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إصحاحات Chapters
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28

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

أعمال الرسل [2] Acts
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Chapter Summary
1 وَلَمَّا حَضَرَ يَوْمُ الْخَمْسِينَ كَانَ الْجَمِيعُ مَعًا بِنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ،1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
2 وَصَارَ بَغْتَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ صَوْتٌ كَمَا مِنْ هُبُوبِ رِيحٍ عَاصِفَةٍ وَمَلأَ كُلَّ الْبَيْتِ حَيْثُ كَانُوا جَالِسِينَ،2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
3 وَظَهَرَتْ لَهُمْ أَلْسِنَةٌ مُنْقَسِمَةٌ كَأَنَّهَا مِنْ نَارٍ وَاسْتَقَرَّتْ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ.3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
4 وَامْتَلأَ الْجَمِيعُ مِنَ الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ، وَابْتَدَأُوا يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ أُخْرَى كَمَا أَعْطَاهُمُ الرُّوحُ أَنْ يَنْطِقُوا.4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
5 وَكَانَ يَهُودٌ رِجَالٌ أَتْقِيَاءُ مِنْ كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ تَحْتَ السَّمَاءِ سَاكِنِينَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ.5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
6 فَلَمَّا صَارَ هذَا الصَّوْتُ، اجْتَمَعَ الْجُمْهُورُ وَتَحَيَّرُوا، لأَنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ كَانَ يَسْمَعُهُمْ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِلُغَتِهِ.6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
7 فَبُهِتَ الْجَمِيعُ وَتَعَجَّبُوا قَائِلِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ:«أَتُرَى لَيْسَ جَمِيعُ هؤُلاَءِ الْمُتَكَلِّمِينَ جَلِيلِيِّينَ؟7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
8 فَكَيْفَ نَسْمَعُ نَحْنُ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنَّا لُغَتَهُ الَّتِي وُلِدَ فِيهَا؟8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
9 فَرْتِيُّونَ وَمَادِيُّونَ وَعِيلاَمِيُّونَ، وَالسَّاكِنُونَ مَا بَيْنَ النَّهْرَيْنِ، وَالْيَهُودِيَّةَ وَكَبَّدُوكِيَّةَ وَبُنْتُسَ وَأَسِيَّا9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
10 وَفَرِيجِيَّةَ وَبَمْفِيلِيَّةَ وَمِصْرَ، وَنَوَاحِيَ لِيبِيَّةَ الَّتِي نَحْوَ الْقَيْرَوَانِ، وَالرُّومَانِيُّونَ الْمُسْتَوْطِنُونَ يَهُودٌ وَدُخَلاَءُ،10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
11 كِرِيتِيُّونَ وَعَرَبٌ، نَسْمَعُهُمْ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِنَا بِعَظَائِمِ اللهِ!».11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
12 فَتَحَيَّرَ الْجَمِيعُ وَارْتَابُوا قَائِلِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ:«مَا عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونَ هذَا؟».12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
13 وَكَانَ آخَرُونَ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ قَائِلِينَ:«إِنَّهُمْ قَدِ امْتَلأُوا سُلاَفَةً». 13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
14 فَوَقَفَ بُطْرُسُ مَعَ الأَحَدَ عَشَرَ وَرَفَعَ صَوْتَهُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الْيَهُودُ وَالسَّاكِنُونَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ أَجْمَعُونَ، لِيَكُنْ هذَا مَعْلُومًا عِنْدَكُمْ وَأَصْغُوا إِلَى كَلاَمِي،14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
15 لأَنَّ هؤُلاَءِ لَيْسُوا سُكَارَى كَمَا أَنْتُمْ تَظُنُّونَ، لأَنَّهَا السَّاعَةُ الثَّالِثَةُ مِنَ النَّهَارِ.15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
