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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [2] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ أَنَّ دَاوُدَ سَأَلَ الرَّبَّ قَائِلاً: «أَأَصْعَدُ إِلَى إِحْدَى مَدَائِنِ يَهُوذَا؟» فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّبُّ: «اصْعَدْ». فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ: «إِلَى أَيْنَ أَصْعَدُ؟» فَقَالَ: «إِلَى حَبْرُونَ».1 And it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 فَصَعِدَ دَاوُدُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ هُوَ وَامْرَأَتَاهُ أَخِينُوعَمُ الْيَزْرَعِيلِيَّةُ وَأَبِيجَايِلُ امْرَأَةُ نَابَالَ الْكَرْمَلِيِّ.2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
3 وَأَصْعَدَ دَاوُدُ رِجَالَهُ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ، كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ وَبَيْتَهُ، وَسَكَنُوا فِي مُدُنِ حَبْرُونَ.3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
4 وَأَتَى رِجَالُ يَهُوذَا وَمَسَحُوا هُنَاكَ دَاوُدَ مَلِكًا عَلَى بَيْتِ يَهُوذَا. وَأَخْبَرُوا دَاوُدَ قَائِلِينَ: «إِنَّ رِجَالَ يَابِيشَ جِلْعَادَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ دَفَنُوا شَاوُلَ».4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.
5 فَأَرْسَلَ دَاوُدُ رُسُلاً إِلَى أَهْلِ يَابِيشَ جِلْعَادَ يَقُولُ لَهُمْ: «مُبَارَكُونَ أَنْتُمْ مِنَ الرَّبِّ، إِذْ قَدْ فَعَلْتُمْ هذَا الْمَعْرُوفَ بِسَيِّدِكُمْ شَاوُلَ فَدَفَنْتُمُوهُ.5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have showed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.
6 وَالآنَ لِيَصْنَعِ الرَّبُّ مَعَكُمْ إِحْسَانًا وَحَقًّا، وَأَنَا أَيْضًا أَفْعَلُ مَعَكُمْ هذَا الْخَيْرَ لأَنَّكُمْ فَعَلْتُمْ هذَا الأَمْرَ.6 And now the LORD show kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
7 وَالآنَ فَلْتَتَشَدَّدْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَكُونُوا ذَوِي بَأْسٍ، لأَنَّهُ قَدْ مَاتَ سَيِّدُكُمْ شَاوُلُ، وَإِيَّايَ مَسَحَ بَيْتُ يَهُوذَا مَلِكًا عَلَيْهِمْ».7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.
8 وَأَمَّا أَبْنَيْرُ بْنُ نَيْرٍ، رَئِيسُ جَيْشِ شَاوُلَ، فَأَخَذَ إِيشْبُوشَثَ بْنَ شَاوُلَ وَعَبَرَ بِهِ إِلَى مَحَنَايِمَ،8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
9 وَجَعَلَهُ مَلِكًا عَلَى جِلْعَادَ وَعَلَى الأَشُّورِيِّينَ وَعَلَى يَزْرَعِيلَ وَعَلَى أَفْرَايِمَ وَعَلَى بَنْيَامِينَ وَعَلَى كُلِّ إِسْرَائِيلَ.9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
10 وَكَانَ إِيشْبُوشَثُ بْنُ شَاوُلَ ابْنَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً حِينَ مَلَكَ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَمَلَكَ سَنَتَيْنِ. وَأَمَّا بَيْتُ يَهُوذَا فَإِنَّمَا اتَّبَعُوا دَاوُدَ.10 Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.
11 وَكَانَتِ الْمُدَّةُ الَّتِي مَلَكَ فِيهَا دَاوُدُ فِي حَبْرُونَ عَلَى بَيْتِ يَهُوذَا سَبْعَ سِنِينَ وَسِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ.11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
12 وَخَرَجَ أَبْنَيْرُ بْنُ نَيْرٍ وَعَبِيدُ إِيشْبُوشَثَ بْنِ شَاوُلَ مِنْ مَحَنَايِمَ إِلَى جِبْعُونَ.12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
13 وَخَرَجَ يُوآبُ بْنُ صَرُويَةَ وَعَبِيدُ دَاوُدَ، فَالْتَقُوا جَمِيعًا عَلَى بِرْكَةِ جِبْعُونَ، وَجَلَسُوا هؤُلاَءِ عَلَى الْبِرْكَةِ مِنْ هُنَا وَهؤُلاَءِ عَلَى الْبِرْكَةِ مِنْ هُنَاكَ.13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
14 فَقَالَ أَبْنَيْرُ لِيُوآبَ: «لِيَقُمِ الْغِلْمَانُ وَيَتَكَافَحُوا أَمَامَنَا». فَقَالَ يُوآبُ: «لِيَقُومُوا».14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
15 فَقَامُوا وَعَبَرُوا بِالْعَدَدِ، اثْنَا عَشَرَ لأَجْلِ بَنْيَامِينَ وَإِيشْبُوشَثَ بْنِ شَاوُلَ، وَاثْنَا عَشَرَ مِنْ عَبِيدِ دَاوُدَ.15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.
16 وَأَمْسَكَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ بِرَأْسِ صَاحِبِهِ وَضَرَبَ سَيْفَهُ فِي جَنْبِ صَاحِبِهِ وَسَقَطُوا جَمِيعًا. فَدُعِيَ ذلِكَ الْمَوْضِعُ «حِلْقَثَ هَصُّورِيمَ»، الَّتِي هِيَ فِي جِبْعُونَ.16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon.
