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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [46] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 كَلِمَةُ الرَّبِّ الَّتِي صَارَتْ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيِّ عَنِ الأُمَمِ،1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;
2 عَنْ مِصْرَ، عَنْ جَيْشِ فِرْعَوْنَ نَخُو مَلِكِ مِصْرَ الَّذِي كَانَ عَلَى نَهْرِ الْفُرَاتِ فِي كَرْكَمِيشَ، الَّذِي ضَرَبَهُ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ فِي السَّنَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ لِيَهُويَاقِيمَ بْنِ يُوشِيَّا مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
3 «أَعِدُّوا الْمِجَنَّ وَالتُّرْسَ وَتَقَدَّمُوا لِلْحَرْبِ.3 Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.
4 أَسْرِجُوا الْخَيْلَ، وَاصْعَدُوا أَيُّهَا الْفُرْسَانُ، وَانْتَصِبُوا بِالْخُوَذِ. اصْقِلُوا الرِّمَاحَ. الْبَسُوا الدُّرُوعَ.4 Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.
5 لِمَاذَا أَرَاهُمْ مُرْتَعِبِينَ وَمُدْبِرِينَ إِلَى الْوَرَاءِ، وَقَدْ تَحَطَّمَتْ أَبْطَالُهُمْ وَفَرُّوا هَارِبِينَ، وَلَمْ يَلْتَفِتُوا؟ الْخَوْفُ حَوَالَيْهِمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.5 Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.
6 الْخَفِيفُ لاَ يَنُوصُ وَالْبَطَلُ لاَ يَنْجُو. فِي الشِّمَالِ بِجَانِبِ نَهْرِ الْفُرَاتِ عَثَرُوا وَسَقَطُوا. 6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
7 مَنْ هذَا الصَّاعِدُ كَالنِّيلِ، كَأَنْهَارٍ تَتَلاَطَمُ أَمْوَاهُهَا؟ 7 Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?
8 تَصْعَدُ مِصْرُ كَالنِّيلِ، وَكَأَنْهَارٍ تَتَلاَطَمُ الْمِيَاهُ. فَيَقُولُ: أَصْعَدُ وَأُغَطِّي الأَرْضَ. أُهْلِكُ الْمَدِينَةَ وَالسَّاكِنِينَ فِيهَا.8 Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.
9 اصْعَدِي أَيَّتُهَا الْخَيْلُ، وَهِيجِي أَيَّتُهَا الْمَرْكَبَاتُ، وَلْتَخْرُجِ الأَبْطَالُ: كُوشُ وَفُوطُ الْقَابِضَانِ الْمِجَنَّ، وَاللُّودِيُّونَ الْقَابِضُونَ وَالْمَادُّونَ الْقَوْسَ.9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
10 فَهذَا الْيَوْمُ لِلسَّيِّدِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ يَوْمُ نَقْمَةٍ لِلانْتِقَامِ مِنْ مُبْغِضِيهِ، فَيَأْكُلُ السَّيْفُ وَيَشْبَعُ وَيَرْتَوِي مِنْ دَمِهِمْ. لأَنَّ لِلسَّيِّدِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ ذَبِيحَةً فِي أَرْضِ الشِّمَالِ عِنْدَ نَهْرِ الْفُرَاتِ.10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
11 اصْعَدِي إِلَى جِلْعَادَ وَخُذِي بَلَسَانًا يَا عَذْرَاءَ، بِنْتَ مِصْرَ. بَاطِلاً تُكَثِّرِينَ الْعَقَاقِيرَ. لاَ رِفَادَةَ لَكِ.11 Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.
12 قَدْ سَمِعَتِ الأُمَمُ بِخِزْيِكِ، وَقَدْ مَلأَ الأَرْضَ عَوِيلُكِ، لأَنَّ بَطَلاً يَصْدِمُ بَطَلاً فَيَسْقُطَانِ كِلاَهُمَا مَعًا».12 The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.
13 اَلْكَلِمَةُ الَّتِي تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ إِلَى إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيِّ فِي مَجِيءِ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ لِيَضْرِبَ أَرْضَ مِصْرَ:13 The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.
14 «أَخْبِرُوا فِي مِصْرَ، وَأَسْمِعُوا فِي مَجْدَلَ، وَأَسْمِعُوا فِي نُوفَ وَفِي تَحْفَنْحِيسَ. قُولُوا انْتَصِبْ وَتَهَيَّأْ، لأَنَّ السَّيْفَ يَأْكُلُ حَوَالَيْكَ.14 Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.
15 لِمَاذَا انْطَرَحَ مُقْتَدِرُوكَ؟ لاَ يَقِفُونَ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ قَدْ طَرَحَهُمْ!15 Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.
