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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [21] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 اَلْكَلاَمُ الَّذِي صَارَ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا مِنْ قِبَلِ الرَّبِّ، حِينَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ الْمَلِكُ صِدْقِيَّا فَشْحُورَ بْنَ مَلْكِيَّا وَصَفَنْيَا بْنَ مَعْسِيَّا الْكَاهِنَ قَائِلاً:1 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, saying,
2 «اسْأَلِ الرَّبَّ مِنْ أَجْلِنَا، لأَنَّ نَبُوخَذْراَصَّرَ مَلِكَ بَابِلَ يُحَارِبُنَا. لَعَلَّ الرَّبَّ يَصْنَعُ مَعَنَا حَسَبَ كُلِّ عَجَائِبِهِ فَيَصْعَدَ عَنَّا».2 Enquire, I pray thee, of the LORD for us; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon maketh war against us; if so be that the LORD will deal with us according to all his wondrous works, that he may go up from us.
3 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا إِرْمِيَا: «هكَذَا تَقُولاَنِ لِصِدْقِيَّا:3 Then said Jeremiah unto them, Thus shall ye say to Zedekiah:
4 هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا أَرُدُّ أَدَوَاتِ الْحَرْبِ الَّتِي بِيَدِكُمُ الَّتِي أَنْتُمْ مُحَارِبُونَ بِهَا مَلِكَ بَابِلَ وَالْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ يُحَاصِرُونَكُمْ خَارِجَ السُّورِ، وَأَجْمَعُهُمْ فِي وَسْطِ هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ.4 Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and against the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city.
5 وَأَنَا أُحَارِبُكُمْ بِيَدٍ مَمْدُودَةٍ وَبِذِرَاعٍ شَدِيدَةٍ، وَبِغَضَبٍ وَحُمُوٍّ وَغَيْظٍ عَظِيمٍ.5 And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath.
6 وَأَضْرِبُ سُكَّانَ هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ، النَّاسَ وَالْبَهَائِمَ مَعًا. بِوَبَإٍ عَظِيمٍ يَمُوتُونَ.6 And I will smite the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence.
7 ثُمَّ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ قَالَ الرَّبُّ: أَدْفَعُ صِدْقِيَّا مَلِكَ يَهُوذَا وَعَبِيدَهُ وَالشَّعْبَ وَالْبَاقِينَ فِي هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ مِنَ الْوَبَإِ وَالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ لِيَدِ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ وَلِيَدِ أَعْدَائِهِمْ وَلِيَدِ طَالِبِي نُفُوسِهِمْ، فَيَضْرِبُهُمْ بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ. لاَ يَتَرَأَّفُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ يَشْفُقُ وَلاَ يَرْحَمُ».7 And afterward, saith the LORD, I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy.
8 «وَتَقُولُ لِهذَا الشَّعْبِ: هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هأَنَذَا أَجْعَلُ أَمَامَكُمْ طَرِيقَ الْحَيَاةِ وَطَرِيقَ الْمَوْتِ.8 And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death.
9 الَّذِي يُقِيمُ فِي هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ يَمُوتُ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَالْوَبَإِ. وَالَّذِي يَخْرُجُ وَيَسْقُطُ إِلَى الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ يُحَاصِرُونَكُمْ يَحْيَا وَتَصِيرُ نَفْسُهُ لَهُ غَنِيمَةً.9 He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth out, and falleth to the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey.
10 لأَنِّي قَدْ جَعَلْتُ وَجْهِي عَلَى هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ لِلشَّرِّ لاَ لِلْخَيْرِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ. لِيَدِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ تُدْفَعُ فَيُحْرِقُهَا بِالنَّارِ.10 For I have set my face against this city for evil, and not for good, saith the LORD: it shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire.
11 «وَلِبَيْتِ مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا تَقُولُ: اسْمَعُوا كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ11 And touching the house of the king of Judah, say, Hear ye the word of the LORD;
12 يَا بَيْتَ دَاوُدَ، هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: اقْضُوا فِي الصَّبَاحِ عَدْلاً، وَأَنْقِذُوا الْمَغْصُوبَ مِنْ يَدِ الظَّالِمِ، لِئَلاَّ يَخْرُجَ كَنَارٍ غَضَبِي فَيُحْرِقَ وَلَيْسَ مَنْ يُطْفِئُ، مِنْ أَجْلِ شَرِّ أَعْمَالِكُمْ،12 O house of David, thus saith the LORD; Execute judgment in the morning, and deliver him that is spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.
13 هأَنَذَا ضِدُّكِ يَا سَاكِنَةَ الْعُمْقِ، صَخْرَةَ السَّهْلِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ. الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ: مَنْ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْنَا وَمَنْ يَدْخُلُ إِلَى مَنَازِلِنَا؟13 Behold, I am against thee, O inhabitant of the valley, and rock of the plain, saith the LORD; which say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations?
14 وَلكِنَّنِي أُعَاقِبُكُمْ حَسَبَ ثَمَرِ أَعْمَالِكُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَأُشْعِلُ نَارًا فِي وَعْرِهِ فَتَأْكُلُ مَا حَوَالَيْهَا.14 But I will punish you according to the fruit of your doings, saith the LORD: and I will kindle a fire in the forest thereof, and it shall devour all things round about it.