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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الأول [4] 1Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ الْمَلِكُ سُلَيْمَانُ مَلِكًا عَلَى جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.1 So king Solomon was king over all Israel.
2 وَهؤُلاَءِ هُمُ الرُّؤَسَاءُ الَّذِينَ لَهُ: عَزَرْيَاهُو بْنُ صَادُوقَ الْكَاهِنِ،2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,
3 وَأَلِيحُورَفُ وَأَخِيَّا ابْنَا شِيشَا كَاتِبَانِ. وَيَهُوشَافَاطُ بْنُ أَخِيلُودَ الْمُسَجِّلُ،3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.
4 وَبَنَايَاهُو بْنُ يَهُويَادَاعَ عَلَى الْجَيْشِ، وَصَادُوقُ وَأَبِيَاثَارُ كَاهِنَانِ.4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:
5 وَعَزَرْيَاهُو بْنُ نَاثَانَ عَلَى الْوُكَلاَءِ، وَزَابُودُ بْنُ نَاثَانَ كَاهِنٌ وَصَاحِبُ الْمَلِكِ.5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:
6 وَأَخِيشَارُ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ، وَأَدُونِيرَامُ بْنُ عَبْدَا عَلَى التَّسْخِيرِ.6 And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.
7 وَكَانَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ اثْنَا عَشَرَ وَكِيلاً عَلَى جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَمْتَارُونَ لِلْمَلِكِ وَبَيْتَهِ. كَانَ عَلَى الْوَاحِدِ أَنْ يَمْتَارَ شَهْرًا فِي السَّنَةِ. 7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.
8 وَهذِهِ أَسْمَاؤُهُمُ: ابْنُ حُورَ فِي جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ.8 And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim:
9 ابْنُ دَقَرَ فِي مَاقَصَ وَشَعَلُبِّيمَ وَبَيْتِ شَمْسٍ وَأَيْلُونِ بَيْتِ حَانَانَ.9 The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bethshemesh, and Elonbethhanan:
10 ابْنُ حَسَدَ فِي أَرُبُوتَ. كَانَتْ لَهُ سُوكُوهُ وَكُلُّ أَرْضِ حَافَرَ.10 The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him pertained Sochoh, and all the land of Hepher:
11 ابْنُ أَبِينَادَابَ فِي كُلِّ مُرْتَفَعَاتِ دُورٍ. كَانَتْ طَافَةُ بِنْتُ سُلَيْمَانَ لَهُ امْرَأَةً.11 The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife:
12 بَعْنَا بْنُ أَخِيلُودَ فِي تَعْنَكَ وَمَجِدُّو وَكُلِّ بَيْتِ شَانٍ الَّتِي بِجَانِبِ صُرْتَانَ تَحْتَ يَزْرَعِيلَ، مِنْ بَيْتِ شَانَ إِلَى آبَلَ مَحُولَةَ، إِلَى مَعْبَرِ يَقْمَعَامَ.12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam:
13 ابْنُ جَابَرَ فِي رَامُوتِ جِلْعَادَ. لَهُ حَوُّوثُ يَائِيرَ ابْنِ مَنَسَّى الَّتِي فِي جِلْعَادَ، وَلَهُ كُورَةُ أَرْجُوبَ الَّتِي فِي بَاشَانَ. سِتُّونَ مَدِينَةً عَظِيمَةً بِأَسْوَارٍ وَعَوَارِضَ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ.13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars:
14 أَخِينَادَابُ بْنُ عُدُّو فِي مَحَنَايِمَ.14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo had Mahanaim:
15 أَخِيمَعَصُ فِي نَفْتَالِي، وَهُوَ أَيْضًا أَخَذَ بَاسِمَةَ بِنْتَ سُلَيْمَانَ امْرَأَةً.15 Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife:
16 بَعْنَا بْنُ حُوشَايَ فِي أَشِيرَ وَبَعَلُوتَ.16 Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth:
17 يَهُوشَافَاطُ بْنُ فَارُوحَ فِي يَسَّاكَرَ.17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar:
18 شِمْعِي بْنُ أَيْلاَ فِي بَنْيَامِينَ.18 Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin:
19 جَابِرُ بْنُ أُورِي فِي أَرْضِ جِلْعَادَ، أَرْضِ سِيحُونَ مَلِكِ الأَمُورِيِّينَ وَعُوجَ مَلِكِ بَاشَانَ. وَوَكِيلٌ وَاحِدٌ الَّذِي فِي الأَرْضِ.19 Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer which was in the land.
20 وَكَانَ يَهُوذَا وَإِسْرَائِيلُ كَثِيرِينَ كَالرَّمْلِ الَّذِي عَلَى الْبَحْرِ فِي الْكَثْرَةِ. يَأْكُلُونَ وَيَشْرَبُونَ وَيَفْرَحُونَ.20 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.