16 كَثَّرَ الْعَاثِرِينَ حَتَّى يَسْقُطَ الْوَاحِدُ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ، وَيَقُولُوا: قُومُوا فَنَرْجِعَ إِلَى شَعْبِنَا، وَإِلَى أَرْضِ مِيلاَدِنَا مِنْ وَجْهِ السَّيْفِ الصَّارِمِ.16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.
17 قَدْ نَادُوا هُنَاكَ: فِرْعَوْنُ مَلِكُ مِصْرَ هَالِكٌ. قَدْ فَاتَ الْمِيعَادُ.17 They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.
18 حَيٌّ أَنَا، يَقُولُ الْمَلِكُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ اسْمُهُ، كَتَابُورٍ بَيْنَ الْجِبَالِ، وَكَكَرْمَل عِنْدَ الْبَحْرِ يَأْتِي.18 As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.
19 اِصْنَعِي لِنَفْسِكِ أُهْبَةَ جَلاَءٍ أَيَّتُهَا الْبِنْتُ السَّاكِنَةُ مِصْرَ، لأَنَّ نُوفَ تَصِيرُ خَرِبَةً وَتُحْرَقُ فَلاَ سَاكِنَ. 19 O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.
20 مِصْرُ عِجْلَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ جِدًّا. الْهَلاَكُ مِنَ الشِّمَالِ جَاءَ جَاءَ.20 Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.
21 أَيْضًا مُسْتَأْجَرُوهَا فِي وَسْطِهَا كَعُجُولِ صِيرَةٍ. لأَنَّهُمْ هُمْ أَيْضًا يَرْتَدُّونَ، يَهْرُبُونَ مَعًا. لَمْ يَقِفُوا لأَنَّ يَوْمَ هَلاَكِهِمْ أَتَى عَلَيْهِمْ، وَقْتَ عِقَابِهِمْ. 21 Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.
22 صَوْتُهَا يَمْشِي كَحَيَّةٍ، لأَنَّهُمْ يَسِيرُونَ بِجَيْشٍ، وَقَدْ جَاءُوا إِلَيْهَا بِالْفُؤُوسِ كَمُحْتَطِبِي حَطَبٍ.22 The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.
23 يَقْطَعُونَ وَعْرَهَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَإِنْ يَكُنْ لاَ يُحْصَى، لأَنَّهُمْ قَدْ كَثُرُوا أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الْجَرَادِ، وَلاَ عَدَدَ لَهُمْ.23 They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.
24 قَدْ أُخْزِيَتْ بِنْتُ مِصْرَ وَدُفِعَتْ لِيَدِ شَعْبِ الشِّمَالِ.24 The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.
25 قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا أُعَاقِبُ أَمُونَ نُو وَفِرْعَوْنَ وَمِصْرَ وَآلِهَتَهَا وَمُلُوكَهَا، فِرْعَوْنَ وَالْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ عَلَيْهِ.25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:
26 وَأَدْفَعُهُمْ لِيَدِ طَالِبِي نُفُوسِهِمْ، وَلِيَدِ نَبُوخَذْراصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ، وَلِيَدِ عَبِيدِهِ. ثُمَّ بَعْدَ ذلِكَ تُسْكَنُ كَالأَيَّامِ الْقَدِيمَةِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.
27 «وَأَنْتَ فَلاَ تَخَفْ يَا عَبْدِي يَعْقُوبُ، وَلاَ تَرْتَعِبْ يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، لأَنِّي هأَنَذَا أُخَلِّصُكَ مِنْ بَعِيدٍ، وَنَسْلَكَ مِنْ أَرْضِ سَبْيِهِمْ، فَيَرْجعُ يَعْقُوبُ وَيَطْمَئِنُّ وَيَسْتَرِيحُ وَلاَ مُخِيفٌ.27 But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.
28 أَمَّا أَنْتَ يَا عَبْدِي يَعْقُوبُ فَلاَ تَخَفْ، لأَنِّي أَنَا مَعَكَ، لأَنِّي أُفْنِي كُلَّ الأُمَمِ الَّذِينَ بَدَّدْتُكَ إِلَيْهِمْ. أَمَّا أَنْتَ فَلاَ أُفْنِيكَ، بَلْ أُؤَدِّبُكَ بِالْحَقِّ وَلاَ أُبَرِّئُكَ تَبْرِئَةً».28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.
ينوص
يهرب، يفرّ.
أمّواه
مياه كثيرة.
أُهْبَة
عُدّة: ما يُعدُّنه من الأمتعة استعداداً للرحيل.
صيرة
انظر صِيَر أعلاه.