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تفسير Commentary
تشارلز ماكنتوش
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

التكوين [40] Genesis
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Chapter Summary
1 وَحَدَثَ بَعْدَ هذِهِ الأُمُورِ أَنَّ سَاقِيَ مَلِكِ مِصْرَ وَالْخَبَّازَ أَذْنَبَا إِلَى سَيِّدِهِمَا مَلِكِ مِصْرَ.1 And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt.
2 فَسَخَطَ فِرْعَوْنُ عَلَى خَصِيَّيْهِ: رَئِيسِ السُّقَاةِ وَرَئِيسِ الْخَبَّازِينَ،2 And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.
3 فَوَضَعَهُمَا فِي حَبْسِ بَيْتِ رَئِيسِ الشُّرَطِ، فِي بَيْتِ السِّجْنِ، الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي كَانَ يُوسُفُ مَحْبُوسًا فِيهِ.3 And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.
4 فَأَقَامَ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ يُوسُفَ عِنْدَهُمَا فَخَدَمَهُمَا. وَكَانَا أَيَّامًا فِي الْحَبْسِ.4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.
5 وَحَلُمَا كِلاَهُمَا حُلْمًا فِي لَيْلَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ حُلْمَهُ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ بِحَسَبِ تَعْبِيرِ حُلْمِهِ، سَاقِي مَلِكِ مِصْرَ وَخَبَّازُهُ، الْمَحْبُوسَانِ فِي بَيْتِ السِّجْنِ.5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the prison.
6 فَدَخَلَ يُوسُفُ إِلَيْهِمَا فِي الصَّبَاحِ وَنَظَرَهُمَا، وَإِذَا هُمَا مُغْتَمَّانِ.6 And Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them, and, behold, they were sad.
7 فَسَأَلَ خَصِيَّيْ فِرْعَوْنَ اللَّذَيْنِ مَعَهُ فِي حَبْسِ بَيْتِ سَيِّدِهِ قَائِلاً: «لِمَاذَا وَجْهَاكُمَا مُكْمَدَّانِ الْيَوْمَ؟»7 And he asked Pharaoh's officers that were with him in the ward of his lord's house, saying, Wherefore look ye so sadly to day?
8 فَقَالاَ لَهُ: «حَلُمْنَا حُلْمًا وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يُعَبِّرُهُ». فَقَالَ لَهُمَا يُوسُفُ: «أَلَيْسَتْ للهِ التَّعَابِيرُ؟ قُصَّا عَلَيَّ».8 And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it. And Joseph said unto them, Do not interpretations belong to God? tell me them, I pray you.
9 فَقَصَّ رَئِيسُ السُّقَاةِ حُلْمَهُ عَلَى يُوسُفَ وَقَالَ لَهُ: «كُنْتُ فِي حُلْمِي وَإِذَا كَرْمَةٌ أَمَامِي.9 And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me;
10 وَفِي الْكَرْمَةِ ثَلاَثَةُ قُضْبَانٍ، وَهِيَ إِذْ أَفْرَخَتْ طَلَعَ زَهْرُهَا، وَأَنْضَجَتْ عَنَاقِيدُهَا عِنَبًا.10 And in the vine were three branches: and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes:
11 وَكَانَتْ كَأْسُ فِرْعَوْنَ فِي يَدِي، فَأَخَذْتُ الْعِنَبَ وَعَصَرْتُهُ فِي كَأْسِ فِرْعَوْنَ، وَأَعْطَيْتُ الْكَأْسَ فِي يَدِ فِرْعَوْنَ».11 And Pharaoh's cup was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and I gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand.
12 فَقَالَ لَهُ يُوسُفُ: «هذَا تَعْبِيرُهُ: الثَّلاَثَةُ الْقُضْبَانِ هِيَ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ.12 And Joseph said unto him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days:
13 فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ أَيْضًا يَرْفَعُ فِرْعَوْنُ رَأْسَكَ وَيَرُدُّكَ إِلَى مَقَامِكَ، فَتُعْطِي كَأْسَ فِرْعَوْنَ فِي يَدِهِ كَالْعَادَةِ الأُولَى حِينَ كُنْتَ سَاقِيَهُ.13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler.
14 وَإِنَّمَا إِذَا ذَكَرْتَنِي عِنْدَكَ حِينَمَا يَصِيرُ لَكَ خَيْرٌ، تَصْنَعُ إِلَيَّ إِحْسَانًا وَتَذْكُرُنِي لِفِرْعَوْنَ، وَتُخْرِجُنِي مِنْ هذَا الْبَيْتِ.14 But think on me when it shall be well with thee, and show kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and make mention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house:
15 لأَنِّي قَدْ سُرِقْتُ مِنْ أَرْضِ الْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ، وَهُنَا أَيْضًا لَمْ أَفْعَلْ شَيْئًا حَتَّى وَضَعُونِي فِي السِّجْنِ».15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
16 فَلَمَّا رَأَى رَئِيسُ الْخَبَّازِينَ أَنَّهُ عَبَّرَ جَيِّدًا، قَالَ لِيُوسُفَ: «كُنْتُ أَنَا أَيْضًا فِي حُلْمِي وَإِذَا ثَلاَثَةُ سِلاَلِ حُوَّارَى عَلَى رَأْسِي. 16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph, I also was in my dream, and, behold, I had three white baskets on my head:
17 وَفِي السَّلِّ الأَعْلَى مِنْ جَمِيعِ طَعَامِ فِرْعَوْنَ مِنْ صَنْعَةِ الْخَبَّازِ. وَالطُّيُورُ تَأْكُلُهُ مِنَ السَّلِّ عَنْ رَأْسِي».17 And in the uppermost basket there was of all manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds did eat them out of the basket upon my head.
18 فَأَجَابَ يُوسُفُ وَقَالَ: «هذَا تَعْبِيرُهُ: الثَّلاَثَةُ السِّلاَلِ هِيَ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ.18 And Joseph answered and said, This is the interpretation thereof: The three baskets are three days:
19 فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ أَيْضًا يَرْفَعُ فِرْعَوْنُ رَأْسَكَ عَنْكَ، وَيُعَلِّقُكَ عَلَى خَشَبَةٍ، وَتَأْكُلُ الطُّيُورُ لَحْمَكَ عَنْكَ».19 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.
20 فَحَدَثَ فِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ، يَوْمِ مِيلاَدِ فِرْعَوْنَ، أَنَّهُ صَنَعَ وَلِيمَةً لِجَمِيعِ عَبِيدِهِ، وَرَفَعَ رَأْسَ رَئِيسِ السُّقَاةِ وَرَأْسَ رَئِيسِ الْخَبَّازِينَ بَيْنَ عَبِيدِهِ.20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.
21 وَرَدَّ رَئِيسَ السُّقَاةِ إِلَى سَقْيِهِ، فَأَعْطَى الْكَأْسَ فِي يَدِ فِرْعَوْنَ.21 And he restored the chief butler unto his butlership again; and he gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand:
22 وَأَمَّا رَئِيسُ الْخَبَّازِينَ فَعَلَّقَهُ، كَمَا عَبَّرَ لَهُمَا يُوسُفُ.22 But he hanged the chief baker: as Joseph had interpreted to them.
23 وَلكِنْ لَمْ يَذْكُرْ رَئِيسُ السُّقَاةِ يُوسُفَ بَلْ نَسِيَهُ.23 Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph, but forgat him.
حُوّارى
الطحين الأبيض. وتشير هنا إلى الخبز المصنوع منه.