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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [6] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَجَمَعَ دَاوُدُ أَيْضًا جَمِيعَ الْمُنْتَخَبِينَ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، ثَلاَثِينَ أَلْفًا.1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.
2 وَقَامَ دَاوُدُ وَذَهَبَ هُوَ وَجَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِي مَعَهُ مِنْ بَعَلَةِ يَهُوذَا، لِيُصْعِدُوا مِنْ هُنَاكَ تَابُوتَ اللهِ، الَّذِي يُدْعَى عَلَيْهِ بِالاسْمِ، اسْمِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ، الْجَالِسِ عَلَى الْكَرُوبِيمِ.2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubim.
3 فَأَرْكَبُوا تَابُوتَ اللهِ عَلَى عَجَلَةٍ جَدِيدَةٍ، وَحَمَلُوهُ مِنْ بَيْتِ أَبِينَادَابَ الَّذِي فِي الأَكَمَةِ. وَكَانَ عُزَّةُ وَأَخِيُو، ابْنَا أَبِينَادَابَ يَسُوقَانِ الْعَجَلَةَ الْجَدِيدَةَ.3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.
4 فَأَخَذُوهَا مِنْ بَيْتِ أَبِينَادَابَ الَّذِي فِي الأَكَمَةِ مَعَ تَابُوتِ اللهِ. وَكَانَ أَخِيُو يَسِيرُ أَمَامَ التَّابُوتِ،4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.
5 وَدَاوُدُ وَكُلُّ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَلْعَبُونَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ بِكُلِّ أَنْوَاعِ الآلاَتِ مِنْ خَشَبِ السَّرْوِ، بِالْعِيدَانِ وَبِالرَّبَابِ وَبِالدُّفُوفِ وَبِالْجُنُوكِ وَبِالصُّنُوجِ. 5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.
6 وَلَمَّا انْتَهَوْا إِلَى بَيْدَرِ نَاخُونَ مَدَّ عُزَّةُ يَدَهُ إِلَى تَابُوتِ اللهِ وَأَمْسَكَهُ، لأَنَّ الثِّيرَانَ انْشَمَصَتْ.6 And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.
7 فَحَمِيَ غَضَبُ الرَّبِّ عَلَى عُزَّةَ، وَضَرَبَهُ اللهُ هُنَاكَ لأَجْلِ غَفَلِهِ، فَمَاتَ هُنَاكَ لَدَى تَابُوتِ اللهِ.7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.
8 فَاغْتَاظَ دَاوُدُ لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ اقْتَحَمَ عُزَّةَ اقْتِحَامًا، وَسَمَّى ذلِكَ الْمَوْضِعَ «فَارِصَ عُزَّةَ» إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ.8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.
9 وَخَافَ دَاوُدُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَقَالَ: «كَيْفَ يَأْتِي إِلَيَّ تَابُوتُ الرَّبِّ؟»9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?
10 وَلَمْ يَشَأْ دَاوُدُ أَنْ يَنْقُلَ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ إِلَيْهِ، إِلَى مَدِينَةِ دَاوُدَ، فَمَالَ بِهِ دَاوُدُ إِلَى بَيْتِ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ الْجَتِّيِّ.10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.
11 وَبَقِيَ تَابُوتُ الرَّبِّ فِي بَيْتِ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ الْجَتِّيِّ ثَلاَثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ. وَبَارَكَ الرَّبُّ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ وَكُلَّ بَيْتِهِ.11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.
12 فَأُخْبِرَ الْمَلِكُ دَاوُدُ وَقِيلَ لَهُ: «قَدْ بَارَكَ الرَّبُّ بَيْتَ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ، وَكُلَّ مَا لَهُ بِسَبَبِ تَابُوتِ اللهِ». فَذَهَبَ دَاوُدُ وَأَصْعَدَ تَابُوتَ اللهِ مِنْ بَيْتِ عُوبِيدَ أَدُومَ إِلَى مَدِينَةِ دَاوُدَ بِفَرَحٍ.12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.
13 وَكَانَ كُلَّمَا خَطَا حَامِلُوا تَابُوتِ الرَّبِّ سِتَّ خَطَوَاتٍ يَذْبَحُ ثَوْرًا وَعِجْلاً مَعْلُوفًا.13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.
14 وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ يَرْقُصُ بِكُلِّ قُوَّتِهِ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ. وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ مُتَنَطِّقًا بِأَفُودٍ مِنْ كَتَّانٍ.14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.
15 فَأَصْعَدَ دَاوُدُ وَجَمِيعُ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ بِالْهُتَافِ وَبِصَوْتِ الْبُوقِ.15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
16 وَلَمَّا دَخَلَ تَابُوتُ الرَّبِّ مَدِينَةَ دَاوُدَ، أَشْرَفَتْ مِيكَالُ بِنْتُ شَاوُلَ مِنَ الْكُوَّةِ وَرَأَتِ الْمَلِكَ دَاوُدَ يَطْفُرُ وَيَرْقُصُ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، فَاحْتَقَرَتْهُ فِي قَلْبِهَا. 16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
17 فَأَدْخَلُوا تَابُوتَ الرَّبِّ وَأَوْقَفُوهُ فِي مَكَانِهِ فِي وَسَطِ الْخَيْمَةِ الَّتِي نَصَبَهَا لَهُ دَاوُدُ. وَأَصْعَدَ دَاوُدُ مُحْرَقَاتٍ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ وَذَبَائِحَ سَلاَمَةٍ.17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
18 وَلَمَّا انْتَهَى دَاوُدُ مِنْ إِصْعَادِ الْمُحْرَقَاتِ وَذَبَائِحِ السَّلاَمَةِ بَارَكَ الشَّعْبَ بِاسْمِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ.18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.
19 وَقَسَمَ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ، عَلَى كُلِّ جُمْهُورِ إِسْرَائِيلَ رِجَالاً وَنِسَاءً، عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ رَغِيفَ خُبْزٍ وَكَأْسَ خَمْرٍ وَقُرْصَ زَبِيبٍ. ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ،19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.
20 وَرَجَعَ دَاوُدُ لِيُبَارِكَ بَيْتَهُ. فَخَرَجَتْ مِيكَالُ بِنْتُ شَاوُلَ لاسْتِقْبَالِ دَاوُدَ، وَقَالَتْ: «مَا كَانَ أَكْرَمَ مَلِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ الْيَوْمَ، حَيْثُ تَكَشَّفَ الْيَوْمَ فِي أَعْيُنِ إِمَاءِ عَبِيدِهِ كَمَا يَتَكَشَّفُ أَحَدُ السُّفَهَاءِ».20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!
21 فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ لِمِيكَالَ: «إِنَّمَا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ الَّذِي اخْتَارَنِي دُونَ أَبِيكِ وَدُونَ كُلَّ بَيْتِهِ لِيُقِيمَنِي رَئِيسًا عَلَى شَعْبِ الرَّبِّ إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَلَعِبْتُ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.
22 وَإِنِّي أَتَصَاغَرُ دُونَ ذلِكَ وَأَكُونُ وَضِيعًا فِي عَيْنَيْ نَفْسِي، وَأَمَّا عِنْدَ الإِمَاءِ الَّتِي ذَكَرْتِ فَأَتَمَجَّدُ».22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honor.
23 وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لِمِيكَالَ بِنْتِ شَاوُلَ وَلَدٌ إِلَى يَوْمِ مَوْتِهَا.23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.
جنوك
مفردها جُنْك: صنج صغير من نحاس يُمسك بأصابع اليد.
يَطْفُر
يقفز، يثب.