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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [29] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 هذَا كَلاَمُ الرِّسَالَةِ الَّتِي أَرْسَلَهَا إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيُّ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ إِلَى بَقِيَّةِ شُيُوخِ السَّبْيِ، وَإِلَى الْكَهَنَةِ وَالأَنْبِيَاءِ، وَإِلَى كُلِّ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِينَ سَبَاهُمْ نَبُوخَذْنَاصَّرُ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ إِلَى بَابِلَ،1 Now these are the words of the letter that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem unto the residue of the elders which were carried away captives, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people whom Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Babylon;
2 بَعْدَ خُرُوجِ يَكُنْيَا الْمَلِكِ وَالْمَلِكَةِ وَالْخِصْيَانِ وَرُؤَسَاءِ يَهُوذَا وَأُورُشَلِيمَ وَالنَّجَّارِينَ وَالْحَدَّادِينَ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ،2 (After that Jeconiah the king, and the queen, and the eunuchs, the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, and the carpenters, and the smiths, were departed from Jerusalem;)
3 بِيَدِ أَلْعَاسَةَ بْنِ شَافَانَ، وَجَمَرْيَا بْنِ حِلْقِيَّا، اللَّذَيْنِ أَرْسَلَهُمَا صِدْقِيَّا مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا إِلَى نَبُوخَذْنَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ إِلَى بَابِلَ قَائِلاً:3 By the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon) saying,
4 «هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ لِكُلِّ السَّبْيِ الَّذِي سَبَيْتُهُ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ إِلَى بَابِلَ:4 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, unto all that are carried away captives, whom I have caused to be carried away from Jerusalem unto Babylon;
5 اِبْنُوا بُيُوتًا وَاسْكُنُوا، وَاغْرِسُوا جَنَّاتٍ وَكُلُوا ثَمَرَهَا.5 Build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them;
6 خُذُوا نِسَاءً وَلِدُوا بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ وَخُذُوا لِبَنِيكُمْ نِسَاءً وَأَعْطُوا بَنَاتِكُمْ لِرِجَال فَيَلِدْنَ بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ، وَاكْثُرُوا هُنَاكَ وَلاَ تَقِلُّوا.6 Take ye wives, and beget sons and daughters; and take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; that ye may be increased there, and not diminished.
7 وَاطْلُبُوا سَلاَمَ الْمَدِينَةِ الَّتِي سَبَيْتُكُمْ إِلَيْهَا، وَصَلُّوا لأَجْلِهَا إِلَى الرَّبِّ، لأَنَّهُ بِسَلاَمِهَا يَكُونُ لَكُمْ سَلاَمٌ.7 And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the LORD for it: for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.
8 لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: لاَ تَغُشَّكُمْ أَنْبِيَاؤُكُمُ الَّذِينَ فِي وَسَطِكُمْ وَعَرَّافُوكُمْ، وَلاَ تَسْمَعُوا لأَحْلاَمِكُمُ الَّتِي تَتَحَلَّمُونَهَا.8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Let not your prophets and your diviners, that be in the midst of you, deceive you, neither hearken to your dreams which ye cause to be dreamed.
9 لأَنَّهُمْ إِنَّمَا يَتَنَبَّأُونَ لَكُمْ بِاسْمِي بِالْكَذِبِ. أَنَا لَمْ أُرْسِلْهُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.9 For they prophesy falsely unto you in my name: I have not sent them, saith the LORD.
10 «لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: إِنِّي عِنْدَ تَمَامِ سَبْعِينَ سَنَةً لِبَابِلَ، أَتَعَهَّدُكُمْ وَأُقِيمُ لَكُمْ كَلاَمِي الصَّالِحَ، بِرَدِّكُمْ إِلَى هذَا الْمَوْضِعِ.10 For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.
11 لأَنِّي عَرَفْتُ الأَفْكَارَ الَّتِي أَنَا مُفْتَكِرٌ بِهَا عَنْكُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، أَفْكَارَ سَلاَمٍ لاَ شَرّ، لأُعْطِيَكُمْ آخِرَةً وَرَجَاءً.11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end.
