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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [44] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 اَلْكَلِمَةُ الَّتِي صَارَتْ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا مِنْ جِهَةِ كُلِّ الْيَهُودِ السَّاكِنِينَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، السَّاكِنِينَ فِي مَجْدَلَ وَفِي تَحْفَنْحِيسَ، وَفِي نُوفَ وَفِي أَرْضِ فَتْرُوسَ قَائِلَةً:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,
2 «هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: أَنْتُمْ رَأَيْتُمْ كُلَّ الشَّرِّ الَّذِي جَلَبْتُهُ عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَعَلَى كُلِّ مُدُنِ يَهُوذَا، فَهَا هِيَ خَرِبَةٌ هذَا الْيَوْمَ وَلَيْسَ فِيهَا سَاكِنٌ،2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein,
3 مِنْ أَجْلِ شَرِّهِمِ الَّذِي فَعَلُوهُ لِيُغِيظُونِي، إِذْ ذَهَبُوا لِيُبَخِّرُوا وَيَعْبُدُوا آلِهَةً أُخْرَى لَمْ يَعْرِفُوهَا هُمْ وَلاَ أَنْتُمْ وَلاَ آبَاؤُكُمْ.3 Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, ye, nor your fathers.
4 فَأَرْسَلْتُ إِلَيْكُمْ كُلَّ عَبِيدِي الأَنْبِيَاءِ مُبَكِّرًا وَمُرْسِلاً قَائِلاً: لاَ تَفْعَلُوا أَمْرَ هذَا الرِّجْسِ الَّذِي أَبْغَضْتُهُ.4 Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.
5 فَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا وَلاَ أَمَالُوا أُذْنَهُمْ لِيَرْجِعُوا عَنْ شَرِّهِمْ فَلاَ يُبَخِّرُوا لآلِهَةٍ أُخْرَى.5 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods.
6 فَانْسَكَبَ غَيْظِي وَغَضَبِي، وَاشْتَعَلاَ في مُدُنِ يَهُوذَا وَفِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ، فَصَارَتْ خَرِبَةً مُقْفِرَةً كَهذَا الْيَوْمِ.6 Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day.
7 فَالآنَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْجُنُودِ، إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: لِمَاذَا أَنْتُمْ فَاعِلُونَ شَرًّا عَظِيمًا ضِدَّ أَنْفُسِكُمْ لانْقِرَاضِكُمْ رِجَالاً وَنِسَاءً أَطْفَالاً وَرُضَّعًا مِنْ وَسْطِ يَهُوذَا وَلاَ تَبْقَى لَكُمْ بَقِيَّةٌ؟7 Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain;
8 لإِغَاظَتِي بِأَعْمَالِ أَيَادِيكُمْ، إِذْ تُبَخِّرُونَ لآلِهَةٍ أُخْرَى فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ الَّتِي أَتَيْتُمْ إِلَيْهَا لِتَتَغَرَّبُوا فِيهَا، لِكَيْ تَنْقَرِضُوا وَلِكَيْْ تَصِيرُوا لَعْنَةً وَعَارًا بَيْنَ كُلِّ أُمَمِ الأَرْضِ.8 In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?
9 هَلْ نَسِيتُمْ شُرُورَ آبَائِكُمْ وَشُرُورَ مُلُوكِ يَهُوذَا وَشُرُورَ نِسَائِهِمْ، وَشُرُورَكُمْ وَشُرُورَ نِسَائِكُمُ الَّتِي فُعِلَتْ فِي أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا وَفِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ؟9 Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem?
10 لَمْ يُذَلُّوا إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ، وَلاَ خَافُوا وَلاَ سَلَكُوا فِي شَرِيعَتِي وَفَرَائِضِي الَّتِي جَعَلْتُهَا أَمَامَكُمْ وَأَمَامَ آبَائِكُمْ.10 They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers.
11 «لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا أَجْعَلُ وَجْهِي عَلَيْكُمْ لِلشَّرِّ، وَلأَقْرِضَ كُلَّ يَهُوذَا.11 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah.
