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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [21] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ جُوعٌ فِي أَيَّامِ دَاوُدَ ثَلاَثَ سِنِينَ، سَنَةً بَعْدَ سَنَةٍ، فَطَلَبَ دَاوُدُ وَجْهَ الرَّبِّ. فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ: «هُوَ لأَجْلِ شَاوُلَ وَلأَجْلِ بَيْتِ الدِّمَاءِ، لأَنَّهُ قَتَلَ الْجِبْعُونِيِّينَ».1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.
2 فَدَعَا الْمَلِكُ الْجِبْعُونِيِّينَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ. وَالْجِبْعُونِيُّونَ لَيْسُوا مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ بَلْ مِنْ بَقَايَا الأَمُورِيِّينَ، وَقَدْ حَلَفَ لَهُمْ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَطَلَبَ شَاوُلُ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُمْ لأَجْلِ غَيْرَتِهِ عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَهُوذَا.2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)
3 قَالَ دَاوُدُ لِلْجِبْعُونِيِّينَ: «مَاذَا أَفْعَلُ لَكُمْ؟ وَبِمَاذَا أُكَفِّرُ فَتُبَارِكُوا نَصِيبَ الرَّبِّ؟»3 Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the LORD?
4 فَقَالَ لَهُ الْجِبْعُونِيُّونَ: «لَيْسَ لَنَا فِضَّةٌ وَلاَ ذَهَبٌ عِنْدَ شَاوُلَ وَلاَ عِنْدَ بَيْتِهِ، وَلَيْسَ لَنَا أَنْ نُمِيتَ أَحَدًا فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ». فَقَالَ: «مَهْمَا قُلْتُمْ أَفْعَلُهُ لَكُمْ».4 And the Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you.
5 فَقَالُوا لِلْمَلِكِ: «الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي أَفْنَانَا وَالَّذِي تَآمَرَ عَلَيْنَا لِيُبِيدَنَا لِكَيْ لاَ نُقِيمَ فِي كُلِّ تُخُومِ إِسْرَائِيلَ،5 And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel,
6 فَلْنُعْطَ سَبْعَةَ رِجَال مِنْ بَنِيهِ فَنَصْلِبَهُمْ لِلرَّبِّ فِي جِبْعَةِ شَاوُلَ مُخْتَارِ الرَّبِّ». فَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ: «أَنَا أُعْطِي».6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give them.
7 وَأَشْفَقَ الْمَلِكُ عَلَى مَفِيبُوشَثَ بْنِ يُونَاثَانَ بْنِ شَاوُلَ مِنْ أَجْلِ يَمِينِ الرَّبِّ الَّتِي بَيْنَهُمَا، بَيْنَ دَاوُدَ وَيُونَاثَانَ بْنِ شَاوُلَ.7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD's oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
8 فَأَخَذَ الْمَلِكُ ابْنَيْ رِصْفَةَ ابْنَةِ أَيَّةَ اللَّذَيْنِ وَلَدَتْهُمَا لِشَاوُلَ: أَرْمُونِيَ وَمَفِيبُوشَثَ، وَبَنِي مِيكَالَ ابْنَةِ شَاوُلَ الْخَمْسَةَ الَّذِينَ وَلَدَتْهُمْ لِعَدْرِئِيلَ بْنِ بَرْزِلاَّيَ الْمَحُولِيِّ،8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:
9 وَسَلَّمَهُمْ إِلَى يَدِ الْجِبْعُونِيِّينَ، فَصَلَبُوهُمْ عَلَى الْجَبَلِ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. فَسَقَطَ السَّبْعَةُ مَعًا وَقُتِلُوا فِي أَيَّامِ الْحَصَادِ، فِي أَوَّلِهَا فِي ابْتِدَاءِ حَصَادِ الشَّعِيرِ.9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.
10 فَأَخَذَتْ رِصْفَةُ ابْنَةُ أَيَّةَ مِسْحًا وَفَرَشَتْهُ لِنَفْسِهَا عَلَى الصَّخْرِ مِنِ ابْتِدَاءِ الْحَصَادِ حَتَّى انْصَبَّ الْمَاءُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، وَلَمْ تَدَعْ طُيُورَ السَّمَاءِ تَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَهَارًا، وَلاَ حَيَوَانَاتِ الْحَقْلِ لَيْلاً.10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.
