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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [23] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 فَهذِهِ هِيَ كَلِمَاتُ دَاوُدَ الأَخِيرَةُ: «وَحْيُ دَاوُدَ بْنِ يَسَّى، وَوَحْيُ الرَّجُلِ الْقَائِمِ فِي الْعُلاَ، مَسِيحِ إِلهِ يَعْقُوبَ، وَمُرَنِّمِ إِسْرَائِيلَ الْحُلْوِ:1 Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
2 رُوحُ الرَّبِّ تَكَلَّمَ بِي وَكَلِمَتُهُ عَلَى لِسَانِي.2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
3 قَالَ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ. إِلَيَّ تَكَلَّمَ صَخْرَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: إِذَا تَسَلَّطَ عَلَى النَّاسِ بَارٌّ يَتَسَلَّطُ بِخَوْفِ اللهِ،3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.
4 وَكَنُورِ الصَّبَاحِ إِذَا أَشْرَقَتِ الشَّمْسُ. كَعُشْبٍ مِنَ الأَرْضِ فِي صَبَاحٍ صَحْوٍ مُضِيءٍ غِبَّ الْمَطَرِ.4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
5 أَلَيْسَ هكَذَا بَيْتِي عِنْدَ اللهِ؟ لأَنَّهُ وَضَعَ لِي عَهْدًا أَبَدِيًّا مُتْقَنًا فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَمَحْفُوظًا، أَفَلاَ يُثْبِتُ كُلَّ خَلاَصِي وَكُلَّ مَسَرَّتِي؟5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
6 وَلكِنَّ بَنِي بَلِيَّعَالَ جَمِيعَهُمْ كَشَوْكٍ مَطْرُوحٍ، لأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يُؤْخَذُونَ بِيَدٍ.6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:
7 وَالرَّجُلُ الَّذِي يَمَسُّهُمْ يَتَسَلَّحُ بِحَدِيدٍ وَعَصَا رُمْحٍ، فَيَحْتَرِقُونَ بِالنَّارِ فِي مَكَانِهِمْ».7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.
8 هذِهِ أَسْمَاءُ الأَبْطَالِ الَّذِينَ لِدَاوُدَ: يُشَيْبَ بَشَّبَثُ التَّحْكَمُونِيُّ رَئِيسُ الثَّلاَثَةِ. هُوَ هَزَّ رُمْحَهُ عَلَى ثَمَانِ مِئَةٍ قَتَلَهُمْ دَفْعَةً وَاحِدَةً.8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.
9 وَبَعْدَهُ أَلِعَازَارُ بْنُ دُودُو بْنِ أَخُوخِي، أَحَدُ الثَّلاَثَةِ الأَبْطَالِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا مَعَ دَاوُدَ حِينَمَا عَيَّرُوا الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَمَعُوا هُنَاكَ لِلْحَرْبِ وَصَعِدَ رِجَالُ إِسْرَائِيلَ.9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:
10 أَمَّا هُوَ فَأَقَامَ وَضَرَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ حَتَّى كَلَّتْ يَدُهُ، وَلَصِقَتْ يَدُهُ بِالسَّيْفِ، وَصَنَعَ الرَّبُّ خَلاَصًا عَظِيمًا فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، وَرَجَعَ الشَّعْبُ وَرَاءَهُ لِلنَّهْبِ فَقَطْ.10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.
11 وَبَعْدَهُ شَمَّةُ بْنُ أَجِي الْهَرَارِيُّ. فَاجْتَمَعَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ جَيْشًا، وَكَانَتْ هُنَاكَ قِطْعَةُ حَقْل مَمْلُوءةً عَدَسًا، فَهَرَبَ الشَّعْبُ مِنْ أَمَامِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ.11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentils: and the people fled from the Philistines.
12 فَوَقَفَ فِي وَسَطِ الْقِطْعَةِ وَأَنْقَذَهَا، وَضَرَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ، فَصَنَعَ الرَّبُّ خَلاَصًا عَظِيمًا.12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.
13 وَنَزَلَ الثَّلاَثَةُ مِنَ الثَّلاَثِينَ رَئِيسًا وَأَتَوْا فِي الْحَصَادِ إِلَى دَاوُدَ إِلَى مَغَارَةِ عَدُلاَّمَ، وَجَيْشُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ نَازِلٌ فِي وَادِي الرَّفَائِيِّينَ.13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.
14 وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ حِينَئِذٍ فِي الْحِصْنِ، وَحَفَظَةُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ حِينَئِذٍ فِي بَيْتِ لَحْمٍ.14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
15 فَتَأَوَّهَ دَاوُدُ وَقَالَ: «مَنْ يَسْقِينِي مَاءً مِنْ بِئْرِ بَيْتِ لَحْمٍ الَّتِي عِنْدَ الْبَابِ؟»15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!
16 فَشَقَّ الأَبْطَالُ الثَّلاَثَةُ مَحَلَّةَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ وَاسْتَقَوْا مَاءً مِنْ بِئْرِ بَيْتِ لَحْمٍ الَّتِي عِنْدَ الْبَابِ، وَحَمَلُوهُ وَأَتَوْا بِهِ إِلَى دَاوُدَ، فَلَمْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَشْرَبَهُ، بَلْ سَكَبَهُ لِلرَّبِّ،16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.