12 وَآخُذُ بَقِيَّةَ يَهُوذَا الَّذِينَ جَعَلُوا وُجُوهَهُمْ لِلدُّخُولِ إِلَى أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَتَغَرَّبُوا هُنَاكَ، فَيَفْنَوْنَ كُلُّهُمْ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. يَسْقُطُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ وَبِالْجُوعِ. يَفْنَوْنَ مِنَ الصَّغِيرِ إِلَى الْكَبِيرِ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ. يَمُوتُونَ وَيَصِيرُونَ حَلْفًا وَدَهَشًا وَلَعْنَةً وَعَارًا.12 And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach.
13 وَأُعَاقِبُ الَّذِينَ يَسْكُنُونَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، كَمَا عَاقَبْتُ أُورُشَلِيمَ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَالْوَبَإِ.13 For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence:
14 وَلاَ يَكُونُ نَاجٍ وَلاَ بَاق لِبَقِيَّةِ يَهُوذَا الآتِينَ لِيَتَغَرَّبُوا هُنَاكَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، لِيَرْجِعُوا إِلَى أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا الَّتِي يَشْتَاقُونَ إِلَى الرُّجُوعِ لأَجْلِ السَّكَنِ فِيهَا، لأَنَّهُ لاَ يَرْجعُ مِنْهُمْ إِلاَّ الْمُنْفَلِتُونَ».14 So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.
15 فَأَجَابَ إِرْمِيَا كُلُّ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ عَرَفُوا أَنَّ نِسَاءَهُمْ يُبَخِّرْنَ لآلِهَةٍ أُخْرَى، وَكُلُّ النِّسَاءِ الْوَاقِفَاتِ، مَحْفَلٌ كَبِيرٌ، وَكُلُّ الشَّعْبِ السَّاكِنِ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ فِي فَتْرُوسَ قَائِلِينَ:15 Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,
16 «إِنَّنَا لاَ نَسْمَعُ لَكَ الْكَلِمَةَ الَّتِي كَلَّمْتَنَا بِهَا بِاسْمِ الرَّبِّ،16 As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee.
17 بَلْ سَنَعْمَلُ كُلَّ أَمْرٍ خَرَجَ مِنْ فَمِنَا، فَنُبَخِّرُ لِمَلِكَةِ السَّمَاوَاتِ، وَنَسْكُبُ لَهَا سَكَائِبَ. كَمَا فَعَلْنَا نَحْنُ وَآبَاؤُنَا وَمُلُوكُنَا وَرُؤَسَاؤُنَا فِي أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا وَفِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ، فَشَبِعْنَا خُبْزًا وَكُنَّا بِخَيْرٍ وَلَمْ نَرَ شَرًّا.17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.
18 وَلكِنْ مِنْ حِينَ كَفَفْنَا عَنِ التَّبْخِيرِ لِمَلِكَةِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَسَكْبِ سَكَائِبَ لَهَا، احْتَجْنَا إِلَى كُلّ، وَفَنِينَا بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ.18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.
19 وَإِذْ كُنَّا نُبَخِّرُ لِمَلِكَةِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَنَسْكُبُ لَهَا سَكَائِبَ، فَهَلْ بِدُونِ رِجَالِنَا كُنَّا نَصْنَعُ لَهَا كَعْكًا لِنَعْبُدَهَا وَنَسْكُبُ لَهَا السَّكَائِبَ؟».19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?
20 فَكَلَّمَ إِرْمِيَا كُلَّ الشَّعْبِ، الرِّجَالَ وَالنِّسَاءَ الَّذِينَ جَاوَبُوهُ بِهذَا الْكَلاَمِ قَائِلاً:20 Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying,
21 «أَلَيْسَ الْبَخُورُ الَّذِي بَخَّرْتُمُوهُ فِي مُدُنِ يَهُوذَا وَفِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ، أَنْتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمْ وَمُلُوكُكُمْ وَرُؤَسَاؤُكُمْ وَشَعْبُ الأَرْضِ، هُوَ الَّذِي ذَكَرَهُ الرَّبُّ وَصَعِدَ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ.21 The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into his mind?
