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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [13] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِي: «اذْهَبْ وَاشْتَرِ لِنَفْسِكَ مِنْطَقَةً مِنْ كَتَّانٍ وَضَعْهَا عَلَى حَقْوَيْكَ وَلاَ تُدْخِلْهَا فِي الْمَاءِ».1 Thus saith the LORD unto me, Go and get thee a linen girdle, and put it upon thy loins, and put it not in water.
2 فَاشْتَرَيْتُ الْمِنْطَقَةَ كَقَوْلِ الرَّبِّ وَوَضَعْتُهَا عَلَى حَقْوَيَّ.2 So I got a girdle according to the word of the LORD, and put it on my loins.
3 فَصَارَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَيَّ ثَانِيَةً قَائِلاً:3 And the word of the LORD came unto me the second time, saying,
4 «خُذِ الْمِنْطَقَةَ الَّتِي اشْتَرَيْتَهَا الَّتِي هِيَ عَلَى حَقَوَيْكَ، وَقُمِ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى الْفُرَاتِ، وَاطْمِرَْهَا هُنَاكَ فِي شَقِّ صَخْرٍ».4 Take the girdle that thou hast got, which is upon thy loins, and arise, go to Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole of the rock.
5 فَانْطَلَقْتُ وَطَمَرْتُهَا عِنْدَ الْفُرَاتِ كَمَا أَمَرَنِي الرَّبُّ.5 So I went, and hid it by Euphrates, as the LORD commanded me.
6 وَكَانَ بَعْدَ أَيَّامٍ كَثِيرَةٍ أَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَالَ لِي: «قُمِ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى الْفُرَاتِ وَخُذْ مِنْ هُنَاكَ الْمِنْطَقَةَ الَّتِي أَمَرْتُكَ أَنْ تَطْمِرَهَا هُنَاكَ».6 And it came to pass after many days, that the LORD said unto me, Arise, go to Euphrates, and take the girdle from thence, which I commanded thee to hide there.
7 فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْفُرَاتِ، وَحَفَرْتُ وَأَخَذْتُ الْمِنْطَقَةَ مِنَ الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي طَمَرْتُهَا فِيهِ. وَإِذَا بِالْمِنْطَقَةِ قَدْ فَسَدَتْ. لاَ تَصْلُحُ لِشَيْءٍ.7 Then I went to Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle from the place where I had hid it: and, behold, the girdle was marred, it was profitable for nothing.
8 فَصَارَ كَلاَمُ الرَّبِّ إِلَيَّ قَائِلاً:8 Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
9 «هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هكَذَا أُفْسِدُ كِبْرِيَاءَ يَهُوذَا، وَكِبْرِيَاءَ أُورُشَلِيمَ الْعَظِيمَةِ.9 Thus saith the LORD, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and the great pride of Jerusalem.
10 هذَا الشَّعْبُ الشِّرِّيرُ الَّذِي يَأْبَى أَنْ يَسْمَعَ كَلاَمِي، الَّذِي يَسْلُكُ فِي عِنَادِ قَلْبِهِ وَيَسِيرُ وَرَاءَ آلِهَةٍ أُخْرَى لِيَعْبُدَهَا وَيَسْجُدَ لَهَا، يَصِيرُ كَهذِهِ الْمِنْطَقَةِ الَّتِي لاَ تَصْلَُحُ لِشَيْءٍ.10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the imagination of their heart, and walk after other gods, to serve them, and to worship them, shall even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.
11 لأَنَّهُ كَمَا تَلْتَصِقُ الْمِنْطَقَةُ بِحَقْوَيِ الإِنْسَانِ، هكَذَا أَلْصَقْتُ بِنَفْسِي كُلَّ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَكُلَّ بَيْتِ يَهُوذَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لِيَكُونُوا لِي شَعْبًا وَاسْمًا وَفَخْرًا وَمَجْدًا، وَلكِنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَسْمَعُوا.11 For as the girdle cleaveth to the loins of a man, so have I caused to cleave unto me the whole house of Israel and the whole house of Judah, saith the LORD; that they might be unto me for a people, and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory: but they would not hear.
12 « فَتَقُولُ لَهُمْ هذِهِ الْكَلِمَةَ: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: كُلُّ زِقّ يَمْتَلِئُ خَمْرًا. فَيَقُولُونَ لَكَ: أَمَا نَعْرِفُ مَعْرِفَةً أَنَّ كُلَّ زِقّ يَمْتَلِئُ خَمْرًا؟12 Therefore thou shalt speak unto them this word; Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Every bottle shall be filled with wine: and they shall say unto thee, Do we not certainly know that every bottle shall be filled with wine?
13 فَتَقُولُ لَهُمْ: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هأَنَذَا أَمْلأُ كُلَّ سُكَّانِ هذِهِ الأَرْضِ وَالْمُلُوكَ الْجَالِسِينَ لِدَاوُدَ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّهِ، وَالْكَهَنَةَ وَالأَنْبِيَاءَ وَكُلَّ سُكَّانِ أُورُشَلِيمَ سُكْرًا.13 Then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will fill all the inhabitants of this land, even the kings that sit upon David's throne, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with drunkenness.
