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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [8] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 «فِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، يُخْرِجُونَ عِظَامَ مُلُوكِ يَهُوذَا وَعِظَامَ رُؤَسَائِهِ وَعِظَامَ الْكَهَنَةِ وَعِظَامَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ وَعِظَامَ سُكَّانِ أُورُشَلِيمَ مِنْ قُبُورِهِمْ،1 At that time, saith the LORD, they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves:
2 وَيَبْسُطُونَهَا لِلشَّمْسِ وَلِلْقَمَرِ وَلِكُلِّ جُنُودِ السَّمَاوَاتِ الَّتِي أَحَبُّوهَا وَالَّتِي عَبَدُوهَا وَالَّتِي سَارُوا وَرَاءَهَا وَالَّتِي اسْتَشَارُوهَا وَالَّتِي سَجَدُوا لَهَا. لاَ تُجْمَعُ وَلاَ تُدْفَنُ، بَلْ تَكُونُ دِمْنَةً عَلَى وَجْهِ الأَرْضِ.2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.
3 وَيُخْتَارُ الْمَوْتُ عَلَى الْحَيَاةِ عِنْدَ كُلِّ الْبَقِيَّةِ الْبَاقِيَةِ مِنْ هذِهِ الْعَشِيرَةِ الشِّرِّيرَةِ الْبَاقِيَةِ فِي كُلِّ الأَمَاكِنِ الَّتِي طَرَدْتُهُمْ إِلَيْهَا، يَقُولُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ.3 And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, saith the LORD of hosts.
4 « وَتَقُولُ لَهُمْ: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هَلْ يَسْقُطُونَ وَلاَ يَقُومُونَ، أَوْ يَرْتَدُّ أَحَدٌ وَلاَ يَرْجعُ؟4 Moreover thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; Shall they fall, and not arise? shall he turn away, and not return?
5 فَلِمَاذَا ارْتَدَّ هذَا الشَّعْبُ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ ارْتِدَادًا دَائِمًا؟ تَمَسَّكُوا بِالْمَكْرِ. أَبَوْا أَنْ يَرْجِعُوا.5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back by a perpetual backsliding? they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.
6 صَغَيْتُ وَسَمِعْتُ. بِغَيْرِ الْمُسْتَقِيمِ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ. لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَتُوبُ عَنْ شَرِّهِ قَائِلاً: مَاذَا عَمِلْتُ؟ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ رَجَعَ إِلَى مَسْرَاهُ كَفَرَسٍ ثَائِرٍ فِي الْحَرْبِ. 6 I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
7 بَلِ اللَّقْلَقُ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ يَعْرِفُ مِيعَادَهُ، وَالْيَمَامَةُ وَالسُّنُوْنَةُ الْمُزَقْزِقَةُ حَفِظَتَا وَقْتَ مَجِيئِهِمَا. أَمَّا شَعْبِي فَلَمْ يَعْرِفْ قَضَاءَ الرَّبِّ!7 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.
8 كَيْفَ تَقُولُونَ: نَحْنُ حُكَمَاءُ وَشَرِيعَةُ الرَّبِّ مَعَنَا؟ حَقًّا إِنَّهُ إِلَى الْكَذِبِ حَوَّلَهَا قَلَمُ الْكَتَبَةِ الْكَاذِبُ.8 How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.
9 خَزِيَ الْحُكَمَاءُ. ارْتَاعُوا وَأُخِذُوا. هَا قَدْ رَفَضُوا كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ، فَأَيَّةُ حِكْمَةٍ لَهُمْ؟9 The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom is in them?
10 لِذلِكَ أُعْطِي نِسَاءَهُمْ لآخَرِينَ، وَحُقُولَهُمْ لِمَالِكِينَ، لأَنَّهُمْ مِنَ الصَّغِيرِ إِلَى الْكَبِيرِ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مُولَعٌ بِالرِّبْحِ. مِنَ النَّبِيِّ إِلَى الْكَاهِنِ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ يَعْمَلُ بِالْكَذِبِ.10 Therefore will I give their wives unto others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
11 وَيَشْفُونَ كَسْرَ بِنْتِ شَعْبِي عَلَى عَثَمٍ، قَائِلِينَ: سَلاَمٌ، سَلاَمٌ. وَلاَ سَلاَمَ. 11 For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.
