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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [4] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 «إِنْ رَجَعْتَ يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، إِنْ رَجَعْتَ إِلَيَّ وَإِنْ نَزَعْتَ مَكْرُهَاتِكَ مِنْ أَمَامِي، فَلاَ تَتِيهُ.1 If thou wilt return, O Israel, saith the LORD, return unto me: and if thou wilt put away thine abominations out of my sight, then shalt thou not remove.
2 وَإِنْ حَلَفْتَ: حَيٌّ هُوَ الرَّبُّ، بِالْحَقِّ وَالْعَدْلِ وَالْبِرِّ، فَتَتَبَرَّكُ الشُّعُوبُ بِهِ، وَبِهِ يَفْتَخِرُونَ.2 And thou shalt swear, The LORD liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory.
3 « لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِرِجَالِ يَهُوذَا وَلأُورُشَلِيمَ: احْرُثُوا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ حَرْثًا وَلاَ تَزْرَعُوا فِي الأَشْوَاكِ.3 For thus saith the LORD to the men of Judah and Jerusalem, Break up your fallow ground, and sow not among thorns.
4 اِخْتَتِنُوا لِلرَّبِّ وَانْزِعُوا غُرَلَ قُلُوبِكُمْ يَا رِجَالَ يَهُوذَا وَسُكَّانَ أُورُشَلِيمَ، لِئَلاَّ يَخْرُجَ كَنَارٍ غَيْظِي، فَيُحْرِقَ وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يُطْفِئُ، بِسَبَبِ شَرِّ أَعْمَالِكُمْ.4 Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, ye men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem: lest my fury come forth like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.
5 أَخْبِرُوا فِي يَهُوذَا، وَسَمِّعُوا فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَقُولُوا: اضْرِبُوا بِالْبُوقِ فِي الأَرْضِ. نَادُوا بِصَوْتٍ عَال وَقُولُوا: اجْتَمِعُوا، فَلْنَدْخُلِ الْمُدُنَ الْحَصِينَةَ.5 Declare ye in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow ye the trumpet in the land: cry, gather together, and say, Assemble yourselves, and let us go into the defenced cities.
6 اِرْفَعُوا الرَّايَةَ نَحْوَ صِهْيَوْنَ. اِحْتَمُوا. لاَ تَقِفُوا. لأَنِّي آتِي بِشَرّ مِنَ الشِّمَالِ، وَكَسْرٍ عَظِيمٍ.6 Set up the standard toward Zion: retire, stay not: for I will bring evil from the north, and a great destruction.
7 قَدْ صَعِدَ الأَسَدُ مِنْ غَابَتِهِ، وَزَحَفَ مُهْلِكُ الأُمَمِ. خَرَجَ مِنْ مَكَانِهِ لِيَجْعَلَ أَرْضَكِ خَرَابًا. تُخْرَبُ مُدُنُكِ فَلاَ سَاكِنَ.7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; and thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant.
8 مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ تَنَطَّقُوا بِمُسُوحٍ. الْطُمُوا وَوَلْوِلُوا لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَرْتَدَّ حُمُوُّ غَضَبِ الرَّبِّ عَنَّا.8 For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us.
9 وَيَكُونُ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، أَنَّ قَلْبَ الْمَلِكِ يُعْدَمُ، وَقُلُوبَ الرُّؤَسَاءِ. وَتَتَحَيَّرُ الْكَهَنَةُ وَتَتَعَجَّبُ الأَنْبِيَاءُ».9 And it shall come to pass at that day, saith the LORD, that the heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes; and the priests shall be astonished, and the prophets shall wonder.
10 فَقُلْتُ: «آهِ، يَا سَيِّدُ الرَّبُّ، حَقًّا إِنَّكَ خِدَاعًا خَادَعْتَ هذَا الشَّعْبَ وَأُورُشَلِيمَ، قَائِلاً: يَكُونُ لَكُمْ سَلاَمٌ وَقَدْ بَلَغَ السَّيْفُ النَّفْسَ».10 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! surely thou hast greatly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall have peace; whereas the sword reacheth unto the soul.
