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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [20] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 وَسَمِعَ فَشْحُورُ بْنُ إِمِّيرَ الْكَاهِنُ، وَهُوَ نَاظِرٌ أَوَّلٌ فِي بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ، إِرْمِيَا يَتَنَبَّأُ بِهذِهِ الْكَلِمَاتِ.1 Now Pashur the son of Immer the priest, who was also chief governor in the house of the LORD, heard that Jeremiah prophesied these things.
2 فَضَرَبَ فَشْحُورُ إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيَّ، وَجَعَلَهُ فِي الْمِقْطَرَةِ الَّتِي فِي بَابِ بِنْيَامِينَ الأَعْلَى الَّذِي عِنْدَ بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ.2 Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin, which was by the house of the LORD.
3 وَكَانَ فِي الْغَدِ أَنَّ فَشْحُورَ أَخْرَجَ إِرْمِيَا مِنَ الْمِقْطَرَةِ. فَقَالَ لَهُ إِرْمِيَا: «لَمْ يَدْعُ الرَّبُّ اسْمَكَ فَشْحُورَ، بَلْ مَجُورَ مِسَّابِيبَ،3 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Pashur brought forth Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then said Jeremiah unto him, The LORD hath not called thy name Pashur, but Magormissabib.
4 لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هأَنَذَا أَجْعَلُكَ خَوْفًا لِنَفْسِكَ وَلِكُلِّ مُحِبِّيكَ، فَيَسْقُطُونَ بِسَيْفِ أَعْدَائِهِمْ وَعَيْنَاكَ تَنْظُرَانِ، وَأَدْفَعُ كُلَّ يَهُوذَا لِيَدِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ فَيَسْبِيهِمْ إِلَى بَابِلَ وَيَضْرِبُهُمْ بِالسَّيْفِ.4 For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.
5 وَأَدْفَعُ كُلَّ ثَرْوَةِ هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَكُلَّ تَعَبِهَا وَكُلَّ مُثَمَّنَاتِهَا وَكُلَّ خَزَائِنِ مُلُوكِ يَهُوذَا، أَدْفَعُهَا لِيَدِ أَعْدَائِهِمْ، فَيَغْنَمُونَهَا وَيَأْخُذُونَهَا وَيُحْضِرُونَهَا إِلَى بَابِلَ.5 Moreover I will deliver all the strength of this city, and all the labours thereof, and all the precious things thereof, and all the treasures of the kings of Judah will I give into the hand of their enemies, which shall spoil them, and take them, and carry them to Babylon.
6 وَأَنْتَ يَا فَشْحُورُ وَكُلُّ سُكَّانِ بَيْتِكَ تَذْهَبُونَ فِي السَّبْيِ، وَتَأْتِي إِلَى بَابِلَ وَهُنَاكَ تَمُوتُ، وَهُنَاكَ تُدْفَنُ أَنْتَ وَكُلُّ مُحِبِّيكَ الَّذِينَ تَنَبَّأْتَ لَهُمْ بِالْكَذِبِ».6 And thou, Pashur, and all that dwell in thine house shall go into captivity: and thou shalt come to Babylon, and there thou shalt die, and shalt be buried there, thou, and all thy friends, to whom thou hast prophesied lies.
7 قَدْ أَقْنَعْتَنِي يَا رَبُّ فَاقْتَنَعْتُ، وَأَلْحَحْتَ عَلَيَّ فَغَلَبْتَ. صِرْتُ لِلضَّحِكِ كُلَّ النَّهَارِ. كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ اسْتَهْزَأَ بِي.7 O LORD, thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived; thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am in derision daily, every one mocketh me.
8 لأَنِّي كُلَّمَا تَكَلَّمْتُ صَرَخْتُ. نَادَيْتُ: «ظُلْمٌ وَاغْتِصَابٌ!» لأَنَّ كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ صَارَتْ لِي لِلْعَارِ وَلِلسُّخْرَةِ كُلَّ النَّهَارِ.8 For since I spake, I cried out, I cried violence and spoil; because the word of the LORD was made a reproach unto me, and a derision, daily.