14 وَأُحَطِّمُهُمُ الْوَاحِدَ عَلَى أَخِيهِ، الآبَاءَ وَالأَبْنَاءَ مَعًا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ. لاَ أُشْفِقُ وَلاَ أَتَرَأَّفُ وَلاَ أَرْحَمُ مِنْ إِهْلاَكِهِمْ».14 And I will dash them one against another, even the fathers and the sons together, saith the LORD: I will not pity, nor spare, nor have mercy, but destroy them.
15 اِسْمَعُوا وَاصْغَوْا. لاَ تَتَعَظَّمُوا لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ تَكَلَّمَ.15 Hear ye, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD hath spoken.
16 أَعْطُوا الرَّبَّ إِلهَكُمْ مَجْدًا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ ظَلاَمًا، وَقَبْلَمَا تَعْثُرُ أَرْجُلُكُمْ عَلَى جِبَالِ الْعَتَمَةِ، فَتَنْتَظِرُونَ نُورًا فَيَجْعَلُهُ ظِلَّ مَوْتٍ، وَيَجَعْلُهُ ظَلاَمًا دَامِسًا.16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, and make it gross darkness.
17 وَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْمَعُوا ذلِكَ، فَإِنَّ نَفْسِي تَبْكِي فِي أَمَاكِنَ مُسْتَتِرَةً مِنْ أَجْلِ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ، وَتَبْكِي عَيْنَيَّ بُكَاءً وَتَذْرِفُ الدُّمُوعَ، لأَنَّهُ قَدْ سُبِيَ قَطِيعُ الرَّبِّ.17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD's flock is carried away captive.
18 قُلْ لِلْمَلِكِ وَلِلْمَلِكَةِ: «اتَّضِعَا وَاجْلِسَا، لأَنَّهُ قَدْ هَبَطَ عَنْ رَأْسَيْكُمَا تَاجُ مَجْدِكُمَا».18 Say unto the king and to the queen, Humble yourselves, sit down: for your principalities shall come down, even the crown of your glory.
19 أُغْلِقَتْ مُدُنُ الْجَنُوبِ وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يَفْتَحُ. سُبِيَتْ يَهُوذَا كُلُّهَا. سُبِيَتْ بِالتَّمَامِ.19 The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open them: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
20 اِرْفَعُوا أَعْيُنَكُمْ وَانْظُرُوا الْمُقْبِلِينَ مِنَ الشِّمَالِ. أَيْنَ الْقَطِيعُ الَّذِي أُعْطِيَ لَكِ، غَنَمُ مَجْدِكِ؟20 Lift up your eyes, and behold them that come from the north: where is the flock that was given thee, thy beautiful flock?
21 مَاذَا تَقُولِينَ حِينَ يُعَاقِبُكِ، وَقَدْ عَلَّمْتِهِمْ عَلَى نَفْسِكِ قُوَّادًا لِلرِّيَاسَةِ؟ أَمَا تَأْخُذُكِ الأَوْجَاعُ كَامْرَأَةٍ مَاخِضٍ؟21 What wilt thou say when he shall punish thee? for thou hast taught them to be captains, and as chief over thee: shall not sorrows take thee, as a woman in travail?
22 وَإِنْ قُلْتِ فِي قَلْبِكِ: «لِمَاذَا أَصَابَتْنِي هذِهِ؟». لأَجْلِ عَظَمَةِ إِثْمِكِ هُتِكَ ذَيْلاَكِ وَانْكَشَفَ عَنَفًا عَقِبَاكِ. 22 And if thou say in thine heart, Wherefore come these things upon me? For the greatness of thine iniquity are thy skirts discovered, and thy heels made bare.
23 هَلْ يُغَيِّرُ الْكُوشِيُّ جِلْدَهُ أَوِ النَّمِرُ رُقَطَهُ؟ فَأَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا تَقْدِرُونَ أَنْ تَصْنَعُوا خَيْرًا أَيُّهَا الْمُتَعَلِّمُونَ الشَّرَّ!23 Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil.
24 « فَأُبَدِّدُهُمْ كَقَشٍّ يَعْبُرُ مَعَ رِيحِ الْبَرِّيَّةِ.24 Therefore will I scatter them as the stubble that passeth away by the wind of the wilderness.
25 هذِهِ قُرْعَتُكِ، النَّصِيبُ الْمَكِيلُ لَكِ مِنْ عِنْدِي، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لأَنَّكِ نَسِيتِنِي وَاتَّكَلْتِ عَلَى الْكَذِبِ.25 This is thy lot, the portion of thy measures from me, saith the LORD; because thou hast forgotten me, and trusted in falsehood.
26 فَأَنَا أَيْضًا أَرْفَعُ ذَيْلَيْكِ عَلَى وَجْهِكِ فَيُرَى خِزْيُكِ.26 Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.
27 فِسْقُكِ وَصَهِيلُكِ وَرَذَالَةُ زِنَاكِ عَلَى الآكَامِ فِي الْحَقْلِ. قَدْ رَأَيْتُ مَكْرَهَاتِكِ. وَيْلٌ لَكِ يَا أُورُشَلِيمُ! لاَ تَطَهَرِينَ. حَتَّى مَتَى بَعْدُ؟».27 I have seen thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom, and thine abominations on the hills in the fields. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made clean? when shall it once be?
عَنَفا
بشدة، قسراً.
هُتِك
خُرِق وشُق.