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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5

تفسير Commentary
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يعقوب [1] James
مدخلتأملاتإستمع
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خلاصة الإصحاحChapter Summary
1 يَعْقُوبُ، عَبْدُ اللهِ وَالرَّبِّ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ، يُهْدِي السَّلاَمَ إِلَى الاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ سِبْطًا الَّذِينَ فِي الشَّتَاتِ.1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
2 اِحْسِبُوهُ كُلَّ فَرَحٍ يَا إِخْوَتِي حِينَمَا تَقَعُونَ فِي تَجَارِبَ مُتَنَوِّعَةٍ،2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
3 عَالِمِينَ أَنَّ امْتِحَانَ إِيمَانِكُمْ يُنْشِئُ صَبْرًا.3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
4 وَأَمَّا الصَّبْرُ فَلْيَكُنْ لَهُ عَمَلٌ تَامٌّ، لِكَيْ تَكُونُوا تَامِّينَ وَكَامِلِينَ غَيْرَ نَاقِصِينَ فِي شَيْءٍ.4 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
5 وَإِنَّمَا إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ تُعْوِزُهُ حِكْمَةٌ، فَلْيَطْلُبْ مِنَ اللهِ الَّذِي يُعْطِي الْجَمِيعَ بِسَخَاءٍ وَلاَ يُعَيِّرُ، فَسَيُعْطَى لَهُ.5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
6 وَلكِنْ لِيَطْلُبْ بِإِيمَانٍ غَيْرَ مُرْتَابٍ الْبَتَّةَ، لأَنَّ الْمُرْتَابَ يُشْبِهُ مَوْجًا مِنَ الْبَحْرِ تَخْبِطُهُ الرِّيحُ وَتَدْفَعُهُ.6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
7 فَلاَ يَظُنَّ ذلِكَ الإِنْسَانُ أَنَّهُ يَنَالُ شَيْئًا مِنْ عِنْدِ الرَّبِّ.7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
8 رَجُلٌ ذُو رَأْيَيْنِ هُوَ مُتَقَلْقِلٌ فِي جَمِيعِ طُرُقِهِ.8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.
9 وَلْيَفْتَخِرِ الأَخُ الْمُتَّضِعُ بِارْتِفَاعِهِ،9 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted:
10 وَأَمَّا الْغَنِيُّ فَبِاتِّضَاعِهِ، لأَنَّهُ كَزَهْرِ الْعُشْبِ يَزُولُ.10 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
11 لأَنَّ الشَّمْسَ أَشْرَقَتْ بِالْحَرِّ، فَيَبَّسَتِ الْعُشْبَ، فَسَقَطَ زَهْرُهُ وَفَنِيَ جَمَالُ مَنْظَرِهِ. هكَذَا يَذْبُلُ الْغَنِيُّ أَيْضًا فِي طُرُقِهِ.11 For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
12 طُوبَى لِلرَّجُلِ الَّذِي يَحْتَمِلُ التَّجْرِبَةَ، لأَنَّهُ إِذَا تَزَكَّى يَنَالُ «إِكْلِيلَ الْحَيَاةِ» الَّذِي وَعَدَ بِهِ الرَّبُّ لِلَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَهُ.12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
13 لاَ يَقُلْ أَحَدٌ إِذَا جُرِّبَ: «إِنِّي أُجَرَّبُ مِنْ قِبَلِ اللهِ»، لأَنَّ اللهَ غَيْرُ مُجَرَّبٍ بِالشُّرُورِ، وَهُوَ لاَ يُجَرِّبُ أَحَدًا.13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:
14 وَلكِنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ يُجَرَّبُ إِذَا انْجَذَبَ وَانْخَدَعَ مِنْ شَهْوَتِهِ.14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.
15 ثُمَّ الشَّهْوَةُ إِذَا حَبِلَتْ تَلِدُ خَطِيَّةً، وَالْخَطِيَّةُ إِذَا كَمَلَتْ تُنْتِجُ مَوْتًا.15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
16 لاَ تَضِلُّوا يَا إِخْوَتِي الأَحِبَّاءَ.16 Do not err, my beloved brethren.
17 كُلُّ عَطِيَّةٍ صَالِحَةٍ وَكُلُّ مَوْهِبَةٍ تَامَّةٍ هِيَ مِنْ فَوْقُ، نَازِلَةٌ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَبِي الأَنْوَارِ، الَّذِي لَيْسَ عِنْدَهُ تَغْيِيرٌ وَلاَ ظِلُّ دَوَرَانٍ.17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
18 شَاءَ فَوَلَدَنَا بِكَلِمَةِ الْحَقِّ لِكَيْ نَكُونَ بَاكُورَةً مِنْ خَلاَئِقِهِ.18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
19 إِذًا يَا إِخْوَتِي الأَحِبَّاءَ، لِيَكُنْ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مُسْرِعًا فِي الاسْتِمَاعِ، مُبْطِئًا فِي التَّكَلُّمِ، مُبْطِئًا فِي الْغَضَبِ،19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
20 لأَنَّ غَضَبَ الإِنْسَانِ لاَ يَصْنَعُ بِرَّ اللهِ.20 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.
21 لِذلِكَ اطْرَحُوا كُلَّ نَجَاسَةٍ وَكَثْرَةَ شَرّ، فَاقْبَلُوا بِوَدَاعَةٍ الْكَلِمَةَ الْمَغْرُوسَةَ الْقَادِرَةَ أَنْ تُخَلِّصَ نُفُوسَكُمْ.21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
22 وَلكِنْ كُونُوا عَامِلِينَ بِالْكَلِمَةِ، لاَ سَامِعِينَ فَقَطْ خَادِعِينَ نُفُوسَكُمْ.22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
23 لأَنَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ سَامِعًا لِلْكَلِمَةِ وَلَيْسَ عَامِلاً، فَذَاكَ يُشْبِهُ رَجُلاً نَاظِرًا وَجْهَ خِلْقَتِهِ فِي مِرْآةٍ،23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass:
24 فَإِنَّهُ نَظَرَ ذَاتَهُ وَمَضَى، وَلِلْوَقْتِ نَسِيَ مَا هُوَ.24 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.
25 وَلكِنْ مَنِ اطَّلَعَ عَلَى النَّامُوسِ الْكَامِلِ ­ نَامُوسِ الْحُرِّيَّةِ ­ وَثَبَتَ، وَصَارَ لَيْسَ سَامِعًا نَاسِيًا بَلْ عَامِلاً بِالْكَلِمَةِ، فَهذَا يَكُونُ مَغْبُوطًا فِي عَمَلِهِ.25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
26 إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ فِيكُمْ يَظُنُّ أَنَّهُ دَيِّنٌ، وَهُوَ لَيْسَ يُلْجِمُ لِسَانَهُ، بَلْ يَخْدَعُ قَلْبَهُ، فَدِيَانَةُ هذَا بَاطِلَةٌ.26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
27 اَلدِّيَانَةُ الطَّاهِرَةُ النَّقِيَّةُ عِنْدَ اللهِ الآبِ هِيَ هذِهِ: افْتِقَادُ الْيَتَامَى وَالأَرَامِلِ فِي ضِيقَتِهِمْ، وَحِفْظُ الإِنْسَانِ نَفْسَهُ بِلاَ دَنَسٍ مِنَ الْعَالَمِ.27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.