَلِّمُ النِّسَاءَ اللَّوَاتِي اجْتَمَعْنَ.13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.
14 فَكَانَتْ تَسْمَعُ امْرَأَةٌ اسْمُهَا لِيدِيَّةُ، بَيَّاعَةُ أُرْجُوَانٍ مِنْ مَدِينَةِ ثَيَاتِيرَا، مُتَعَبِّدَةٌ للهِ، فَفَتَحَ الرَّبُّ قَلْبَهَا لِتُصْغِيَ إِلَى مَا كَانَ يَقُولُهُ بُولُسُ.14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
15 فَلَمَّا اعْتَمَدَتْ هِيَ وَأَهْلُ بَيْتِهَا طَلَبَتْ قَائِلَةً: «إِنْ كُنْتُمْ قَدْ حَكَمْتُمْ أَنِّي مُؤْمِنَةٌ بِالرَّبِّ، فَادْخُلُوا بَيْتِي وَامْكُثُوا». فَأَلْزَمَتْنَا.15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.
16 وَحَدَثَ بَيْنَمَا كُنَّا ذَاهِبِينَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ، أَنَّ جَارِيَةً بِهَا رُوحُ عِرَافَةٍ اسْتَقْبَلَتْنَا. وَكَانَتْ تُكْسِبُ مَوَالِيَهَا مَكْسَبًا كَثِيرًا بِعِرَافَتِهَا. 16 And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination met us, which brought her masters much gain by soothsaying:
17 هذِهِ اتَّبَعَتْ بُولُسَ وَإِيَّانَا وَصَرَخَتْ قَائِلَةً:«هؤُلاَءِ النَّاسُ هُمْ عَبِيدُ اللهِ الْعَلِيِّ، الَّذِينَ يُنَادُونَ لَكُمْ بِطَرِيقِ الْخَلاَصِ».17 The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation.
18 وَكَانَتْ تَفْعَلُ هذَا أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً. فَضَجِرَ بُولُسُ وَالْتَفَتَ إِلَى الرُّوحِ وَقَالَ:«أَنَا آمُرُكَ بِاسْمِ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ مِنْهَا!». فَخَرَجَ فِي تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ.18 And this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.
19 فَلَمَّا رَأَى مَوَالِيهَا أَنَّهُ قَدْ خَرَجَ رَجَاءُ مَكْسَبِهِمْ، أَمْسَكُوا بُولُسَ وَسِيلاَ وَجَرُّوهُمَا إِلَى السُّوقِ إِلَى الْحُكَّامِ.19 And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and drew them into the marketplace unto the rulers,
20 وَإِذْ أَتَوْا بِهِمَا إِلَى الْوُلاَةِ، قَالُوا:«هذَانِ الرَّجُلاَنِ يُبَلْبِلاَنِ مَدِينَتَنَا، وَهُمَا يَهُودِيَّانِ،20 And brought them to the magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city,
21 وَيُنَادِيَانِ بِعَوَائِدَ لاَ يَجُوزُ لَنَا أَنْ نَقْبَلَهَا وَلاَ نَعْمَلَ بِهَا، إِذْ نَحْنُ رُومَانِيُّونَ».21 And teach customs, which are not lawful for us to receive, neither to observe, being Romans.
22 فَقَامَ الْجَمْعُ مَعًا عَلَيْهِمَا، وَمَزَّقَ الْوُلاَةُ ثِيَابَهُمَا وَأَمَرُوا أَنْ يُضْرَبَا بِالْعِصِيِّ.22 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat them.
23 فَوَضَعُوا عَلَيْهِمَا ضَرَبَاتٍ كَثِيرَةً وَأَلْقُوهُمَا فِي السِّجْنِ، وَأَوْصَوْا حَافِظَ السِّجْنِ أَنْ يَحْرُسَهُمَا بِضَبْطٍ.23 And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the jailor to keep them safely:
24 وَهُوَ إِذْ أَخَذَ وَصِيَّةً مِثْلَ هذِهِ، أَلْقَاهُمَا فِي السِّجْنِ الدَّاخِلِيِّ، وَضَبَطَ أَرْجُلَهُمَا فِي الْمِقْطَرَةِ.24 Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.
25 وَنَحْوَ نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ كَانَ بُولُسُ وَسِيلاَ يُصَلِّيَانِ وَيُسَبِّحَانِ اللهَ، وَالْمَسْجُونُونَ يَسْمَعُونَهُمَا.25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.