17 وَقَالَ: «حَاشَا لِي يَا رَبُّ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ ذلِكَ! هذَا دَمُ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ خَاطَرُوا بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ». فَلَمْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَشْرَبَهُ. هذَا مَا فَعَلَهُ الثَّلاَثَةُ الأَبْطَالُ.17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.
18 وَأَبِيشَايُ أَخُو يُوآبَ ابْنُ صَرُويَةَ هُوَ رَئِيسُ ثَلاَثَةٍ. هذَا هَزَّ رُمْحَهُ عَلَى ثَلاَثِ مِئَةٍ قَتَلَهُمْ، فَكَانَ لَهُ اسْمٌ بَيْنَ الثَّلاَثَةِ.18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.
19 أَلَمْ يُكْرَمْ عَلَى الثَّلاَثَةِ فَكَانَ لَهُمْ رَئِيسًا، إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَصِلْ إِلَى الثَّلاَثَةِ الأُوَلِ.19 Was he not most honorable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.
20 وَبَنَايَاهُو بْنُ يَهُويَادَاعَ، ابْنُ ذِي بَأْسٍ، كَثِيرُ الأَفْعَالِ، مِنْ قَبْصِئِيلَ، هُوَ الَّذِي ضَرَبَ أَسَدَيْ مُوآبَ، وَهُوَ الَّذِي نَزَلَ وَضَرَبَ أَسَدًا فِي وَسَطِ جُبٍّ يَوْمَ الثَّلْجِ.20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:
21 وَهُوَ ضَرَبَ رَجُلاً مِصْرِيًّا ذَا مَنْظَرٍ، وَكَانَ بِيَدِ الْمِصْرِيِّ رُمْحٌ، فَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِ بِعَصًا وَخَطَفَ الرُّمْحَ مِنْ يَدِ الْمِصْرِيِّ وَقَتَلَهُ بِرُمْحِهِ.21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
22 هذَا مَا فَعَلَهُ بَنَايَاهُو بْنُ يَهُويَادَاعَ، فَكَانَ لَهُ اسْمٌ بَيْنَ الثَّلاَثَةِ الأَبْطَالِ،22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.
23 وَأُكْرِمَ عَلَى الثَّلاَثِينَ، إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَصِلْ إِلَى الثَّلاَثَةِ. فَجَعَلَهُ دَاوُدُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ سِرِّهِ.23 He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.
24 وَعَسَائِيلُ أَخُو يُوآبَ كَانَ مِنَ الثَّلاَثِينَ، وَأَلْحَانَانُ بْنُ دُودُو مِنْ بَيْتِ لَحْمٍ.24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
25 وَشَمَّةُ الْحَرُودِيُّ، وَأَلِيقَا الْحَرُودِيُّ،25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
26 وَحَالَصُ الْفَلْطِيُّ، وَعِيرَا بْنُ عِقِّيشَ التَّقُوعِيُّ،26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
27 وَأَبِيعَزَرُ الْعَنَاثُوثِيُّ، وَمَبُونَايُ الْحُوشَاتِيُّ،27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
28 وَصَلْمُونُ الأَخُوخِيُّ، وَمَهْرَايُ النَّطُوفَاتِيُّ،28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
29 وَخَالَبُ بْنُ بَعْنَةَ النَّطُوفَاتِيُّ، وَإِتَّايُ بْنُ رِيبَايَ مِنْ جِبْعَةِ بَنِي بَنْيَامِينَ،29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
30 وَبَنَايَا الْفَرْعَتُونِيُّ، وَهِدَّايُ مِنْ أَوْدِيَةِ جَاعَشَ،30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
31 وَأَبُو عَلْبُونَ الْعَرَبَاتِيُّ، وَعَزْمُوتُ الْبَرْحُومِيُّ،31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
32 وَأَلْيَحْبَا الشَّعْلُبُونِيُّ، وَمِنْ بَنِي يَاشَنَ: يُونَاثَانُ.32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
33 وَشَمَّةُ الْهَرَارِيُّ، وَأَخِيآمُ بْنُ شَارَارَ الأَرَارِيُّ،33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
34 وَأَلِيفَلَطُ بْنُ أَحَسْبَايَ ابْنُ الْمَعْكِيِّ، وَأَلِيعَامُ بْنُ أَخِيتُوفَلَ الْجِيلُونِيُّ،34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
35 وَحَصْرَايُ الْكَرْمَلِيُّ، وَفَعْرَايُ الأَرَبِيُّ،35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
36 وَيَجْآلُ بْنُ نَاثَانَ مِنْ صُوبَةَ، وَبَانِي الْجَادِيُّ،36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
37 وَصَالَقُ الْعَمُّونِيُّ، وَنَحْرَايُ الْبَئِيرُوتِيُّ، حَامِلُ سِلاَحِ يُوآبَ بْنِ صَرُويَةَ،37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
38 وَعِيرَا الْيِثْرِيُّ، وَجَارَبُ الْيِثْرِيُّ،38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,
39 وَأُورِيَّا الْحِثِّيُّ. الْجَمِيعُ سَبْعَةٌ وَثَلاَثُونَ.39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.