11 فِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ يُقَالُ لِهذَا الشَّعْبِ وَلأُورُشَلِيمَ: «رِيحٌ لاَفِحَةٌ مِنَ الْهَِضَابِ فِي الْبَرِّيَّةِ نَحْوَ بِنْتِ شَعْبِي، لاَ لِلتَّذْرِيَةِ وَلاَ لِلتَّنْقِيَةِ. 11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse,
12 رِيحٌ أَشَدُّ تَأْتِي لِي مِنْ هذِهِ. الآنَ أَنَا أَيْضًا أُحَاكِمُهُمْ».12 Even a full wind from those places shall come unto me: now also will I give sentence against them.
13 هُوَذَا كَسَحَابٍ يَصْعَدُ، وَكَزَوْبَعَةٍ مَرْكَبَاتُهُ. أَسْرَعُ مِنَ النُّسُورِ خَيْلُهُ. وَيْلٌ لَنَا لأَنَّنَا قَدْ أُخْرِبْنَا.13 Behold, he shall come up as clouds, and his chariots shall be as a whirlwind: his horses are swifter than eagles. Woe unto us! for we are spoiled.
14 اِغْسِلِي مِنَ الشَّرِّ قَلْبَكِ يَا أُورُشَلِيمُ لِكَيْ تُخَلَّصِي. إِلَى مَتَى تَبِيتُ فِي وَسَطِكِ أَفْكَارُكِ الْبَاطِلَةُ؟14 O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
15 لأَنَّ صَوْتًا يُخْبِرُ مِنْ دَانَ، وَيُسْمَعُ بِبَلِيَّةٍ مِنْ جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ:15 For a voice declareth from Dan, and publisheth affliction from mount Ephraim.
16 «اُذْكُرُوا لِلأُمَمِ. انْظُرُوا. أَسْمِعُوا عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ. الْمُحَاصِرُونَ آتُونَ مِنْ أَرْضٍ بَعِيدَةٍ، فَيُطْلِقُونَ عَلَى مُدُنِ يَهُوذَا صَوْتَهُمْ.16 Make ye mention to the nations; behold, publish against Jerusalem, that watchers come from a far country, and give out their voice against the cities of Judah.
17 كَحَارِسِي حَقْل صَارُوا عَلَيْهَا حَوَالَيْهَا، لأَنَّهَا تَمَرَّدَتْ عَلَيَّ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.17 As keepers of a field, are they against her round about; because she hath been rebellious against me, saith the LORD.
18 طَرِيقُكِ وَأَعْمَالُكِ صَنَعَتْ هذِهِ لَكِ. هذَا شَرُّكِ. فَإِنَّهُ مُرٌّ، فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ بَلَغَ قَلْبَكِ».18 Thy way and thy doings have procured these things unto thee; this is thy wickedness, because it is bitter, because it reacheth unto thine heart.
19 أَحْشَائِي، أَحْشَائِي! تُوجِعُنِي جُدْرَانُ قَلْبِي. يَئِنُّ فِيَّ قَلْبِي. لاَ أَسْتَطِيعُ السُّكُوتَ. لأَنَّكِ سَمِعْتِ يَا نَفْسِي صَوْتَ الْبُوقِ وَهُتَافَ الْحَرْبِ.19 My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
20 بِكَسْرٍ عَلَى كَسْرٍ نُودِيَ، لأَنَّهُ قَدْ خَرِبَتْ كُلُّ الأَرْضِ. بَغْتَةً خَرِبَتْ خِيَامِي، وَشُقَقِي فِي لَحْظَةٍ.20 Destruction upon destruction is cried; for the whole land is spoiled: suddenly are my tents spoiled, and my curtains in a moment.
21 حَتَّى مَتَى أَرَى الرَّايَةَ وَأَسْمَعُ صَوْتَ الْبُوقِ؟21 How long shall I see the standard, and hear the sound of the trumpet?