26 فَحَدَثَ بَغْتَةً زَلْزَلَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ حَتَّى تَزَعْزَعَتْ أَسَاسَاتُ السِّجْنِ، فَانْفَتَحَتْ فِي الْحَالِ الأَبْوَابُ كُلُّهَا، وَانْفَكَّتْ قُيُودُ الْجَمِيعِ.26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.
27 وَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ حَافِظُ السِّجْنِ، وَرَأَى أَبْوَابَ السِّجْنِ مَفْتُوحَةً، اسْتَلَّ سَيْفَهُ وَكَانَ مُزْمِعًا أَنْ يَقْتُلَ نَفْسَهُ، ظَانًّا أَنَّ الْمَسْجُونِينَ قَدْ هَرَبُوا.27 And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled.
28 فَنَادَى بُولُسُ بِصَوْتٍ عَظِيمٍ قَائِلاً:«لاَ تَفْعَلْ بِنَفْسِكَ شَيْئًا رَدِيًّا! لأَنَّ جَمِيعَنَا ههُنَا!».28 But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.
29 فَطَلَبَ ضَوْءًا وَانْدَفَعَ إِلَى دَاخِل، وَخَرَّ لِبُولُسَ وَسِيلاَ وَهُوَ مُرْتَعِدٌ،29 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,
30 ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَهُمَا وَقَالَ:«يَا سَيِّدَيَّ، مَاذَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَفْعَلَ لِكَيْ أَخْلُصَ؟»30 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?
31 فَقَالاَ:«آمِنْ بِالرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ فَتَخْلُصَ أَنْتَ وَأَهْلُ بَيْتِكَ».31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
32 وَكَلَّمَاهُ وَجَمِيعَ مَنْ فِي بَيْتِهِ بِكَلِمَةِ الرَّبِّ.32 And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house.
33 فَأَخَذَهُمَا فِي تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ وَغَسَّلَهُمَا مِنَ الْجِرَاحَاتِ، وَاعْتَمَدَ فِي الْحَالِ هُوَ وَالَّذِينَ لَهُ أَجْمَعُونَ.33 And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.
34 وَلَمَّا أَصْعَدَهُمَا إِلَى بَيْتِهِ قَدَّمَ لَهُمَا مَائِدَةً، وَتَهَلَّلَ مَعَ جَمِيعِ بَيْتِهِ إِذْ كَانَ قَدْ آمَنَ بِاللهِ.34 And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.
35 وَلَمَّا صَارَ النَّهَارُ أَرْسَلَ الْوُلاَةُ الْجَّلاَدِينَ قَائِلِينَ:«أَطْلِقْ ذَيْنِكَ الرَّجُلَيْنِ».35 And when it was day, the magistrates sent the serjeants, saying, Let those men go.
36 فَأَخْبَرَ حَافِظُ السِّجْنِ بُولُسَ بِهذا الكَلاَّمِ أَنَّ الْوُلاَةَ قَدْ أَرْسَلُوا أَنْ تُطْلَقَا، فَاخْرُجَا الآنَ وَاذْهَبَا بِسَلاَمٍ.36 And the keeper of the prison told this saying to Paul, The magistrates have sent to let you go: now therefore depart, and go in peace.
37 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ بُولُسُ:«ضَرَبُونَا جَهْرًا غَيْرَ مَقْضِيٍّ عَلَيْنَا، وَنَحْنُ رَجُلاَنِ رُومَانِيَّانِ، وَأَلْقَوْنَا فِي السِّجْنِ. أَفَالآنَ يَطْرُدُونَنَا سِرًّا؟ كَلاَّ! بَلْ لِيَأْتُوا هُمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَيُخْرِجُونَا».37 But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.
38 فَأَخْبَرَ الْجَّلاَدُونَ الْوُلاَةَ بِهذَا الْكَلاَمِ، فَاخْتَشَوْا لَمَّا سَمِعُوا أَنَّهُمَا رُومَانِيَّانِ.38 And the serjeants told these words unto the magistrates: and they feared, when they heard that they were Romans.
39 فَجَاءُوا وَتَضَرَّعُوا إِلَيْهِمَا وَأَخْرَجُوهُمَا، وَسَأَلُوهُمَا أَنْ يَخْرُجَا مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ.39 And they came and besought them, and brought them out, and desired them to depart out of the city.
40 فَخَرَجَا مِنَ السِّجْنِ وَدَخَلاَ عِنْدَ لِيدِيَّةَ، فَأَبْصَرَا الإِخْوَةَ وَعَزَّيَاهُمْ ثُمَّ خَرَجَا.40 And they went out of the prison, and entered into the house of Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
مَوالٍ
مفردها مولى: مالك، سيد.