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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [5] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 « طُوفُوا فِي شَوَارِعِ أُورُشَلِيمَ وَانْظُرُوا، وَاعْرِفُوا وَفَتِّشُوا فِي سَاحَاتِهَا، هَلْ تَجِدُونَ إِنْسَانًا أَوْ يُوجَدُ عَامِلٌ بِالْعَدْلِ طَالِبُ الْحَقِّ، فَأَصْفَحَ عَنْهَا؟1 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it.
2 وَإِنْ قَالُوا: حَيٌّ هُوَ الرَّبُّ. فَإِنَّهُمْ يَحْلِفُونَ بِالْكَذِبِ!»2 And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
3 يَا رَبُّ، أَلَيْسَتْ عَيْنَاكَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ؟ ضَرَبْتَهُمْ فَلَمْ يَتَوَجَّعُوا. أَفْنَيْتَهُمْ وَأَبَوْا قُبُولَ التَّأْدِيبِ. صَلَّبُوا وُجُوهَهُمْ أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الصَّخْرِ. أَبَوْا الرُّجُوعَ.3 O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
4 أَمَّا أَنَا فَقُلْتُ: إِنَّمَا هُمْ مَسَاكِينُ. قَدْ جَهِلُوا لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا طَرِيقَ الرَّبِّ، قَضَاءَ إِلهِهِمْ.4 Therefore I said, Surely these are poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, nor the judgment of their God.
5 أَنْطَلِقُ إِلَى الْعُظَمَاءِ وَأُكَلِّمُهُمْ لأَنَّهُمْ عَرَفُوا طَرِيقَ الرَّبِّ، قَضَاءَ إِلهِهِمْ. أَمَّا هُمْ فَقَدْ كَسَرُوا النِّيرَ جَمِيعًا وَقَطَعُوا الرُّبُطَ.5 I will get me unto the great men, and will speak unto them; for they have known the way of the LORD, and the judgment of their God: but these have altogether broken the yoke, and burst the bonds.
6 مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ يَضْرِبُهُمُ الأَسَدُ مِنَ الْوَعْرِ. ذِئْبُ الْمَسَاءِ يُهْلِكُهُمْ. يَكْمُنُ النَّمِرُ حَوْلَ مُدُنِهِمْ. كُلُّ مَنْ خَرَجَ مِنْهَا يُفْتَرَسُ لأَنَّ ذُنُوبَهُمْ كَثُرَتْ. تَعَاظَمَتْ مَعَاصِيهِمْ!6 Wherefore a lion out of the forest shall slay them, and a wolf of the evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities: every one that goeth out thence shall be torn in pieces: because their transgressions are many, and their backslidings are increased.
7 «كَيْفَ أَصْفَحُ لَكِ عَنْ هذِهِ؟ بَنُوكِ تَرَكُونِي وَحَلَفُوا بِمَا لَيْسَتْ آلِهَةً. وَلَمَّا أَشْبَعْتُهُمْ زَنَوْا، وَفِي بَيْتِ زَانِيَةٍ تَزَاحَمُوا.7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
8 صَارُوا حُصُنًا مَعْلُوفَةً سَائِبَةً. صَهَلُوا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَلَى امْرَأَةِ صَاحِبِهِ. 8 They were as fed horses in the morning: every one neighed after his neighbour's wife.
9 أَمَا أُعَاقِبُ عَلَى هذَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ؟ أَوَ مَا تَنْتَقِمُ نَفْسِي مِنْ أُمَّةٍ كَهذِهِ؟9 Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
10 «اِصْعَدُوا عَلَى أَسْوَارِهَا وَاخْرِبُوا وَلكِنْ لاَ تُفْنُوهَا. اِنْزِعُوا أَفْنَانَهَا لأَنَّهَا لَيْسَتْ لِلرَّبِّ.10 Go ye up upon her walls, and destroy; but make not a full end: take away her battlements; for they are not the LORD's.
11 لأَنَّهُ خِيَانَةً خَانَنِي بَيْتُ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَيْتُ يَهُوذَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.11 For the house of Israel and the house of Judah have dealt very treacherously against me, saith the LORD.
12 جَحَدُوا الرَّبَّ وَقَالُوا: لَيْسَ هُوَ، وَلاَ يَأْتِي عَلَيْنَا شَرٌّ، وَلاَ نَرَى سَيْفًا وَلاَ جُوعًا،12 They have belied the LORD, and said, It is not he; neither shall evil come upon us; neither shall we see sword nor famine:
13 وَالأَنْبِيَاءُ يَصِيرُونَ رِيحًا، وَالْكَلِمَةُ لَيْسَتْ فِيهِمْ. هكَذَا يُصْنَعُ بِهِمْ.13 And the prophets shall become wind, and the word is not in them: thus shall it be done unto them.
14 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُ الْجُنُودِ: مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكُمْ تَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِهذِهِ الْكَلِمَةِ، هأَنَذَا جَاعِلٌ كَلاَمِي فِي فَمِكَ نَارًا، وَهذَا الشَّعْبَ حَطَبًا، فَتَأْكُلُهُمْ.14 Wherefore thus saith the LORD God of hosts, Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them.
15 هأَنَذَا أَجْلِبُ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّةً مِنْ بُعْدٍ يَا بَيْتَ إِسْرَائِيلَ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ. أُمَّةً قَوِيَّةً. أُمَّةً مُنْذُ الْقَدِيمِ. أُمَّةً لاَ تَعْرِفُ لِسَانَهَا وَلاَ تَفْهَمُ مَا تَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ.15 Lo, I will bring a nation upon you from far, O house of Israel, saith the LORD: it is a mighty nation, it is an ancient nation, a nation whose language thou knowest not, neither understandest what they say.
