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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الثاني [7] 2Samuel
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Chapter Summary
1 وَكَانَ لَمَّا سَكَنَ الْمَلِكُ فِي بَيْتِهِ، وَأَرَاحَهُ الرَّبُّ مِنْ كُلِّ الْجِهَاتِ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِهِ،1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 أَنَّ الْمَلِكَ قَالَ لِنَاثَانَ النَّبِيِّ: «انْظُرْ. إِنِّي سَاكِنٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ أَرْزٍ، وَتَابُوتُ اللهِ سَاكِنٌ دَاخِلَ الشُّقَقِ».2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 فَقَالَ نَاثَانُ لِلْمَلِكِ: «اذْهَبِ افْعَلْ كُلَّ مَا بِقَلْبِكَ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ مَعَكَ».3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
4 وَفِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ كَانَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى نَاثَانَ قَائِلاً:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
5 «اِذْهَبْ وَقُلْ لِعَبْدِي دَاوُدَ: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: أَأَنْتَ تَبْنِي لِي بَيْتًا لِسُكْنَايَ؟5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
6 لأَنِّي لَمْ أَسْكُنْ فِي بَيْتٍ مُنْذُ يَوْمَ أَصْعَدْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ مِصْرَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ، بَلْ كُنْتُ أَسِيرُ فِي خَيْمَةٍ وَفِي مَسْكَنٍ.6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
7 فِي كُلِّ مَا سِرْتُ مَعَ جَمِيعِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، هَلْ تَكَلَّمْتُ بِكَلِمَةٍ إِلَى أَحَدِ قُضَاةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ الَّذِينَ أَمَرْتُهُمْ أَنْ يَرْعَوْا شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلاً: لِمَاذَا لَمْ تَبْنُوا لِي بَيْتًا مِنَ الأَرْزِ؟7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
8 وَالآنَ فَهكَذَا تَقُولُ لِعَبْدِي دَاوُدَ: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: أَنَا أَخَذْتُكَ مِنَ الْمَرْبَضِ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْغَنَمِ لِتَكُونَ رَئِيسًا عَلَى شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
9 وَكُنْتُ مَعَكَ حَيْثُمَا تَوَجَّهْتَ، وَقَرَضْتُ جَمِيعَ أَعْدَائِكَ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ، وَعَمِلْتُ لَكَ اسْمًا عَظِيمًا كَاسْمِ الْعُظَمَاءِ الَّذِينَ فِي الأَرْضِ.9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
10 وَعَيَّنْتُ مَكَانًا لِشَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَغَرَسْتُهُ، فَسَكَنَ فِي مَكَانِهِ، وَلاَ يَضْطَرِبُ بَعْدُ، وَلاَ يَعُودُ بَنُو الإِثْمِ يُذَلِّلُونَهُ كَمَا فِي الأَوَّلِ،10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
11 وَمُنْذُ يَوْمَ أَقَمْتُ فِيهِ قُضَاةً عَلَى شَعْبِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَقَدْ أَرَحْتُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ. وَالرَّبُّ يُخْبِرُكَ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ يَصْنَعُ لَكَ بَيْتًا.11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
12 مَتَى كَمُلَتْ أَيَّامُكَ وَاضْطَجَعْتَ مَعَ آبَائِكَ، أُقِيمُ بَعْدَكَ نَسْلَكَ الَّذِي يَخْرُجُ مِنْ أَحْشَائِكَ وَأُثَبِّتُ مَمْلَكَتَهُ.12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 هُوَ يَبْنِي بَيْتًا لاسْمِي، وَأَنَا أُثَبِّتُ كُرْسِيَّ مَمْلَكَتِهِ إِلَى الأَبَدِ.13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14 أَنَا أَكُونُ لَهُ أَبًا وَهُوَ يَكُونُ لِيَ ابْنًا. إِنْ تَعَوَّجَ أُؤَدِّبْهُ بِقَضِيبِ النَّاسِ وَبِضَرَبَاتِ بَنِي آدَمَ.14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15 وَلكِنَّ رَحْمَتِي لاَ تُنْزَعُ مِنْهُ كَمَا نَزَعْتُهَا مِنْ شَاوُلَ الَّذِي أَزَلْتُهُ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ.15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 وَيَأْمَنُ بَيْتُكَ وَمَمْلَكَتُكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ أَمَامَكَ. كُرْسِيُّكَ يَكُونُ ثَابِتًا إِلَى الأَبَدِ».16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