21 وَكَانَ سُلَيْمَانُ مُتَسَلِّطًا عَلَى جَمِيعِ الْمَمَالِكِ مِنَ النَّهْرِ إِلَى أَرْضِ فِلِسْطِينَ، وَإِلَى تُخُومِ مِصْرَ. كَانُوا يُقَدِّمُونَ الْهَدَايَا وَيَخْدِمُونَ سُلَيْمَانَ كُلَّ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ.21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.
22 وَكَانَ طَعَامُ سُلَيْمَانَ لِلْيَوْمِ الْوَاحِدِ: ثَلاَثِينَ كُرَّ سَمِيذٍ، وَسِتِّينَ كُرَّ دَقِيق،22 And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal,
23 وَعَشَرَةَ ثِيرَانٍ مُسَمَّنَةٍ، وَعِشْرِينَ ثَوْرًا مِنَ الْمَرَاعِي، وَمِئَةَ خَرُوفٍ، مَا عَدَا الأَيَائِلَ وَالظِّبَاءَ وَالْيَحَامِيرَ وَالإِوَزَّ الْمُسَمَّنَ. 23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl.
24 لأَنَّهُ كَانَ مُتَسَلِّطًا عَلَى كُلِّ مَا عَبْرَ النَّهْرِ مِنْ تَفْسَحَ إِلَى غَزَّةَ، عَلَى كُلِّ مُلُوكِ عَبْرِ النَّهْرِ، وَكَانَ لَهُ صُلْحٌ مِنْ جَمِيعِ جَوَانِبِهِ حَوَالَيْهِ.24 For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
25 وَسَكَنَ يَهُوذَا وَإِسْرَائِيلُ آمِنِينَ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ تَحْتَ كَرْمَتِهِ وَتَحْتَ تِينَتِهِ، مِنْ دَانَ إِلَى بِئْرِ سَبْعٍ، كُلَّ أَيَّامِ سُلَيْمَانَ.25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
26 وَكَانَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ مِذْوَدٍ لِخَيْلِ مَرْكَبَاتِهِ، وَاثْنَا عَشَرَ أَلْفَ فَارِسٍ.26 And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.
27 وَهؤُلاَءِ الْوُكَلاَءُ كَانُوا يَمْتَارُونَ لِلْمَلِكِ سُلَيْمَانَ وَلِكُلِّ مَنْ تَقَدَّمَ إِلَى مَائِدَةِ الْمَلِكِ سُلَيْمَانَ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ فِي شَهْرِهِ. لَمْ يَكُونُوا يَحْتَاجُونَ إِلَى شَيْءٍ.27 And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing.
28 وَكَانُوا يَأْتُونَ بِشَعِيرٍ وَتِبْنٍ لِلْخَيْلِ وَالْجِيَادِ إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي يَكُونُ فِيهِ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ حَسَبَ قَضَائِهِ.28 Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where the officers were, every man according to his charge.
29 وَأَعْطَى اللهُ سُلَيْمَانَ حِكْمَةً وَفَهْمًا كَثِيرًا جِدًّا، وَرَحْبَةَ قَلْبٍ كَالرَّمْلِ الَّذِي عَلَى شَاطِئِ الْبَحْرِ.29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.
30 وَفَاقَتْ حِكْمَةُ سُلَيْمَانَ حِكْمَةَ جَمِيعِ بَنِي الْمَشْرِقِ وَكُلَّ حِكْمَةِ مِصْرَ.30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.
31 وَكَانَ أَحْكَمَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ النَّاسِ، مِنْ إِيثَانَ الأَزْرَاحِيِّ وَهَيْمَانَ وَكَلْكُولَ وَدَرْدَعَ بَنِي مَاحُولَ. وَكَانَ صِيتُهُ فِي جَمِيعِ الأُمَمِ حَوَالَيْهِ.31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
32 وَتَكَلَّمَ بِثَلاَثَةِ آلاَفِ مَثَل، وَكَانَتْ نَشَائِدُهُ أَلْفًا وَخَمْسًا.32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.
33 وَتَكَلَّمَ عَنِ الأَشْجَارِ، مِنَ الأَرْزِ الَّذِي فِي لُبْنَانَ إِلَى الزُّوفَا النَّابِتِ فِي الْحَائِطِ. وَتَكَلَّمَ عَنِ الْبَهَائِمِ وَعَنِ الطَّيْرِ وَعَنِ الدَّبِيبِ وَعَنِ السَّمَكِ.33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes.
34 وَكَانُوا يَأْتُونَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الشُّعُوبِ لِيَسْمَعُوا حِكْمَةَ سُلَيْمَانَ، مِنْ جَمِيعِ مُلُوكِ الأَرْضِ الَّذِينَ سَمِعُوا بِحِكْمَتِهِ.34 And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom.
يمتار
يجمع الطعام والمؤونة أو يحضرهما (كضريبة للملك أو للدولة).
يحامير
مفردها يحمور، نوع من الغزلان، حمار الوحش.