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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [35] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 الْكَلِمَةُ الَّتِي صَارَتْ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا مِنْ قِبَلِ الرَّبِّ فِي أَيَّامِ يَهُويَاقِيمَ بْنِ يُوشِيَّا مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا قَائِلَةً:1 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying,
2 «اِذْهَبْ إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّكَابِيِّينَ وَكَلِّمْهُمْ، وَادْخُلْ بِهِمْ إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى أَحَدِ الْمَخَادِعِ وَاسْقِهِمْ خَمْرًا».2 Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the LORD, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink.
3 فَأَخَذْتُ يَازَنْيَا بْنَ إِرْمِيَا بْنِ حَبْصِينِيَا وَإِخْوَتَهُ وَكُلَّ بَنِيهِ وَكُلَّ بَيْتِ الرَّكَابِيِّينَ،3 Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son of Habaziniah, and his brethren, and all his sons, and the whole house of the Rechabites;
4 وَدَخَلْتُ بِهِمْ إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى مِخْدَعِ بَنِي حَانَانَ بْنِ يَجَدْلِيَا رَجُلِ اللهِ، الَّذِي بِجَانِبِ مِخْدَعِ الرُّؤَسَاءِ، الَّذِي فَوْقَ مِخْدَعِ مَعْسِيَّا بْنِ شَلُّومَ حَارِسِ الْبَابِ.4 And I brought them into the house of the LORD, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan, the son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door:
5 وَجَعَلْتُ أَمَامَ بَنِي بَيْتِ الرَّكَابِيِّينَ طَاسَاتٍ مَلآنَةً خَمْرًا وَأَقْدَاحًا، وَقُلْتُ لَهُمُ: «اشْرَبُوا خَمْرًا».5 And I set before the sons of the house of the Rechabites pots full of wine, and cups, and I said unto them, Drink ye wine.
6 فَقَالُوا: «لاَ نَشْرَبُ خَمْرًا، لأَنَّ يُونَادَابَ بْنَ رَكَابَ أَبَانَا أَوْصَانَا قَائِلاً: لاَ تَشْرَبُوا خَمْرًا أَنْتُمْ وَلاَ بَنُوكُمْ إِلَى الأَبَدِ.6 But they said, We will drink no wine: for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father commanded us, saying, Ye shall drink no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for ever:
7 وَلاَ تَبْنُوا بَيْتًا، وَلاَ تَزْرَعُوا زَرْعًا، وَلاَ تَغْرِسُوا كَرْمًا، وَلاَ تَكُنْ لَكُمْ، بَلِ اسْكُنُوا فِي الْخِيَامِ كُلَّ أَيَّامِكُمْ، لِكَيْ تَحْيَوْا أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً عَلَى وَجْهِ الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَنْتُمْ مُتَغَرِّبُونَ فِيهَا.7 Neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that ye may live many days in the land where ye be strangers.
8 فَسَمِعْنَا لِصَوْتِ يُونَادَابَ بْنِ رَكَابَ أَبِينَا فِي كُلِّ مَا أَوْصَانَا بِهِ، أَنْ لاَ نَشْرَبَ خَمْرًا كُلَّ أَيَّامِنَا، نَحْنُ وَنِسَاؤُنَا وَبَنُونَا وَبَنَاتُنَا،8 Thus have we obeyed the voice of Jonadab the son of Rechab our father in all that he hath charged us, to drink no wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, nor our daughters;
9 وَأَنْ لاَ نَبْنِيَ بُيُوتًا لِسُكْنَانَا، وَأَنْ لاَ يَكُونَ لَنَا كَرْمٌ وَلاَ حَقْلٌ وَلاَ زَرْعٌ.9 Nor to build houses for us to dwell in: neither have we vineyard, nor field, nor seed:
10 فَسَكَنَّا فِي الْخِيَامِ، وَسَمِعْنَا وَعَمِلْنَا حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَوْصَانَا بِهِ يُونَادَابُ أَبُونَا.10 But we have dwelt in tents, and have obeyed, and done according to all that Jonadab our father commanded us.
