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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [5] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَجَاءَ جَمِيعُ أَسْبَاطِ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى دَاوُدَ، إِلَى حَبْرُونَ، وَتَكَلَّمُوا قَائِلِينَ: «هُوَذَا عَظْمُكَ وَلَحْمُكَ نَحْنُ.1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
2 وَمُنْذُ أَمْسِ وَمَا قَبْلَهُ، حِينَ كَانَ شَاوُلُ مَلِكًا عَلَيْنَا، قَدْ كُنْتَ أَنْتَ تُخْرِجُ وَتُدْخِلُ إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَقَدْ قَالَ لَكَ الرَّبُّ: أَنْتَ تَرْعَى شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَأَنْتَ تَكُونُ رَئِيسًا عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ».2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
3 وَجَاءَ جَمِيعُ شُيُوخِ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى الْمَلِكِ، إِلَى حَبْرُونَ، فَقَطَعَ الْمَلِكُ دَاوُدُ مَعَهُمْ عَهْدًا فِي حَبْرُونَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. وَمَسَحُوا دَاوُدَ مَلِكًا عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ.3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
4 كَانَ دَاوُدُ ابْنَ ثَلاَثِينَ سَنَةً حِينَ مَلَكَ، وَمَلَكَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً.4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
5 فِي حَبْرُونَ مَلَكَ عَلَى يَهُوذَا سَبْعَ سِنِينٍ وَسِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ. وَفِي أُورُشَلِيمَ مَلَكَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ سَنَةً عَلَى جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَهُوذَا.5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
6 وَذَهَبَ الْمَلِكُ وَرِجَالُهُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، إِلَى الْيَبُوسِيِّينَ سُكَّانِ الأَرْضِ. فَكَلَّمُوا دَاوُدَ قَائِلِينَ: «لاَ تَدْخُلْ إِلَى هُنَا، مَا لَمْ تَنْزِعِ الْعُمْيَانَ وَالْعُرْجَ». أَيْ لاَ يَدْخُلُ دَاوُدُ إِلَى هُنَا.6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
7 وَأَخَذَ دَاوُدُ حِصْنَ صِهْيَوْنَ، هِيَ مَدِينَةُ دَاوُدَ.7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
8 وَقَالَ دَاوُدُ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ: «إِنَّ الَّذِي يَضْرِبُ الْيَبُوسِيِّينَ وَيَبْلُغُ إِلَى الْقَنَاةِ وَالْعُرْجِ وَالْعُمْيِ الْمُبْغَضِينَ مِنْ نَفْسِ دَاوُدَ». لِذلِكَ يَقُولُونَ: «لاَ يَدْخُلِ الْبَيْتَ أَعْمَى أَوْ أَعْرَجُ».8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
9 وَأَقَامَ دَاوُدُ فِي الْحِصْنِ وَسَمَّاهُ «مَدِينَةَ دَاوُدَ». وَبَنَى دَاوُدُ مُسْتَدِيرًا مِنَ الْقَلْعَةِ فَدَاخِلاً.9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
10 وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ يَتَزَايَدُ مُتَعَظِّمًا، وَالرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْجُنُودِ مَعَهُ.10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
11 وَأَرْسَلَ حِيرَامُ مَلِكُ صُورَ رُسُلاً إِلَى دَاوُدَ، وَخَشَبَ أَرْزٍ وَنَجَّارِينَ وَبَنَّائِينَ فَبَنَوْا لِدَاوُدَ بَيْتًا.11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
12 وَعَلِمَ دَاوُدُ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ أَثْبَتَهُ مَلِكًا عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَأَنَّهُ قَدْ رَفَّعَ مُلْكَهُ مِنْ أَجْلِ شَعْبِهِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
13 وَأَخَذَ دَاوُدُ أَيْضًا سَرَارِيَ وَنِسَاءً مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ بَعْدَ مَجِيئِهِ مِنْ حَبْرُونَ، فَوُلِدَ أَيْضًا لِدَاوُدَ بَنُونَ وَبَنَاتٌ.13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
14 وَهذِهِ أَسْمَاءُ الَّذِينَ وُلِدُوا لَهُ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ: شَمُّوعُ وَشُوبَابُ وَنَاثَانُ وَسُلَيْمَانُ،14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
15 وَيِبْحَارُ وَأَلِيشُوعُ وَنَافَجُ وَيَافِيعُ،15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
16 وَأَلِيشَمَعُ وَأَلِيدَاعُ وَأَلِيفَلَطُ.16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
17 وَسَمِعَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ مَسَحُوا دَاوُدَ مَلِكًا عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَصَعِدَ جَمِيعُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِيُفَتِّشُوا عَلَى دَاوُدَ. وَلَمَّا سَمِعَ دَاوُدُ نَزَلَ إِلَى الْحِصْنِ.17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.
18 وَجَاءَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ وَانْتَشَرُوا فِي وَادِي الرَّفَائِيِّينَ.18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
19 وَسَأَلَ دَاوُدُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ قَائِلاً: «أَأَصْعَدُ إِلَى الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ؟ أَتَدْفَعُهُمْ لِيَدِي؟» فَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِدَاوُدَ: «اصْعَدْ، لأَنِّي دَفْعًا أَدْفَعُ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِيَدِكَ».19 And David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
20 فَجَاءَ دَاوُدُ إِلَى بَعْلِ فَرَاصِيمَ وَضَرَبَهُمْ دَاوُدُ هُنَاكَ، وَقَالَ: «قَدِ اقْتَحَمَ الرَّبُّ أَعْدَائِي أَمَامِي كَاقْتِحَامِ الْمِيَاهِ». لِذلِكَ دَعَى اسْمَ ذلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ «بَعْلَ فَرَاصِيمَ».20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.
21 وَتَرَكُوا هُنَاكَ أَصْنَامَهُمْ فَنَزَعَهَا دَاوُدُ وَرِجَالُهُ.21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
22 ثُمَّ عَادَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ فَصَعِدُوا أَيْضًا وَانْتَشَرُوا فِي وَادِي الرَّفَائِيِّينَ.22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
23 فَسَأَلَ دَاوُدُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ، فَقَالَ: «لاَ تَصْعَدْ، بَلْ دُرْ مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ، وَهَلُمَّ عَلَيْهِمْ مُقَابِلَ أَشْجَارِ الْبُكَا، 23 And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
24 وَعِنْدَمَا تَسْمَعُ صَوْتَ خَطَوَاتٍ فِي رُؤُوسِ أَشْجَارِ الْبُكَا، حِينَئِذٍ احْتَرِصْ، لأَنَّهُ إِذْ ذَاكَ يَخْرُجُ الرَّبُّ أَمَامَكَ لِضَرْبِ مَحَلَّةِ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ».24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
25 فَفَعَلَ دَاوُدُ كَذلِكَ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ الرَّبُّ، وَضَرَبَ الْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ مِنْ جَبْعٍ إِلَى مَدْخَلِ جَازَرَ.25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.
البَكا
نوع من الشجر.