22 «لأَنَّ شَعْبِي أَحْمَقُ. إِيَّايَ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا. هُمْ بَنُونَ جَاهِلُونَ وَهُمْ غَيْرُ فَاهِمِينَ. هُمْ حُكَمَاءُ فِي عَمَلِ الشَّرِّ، وَلِعَمَلِ الصَّالِحِ مَا يَفْهَمُونَ».22 For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are sottish children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
23 نَظَرْتُ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَإِذَا هِيَ خَرِبَةٌ وَخَالِيَةٌ، وَإِلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ فَلاَ نُورَ لَهَا.23 I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light.
24 نَظَرْتُ إِلَى الْجِبَالِ وَإِذَا هِيَ تَرْتَجِفُ، وَكُلُّ الآكَامِ تَقَلْقَلَتْ.24 I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.
25 نَظَرْتُ وَإِذَا لاَ إِنْسَانَ، وَكُلُّ طُيُورِ السَّمَاءِ هَرَبَتْ.25 I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled.
26 نَظَرْتُ وَإِذَا الْبُسْتَانُ بَرِّيَّةٌ، وَكُلُّ مُدُنِهَا نُقِضَتْ مِنْ وَجْهِ الرَّبِّ، مِنْ وَجْهِ حُمُوِّ غَضَبِهِ.26 I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place was a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down at the presence of the LORD, and by his fierce anger.
27 لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: « خَرَابًا تَكُونُ كُلُّ الأَرْضِ، وَلكِنَّنِي لاَ أُفْنِيهَا.27 For thus hath the LORD said, The whole land shall be desolate; yet will I not make a full end.
28 مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ تَنُوحُ الأَرْضُ وَتُظْلِمُ السَّمَاوَاتُ مِنْ فَوْقُ، مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنِّي قَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُ. قَصَدْتُ وَلاَ أَنْدَمُ وَلاَ أَرْجِعُ عَنْهُ».28 For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black; because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.
29 مِنْ صَوْتِ الْفَارِسِ وَرَامِي الْقَوْسِ كُلُّ الْمَدِينَةِ هَارِبَةٌ. دَخَلُوا الْغَابَاتِ وَصَعِدُوا عَلَى الصُّخُورِ. كُلُّ الْمُدُنِ مَتْرُوكَةٌ، وَلاَ إِنْسَانَ سَاكِنٌ فِيهَا.29 The whole city shall flee for the noise of the horsemen and bowmen; they shall go into thickets, and climb up upon the rocks: every city shall be forsaken, and not a man dwell therein.
30 وَأَنْتِ أَيَّتُهَا الْخَرِبَةُ، مَاذَا تَعْمَلِينَ؟ إِذَا لَبِسْتِ قِرْمِزًا، إِذَا تَزَيَّنْتِ بِزِينَةٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ، إِذَا كَحَّلْتِ بِالأُثْمُدِ عَيْنَيْكِ، فَبَاطِلاً تُحَسِّنِينَ ذَاتَكِ، فَقَدْ رَذَلَكِ الْعَاشِقُونَ. يَطْلُبُونَ نَفْسَكِ.30 And when thou art spoiled, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with crimson, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou rentest thy face with painting, in vain shalt thou make thyself fair; thy lovers will despise thee, they will seek thy life.
31 لأَنِّي سَمِعْتُ صَوْتًا كَمَاخِضَةٍ، ضِيقًا مِثْلَ ضِيقِ بِكْرِيَّةٍ. صَوْتَ ابْنَةِ صِهْيَوْنَ تَزْفِرُ. تَبْسُطُ يَدَيْهَا قَائِلَةً: «وَيْلٌ لِي، لأَنَّ نَفْسِي قَدْ أُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهَا بِسَبَبِ الْقَاتِلِينَ» 31 For I have heard a voice as of a woman in travail, and the anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child, the voice of the daughter of Zion, that bewaileth herself, that spreadeth her hands, saying, Woe is me now! for my soul is wearied because of murderers.
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