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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [17] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَقَالَ أَخِيتُوفَلُ لأَبْشَالُومَ: «دَعْنِي أَنْتَخِبُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ أَلْفَ رَجُل وَأَقُومُ وَأَسْعَى وَرَاءَ دَاوُدَ هذِهِ اللَّيْلَةَ،1 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night:
2 فَآتِيَ عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ مُتْعَبٌ وَمُرْتَخِي الْيَدَيْنِ فَأُزْعِجُهُ، فَيَهْرُبَ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ، وَأَضْرِبُ الْمَلِكَ وَحْدَهُ.2 And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:
3 وَأَرُدَّ جَمِيعَ الشَّعْبِ إِلَيْكَ. كَرُجُوعِ الْجَمِيعِ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي تَطْلُبُهُ، فَيَكُونُ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ فِي سَلاَمٍ».3 And I will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.
4 فَحَسُنَ الأَمْرُ فِي عَيْنَيْ أَبْشَالُومَ وَأَعْيُنِ جَمِيعِ شُيُوخِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.
5 فَقَالَ أَبْشَالُومُ: «ادْعُ أَيْضًا حُوشَايَ الأَرْكِيَّ فَنَسْمَعَ مَا يَقُولُ هُوَ أَيْضًا».5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith.
6 فَلَمَّا جَاءَ حُوشَايُ إِلَى أَبْشَالُومَ، كَلَّمَهُ أَبْشَالُومُ قَائِلاً: «بِمِثْلِ هذَا الْكَلاَمِ تَكَلَّمَ أَخِيتُوفَلُ. أَنَعْمَلُ حَسَبَ كَلاَمِهِ أَمْ لاَ؟ تَكَلَّمْ أَنْتَ».6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak thou.
7 فَقَالَ حُوشَايُ لأَبْشَالُومَ: «لَيْسَتْ حَسَنَةً الْمَشُورَةُ الَّتِي أَشَارَ بِهَا أَخِيتُوفَلُ هذِهِ الْمَرَّةً».7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.
8 ثُمَ قَالَ حُوشَاي: «أَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَبَاكَ وَرِجَالَهُ أَنَّهُمْ جَبَابِرَةٌ، وَأَنَّ أَنْفُسَهُمْ مُرَّةٌ كَدُبَّةٍ مُثْكِل فِي الْحَقْلِ. وَأَبُوكَ رَجُلُ قِتَال وَلاَ يَبِيتُ مَعَ الشَّعْبِ. 8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
9 هَا هُوَ الآنَ مُخْتَبِئٌ فِي إِحْدَى الْحُفَرِ أَوْ أَحَدِ الأَمَاكِنِ. وَيَكُونُ إِذَا سَقَطَ بَعْضُهُمْ فِي الابْتِدَاءِ أَنَّ السَّامِعَ يَسْمَعُ فَيَقُولُ: قَدْ صَارَتْ كَسْرَةٌ فِي الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي وَرَاءَ أَبْشَالُومَ.9 Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom.
10 أَيْضًا ذُو الْبَأْسِ الَّذِي قَلْبُهُ كَقَلْبِ الأَسَدِ يَذُوبُ ذَوَبَانًا، لأَنَّ جَمِيعَ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ أَبَاكَ جَبَّارٌ، وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ ذَوُو بَأْسٍ.10 And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father is a mighty man, and they which be with him are valiant men.
11 لِذلِكَ أُشِيرُ بِأَنْ يَجْتَمِعَ إِلَيْكَ كُلُّ إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ دَانَ إِلَى بِئْرِ سَبْعٍ، كَالرَّمْلِ الَّذِي عَلَى الْبَحْرِ فِي الْكَثْرَةِ، وَحَضْرَتُكَ سَائِرٌ فِي الْوَسَطِ.11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person.
12 وَنَأْتِيَ إِلَيْهِ إِلَى أَحَدِ الأَمَاكِنِ حَيْثُ هُوَ، وَنَنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ نُزُولَ الطَّلِّ عَلَى الأَرْضِ، وَلاَ يَبْقَى مِنْهُ وَلاَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ وَاحِدٌ.12 So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as one.
13 وَإِذَا انْحَازَ إِلَى مَدِينَةٍ، يَحْمِلُ جَمِيعُ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى تِلْكَ الْمَدِينَةِ حِبَالاً، فَنَجُرُّهَا إِلَى الْوَادِي حَتَّى لاَ تَبْقَى هُنَاكَ وَلاَ حَصَاةٌ».13 Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.
14 فَقَالَ أَبْشَالُومُ وَكُلُّ رِجَالِ إِسْرَائِيلَ: «إِنَّ مَشُورَةَ حُوشَايَ الأَرْكِيِّ أَحْسَنُ مِنْ مَشُورَةِ أَخِيتُوفَلَ». فَإِنَّ الرَّبَّ أَمَرَ بِإِبْطَالِ مَشُورَةِ أَخِيتُوفَلَ الصَّالِحَةِ، لِكَيْ يُنْزِلَ الرَّبُّ الشَّرَّ بِأَبْشَالُومَ.14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.
15 وَقَالَ حُوشَايُ لِصَادُوقَ وَأَبِيَاثَارَ الْكَاهِنَيْنِ: «كَذَا وَكَذَا أَشَارَ أَخِيتُوفَلُ عَلَى أَبْشَالُومَ وَعَلَى شُيُوخِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَكَذَا وَكَذَا أَشَرْتُ أَنَا.15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counseled.
