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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [14] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ الَّتِي صَارَتْ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا مِنْ جِهَةِ الْقَحْطِ:1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth.
2 «نَاحَتْ يَهُوذَا وَأَبْوَابُهَا ذَبُلَتْ. حَزِنَتْ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَصَعِدَ عَوِيلُ أُورُشَلِيمَ.2 Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up.
3 وَأَشْرَافُهُمْ أَرْسَلُوا أَصَاغِرَهُمْ لِلْمَاءِ. أَتَوْا إِلَى الأَجْبَابِ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوا مَاءً. رَجَعُوا بِآنِيَتِهِمْ فَارِغَةً. خَزُوا وَخَجِلُوا وَغَطَّوْا رُؤُوسَهُمْ3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.
4 مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّ الأَرْضَ قَدْ تَشَقَّقَتْ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَطَرٌ عَلَى الأَرْضِ خَزِيَ الْفَلاَّحُونَ. غَطَّوْا رُؤُوسَهُمْ.4 Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.
5 حَتَّى أَنَّ الإِيَّلَةَ أَيْضًا فِي الْحَقْلِ وَلَدَتْ وَتَرَكَتْ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ كَلأٌ.5 Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook it, because there was no grass.
6 الْفِرَا وَقَفَتْ عَلَى الْهِضَابِ تَسْتَنْشِقُ الرِّيحَ مِثْلَ بَنَاتِ آوَى. كَلَّتْ عُيُونُهَا لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ عُشْبٌ».6 And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because there was no grass.
7 وَإِنْ تَكُنْ آثَامُنَا تَشْهَدُ عَلَيْنَا يَا رَبُّ، فَاعْمَلْ لأَجْلِ اسْمِكَ. لأَنَّ مَعَاصِيَنَا كَثُرَتْ. إِلَيْكَ أَخْطَأْنَا.7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou it for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee.
8 يَا رَجَاءَ إِسْرَائِيلَ، مُخَلِّصَهُ فِي زَمَانِ الضِّيقِ، لِمَاذَا تَكُونُ كَغَرِيبٍ فِي الأَرْضِ، وَكَمُسَافِرٍ يَمِيلُ لِيَبِيتَ؟8 O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time of trouble, why shouldest thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man that turneth aside to tarry for a night?
9 لِمَاذَا تَكُونُ كَإِنْسَانٍ قَدْ تَحَيَّرَ، كَجَبَّارٍ لاَ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُخَلِّصَ؟ وَأَنْتَ فِي وَسْطِنَا يَا رَبُّ، وَقَدْ دُعِينَا بِاسْمِكَ. لاَ تَتْرُكْنَا!9 Why shouldest thou be as a man astonied, as a mighty man that cannot save? yet thou, O LORD, art in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not.
10 هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِهذَا الشَّعْبِ: «هكَذَا أَحَبُّوا أَنْ يَجُولُوا. لَمْ يَمْنَعُوا أَرْجُلَهُمْ، فَالرَّبُّ لَمْ يَقْبَلْهُمْ. اَلآنَ يَذْكُرُ إِثْمَهُمْ وَيُعَاقِبُ خَطَايَاهُمْ».10 Thus saith the LORD unto this people, Thus have they loved to wander, they have not refrained their feet, therefore the LORD doth not accept them; he will now remember their iniquity, and visit their sins.
11 وَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِي: «لاَ تُصَلِّ لأَجْلِ هذَا الشَّعْبِ لِلْخَيْرِ.11 Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for their good.
12 حِينَ يَصُومُونَ لاَ أَسْمَعُ صُرَاخَهُمْ، وَحِينَ يُصْعِدُونَ مُحْرَقَةً وَتَقْدِمَةً لاَ أَقْبَلُهُمْ، بَلْ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَالْوَبَإِ أَنَا أُفْنِيهِمْ».12 When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence.
13 فَقُلْتُ: «آهِ، أَيُّهَا السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ! هُوَذَا الأَنْبِيَاءُ يَقُولُونَ لَهُمْ لاَ تَرَوْنَ سَيْفًا، وَلاَ يَكُونُ لَكُمْ جُوعٌ بَلْ سَلاَمًا ثَابِتًا أُعْطِيكُمْ فِي هذَا الْمَوْضِعِ».13 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place.
