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تفسير Commentary
هنري أيرونسايد
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

إشعياء [44] Isaiah
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خلاصة الإصحاحChapter Summary
1 «وَالآنَ اسْمَعْ يَا يَعْقُوبُ عَبْدِي، وَإِسْرَائِيلُ الَّذِي اخْتَرْتُهُ.1 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:
2 هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ صَانِعُكَ وَجَابِلُكَ مِنَ الرَّحِمِ، مُعِينُكَ: لاَ تَخَفْ يَا عَبْدِي يَعْقُوبُ، وَيَا يَشُورُونُ الَّذِي اخْتَرْتُهُ.2 Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.
3 لأَنِّي أَسْكُبُ مَاءً عَلَى الْعَطْشَانِ، وَسُيُولاً عَلَى الْيَابِسَةِ. أَسْكُبُ رُوحِي عَلَى نَسْلِكَ وَبَرَكَتِي عَلَى ذُرِّيَّتِكَ.3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
4 فَيَنْبُتُونَ بَيْنَ الْعُشْبِ مِثْلَ الصَّفْصَافِ عَلَى مَجَارِي الْمِيَاهِ.4 And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.
5 هذَا يَقُولُ: أَنَا لِلرَّبِّ، وَهذَا يُكَنِّي بِاسْمِ يَعْقُوبَ، وَهذَا يَكْتُبُ بِيَدِهِ: لِلرَّبِّ، وَبِاسْمِ إِسْرَائِيلَ يُلَقِّبُ».5 One shall say, I am the LORD's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.
6 هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَفَادِيهِ، رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: «أَنَا الأَوَّلُ وَأَنَا الآخِرُ، وَلاَ إِلهَ غَيْرِي.6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.
7 وَمَنْ مِثْلِي؟ يُنَادِي، فَلْيُخْبِرْ بِهِ وَيَعْرِضْهُ لِي مُنْذُ وَضَعْتُ الشَّعْبَ الْقَدِيمَ. وَالْمُسْتَقْبِلاَتُ وَمَا سَيَأْتِي لِيُخْبِرُوهُمْ بِهَا.7 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
8 لاَ تَرْتَعِبُوا وَلاَ تَرْتَاعُوا. أَمَا أَعْلَمْتُكَ مُنْذُ الْقَدِيمِ وَأَخْبَرْتُكَ؟ فَأَنْتُمْ شُهُودِي. هَلْ يُوجَدُ إِلهٌ غَيْرِي؟ وَلاَ صَخْرَةَ لاَ أَعْلَمُ بِهَا؟»8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.
9 الَّذِينَ يُصَوِّرُونَ صَنَمًا كُلُّهُمْ بَاطِلٌ، وَمُشْتَهَيَاتُهُمْ لاَ تَنْفَعُ، وَشُهُودُهُمْ هِيَ. لاَ تُبْصِرُ وَلاَ تَعْرِفُ حَتَّى تَخْزَى.9 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.
10 مَنْ صَوَّرَ إِلهًا وَسَبَكَ صَنَمًا لِغَيْرِ نَفْعٍ؟10 Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
11 هَا كُلُّ أَصْحَابِهِ يَخْزَوْنَ وَالصُّنَّاعُ هُمْ مِنَ النَّاسِ. يَجْتَمِعُونَ كُلُّهُمْ، يَقِفُونَ يَرْتَعِبُونَ وَيَخْزَوْنَ مَعًا.11 Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.
12 طَبَعَ الْحَدِيدَ قَدُومًا، وَعَمِلَ فِي الْفَحْمِ، وَبِالْمَطَارِقِ يُصَوِّرُهُ فَيَصْنَعُهُ بِذِرَاعِ قُوَّتِهِ. يَجُوعُ أَيْضًا فَلَيْسَ لَهُ قُوَّةٌ. لَمْ يَشْرَبْ مَاءً وَقَدْ تَعِبَ.12 The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
13 نَجَّرَ خَشَبًا. مَدَّ الْخَيْطَ. بِالْمِخْرَزِ يُعَلِّمُهُ، يَصْنَعُهُ بِالأَزَامِيلِ، وَبِالدَّوَّارَةِ يَرْسُمُهُ. فَيَصْنَعُهُ كَشَبَهِ رَجُل، كَجَمَالِ إِنْسَانٍ، لِيَسْكُنَ فِي الْبَيْتِ!13 The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
14 قَطَعَ لِنَفْسِهِ أَرْزًا وَأَخَذَ سِنْدِيَانًا وَبَلُّوطًا، وَاخْتَارَ لِنَفْسِهِ مِنْ أَشْجَارِ الْوَعْرِ. غَرَسَ سَنُوبَرًا وَالْمَطَرُ يُنْمِيهِ.14 He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.