11 فَأُخْبِرَ دَاوُدُ بِمَا فَعَلَتْ رِصْفَةُ ابْنَةُ أَيَّةَ سُرِّيَّةُ شَاوُلَ.11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
12 فَذَهَبَ دَاوُدُ وَأَخَذَ عِظَامَ شَاوُلَ وَعِظَامَ يُونَاثَانَ ابْنِهِ مِنْ أَهْلِ يَابِيشِ جِلْعَادَ الَّذِينَ سَرِقُوهَا مِنْ شَارِعِ بَيْتِ شَانَ، حَيْثُ عَلَّقَهُمَا الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ يَوْمَ ضَرَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ شَاوُلَ فِي جِلْبُوعَ.12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:
13 فَأَصْعَدَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ عِظَامَ شَاوُلَ وَعِظَامَ يُونَاثَانَ ابْنِهِ، وَجَمَعُوا عِظَامَ الْمَصْلُوبِينَ،13 And he brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged.
14 وَدَفَنُوا عِظَامَ شَاوُلَ وَيُونَاثَانَ ابْنِهِ فِي أَرْضِ بَنْيَامِينَ فِي صَيْلَعَ، فِي قَبْرِ قَيْسَ أَبِيهِ، وَعَمِلُوا كُلَّ مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ الْمَلِكُ. وَبَعْدَ ذلِكَ اسْتَجَابَ اللهُ مِنْ أَجْلِ الأَرْضِ.14 And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.
15 وَكَانَتْ أَيْضًا حَرْبٌ بَيْنَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ، فَانْحَدَرَ دَاوُدُ وَعَبِيدُهُ مَعَهُ وَحَارَبُوا الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ، فَأَعْيَا دَاوُدُ.15 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.
16 وَيِشْبِي بَنُوبُ الَّذِي مِنْ أَوْلاَدِ رَافَا، وَوَزْنُ رُمْحِهِ ثَلاَثُ مِئَةِ شَاقِلِ نُحَاسٍ وَقَدْ تَقَلَّدَ جَدِيدًا، افْتَكَرَ أَنْ يَقْتُلَ دَاوُدَ.16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.
17 فَأَنْجَدَهُ أَبِيشَايُ ابْنُ صَرُويَةَ، فَضَرَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيَّ وَقَتَلَهُ. حِينَئِذٍ حَلَفَ رِجَالُ دَاوُدَ لَهُ قَائِلِينَ: «لاَ تَخْرُجُ أَيْضًا مَعَنَا إِلَى الْحَرْبِ، وَلاَ تُطْفِئُ سِرَاجَ إِسْرَائِيلَ».17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succored him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
18 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ كَانَتْ أَيْضًا حَرْبٌ فِي جُوبَ مَعَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ. حِينَئِذٍ سَبْكَايُ الْحُوشِيُّ قَتَلَ سَافَ الَّذِي هُوَ مِنْ أَوْلاَدِ رَافَا.18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.
19 ثُمَّ كَانَتْ أَيْضًا حَرْبٌ فِي جُوبَ مَعَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ. فَأَلْحَانَانُ بْنُ يَعْرِي أُرَجِيمَ الْبَيْتَلَحْمِيُّ قَتَلَ جِلْيَاتَ الْجَتِّيَّ، وَكَانَتْ قَنَاةُ رُمْحِهِ كَنَوْلِ النَّسَّاجِينَ.19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
20 وَكَانَتْ أَيْضًا حَرْبٌ فِي جَتَّ، وَكَانَ رَجُلٌ طَوِيلَ الْقَامَةِ أَصَابعُ كُلّ مِنْ يَدَيْهِ سِتٌّ، وَأَصَابعُ كُلّ مِنْ رِجْلَيْهِ سِتٌّ، عَدَدُهَا أَرْبَعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ، وَهُوَ أَيْضًا وُلِدَ لِرَافَا.20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.
21 وَلَمَّا عَيَّرَ إِسْرَائِيلَ ضَرَبَهُ يُونَاثَانُ بْنُ شِمْعَى أَخِي دَاوُدَ.21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.
22 هؤُلاَءِ الأَرْبَعَةُ وُلِدُوا لِرَافَا فِي جَتَّ وَسَقَطُوا بِيَدِ دَاوُدَ وَبِيَدِ عَبِيدِهِ.22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.