17 وَكَانَ الْقِتَالُ شَدِيدًا جِدًّا فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، وَانْكَسَرَ أَبْنَيْرُ وَرِجَالُ إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَامَ عَبِيدِ دَاوُدَ.17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.
18 وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ بَنُو صَرُويَةَ الثَّلاَثَةُ: يُوآبُ وَأَبِيشَايُ وَعَسَائِيلُ. وَكَانَ عَسَائِيلُ خَفِيفَ الرَِّجْلَيْنِ كَظَبْيِ الْبَرِّ.18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.
19 فَسَعَى عَسَائِيلُ وَرَاءَ أَبْنَيْرَ، وَلَمْ يَمِلْ فِي السَّيْرِ يَمْنَةً وَلاَ يَسْرَةً مِنْ وَرَاءِ أَبْنَيْرَ.19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
20 فَالْتَفَتَ أَبْنَيْرُ إِلَى وَرَائِهِ وَقَالَ: «أَأَنْتَ عَسَائِيلُ؟» فَقَالَ: «أَنَا هُوَ».20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.
21 فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبْنَيْرُ: «مِلْ إِلَى يَمِينِكَ أَوْ إِلَى يَسَارِكَ وَاقْبِضْ عَلَى أَحَدِ الْغِلْمَانِ وَخُذْ لِنَفْسِكَ سَلَبَهُ». فَلَمْ يَشَأْ عَسَائِيلُ أَنْ يَمِيلَ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ.21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armor. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.
22 ثُمَّ عَادَ أَبْنَيْرُ وَقَالَ لِعَسَائِيلَ: «مِلْ مِنْ وَرَائِي. لِمَاذَا أَضْرِبُكَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ؟ فَكَيْفَ أَرْفَعُ وَجْهِي لَدَى يُوآبَ أَخِيكَ؟»22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother?
23 فَأَبَى أَنْ يَمِيلَ، فَضَرَبَهُ أَبْنَيْرُ بِزُجِّ الرُّمْحِ فِي بَطْنِهِ، فَخَرَجَ الرُّمْحُ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ، فَسَقَطَ هُنَاكَ وَمَاتَ فِي مَكَانِهِ. وَكَانَ كُلُّ مَنْ يَأْتِي إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي سَقَطَ فِيهِ عَسَائِيلُ وَمَاتَ يَقِفُ. 23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
24 وَسَعَى يُوآبُ وَأَبِيشَايُ وَرَاءَ أَبْنَيْرَ، وَغَابَتِ الشَّمْسُ عِنْدَمَا أَتَيَا إِلَى تَلِّ أَمَّةَ الَّذِي تُجَاهَ جِيحَ فِي طَرِيقِ بَرِّيَّةِ جِبْعُونَ.24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
25 فَاجْتَمَعَ بَنُو بَنْيَامِينَ وَرَاءَ أَبْنَيْرَ وَصَارُوا جَمَاعَةً وَاحِدَةً، وَوَقَفُوا عَلَى رَأْسِ تَلّ وَاحِدٍ.25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.
26 فَنَادَى أَبْنَيْرُ يُوآبَ وَقَالَ: «هَلْ إِلَى الأَبَدِ يَأْكُلُ السَّيْفُ؟ أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّهَا تَكُونُ مَرَارَةً فِي الأَخِيرِ؟ فَحَتَّى مَتَى لاَ تَقُولُ لِلشَّعْبِ أَنْ يَرْجِعُوا مِنْ وَرَاءِ إِخْوَتِهِمْ؟»26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?
27 فَقَالَ يُوآبُ: «حَيٌّ هُوَ اللهُ، إِنَّهُ لَوْ لَمْ تَتَكَلَّمْ لَكَانَ الشَّعْبُ فِي الصَّبَاحِ قَدْ صَعِدَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ وَرَاءِ أَخِيهِ».27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.
28 وَضَرَبَ يُوآبُ بِالْبُوقِ فَوَقَفَ جَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ وَلَمْ يَسْعَوْا بَعْدُ وَرَاءَ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلاَ عَادُوا إِلَى الْمُحَارَبَةِ.28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
29 فَسَارَ أَبْنَيْرُ وَرِجَالُهُ فِي الْعَرَبَةِ ذلِكَ اللَّيْلَ كُلَّهُ وَعَبَرُوا الأُرْدُنَّ، وَسَارُوا فِي كُلِّ الشُّعَبِ وَجَاءُوا إِلَى مَحَنَايِمَ.29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.
30 وَرَجَعَ يُوآبُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ أَبْنَيْرَ وَجَمَعَ كُلَّ الشَّعْبِ. وَفُقِدَ مِنْ عَبِيدِ دَاوُدَ تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ رَجُلاً وَعَسَائِيلُ.30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.
31 وَضَرَبَ عَبِيدُ دَاوُدَ مِنْ بَنْيَامِينَ وَمِنْ رِجَالِ أَبْنَيْرَ، فَمَاتَ ثَلاَثُ مِئِينَ وَسِتُّونَ رَجُلاً.31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.
32 وَرَفَعُوا عَسَائِيلَ وَدَفَنُوهُ فِي قَبْرِ أَبِيهِ الَّذِي فِي بَيْتِ لَحْمٍ. وَسَارَ يُوآبُ وَرِجَالُهُ اللَّيْلَ كُلَّهُ وَأَصْبَحُوا فِي حَبْرُونَ.32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.
زُجّ
طرف الرمح الخلفي. كعب الرمح.