16 فَالآنَ أَرْسِلُوا عَاجِلاً وَأَخْبِرُوا دَاوُدَ قَائِلِينَ: لاَ تَبِتْ هذِهِ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي سُهُولِ الْبَرِّيَّةِ، بَلِ اعْبُرْ لِئَلاَّ يُبْتَلَعَ الْمَلِكُ وَجَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ».16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.
17 وَكَانَ يُونَاثَانُ وَأَخِيمَعَصُ وَاقِفَيْنِ عِنْدَ عَيْنِ رُوجَلَ، فَانْطَلَقَتِ الْجَارِيَةُ وَأَخْبَرَتْهُمَا، وَهُمَا ذَهَبَا وَأَخْبَرَا الْمَلِكَ دَاوُدَ، لأَنَّهُمَا لَمْ يَقْدِرَا أَنْ يُرَيَا دَاخِلَيْنِ الْمَدِينَةَ.17 Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David.
18 فَرَآهُمَا غُلاَمٌ وَأَخْبَرَ أَبْشَالُومَ. فَذَهَبَا كِلاَهُمَا عَاجِلاً وَدَخَلاَ بَيْتَ رَجُل فِي بَحُورِيمَ وَلَهُ بِئْرٌ فِي دَارِهِ، فَنَزَلاَ إِلَيْهَا.18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down.
19 فَأَخَذَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَفَرَشَتْ سَجْفًا عَلَى فَمِ الْبِئْرِ وَسَطَحَتْ عَلَيْهِ سَمِيذًا فَلَمْ يُعْلَمِ الأَمْرُ. 19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.
20 فَجَاءَ عَبِيدُ أَبْشَالُومَ إِلَى الْمَرْأَةِ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ وَقَالُوا: «أَيْنَ أَخِيمَعَصُ وَيُونَاثَانُ؟» فَقَالَتْ لَهُمُ الْمَرْأَةُ: «قَدْ عَبَرَا قَنَاةَ الْمَاءِ». وَلَمَّا فَتَّشُوا وَلَمْ يَجِدُوهُمَا رَجَعُوا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.20 And when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
21 وَبَعْدَ ذِهَابِهِمْ خَرَجَا مِنَ الْبِئْرِ وَذَهَبَا وَأَخْبَرَا الْمَلِكَ دَاوُدَ، وَقَالاَ لِدَاوُدَ: «قُومُوا وَاعْبُرُوا سَرِيعًا الْمَاءَ، لأَنَّ هكَذَا أَشَارَ عَلَيْكُمْ أَخِيتُوفَلُ».21 And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counseled against you.
22 فَقَامَ دَاوُدُ وَجَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ وَعَبَرُوا الأُرْدُنَّ. وَعِنْدَ ضَوْءِ الصَّبَاحِ لَمْ يَبْقَ أَحَدٌ لَمْ يَعْبُرِ الأُرْدُنَّ.22 Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.
23 وَأَمَّا أَخِيتُوفَلُ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَنَّ مَشُورَتَهُ لَمْ يُعْمَلْ بِهَا، شَدَّ عَلَى الْحِمَارِ وَقَامَ وَانْطَلَقَ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ إِلَى مَدِينَتِهِ، وَأَوْصَى لِبَيْتِهِ، وَخَنَقَ نَفْسَهُ وَمَاتَ وَدُفِنَ فِي قَبْرِ أَبِيهِ.23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
24 وَجَاءَ دَاوُدُ إِلَى مَحَنَايِمَ. وَعَبَرَ أَبْشَالُومُ الأُرْدُنَّ هُوَ وَجَمِيعُ رِجَالِ إِسْرَائِيلَ مَعَهُ.24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
25 وَأَقَامَ أَبْشَالُومُ عَمَاسَا بَدَلَ يُوآبَ عَلَى الْجَيْشِ. وَكَانَ عَمَاسَا ابْنَ رَجُل اسْمُهُ يِثْرَا الإِسْرَائِيلِيُّ الَّذِي دَخَلَ إِلَى أَبِيجَايِلَ بِنْتِ نَاحَاشَ أُخْتِ صَرُويَةَ أُمِّ يُوآبَ.25 And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.
26 وَنَزَلَ إِسْرَائِيلُ وَأَبْشَالُومُ فِي أَرْضِ جِلْعَادَ.26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.
27 وَكَانَ لَمَّا جَاءَ دَاوُدُ إِلَى مَحَنَايِمَ أَنَّ شُوبِيَ بْنَ نَاحَاشَ مِنْ رَبَّةِ بَنِي عَمُّونَ، وَمَاكِيرَ بْنُ عَمِّيئِيلَ مِنْ لُودَبَارَ، وَبَرْزَلاَّيَ الْجِلْعَادِيَّ مِنْ رُوجَلِيمَ،27 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
28 قَدَّمُوا فَرْشًا وَطُسُوسًا وَآنِيَةَ خَزَفٍ وَحِنْطَةً وَشَعِيرًا وَدَقِيقًا وَفَرِيكًا وَفُولاً وَعَدَسًا وَحِمِّصًا مَشْوِيًّا 28 Brought beds, and basins, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentils, and parched pulse,
29 وَعَسَلاً وَزُبْدَةً وَضَأْنًا وَجُبْنَ بَقَرٍ، لِدَاوُدَ وَلِلشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ لِيَأْكُلُوا، لأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا: «الشَّعْبُ جَوْعَانُ وَمُتْعَبٌ وَعَطْشَانُ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ».29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.
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