22 وَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعِ الرَّبُّ أَنْ يَحْتَمِلَ بَعْدُ مِنْ أَجْلِ شَرِّ أَعْمَالِكُمْ، مِنْ أَجْلِ الرَّجَاسَاتِ الَّتِي فَعَلْتُمْ، فَصَارَتْ أَرْضُكُمْ خَرِبَةً وَدَهَشًا وَلَعْنَةً بِلاَ سَاكِنٍ كَهذَا الْيَوْمِ.22 So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day.
23 مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكُمْ قَدْ بَخَّرْتُمْ وَأَخْطَأْتُمْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، وَلَمْ تَسْمَعُوا لِصَوْتِ الرَّبِّ، وَلَمْ تَسْلُكُوا فِي شَرِيعَتِهِ وَفَرَائِضِهِ وَشَهَادَاتِهِ مِنْ أَجِلِ ذلِكُمْ قَدْ أَصَابَكُمْ هذَا الشَّرُّ كَهذَا الْيَوْمِ».23 Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.
24 ثُمَّ قَالَ إِرْمِيَا لِكُلِّ الشَّعْبِ وَلِكُلِّ النِّسَاءِ: «اسْمَعُوا كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ يَا جَمِيعَ يَهُوذَا الَّذِينَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ.24 Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt:
25 هكَذَا تَكَلَّمَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلاً: أَنْتُمْ وَنِسَاؤُكُمْ تَكَلَّمْتُمْ بِفَمِكُمْ وَأَكْمَلْتُمْ بِأَيَادِيكُمْ قَائِلِينَ: إِنَّنَا إِنَّمَا نُتَمِّمُ نُذُورَنَا الَّتِي نَذَرْنَاهَا، أَنْ نُبَخِّرَ لِمَلِكَةِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَنَسْكُبُ لَهَا سَكَائِبَ، فَإِنَّهُنَّ يُقِمْنَ نُذُورَكُمْ، وَيُتَمِّمْنَ نُذُورَكُمْ.25 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.
26 لِذلِكَ اسْمَعُوا كَلِمَةَ الرَّبِّ يَا جَمِيعَ يَهُوذَا السَّاكِنِينَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ: هأَنَذَا قَدْ حَلَفْتُ بِاسْمِي الْعَظِيمِ، قَالَ الرَّبُّ، إِنَّ اسْمِي لَنْ يُسَمَّى بَعْدُ بِفَمِ إِنْسَانٍ مَا مِنْ يَهُوذَا فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ قَائِلاً: حَيٌّ السَّيِّدُ الرَّبُّ.26 Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord GOD liveth.
27 هأَنَذَا أَسْهَرُ عَلَيْهِمْ لِلشَّرِّ لاَ لِلْخَيْرِ، فَيَفْنَى كُلُّ رِجَالِ يَهُوذَا الَّذِينَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ بِالسَّيْفِ وَالْجُوعِ حَتَّى يَتَلاَشَوْا.27 Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them.
28 وَالنَّاجُونَ مِنَ السَّيْفِ يَرْجِعُونَ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ إِلَى أَرْضِ يَهُوذَا نَفَرًا قَلِيلاً، فَيَعْلَمُ كُلُّ بَقِيَّةِ يَهُوذَا الَّذِينَ أَتُوْا إِلَى أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَتَغَرَّبُوا فِيهَا، كَلِمَةَ أَيِّنَا تَقُومُ.28 Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or their's.
29 «وَهذِهِ هِيَ الْعَلاَمَةُ لَكُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، إِنِّي أُعَاقِبُكُمْ فِي هذَا الْمَوْضِعِ، لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّهُ لاَ بُدَّ أَنْ يَقُومَ كَلاَمِي عَلَيْكُمْ لِلشَّرِّ.29 And this shall be a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil:
30 هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ: هأَنَذَا أَدْفَعُ فِرْعَوْنَ حَفْرَعَ مَلِكَ مِصْرَ لِيَدِ أَعْدَائِهِ وَلِيَدِ طَالِبِي نَفْسِهِ، كَمَا دَفَعْتُ صِدْقِيَّا مَلِكَ يَهُوذَا لِيَدِ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ عَدُوِّهِ وَطَالِبِ نَفْسِهِ».30 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.