12 فَتَدْعُونَنِي وَتَذْهَبُونَ وَتُصَلُّونَ إِلَيَّ فَأَسْمَعُ لَكُمْ.12 Then shall ye call upon me, and ye shall go and pray unto me, and I will hearken unto you.
13 وَتَطْلُبُونَنِي فَتَجِدُونَنِي إِذْ تَطْلُبُونَنِي بِكُلِّ قَلْبِكُمْ.13 And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
14 فَأُوجَدُ لَكُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَأَرُدُّ سَبْيَكُمْ وَأَجْمَعُكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ الأُمَمِ وَمِنْ كُلِّ الْمَوَاضِعِ الَّتِي طَرَدْتُكُمْ إِلَيْهَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَأَرُدُّكُمْ إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي سَبَيْتُكُمْ مِنْهُ.14 And I will be found of you, saith the LORD: and I will turn away your captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you again into the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive.
15 «لأَنَّكُمْ قُلْتُمْ: قَدْ أَقَامَ لَنَا الرَّبُّ نَبِيِّينَ فِي بَابِلَ،15 Because ye have said, The LORD hath raised us up prophets in Babylon;
16 فَهكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِلْمَلِكِ الْجَالِسِ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّ دَاوُدَ، وَلِكُلِّ الشَّعْبِ الْجَالِسِ فِي هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ، إِخْوَتِكُمُ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَخْرُجُوا مَعَكُمْ فِي السَّبْيِ:16 Know that thus saith the LORD of the king that sitteth upon the throne of David, and of all the people that dwelleth in this city, and of your brethren that are not gone forth with you into captivity;
17 هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: هأَنَذَا أُرْسِلُ عَلَيْهِمِ السَّيْفَ وَالْجُوعَ وَالْوَبَأَ، وَأَجْعَلُهُمْ كَتِينٍ رَدِيءٍ لاَ يُؤْكَلُ مِنَ الرَّدَاءَةِ.17 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil.
18 وَأُلْحِقُهُمْ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَالْوَبَإِ، وَأَجْعَلُهُمْ قَلَقًا لِكُلِّ مَمَالِكِ الأَرْضِ، حِلْفًا وَدَهَشًا وَصَفِيرًا وَعَارًا فِي جَمِيعِ الأُمَمِ الَّذِينَ طَرَدْتُهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ،18 And I will persecute them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, to be a curse, and an astonishment, and an hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations whither I have driven them:
19 مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَسْمَعُوا لِكَلاَمِي، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، إِذْ أَرْسَلْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ عَبِيدِي الأَنْبِيَاءَ مُبَكِّرًا وَمُرْسِلاً وَلَمْ تَسْمَعُوا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.19 Because they have not hearkened to my words, saith the LORD, which I sent unto them by my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them; but ye would not hear, saith the LORD.
20 «وَأَنْتُمْ فَاسْمَعُوا كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ يَا جَمِيعَ السَّبْيِ الَّذِينَ أَرْسَلْتُهُمْ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ إِلَى بَابِلَ.20 Hear ye therefore the word of the LORD, all ye of the captivity, whom I have sent from Jerusalem to Babylon:
21 هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْ أَخْآبَ بْنِ قُولاَيَا، وَعَنْ صِدْقِيَّا بْنِ مَعْسِيَّا، اللَّذَيْنِ يَتَنَبَّآنِ لَكُمْ بِاسْمِي بِالْكَذِبِ: هأَنَذَا أَدْفَعُهُمَا لِيَدِ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ فَيَقْتُلُهُمَا أَمَامَ عُيُونِكُمْ.21 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, of Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in my name; Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes;
22 وَتُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُمَا لَعْنَةٌ لِكُلِّ سَبْيِ يَهُوذَا الَّذِينَ فِي بَابِلَ، فَيُقَالُ: يَجْعَلُكَ الرَّبُّ مِثْلَ صِدْقِيَّا وَمِثْلَ أَخْآبَ اللَّذَيْنِ قَلاَهُمَا مَلِكُ بَابِلَ بِالنَّارِ.22 And of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah which are in Babylon, saying, The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire;
23 مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُمَا عَمِلاَ قَبِيحًا فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَزَنَيَا بِنِسَاءِ أَصْحَابِهِمَا، وَتَكَلَّمَا بِاسْمِي كَلاَمًا كَاذِبًا لَمْ أُوصِهِمَا بِهِ، وَأَنَا الْعَارِفُ وَالشَّاهِدُ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.23 Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and am a witness, saith the LORD.