16 جُعْبَتُهُمْ كَقَبْرٍ مَفْتُوحٍ. كُلُّهُمْ جَبَابِرَةٌ. 16 Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all mighty men.
17 فَيَأْكُلُونَ حَصَادَكَ وَخُبْزَكَ الَّذِي يَأْكُلُهُ بَنُوكَ وَبَنَاتُكَ. يَأْكُلُونَ غَنَمَكَ وَبَقَرَكَ. يَأْكُلُونَ جَفْنَتَكَ وَتِينَكَ. يُهْلِكُونَ بِالسَّيْفِ مُدُنَكَ الْحَصِينَةَ الَّتِي أَنْتَ مُتَّكِلٌ عَلَيْهَا.17 And they shall eat up thine harvest, and thy bread, which thy sons and thy daughters should eat: they shall eat up thy flocks and thine herds: they shall eat up thy vines and thy fig trees: they shall impoverish thy fenced cities, wherein thou trustedst, with the sword.
18 وَأَيْضًا فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لاَ أُفْنِيكُمْ.18 Nevertheless in those days, saith the LORD, I will not make a full end with you.
19 «وَيَكُونُ حِينَ تَقُولُونَ: لِمَاذَا صَنَعَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا بِنَا كُلَّ هذِهِ؟ تَقُولُ لَهُمْ: كَمَا أَنَّكُمْ تَرَكْتُمُونِي وَعَبَدْتُمْ آلِهَةً غَرِيبَةً فِي أَرْضِكُمْ، هكَذَا تَعْبُدُونَ الْغُرَبَاءَ فِي أَرْضٍ لَيْسَتْ لَكُمْ.19 And it shall come to pass, when ye shall say, Wherefore doeth the LORD our God all these things unto us? then shalt thou answer them, Like as ye have forsaken me, and served strange gods in your land, so shall ye serve strangers in a land that is not your's.
20 أَخْبِرُوا بِهذَا فِي بَيْتِ يَعْقُوبَ وَأَسْمِعُوا بِهِ فِي يَهُوذَا قَائِلِينَ:20 Declare this in the house of Jacob, and publish it in Judah, saying,
21 اِسْمَعْ هذَا أَيُّهَا الشَّعْبُ الْجَاهِلُ وَالْعَدِيمُ الْفَهْمِ، الَّذِينَ لَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ وَلاَ يُبْصِرُونَ. لَهُمْ آذَانٌ وَلاَ يَسْمَعُونَ.21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not:
22 أَإِيَّايَ لاَ تَخْشَوْنَ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ؟ أَوَلاَ تَرْتَعِدُونَ مِنْ وَجْهِي؟ أَنَا الَّذِي وَضَعْتُ الرَّمْلَ تُخُومًا لِلْبَحْرِ فَرِيضَةً أَبَدِيَّةً لاَ يَتَعَدَّاهَا، فَتَتَلاَطَمُ وَلاَ تَسْتَطِيعُ، وَتَعِجُّ أَمْوَاجُهُ وَلاَ تَتَجَاوَزُهَا.22 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand for the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it?
23 وَصَارَ لِهذَا الشَّعْبِ قَلْبٌ عَاصٍ وَمُتَمَرِّدٌ. عَصَوْا وَمَضَوْا.23 But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone.
24 وَلَمْ يَقُولُوا بِقُلُوبِهِمْ: لِنَخَفِ الرَّبَّ إِلهَنَا الَّذِي يُعْطِي الْمَطَرَ الْمُبَكِّرَ وَالْمُتَأَخِّرَ فِي وَقْتِهِ. يَحْفَظُ لَنَا أَسَابِيعَ الْحَصَادِ الْمَفْرُوضَةَ.24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.
25 «آثَامُكُمْ عَكَسَتْ هذِهِ، وَخَطَايَاكُمْ مَنَعَتِ الْخَيْرَ عَنْكُمْ.25 Your iniquities have turned away these things, and your sins have withholden good things from you.
26 لأَنَّهُ وُجِدَ فِي شَعْبِي أَشْرَارٌ يَرْصُدُونَ كَمُنْحَنٍ مِنَ الْقَانِصِينَ، يَنْصِبُونَ أَشْرَاكًا يُمْسِكُونَ النَّاسَ.26 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch men.
27 مِثْلَ قَفَصٍ مَلآنٍ طُيُورًا هكَذَا بُيُوتُهُمْ مَلآنَةٌ مَكْرًا. مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ عَظُمُوا وَاسْتَغْنَوْا.27 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich.
28 سَمِنُوا. لَمَعُوا. أَيْضًا تَجَاوَزُوا فِي أُمُورِ الشَّرِّ. لَمْ يَقْضُوا فِي الدَّعْوَى، دَعْوَى الْيَتِيمِ. وَقَدْ نَجَحُوا. وَبِحَقِّ الْمَسَاكِينِ لَمْ يَقْضُوا.28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
29 أَفَلأَجْلِ هذِهِ لاَ أُعَاقِبُ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ؟ أَوَلاَ تَنْتَقِمُ نَفْسِي مِنْ أُمَّةٍ كَهذِهِ؟29 Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?
30 «صَارَ فِي الأَرْضِ دَهَشٌ وَقَشْعَرِيرَةٌ.30 A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in the land;
31 اَلأَنْبِيَاءُ يَتَنَبَّأُونَ بِالْكَذِبِ، وَالْكَهَنَةُ تَحْكُمُ عَلَى أَيْدِيهِمْ، وَشَعْبِي هكَذَا أَحَبَّ. وَمَاذَا تَعْمَلُونَ فِي آخِرَتِهَا؟31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love to have it so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
حُصُن
مفردها حصان: جواد.
جعبة
1-كيس من جلد يضع فيه المحارب أو الصياد لوازمه. 2-جعبة السهام.