12 هَلْ خَزُوا لأَنَّهُمْ عَمِلُوا رِجْسًا؟ بَلْ لَمْ يَخْزَوْا خِزْيًا، وَلَمْ يَعْرِفُوا الْخَجَلَ! لِذلِكَ يَسْقُطُونَ بَيْنَ السَّاقِطِينَ. فِي وَقْتِ مُعَاقَبَتِهِمْ يَعْثُرُونَ، قَالَ الرَّبُّ.12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
13 «نَزْعًا أَنْزِعُهُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ. لاَ عِنَبَ فِي الْجَفْنَةِ، وَلاَ تِينَ فِي التِّينَةِ، وَالْوَرَقُ ذَبُلَ، وَأُعْطِيهِمْ مَا يَزُولُ عَنْهُمْ».13 I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: there shall be no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall fade; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them.
14 لِمَاذَا نَحْنُ جُلُوسٌ؟ اِجْتَمِعُوا فَلْنَدْخُلْ إِلَى الْمُدُنِ الْحَصِينَةِ وَنَصْمُتْ هُنَاكَ. لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَنَا قَدْ أَصْمَتَنَا وَأَسْقَانَا مَاءَ الْعَلْقَمِ، لأَنَّنَا قَدْ أَخْطَأْنَا إِلَى الرَّبِّ.14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defenced cities, and let us be silent there: for the LORD our God hath put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.
15 اِنْتَظَرْنَا السَّلاَمَ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ خَيْرٌ، وَزَمَانَ الشِّفَاءِ وَإِذَا رُعْبٌ.15 We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of health, and behold trouble!
16 مِنْ دَانَ سُمِعَتْ حَمْحَمَةُ خَيْلِهِ. عِنْدَ صَوْتِ صَهِيلِ جِيَادِهِ ارْتَجَفَتْ كُلُّ الأَرْضِ. فَأَتَوْا وَأَكَلُوا الأَرْضَ وَمِلأَهَا، الْمَدِينَةَ وَالسَّاكِنِينَ فِيهَا. 16 The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan: the whole land trembled at the sound of the neighing of his strong ones; for they are come, and have devoured the land, and all that is in it; the city, and those that dwell therein.
17 « لأَنِّي هأَنَذَا مُرْسِلٌ عَلَيْكُمْ حَيَّاتٍ، أَفَاعِيَ لاَ تُرْقَى، فَتَلْدَغُكُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ». 17 For, behold, I will send serpents, cockatrices, among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you, saith the LORD.
18 مَنْ مُفَرِّجٌ عَنِّي الْحُزْنَ؟ قَلْبِي فِيَّ سَقِيمٌ.18 When I would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart is faint in me.
19 هُوَذَا صَوْتُ اسْتِغَاثَةِ بِنْتِ شَعْبِي مِنْ أَرْضٍ بَعِيدَةٍ: « أَلَعَلَّ الرَّبَّ لَيْسَ فِي صِهْيَوْنَ، أَوْ مَلِكَهَا لَيْسَ فِيهَا؟» «لِمَاذَا أَغَاظُونِي بِمَنْحُوتَاتِهِمْ، بِأَبَاطِيلَ غَرِيبَةٍ؟»19 Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people because of them that dwell in a far country: Is not the LORD in Zion? is not her king in her? Why have they provoked me to anger with their graven images, and with strange vanities?
20 «مَضَى الْحَصَادُ، انْتَهَى الصَّيْفُ، وَنَحْنُ لَمْ نَخْلُصْ!»20 The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.
21 مِنْ أَجْلِ سَحْقِ بِنْتِ شَعْبِي انْسَحَقْتُ. حَزِنْتُ. أَخَذَتْنِي دَهْشَةٌ.21 For the hurt of the daughter of my people am I hurt; I am black; astonishment hath taken hold on me.
22 أَلَيْسَ بَلَسَانٌ فِي جِلْعَادَ، أَمْ لَيْسَ هُنَاكَ طَبِيبٌ؟ فَلِمَاذَا لَمْ تُعْصَبْ بِنْتُ شَعْبِي؟22 Is there no balm in Gilead; is there no physician there? why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered?
مَسْرى
طريق، مكان السير.
عَثَم
جبر كسر العظم على التواء.
حمحمة
صوت الخيل. صهيل.
تُرقى
تستعمل لها الرقية. والرقية تعويذة أو ضرب من السحر.