15 فَيَصِيرُ لِلنَّاسِ لِلإِيقَادِ. وَيَأْخُذُ مِنْهُ وَيَتَدَفَّأُ. يُشْعِلُ أَيْضًا وَيَخْبِزُ خُبْزًا، ثُمَّ يَصْنَعُ إِلهًا فَيَسْجُدُ! قَدْ صَنَعَهُ صَنَمًا وَخَرَّ لَهُ.15 Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
16 نِصْفُهُ أَحْرَقَهُ بِالنَّارِ. عَلَى نِصْفِهِ يَأْكُلُ لَحْمًا. يَشْوِي مَشْوِيًّا وَيَشْبَعُ! يَتَدَفَّأُ أَيْضًا وَيَقُولُ: «بَخْ! قَدْ تَدَفَّأْتُ. رَأَيْتُ نَارًا». 16 He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:
17 وَبَقِيَّتُهُ قَدْ صَنَعَهَا إِلهًا، صَنَمًا لِنَفْسِهِ! يَخُرُّ لَهُ وَيَسْجُدُ، وَيُصَلِّي إِلَيْهِ وَيَقُولُ: «نَجِّنِي لأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ إِلهِي».17 And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.
18 لاَ يَعْرِفُونَ وَلاَ يَفْهَمُونَ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ طُمِسَتْ عُيُونُهُمْ عَنِ الإِبْصَارِ، وَقُلُوبُهُمْ عَنِ التَّعَقُّلِ.18 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
19 وَلاَ يُرَدِّدُ فِي قَلْبِهِ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ مَعْرِفَةٌ وَلاَ فَهْمٌ حَتَّى يَقُولَ: «نِصْفَهُ قَدْ أَحْرَقْتُ بِالنَّارِ، وَخَبَزْتُ أَيْضًا عَلَى جَمْرِهِ خُبْزًا، شَوَيْتُ لَحْمًا وَأَكَلْتُ. أَفَأَصْنَعُ بَقِيَّتَهُ رِجْسًا، وَلِسَاقِ شَجَرَةٍ أَخُرُّ؟»19 And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
20 يَرْعَى رَمَادًا. قَلْبٌ مَخْدُوعٌ قَدْ أَضَلَّهُ فَلاَ يُنَجِّي نَفْسَهُ وَلاَ يَقُولُ: «أَلَيْسَ كَذِبٌ فِي يَمِينِي؟».20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
21 «اُذْكُرْ هذِهِ يَا يَعْقُوبُ، يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ عَبْدِي. قَدْ جَبَلْتُكَ. عَبْدٌ لِي أَنْتَ. يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ لاَ تُنْسَيِ مِنِّي.21 Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou art my servant: I have formed thee; thou art my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
22 قَدْ مَحَوْتُ كَغَيْمٍ ذُنُوبَكَ وَكَسَحَابَةٍ خَطَايَاكَ. اِرْجِعْ إِلَيَّ لأَنِّي فَدَيْتُكَ».22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.
23 تَرَنَّمِي أَيَّتُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ فَعَلَ. اِهْتِفِي يَا أَسَافِلَ الأَرْضِ. أَشِيدِي أَيَّتُهَا الْجِبَالُ تَرَنُّمًا، الْوَعْرُ وَكُلُّ شَجَرَةٍ فِيهِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ فَدَى يَعْقُوبَ، وَفِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تَمَجَّدَ.23 Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
24 هكَذَا يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ فَادِيكَ وَجَابِلُكَ مِنَ الْبَطْنِ: «أَنَا الرَّبُّ صَانِعٌ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ، نَاشِرٌ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَحْدِي، بَاسِطٌ الأَرْضَ. مَنْ مَعِي؟24 Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
25 مُبَطِّلٌ آيَاتِ الْمُخَادِعِينَ وَمُحَمِّقٌ الْعَرَّافِينَ. مُرَجِّعٌ الْحُكَمَاءَ إِلَى الْوَرَاءِ، وَمُجَهِّلٌ مَعْرِفَتَهُمْ.25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;
26 مُقِيمٌ كَلِمَةَ عَبْدِهِ، وَمُتَمِّمٌ رَأْيَ رُسُلِهِ. الْقَائِلُ عَنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ: سَتُعْمَرُ، وَلِمُدُنِ يَهُوذَا: سَتُبْنَيْنَ، وَخِرَبَهَا أُقِيمُ.26 That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
27 الْقَائِلُ لِلُّجَّةِ: انْشَفِي، وَأَنْهَارَكِ أُجَفِّفُ.27 That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:
28 الْقَائِلُ عَنْ كُورَشَ: رَاعِيَّ، فَكُلَّ مَسَرَّتِي يُتَمِّمُ. وَيَقُولُ عَنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ: سَتُبْنَى، وَلِلْهَيْكَلِ: سَتُؤَسَّسُ».28 That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
بَخْ
كلمة تعبِّر عن الرضا والإعجاب بالشيء.