9 فَقُلْتُ: «لاَ أَذْكُرُهُ وَلاَ أَنْطِقُ بَعْدُ بِاسْمِهِ». فَكَانَ فِي قَلْبِي كَنَارٍ مُحْرِقَةٍ مَحْصُورَةٍ فِي عِظَامِي، فَمَلِلْتُ مِنَ الإِمْسَاكِ وَلَمْ أَسْتَطِعْ.9 Then I said, I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name. But his word was in mine heart as a burning fire shut up in my bones, and I was weary with forbearing, and I could not stay.
10 لأَنِّي سَمِعْتُ مَذَمَّةً مِنْ كَثِيرِينَ. خَوْفٌ مِنْ كُلِّ جَانِبٍ. يَقُولُونَ: «اشْتَكُوا، فَنَشْتَكِيَ عَلَيْهِ». كُلُّ أَصْحَابِي يُرَاقِبُونَ ظَلْعِي قَائِلِينَ: «لَعَلَّهُ يُطْغَى فَنَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ وَنَنْتَقِمَ مِنْهُ».10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say they, and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, saying, Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
11 وَلكِنَّ الرَّبَّ مَعِي كَجَبَّارٍ قَدِيرٍ. مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ يَعْثُرُ مُضْطَهِدِيَّ وَلاَ يَقْدِرُونَ. خَزُوا جِدًّا لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَنْجَحُوا، خِزْيًا أَبَدِيًّا لاَ يُنْسَى.11 But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten.
12 فَيَا رَبَّ الْجُنُودِ، مُخْتَبِرَ الصِّدِّيقِ، نَاظِرَ الْكُلَى وَالْقَلْبِ، دَعْنِي أَرَى نَقْمَتَكَ مِنْهُمْ لأَنِّي لَكَ كَشَفْتُ دَعْوَايَ.12 But, O LORD of hosts, that triest the righteous, and seest the reins and the heart, let me see thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I opened my cause.
13 رَنِّمُوا لِلرَّبِّ، سَبِّحُوا الرَّبَّ، لأَنَّهُ قَدْ أَنْقَذَ نَفْسَ الْمِسْكِينِ مِنْ يَدِ الأَشْرَارِ.13 Sing unto the LORD, praise ye the LORD: for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers.
14 مَلْعُونٌ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي وُلِدْتُ فِيهِ! الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي وَلَدَتْنِي فِيهِ أُمِّي لاَ يَكُنْ مُبَارَكًا!14 Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bare me be blessed.
15 مَلْعُونٌ الإِنْسَانُ الَّذِي بَشَّرَ أَبِي قَائِلاً: «قَدْ وُلِدَ لَكَ ابْنٌ» مُفَرِّحًا إِيَّاهُ فَرَحًا.15 Cursed be the man who brought tidings to my father, saying, A man child is born unto thee; making him very glad.
16 وَلْيَكُنْ ذلِكَ الإِنْسَانُ كَالْمُدُنِ الَّتِي قَلَبَهَا الرَّبُّ وَلَمْ يَنْدَمْ، فَيَسْمَعَ صِيَاحًا فِي الصَّبَاحِ وَجَلَبَةً فِي وَقْتِ الظَّهِيرَةِ.16 And let that man be as the cities which the LORD overthrew, and repented not: and let him hear the cry in the morning, and the shouting at noontide;
17 لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَقْتُلْنِي مِنَ الرَّحِمِ، فَكَانَتْ لِي أُمِّي قَبْرِي وَرَحِمُهَا حُبْلَى إِلَى الأَبَدِ.17 Because he slew me not from the womb; or that my mother might have been my grave, and her womb to be always great with me.
18 لِمَاذَا خَرَجْتُ مِنَ الرَّحِم، لأَرَى تَعَبًا وَحُزْنًا فَتَفْنَى بِالْخِزْيِ أَيَّامِي؟18 Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labour and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?