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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5

تفسير Commentary
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

بطرس الأولى [3] 1Peter
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Chapter Summary
1 كَذلِكُنَّ أَيَّتُهَا النِّسَاءُ، كُنَّ خَاضِعَاتٍ لِرِجَالِكُنَّ، حَتَّى وَإِنْ كَانَ الْبَعْضُ لاَ يُطِيعُونَ الْكَلِمَةَ، يُرْبَحُونَ بِسِيرَةِ النِّسَاءِ بِدُونِ كَلِمَةٍ،1 Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives;
2 مُلاَحِظِينَ سِيرَتَكُنَّ الطَّاهِرَةَ بِخَوْفٍ.2 While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear.
3 وَلاَ تَكُنْ زِينَتُكُنَّ الزِّينَةَ الْخَارِجِيَّةَ، مِنْ ضَفْرِ الشَّعْرِ وَالتَّحَلِّي بِالذَّهَبِ وَلِبْسِ الثِّيَابِ،3 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel;
4 بَلْ إِنْسَانَ الْقَلْبِ الْخَفِيَّ فِي الْعَدِيمَةِ الْفَسَادِ، زِينَةَ الرُّوحِ الْوَدِيعِ الْهَادِئِ، الَّذِي هُوَ قُدَّامَ اللهِ كَثِيرُ الثَّمَنِ.4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
5 فَإِنَّهُ هكَذَا كَانَتْ قَدِيمًا النِّسَاءُ الْقِدِّيسَاتُ أَيْضًا الْمُتَوَكِّلاَتُ عَلَى اللهِ، يُزَيِّنَّ أَنْفُسَهُنَّ خَاضِعَاتٍ لِرِجَالِهِنَّ،5 For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:
6 كَمَا كَانَتْ سَارَةُ تُطِيعُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ دَاعِيَةً إِيَّاهُ «سَيِّدَهَا». الَّتِي صِرْتُنَّ أَوْلاَدَهَا، صَانِعَاتٍ خَيْرًا، وَغَيْرَ خَائِفَاتٍ خَوْفًا الْبَتَّةَ.6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.
7 كَذلِكُمْ أَيُّهَا الرِّجَالُ، كُونُوا سَاكِنِينَ بِحَسَبِ الْفِطْنَةِ مَعَ الإِنَاءِ النِّسَائِيِّ كَالأَضْعَفِ، مُعْطِينَ إِيَّاهُنَّ كَرَامَةً، كَالْوَارِثَاتِ أَيْضًا مَعَكُمْ نِعْمَةَ الْحَيَاةِ، لِكَيْ لاَ تُعَاقَ صَلَوَاتُكُمْ.7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.
8 وَالنِّهَايَةُ، كُونُوا جَمِيعًا مُتَّحِدِي الرَّأْيِ بِحِسٍّ وَاحِدٍ، ذَوِي مَحَبَّةٍ أَخَوِيَّةٍ، مُشْفِقِينَ، لُطَفَاءَ،8 Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous:
9 غَيْرَ مُجَازِينَ عَنْ شَرّ بِشَرّ أَوْ عَنْ شَتِيمَةٍ بِشَتِيمَةٍ، بَلْ بِالْعَكْسِ مُبَارِكِينَ، عَالِمِينَ أَنَّكُمْ لِهذَا دُعِيتُمْ لِكَيْ تَرِثُوا بَرَكَةً.9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
10 لأَنَّ:«مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُحِبَّ الْحَيَاةَ وَيَرَى أَيَّامًا صَالِحَةً، فَلْيَكْفُفْ لِسَانَهُ عَنِ الشَّرِّ وَشَفَتَيْهِ أَنْ تَتَكَلَّمَا بِالْمَكْرِ،10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:
11 لِيُعْرِضْ عَنِ الشَّرِّ وَيَصْنَعِ الْخَيْرَ، لِيَطْلُبِ السَّلاَمَ وَيَجِدَّ فِي أَثَرِهِ.11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
12 لأَنَّ عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ عَلَى الأَبْرَارِ، وَأُذْنَيْهِ إِلَى طَلِبَتِهِمْ، وَلكِنَّ وَجْهَ الرَّبِّ ضِدُّ فَاعِلِي الشَّرِّ».12 For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil.
13 فَمَنْ يُؤْذِيكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُتَمَثِّلِينَ بِالْخَيْرِ؟13 And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good?
14 وَلكِنْ وَإِنْ تَأَلَّمْتُمْ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْبِرِّ، فَطُوبَاكُمْ. وَأَمَّا خَوْفَهُمْ فَلاَ تَخَافُوهُ وَلاَ تَضْطَرِبُوا،14 But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
15 بَلْ قَدِّسُوا الرَّبَّ الإِلهَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ، مُسْتَعِدِّينَ دَائِمًا لِمُجَاوَبَةِ كُلِّ مَنْ يَسْأَلُكُمْ عَنْ سَبَبِ الرَّجَاءِ الَّذِي فِيكُمْ، بِوَدَاعَةٍ وَخَوْفٍ،15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:
16 وَلَكُمْ ضَمِيرٌ صَالِحٌ، لِكَيْ يَكُونَ الَّذِينَ يَشْتِمُونَ سِيرَتَكُمُ الصَّالِحَةَ فِي الْمَسِيحِ، يُخْزَوْنَ فِي مَا يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفَاعِلِي شَرّ.16 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.
17 لأَنَّ تَأَلُّمَكُمْ إِنْ شَاءَتْ مَشِيئَةُ اللهِ، وَأَنْتُمْ صَانِعُونَ خَيْرًا، أَفْضَلُ مِنْهُ وَأَنْتُمْ صَانِعُونَ شَرًّا.17 For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.
18 فَإِنَّ الْمَسِيحَ أَيْضًا تَأَلَّمَ مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً مِنْ أَجْلِ الْخَطَايَا، الْبَارُّ مِنْ أَجْلِ الأَثَمَةِ، لِكَيْ يُقَرِّبَنَا إِلَى اللهِ، مُمَاتًا فِي الْجَسَدِ وَلكِنْ مُحْيىً فِي الرُّوحِ،18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
19 الَّذِي فِيهِ أَيْضًا ذَهَبَ فَكَرَزَ لِلأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي فِي السِّجْنِ،19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
20 إِذْ عَصَتْ قَدِيمًا، حِينَ كَانَتْ أَنَاةُ اللهِ تَنْتَظِرُ مَرَّةً فِي أَيَّامِ نُوحٍ، إِذْ كَانَ الْفُلْكُ يُبْنَى، الَّذِي فِيهِ خَلَصَ قَلِيلُونَ، أَيْ ثَمَانِي أَنْفُسٍ بِالْمَاءِ.20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
21 الَّذِي مِثَالُهُ يُخَلِّصُنَا نَحْنُ الآنَ، أَيِ الْمَعْمُودِيَّةُ. لاَ إِزَالَةُ وَسَخِ الْجَسَدِ، بَلْ سُؤَالُ ضَمِيرٍ صَالِحٍ عَنِ اللهِ، بِقِيَامَةِ يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ،21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
22 الَّذِي هُوَ فِي يَمِينِ اللهِ، إِذْ قَدْ مَضَى إِلَى السَّمَاءِ، وَمَلاَئِكَةٌ وَسَلاَطِينُ وَقُوَّاتٌ مُخْضَعَةٌ لَهُ.22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.