24 «وَكَلِّمْ شِمْعِيَا النِّحْلاَمِيِّ قَائِلاً:24 Thus shalt thou also speak to Shemaiah the Nehelamite, saying,
25 هكَذَا تَكَلَّمَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلاً: مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكَ أَرْسَلْتَ رَسَائِلَ بِاسْمِكَ إِلَى كُلِّ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَإِلَى صَفَنْيَا بْنِ مَعْسِيَّا الْكَاهِنِ، وَإِلَى كُلِّ الْكَهَنَةِ قَائِلاً:25 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, Because thou hast sent letters in thy name unto all the people that are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, and to all the priests, saying,
26 قَدْ جَعَلَكَ الرَّبُّ كَاهِنًا عِوَضًا عَنْ يَهُويَادَاعَ الْكَاهِنِ، لِتَكُونُوا وُكَلاَءَ فِي بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ لِكُلِّ رَجُل مَجْنُونٍ وَمُتَنَبِّئٍ، فَتَدْفَعُهُ إِلَى الْمِقْطَرَةِ وَالْقُيُودِ.26 The LORD hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that ye should be officers in the house of the LORD, for every man that is mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in prison, and in the stocks.
27 وَالآنَ لِمَاذَا لَمْ تَزْجُرْ إِرْمِيَا الْعَنَاثُوثِيَّ الْمُتَنَبِّئَ لَكُمْ.27 Now therefore why hast thou not reproved Jeremiah of Anathoth, which maketh himself a prophet to you?
28 لأَنَّهُ لِذلِكَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْنَا إِلَى بَابِلَ قَائِلاً: إِنَّهَا مُسْتَطِيلَةٌ. ابْنُوا بُيُوتًا وَاسْكُنُوا، وَاغْرِسُوا جَنَّاتٍ وَكُلُوا ثَمَرَهَا».28 For therefore he sent unto us in Babylon, saying, This captivity is long: build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them.
29 فَقَرَأَ صَفَنْيَا الْكَاهِنُ هذِهِ الرِّسَالَةَ فِي أُذُنَيْ إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيِّ.29 And Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.
30 ثُمَّ صَارَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا قَائِلاً:30 Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying,
31 «أَرْسِلْ إِلَى كُلِّ السَّبْيِ قَائِلاً: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِشِمْعِيَا النِّحْلاَمِيِّ: مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّ شِمْعِيَا قَدْ تَنَبَّأَ لَكُمْ وَأَنَا لَمْ أُرْسِلْهُ، وَجَعَلَكُمْ تَتَّكِلُونَ عَلَى الْكَذِبِ.31 Send to all them of the captivity, saying, Thus saith the LORD concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite; Because that Shemaiah hath prophesied unto you, and I sent him not, and he caused you to trust in a lie:
32 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هأَنَذَا أُعَاقِبُ شِمْعِيَا النِّحْلاَمِيَّ وَنَسْلَهُ. لاَ يَكُونُ لَهُ إِنْسَانٌ يَجْلِسُ فِي وَسْطِ هذَا الشَّعْبِ، وَلاَ يَرَى الْخَيْرَ الَّذِي سَأَصْنَعُهُ لِشَعْبِي، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لأَنَّهُ تَكَلَّمَ بِعِصْيَانٍ عَلَى الرَّبِّ».32 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and his seed: he shall not have a man to dwell among this people; neither shall he behold the good that I will do for my people, saith the LORD; because he hath taught rebellion against the LORD.