11 وَلكِنْ كَانَ لَمَّا صَعِدَ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، أَنَّنَا قُلْنَا: هَلُمَّ فَنَدْخُلُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ مِنْ وَجْهِ جَيْشِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ وَمِنْ وَجْهِ جَيْشِ الأَرَامِيِّينَ. فَسَكَنَّا فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ».11 But it came to pass, when Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came up into the land, that we said, Come, and let us go to Jerusalem for fear of the army of the Chaldeans, and for fear of the army of the Syrians: so we dwell at Jerusalem.
12 ثُمَّ صَارَتْ كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا قَائِلَةً:12 Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying,
13 «هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: اذْهَبْ وَقُلْ لِرِجَالِ يَهُوذَا وَسُكَّانِ أُورُشَلِيمَ: أَمَا تَقْبَلُونَ تَأْدِيبًا لِتَسْمَعُوا كَلاَمِي، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ؟13 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Go and tell the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will ye not receive instruction to hearken to my words? saith the LORD.
14 قَدْ أُقِيمَ كَلاَمُ يُونَادَابَ بْنِ رَكَابَ الَّذِي أَوْصَى بِهِ بَنِيهِ أَنْ لاَ يَشْرَبُوا خَمْرًا، فَلَمْ يَشْرَبُوا إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ لأَنَّهُمْ سَمِعُوا وَصِيَّةَ أَبِيهِمْ. وَأَنَا قَدْ كَلَّمْتُكُمْ مُبَكِّرًا وَمُكَلِّمًا وَلَمْ تَسْمَعُوا لِي.14 The words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, that he commanded his sons not to drink wine, are performed; for unto this day they drink none, but obey their father's commandment: notwithstanding I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye hearkened not unto me.
15 وَقَدْ أَرْسَلْتُ إِلَيْكُمْ كُلَّ عَبِيدِي الأَنْبِيَاءِ مُبَكِّرًا وَمُرْسِلاً قَائِلاً: ارْجِعُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ طَرِيقِهِ الرَّدِيئَةِ، وَأَصْلِحُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ، وَلاَ تَذْهَبُوا وَرَاءَ آلِهَةٍ أُخْرَى لِتَعْبُدُوهَا، فَتَسْكُنُوا فِي الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَعْطَيْتُكُمْ وَآبَاءَكُمْ. فَلَمْ تُمِيلُوا أُذُنَكُمْ، وَلاَ سَمِعْتُمْ لِي.15 I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.
16 لأَنَّ بَنِي يُونَادَابَ بْنِ رَكَابَ قَدْ أَقَامُوا وَصِيَّةَ أَبِيهِمِ الَّتِي أَوْصَاهُمْ بِهَا. أَمَّا هذَا الشَّعْبُ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ لِي.16 Because the sons of Jonadab the son of Rechab have performed the commandment of their father, which he commanded them; but this people hath not hearkened unto me:
17 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْجُنُودِ، إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا أَجْلِبُ عَلَى يَهُوذَا وَعَلَى كُلِّ سُكَّانِ أُورُشَلِيمَ كُلَّ الشَّرِّ الَّذِي تَكَلَّمْتُ بِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ، لأَنِّي كَلَّمْتُهُمْ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا، وَدَعَوْتُهُمْ فَلَمْ يُجِيبُوا».17 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon Judah and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem all the evil that I have pronounced against them: because I have spoken unto them, but they have not heard; and I have called unto them, but they have not answered.
18 وَقَالَ إِرْمِيَا لِبَيْتِ الرَّكَابِيِّينَ: «هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكُمْ سَمِعْتُمْ لِوَصِيَّةِ يُونَادَابَ أَبِيكُمْ، وَحَفِظْتُمْ كُلَّ وَصَايَاهُ وَعَمِلْتُمْ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَوْصَاكُمْ بِهِ،18 And Jeremiah said unto the house of the Rechabites, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Because ye have obeyed the commandment of Jonadab your father, and kept all his precepts, and done according unto all that he hath commanded you:
19 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: لاَ يَنْقَطِعُ لِيُونَادَابَ بْنِ رَكَابَ إِنْسَانٌ يَقِفُ أَمَامِي كُلَّ الأَيَّامِ».19 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Jonadab the son of Rechab shall not want a man to stand before me for ever.