16 بَلْ هذَا مَا قِيلَ بِيُوئِيلَ النَّبِيِّ.16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
17 يَقُولُ اللهُ: وَيَكُونُ فِي الأَيَّامِ الأَخِيرَةِ أَنِّي أَسْكُبُ مِنْ رُوحِي عَلَى كُلِّ بَشَرٍ، فَيَتَنَبَّأُ بَنُوكُمْ وَبَنَاتُكُمْ، وَيَرَى شَبَابُكُمْ رُؤًى وَيَحْلُمُ شُيُوخُكُمْ أَحْلاَمًا.17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
18 وَعَلَى عَبِيدِي أَيْضًا وَإِمَائِي أَسْكُبُ مِنْ رُوحِي فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ فَيَتَنَبَّأُونَ.18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
19 وَأُعْطِي عَجَائِبَ فِي السَّمَاءِ مِنْ فَوْقُ وَآيَاتٍ عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِنْ أَسْفَلُ: دَمًا وَنَارًا وَبُخَارَ دُخَانٍ.19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
20 تَتَحَوَّلُ الشَّمْسُ إِلَى ظُلْمَةٍ وَالْقَمَرُ إِلَى دَمٍ، قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجِيءَ يَوْمُ الرَّبِّ الْعَظِيمُ الشَّهِيرُ.20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come:
21 وَيَكُونُ كُلُّ مَنْ يَدْعُو بِاسْمِ الرَّبِّ يَخْلُصُ.21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
22 «أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِسْرَائِيلِيُّونَ اسْمَعُوا هذِهِ الأَقْوَالَ: يَسُوعُ النَّاصِرِيُّ رَجُلٌ قَدْ تَبَرْهَنَ لَكُمْ مِنْ قِبَلِ اللهِ بِقُوَّاتٍ وَعَجَائِبَ وَآيَاتٍ صَنَعَهَا اللهُ بِيَدِهِ فِي وَسْطِكُمْ، كَمَا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا تَعْلَمُونَ.22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
23 هذَا أَخَذْتُمُوهُ مُسَلَّمًا بِمَشُورَةِ اللهِ الْمَحْتُومَةِ وَعِلْمِهِ السَّابِقِ، وَبِأَيْدِي أَثَمَةٍ صَلَبْتُمُوهُ وَقَتَلْتُمُوهُ.23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
24 اَلَّذِي أَقَامَهُ اللهُ نَاقِضًا أَوْجَاعَ الْمَوْتِ، إِذْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مُمْكِنًا أَنْ يُمْسَكَ مِنْهُ.24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
25 لأَنَّ دَاوُدَ يَقُولُ فِيهِ: كُنْتُ أَرَى الرَّبَّ أَمَامِي فِي كُلِّ حِينٍ، أَنَّهُ عَنْ يَمِينِي، لِكَيْ لاَ أَتَزَعْزَعَ.25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
26 لِذلِكَ سُرَّ قَلْبِي وَتَهَلَّلَ لِسَانِي. حَتَّى جَسَدِي أَيْضًا سَيَسْكُنُ عَلَى رَجَاءٍ.26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
27 لأَنَّكَ لَنْ تَتْرُكَ نَفْسِي فِي الْهَاوِيَةِ وَلاَ تَدَعَ قُدُّوسَكَ يَرَى فَسَادًا.27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
28 عَرَّفْتَنِي سُبُلَ الْحَيَاةِ وَسَتَمْلأُنِي سُرُورًا مَعَ وَجْهِكَ.28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
29 أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِخْوَةُ، يَسُوغُ أَنْ يُقَالَ لَكُمْ جِهَارًا عَنْ رَئِيسِ الآبَاءِ دَاوُدَ إِنَّهُ مَاتَ وَدُفِنَ، وَقَبْرُهُ عِنْدَنَا حَتَّى هذَا الْيَوْمِ.29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
30 فَإِذْ كَانَ نَبِيًّا، وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ اللهَ حَلَفَ لَهُ بِقَسَمٍ أَنَّهُ مِنْ ثَمَرَةِ صُلْبِهِ يُقِيمُ الْمَسِيحَ حَسَبَ الْجَسَدِ لِيَجْلِسَ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّهِ،30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
31 سَبَقَ فَرَأَى وَتَكَلَّمَ عَنْ قِيَامَةِ الْمَسِيحِ، أَنَّهُ لَمْ تُتْرَكْ نَفْسُهُ فِي الْهَاوِيَةِ وَلاَ رَأَى جَسَدُهُ فَسَادًا.31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
32 فَيَسُوعُ هذَا أَقَامَهُ اللهُ، وَنَحْنُ جَمِيعًا شُهُودٌ لِذلِكَ.32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
