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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [39] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 فِي السَّنَةِ التَّاسِعَةِ لِصِدْقِيَّا مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا فِي الشَّهْرِ الْعَاشِرِ، أَتَى نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ وَكُلُّ جَيْشِهِ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ وَحَاصَرُوهَا.1 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem, and they besieged it.
2 وَفِي السَّنَةِ الْحَادِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ لِصِدْقِيَّا، فِي الشَّهْرِ الرَّابعِ، فِي تَاسِعِ الشَّهْرِ فُتِحَتِ الْمَدِينَةُ.2 And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.
3 وَدَخَلَ كُلُّ رُؤَسَاءِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ وَجَلَسُوا فِي الْبَابِ الأَوْسَطِ: نَرْجَلَ شَرَاصَرُ، وَسَمْجَرْ نَبُو، وَسَرْسَخِيمُ رَئِيسُ الْخِصْيَانِ، وَنَرْجَلَ شَرَاصَرُ رَئِيسُ الْمَجُوسِ، وَكُلُّ بَقِيَّةِ رُؤَسَاءِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ.3 And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, even Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
4 فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ صِدْقِيَّا مَلِكُ يَهُوذَا وَكُلُّ رِجَالِ الْحَرْبِ، هَرَبُوا وَخَرَجُوا لَيْلاً مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فِي طَرِيقِ جَنَّةِ الْمَلِكِ، مِنَ الْبَابِ بَيْنَ السُّورَيْنِ، وَخَرَجَ هُوَ فِي طَرِيقِ الْعَرَبَةِ.4 And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and all the men of war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king's garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls: and he went out the way of the plain.
5 فَسَعَى جَيْشُ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ وَرَاءَهُمْ، فَأَدْرَكُوا صِدْقِيَّا فِي عَرَبَاتِ أَرِيحَا، فَأَخَذُوهُ وَأَصْعَدُوهُ إِلَى نَبُوخَذْنَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ إِلَى رَبْلَةَ فِي أَرْضِ حَمَاةَ، فَكَلَّمَهُ بِالْقَضَاءِ عَلَيْهِ.5 But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.
6 فَقَتَلَ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ بَنِي صِدْقِيَّا فِي رَبْلَةَ أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْهِ، وَقَتَلَ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ كُلَّ أَشْرَافِ يَهُوذَا.6 Then the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes: also the king of Babylon slew all the nobles of Judah.
7 وَأَعْمَى عَيْنَيْ صِدْقِيَّا، وَقَيَّدَهُ بِسَلاَسِلِ نُحَاسٍ لِيَأْتِيَ بِهِ إِلَى بَابِلَ.7 Moreover he put out Zedekiah's eyes, and bound him with chains, to carry him to Babylon.
8 أَمَّا بَيْتُ الْمَلِكِ وَبُيُوتُ الشَّعْبِ فَأَحْرَقَهَا الْكَلْدَانِيُّونَ بِالنَّارِ، وَنَقَضُوا أَسْوَارَ أُورُشَلِيمَ.8 And the Chaldeans burned the king's house, and the houses of the people, with fire, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem.
9 وَبَقِيَّةُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِينَ بَقُوا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ، وَالْهَارِبُونَ الَّذِينَ سَقَطُوا لَهُ، وَبَقِيَّةُ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِينَ بَقُوا، سَبَاهُمْ نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ إِلَى بَابِلَ.9 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon the remnant of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to him, with the rest of the people that remained.
10 وَلكِنَّ بَعْضَ الشَّعْبِ الْفُقَرَاءَ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُمْ شَيْءٌ، تَرَكَهُمْ نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ فِي أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا، وَأَعْطَاهُمْ كُرُومًا وَحُقُولاً فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ.10 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poor of the people, which had nothing, in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields at the same time.
11 وَأَوْصَى نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ عَلَى إِرْمِيَا نَبُوزَرَادَانَ رَئِيسَ الشُّرَطِ قَائِلاً:11 Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying,
12 «خُذْهُ وَضَعْ عَيْنَيْكَ عَلَيْهِ، وَلاَ تَفْعَلْ بِهِ شَيْئًا رَدِيئًا، بَلْ كَمَا يُكَلِّمُكَ هكَذَا افْعَلْ مَعَهُ».12 Take him, and look well to him, and do him no harm; but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee.
13 فَأَرْسَلَ نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ وَنَبُوشَزْبَانُ رَئِيسُ الْخِصْيَانِ وَنَرْجَلُ شَرَاصَرُ رَئِيسُ الْمَجُوسِ وَكُلُّ رُؤَسَاءِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ،13 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;
14 أَرْسَلُوا فَأَخَذُوا إِرْمِيَا مِنْ دَارِ السِّجْنِ وَأَسْلَمُوهُ لِجَدَلْيَا بْنِ أَخِيقَامَ بْنِ شَافَانَ لِيَخْرُجَ بِهِ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ. فَسَكَنَ بَيْنَ الشَّعْبِ.14 Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.
15 وَصَارَتْ كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا إِذْ كَانَ مَحْبُوسًا فِي دَارِ السِّجْنِ قَائِلَةً:15 Now the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, while he was shut up in the court of the prison, saying,
16 «اذْهَبْ وَكَلِّمْ عَبْدَ مَلِكَ الْكُوشِيِّ قَائِلاً: هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا جَالِبٌ كَلاَمِي عَلَى هذِهِ الْمَدِينَةِ لِلشَّرِّ لاَ لِلْخَيْرِ، فَيَحْدُثُ أَمَامَكَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ.16 Go and speak to Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring my words upon this city for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished in that day before thee.
17 وَلكِنَّنِي أُنْقِذُكَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، فَلاَ تُسْلَمُ لِيَدِ النَّاسِ الَّذِينَ أَنْتَ خَائِفٌ مِنْهُمْ.17 But I will deliver thee in that day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid.
18 بَلْ إِنَّمَا أُنَجِّيكَ نَجَاةً، فَلاَ تَسْقُطُ بِالسَّيْفِ، بَلْ تَكُونُ لَكَ نَفْسُكَ غَنِيمَةً، لأَنَّكَ قَدْ تَوَكَّلْتَ عَلَيَّ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ».18 For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee: because thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LORD.