14 فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِي: «بِالْكَذِبِ يَتَنَبَّأُ الأَنْبِيَاءُ بِاسْمِي. لَمْ أُرْسِلْهُمْ، وَلاَ أَمَرْتُهُمْ، وَلاَ كَلَّمْتُهُمْ. بِرُؤْيَا كَاذِبَةٍ وَعِرَافَةٍ وَبَاطِل وَمَكْرِ قُلُوبِهِمْ هُمْ يَتَنَبَّأُونَ لَكُمْ».14 Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart.
15 «لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ عَنِ الأَنْبِيَاءِ الَّذِينَ يَتَنَبَّأُونَ بِاسْمِي وَأَنَا لَمْ أُرْسِلْهُمْ، وَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ: لاَ يَكُونُ سَيْفٌ وَلاَ جُوعٌ فِي هذِهِ الأَرْضِ: «بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ يَفْنَى أُولئِكَ الأَنْبِيَاءُ.15 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land; By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed.
16 وَالشَّعْبُ الَّذِي يَتَنَبَّأُونَ لَهُ يَكُونُ مَطْرُوحًا فِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ مِنْ جَرَى الْجُوعِ وَالسَّيْفِ، وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يَدْفِنُهُمْ هُمْ وَنِسَاءَهُمْ وَبَنَوُهِمْ وَبَنَاتُهُمْ، وَأَسْكُبُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَرَّهُمْ.16 And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them, them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them.
17 وَتَقُولُ لَهُمْ هذِهِ الْكَلِمَةَ: لِتَذْرِفْ عَيْنَايَ دُمُوعًا لَيْلاً وَنَهَارًا وَلاَ تَكُفَّا، لأَنَّ الْعَذْرَاءَ بِنْتَ شَعْبِي سُحِقَتْ سَحْقًا عَظِيمًا، بِضَرْبَةٍ مُوجِعَةٍ جِدًّا.17 Therefore thou shalt say this word unto them; Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease: for the virgin daughter of my people is broken with a great breach, with a very grievous blow.
18 إِذَا خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الْحَقْلِ، فَإِذَا الْقَتْلَى بِالسَّيْفِ. وَإِذَا دَخَلْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ، فَإِذَا الْمَرْضَى بِالْجُوعِ، لأَنَّ النَّبِيَّ وَالْكَاهِنَ كِلَيْهِمَا يَطُوفَانِ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلاَ يَعْرِفَانِ شَيْئًا».18 If I go forth into the field, then behold the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city, then behold them that are sick with famine! yea, both the prophet and the priest go about into a land that they know not.
19 هَلْ رَفَضْتَ يَهُوذَا رَفْضًا، أَوْ كَرِهَتْ نَفْسُكَ صِهْيَوْنَ؟ لِمَاذَا ضَرَبْتَنَا وَلاَ شِفَاءَ لَنَا؟ انْتَظَرْنَا السَّلاَمَ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ خَيْرٌ، وَزَمَانَ الشِّفَاءِ فَإِذَا رُعْبٌ.19 Hast thou utterly rejected Judah? hath thy soul lothed Zion? why hast thou smitten us, and there is no healing for us? we looked for peace, and there is no good; and for the time of healing, and behold trouble!
20 قَدْ عَرَفْنَا يَا رَبُّ شَرَّنَا، إِثْمَ آبَائِنَا، لأَنَّنَا قَدْ أَخْطَأْنَا إِلَيْكَ.20 We acknowledge, O LORD, our wickedness, and the iniquity of our fathers: for we have sinned against thee.
21 لاَ تَرْفُضْ لأَجْلِ اسْمِكَ. لاَ تَهِنْ كُرْسِيَّ مَجْدِكَ. اُذْكُرْ. لاَ تَنْقُضْ عَهْدَكَ مَعَنَا.21 Do not abhor us, for thy name's sake, do not disgrace the throne of thy glory: remember, break not thy covenant with us.
22 هَلْ يُوجَدُ فِي أَبَاطِيلِ الأُمَمِ مَنْ يُمْطِرُ، أَوْ هَلْ تُعْطِي السَّمَاوَاتُ وَابِلاً؟ أَمَا أَنْتَ هُوَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا؟ فَنَرْجُوكَ، لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ صَنَعْتَ كُلَّ هذِهِ.22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? art not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these things.