17 فَحَسَبَ جَمِيعِ هذَا الْكَلاَمِ وَحَسَبَ كُلِّ هذِهِ الرُّؤْيَا كَذلِكَ كَلَّمَ نَاثَانُ دَاوُدَ.17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
18 فَدَخَلَ الْمَلِكُ دَاوُدُ وَجَلَسَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «مَنْ أَنَا يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ؟ وَمَا هُوَ بَيْتِي حَتَّى أَوْصَلْتَنِي إِلَى ههُنَا؟18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
19 وَقَلَّ هذَا أَيْضًا فِي عَيْنَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ، فَتَكَلَّمْتَ أَيْضًا مِنْ جِهَةِ بَيْتِ عَبْدِكَ إِلَى زَمَانٍ طَوِيل، وَهذِهِ عَادَةُ الإِنْسَانِ يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ.19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
20 وَبِمَاذَا يَعُودُ دَاوُدُ يُكَلِّمُكَ وَأَنْتَ قَدْ عَرَفْتَ عَبْدَكَ يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ؟20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
21 فَمِنْ أَجْلِ كَلِمَتِكَ وَحَسَبَ قَلْبِكَ فَعَلْتَ هذِهِ الْعَظَائِمَ كُلَّهَا لِتُعَرِّفَ عَبْدَكَ.21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
22 لِذلِكَ قَدْ عَظُمْتَ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ الإِلهُ، لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِثْلُكَ وَلَيْسَ إِلهٌ غَيْرَكَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا سَمِعْنَاهُ بِآذَانِنَا.22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23 وَأَيَّةُ أُمَّةٍ عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِثْلُ شَعْبِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ الَّذِي سَارَ اللهُ لِيَفْتَدِيَهُ لِنَفْسِهِ شَعْبًا، وَيَجْعَلَ لَهُ اسْمًا، وَيَعْمَلَ لَكُمُ الْعَظَائِمَ وَالتَّخَاوِيفَ لأَرْضِكَ أَمَامَ شَعْبِكَ الَّذِي افْتَدَيْتَهُ لِنَفْسِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ، مِنَ الشُّعُوبِ وَآلِهَتِهِمْ.23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
24 وَثَبَّتَّ لِنَفْسِكَ شَعْبَكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ، شَعْبًا لِنَفْسِكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَأَنْتَ يَا رَبُّ صِرْتَ لَهُمْ إِلهًا.24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
25 وَالآنَ أَيُّهَا الرَّبُّ الإِلهُ أَقِمْ إِلَى الأَبَدِ الْكَلاَمَ الَّذِي تَكَلَّمْتَ بِهِ عَنْ عَبْدِكَ وَعَنْ بَيْتِهِ، وَافْعَلْ كَمَا نَطَقْتَ.25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
26 وَلِيَتَعَظَّمِ اسْمُكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، فَيُقَالَ: رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهٌ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ. وَلْيَكُنْ بَيْتُ عَبْدِكَ دَاوُدَ ثَابِتًا أَمَامَكَ.26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
27 لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ يَا رَبَّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهَ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدْ أَعْلَنْتَ لِعَبْدِكَ قَائِلاً: إِنِّي أَبْنِي لَكَ بَيْتًا، لِذلِكَ وَجَدَ عَبْدُكَ فِي قَلْبِهِ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ لَكَ هذِهِ الصَّلاَةَ.27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
28 وَالآنَ يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ أَنْتَ هُوَ اللهُ وَكَلاَمُكَ هُوَ حَقٌّ، وَقَدْ كَلَّمْتَ عَبْدَكَ بِهذَا الْخَيْرِ.28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
29 فَالآنَ ارْتَضِ وَبَارِكْ بَيْتَ عَبْدِكَ لِيَكُونَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ أَمَامَكَ، لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ يَا سَيِّدِي الرَّبَّ قَدْ تَكَلَّمْتَ. فَلْيُبَارَكْ بَيْتُ عَبْدِكَ بِبَرَكَتِكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ».29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.