33 وَإِذِ ارْتَفَعَ بِيَمِينِ اللهِ، وَأَخَذَ مَوْعِدَ الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ مِنَ الآبِ، سَكَبَ هذَا الَّذِي أَنْتُمُ الآنَ تُبْصِرُونَهُ وَتَسْمَعُونَهُ.33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
34 لأَنَّ دَاوُدَ لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ. وَهُوَ نَفْسُهُ يَقُولُ: قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِرَبِّي: اجْلِسْ عَنْ يَمِينِي34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
35 حَتَّى أَضَعَ أَعْدَاءَكَ مَوْطِئًا لِقَدَمَيْكَ.35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
36 فَلْيَعْلَمْ يَقِينًا جَمِيعُ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّ اللهَ جَعَلَ يَسُوعَ هذَا، الَّذِي صَلَبْتُمُوهُ أَنْتُمْ، رَبًّا وَمَسِيحًا».36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
37 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا نُخِسُوا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ، وَقَالُوا لِبُطْرُسَ وَلِسَائِرَ الرُّسُلِ:«مَاذَا نَصْنَعُ أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ الإِخْوَةُ؟»37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
38 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ بُطْرُسُ :«تُوبُوا وَلْيَعْتَمِدْ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ عَلَى اسْمِ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ لِغُفْرَانِ الْخَطَايَا، فَتَقْبَلُوا عَطِيَّةَ الرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ.38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39 لأَنَّ الْمَوْعِدَ هُوَ لَكُمْ وَلأَوْلاَدِكُمْ وَلِكُلِّ الَّذِينَ عَلَى بُعْدٍ، كُلِّ مَنْ يَدْعُوهُ الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا».39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God shall call.
40 وَبِأَقْوَال أُخَرَ كَثِيرَةٍ كَانَ يَشْهَدُ لَهُمْ وَيَعِظُهُمْ قَائِلاً:«اخْلُصُوا مِنْ هذَا الْجِيلِ الْمُلْتَوِي».40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
41 فَقَبِلُوا كَلاَمَهُ بِفَرَحٍ، وَاعْتَمَدُوا، وَانْضَمَّ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ نَحْوُ ثَلاَثَةِ آلاَفِ نَفْسٍ.41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
42 وَكَانُوا يُواظِبُونَ عَلَى تَعْلِيمِ الرُّسُلِ، وَالشَّرِكَةِ، وَكَسْرِ الْخُبْزِ، وَالصَّلَوَاتِ.42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
43 وَصَارَ خَوْفٌ فِي كُلِّ نَفْسٍ. وَكَانَتْ عَجَائِبُ وَآيَاتٌ كَثِيرَةٌ تُجْرَى عَلَى أَيْدِي الرُّسُلِ.43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.
44 وَجَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كَانُوا مَعًا، وَكَانَ عِنْدَهُمْ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ مُشْتَرَكًا.44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;
45 وَالأَمْلاَكُ وَالْمُقْتَنَيَاتُ كَانُوا يَبِيعُونَهَا وَيَقْسِمُونَهَا بَيْنَ الْجَمِيعِ، كَمَا يَكُونُ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ احْتِيَاجٌ.45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
46 وَكَانُوا كُلَّ يَوْمٍ يُواظِبُونَ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ بِنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ. وَإِذْ هُمْ يَكْسِرُونَ الْخُبْزَ فِي الْبُيُوتِ، كَانُوا يَتَنَاوَلُونَ الطَّعَامَ بِابْتِهَاجٍ وَبَسَاطَةِ قَلْبٍ،46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
47 مُسَبِّحِينَ اللهَ، وَلَهُمْ نِعْمَةٌ لَدَى جَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ. وَكَانَ الرَّبُّ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ يَضُمُّ إِلَى الْكَنِيسَةِ الَّذِينَ يَخْلُصُونَ.47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
سُلافة
الخمرة الجيدة. أول العصير وهو أجوده.