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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [50] Jeremiah
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Chapter Summary
1 الْكَلِمَةُ الَّتِي تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ عَنْ بَابِلَ وَعَنْ أَرْضِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ عَلَى يَدِ إِرْمِيَا النَّبِيِّ:1 The word that the LORD spake against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet.
2 «أَخْبِرُوا فِي الشُّعُوبِ، وَأَسْمِعُوا وَارْفَعُوا رَايَةً. أَسْمِعُوا لاَ تُخْفُوا. قُولُوا: أُخِذَتْ بَابِلُ. خَزِيَ بِيلُ. انْسَحَقَ مَرُودَخُ. خَزِيَتْ أَوْثَانُهَا. انْسَحَقَتْ أَصْنَامُهَا.2 Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.
3 لأَنَّهُ قَدْ طَلَعَتْ عَلَيْهَا أُمَّةٌ مِنَ الشِّمَالِ هِيَ تَجْعَلُ أَرْضَهَا خَرِبَةً فَلاَ يَكُونُ فِيهَا سَاكِنٌ. مِنْ إِنْسَانٍ إِلَى حَيَوَانٍ هَرَبُوا وَذَهَبُوا.3 For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.
4 «فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ وَفِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، يَأْتِي بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ هُمْ وَبَنُو يَهُوذَا مَعًا. يَسِيرُونَ سَيْرًا، وَيَبْكُونَ وَيَطْلُبُونَ الرَّبَّ إِلهَهُمْ.4 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God.
5 يَسْأَلُونَ عَنْ طَرِيقِ صِهْيَوْنَ، وَوُجُوهُهُمْ إِلَى هُنَاكَ، قَائِلِينَ: هَلُمَّ فَنَلْصَقُ بِالرَّبِّ بِعَهْدٍ أَبَدِيٍّ لاَ يُنْسَى.5 They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the LORD in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.
6 كَانَ شَعْبِي خِرَافًا ضَالَّةً، قَدْ أَضَلَّتْهُمْ رُعَاتُهُمْ. عَلَى الْجِبَالِ أَتَاهُوهُمْ. سَارُوا مِنْ جَبَل إِلَى أَكَمَةٍ. نَسُوا مَرْبَضَهُمْ.6 My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace.
7 كُلُّ الَّذِينَ وَجَدُوهُمْ أَكَلُوهُمْ، وَقَالَ مُبْغِضُوهُمْ: لاَ نُذْنِبُ مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُمْ أَخْطَأُوا إِلَى الرَّبِّ، مَسْكِنِ الْبِرِّ وَرَجَاءِ آبَائِهِمِ الرَّبِّ.7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers.
8 اُهْرُبُوا مِنْ وَسْطِ بَابِلَ وَاخْرُجُوا مِنْ أَرْضِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ، وَكُونُوا مِثْلَ كَرَارِيِزَ أَمَامَ الْغَنَمِ. 8 Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks.
9 «لأَنِّي هأَنَذَا أُوقِظُ وَأُصْعِدُ عَلَى بَابِلَ جُمْهُورَ شُعُوبٍ عَظِيمَةٍ مِنْ أَرْضِ الشِّمَالِ، فَيَصْطَفُّونَ عَلَيْهَا. مِنْ هُنَاكَ تُؤْخَذُ. نِبَالُهُمْ كَبَطَل مُهْلِكٍ لاَ يَرْجعُ فَارِغًا.9 For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain.
10 وَتَكُونُ أَرْضُ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ غَنِيمَةً. كُلُّ مُغْتَنِمِيهَا يَشْبَعُونَ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.10 And Chaldea shall be a spoil: all that spoil her shall be satisfied, saith the LORD.
11 لأَنَّكُمْ قَدْ فَرِحْتُمْ وَشَمِتُّمْ يَا نَاهِبِي مِيرَاثِي، وَقَفَزْتُمْ كَعِجْلَةٍ فِي الْكَلإِ، وَصَهَلْتُمْ كَخَيْل،11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls;
12 تَخْزَى أُمُّكُمْ جِدًّا. تَخْجَلُ الَّتِي وَلَدَتْكُمْ. هَا آخِرَةُ الشُّعُوبِ بَرِّيَّةٌ وَأَرْضٌ نَاشِفَةٌ وَقَفْرٌ.12 Your mother shall be sore confounded; she that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert.
13 بِسَبَبِ سَخَطِ الرَّبِّ لاَ تُسْكَنُ، بَلْ تَصِيرُ خَرِبَةً بِالتَّمَامِ. كُلُّ مَارّ بِبَابِلَ يَتَعَجَّبُ وَيَصْفِرُ بِسَبَبِ كُلِّ ضَرَبَاتِهَا.13 Because of the wrath of the LORD it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues.
14 اِصْطَفُّوا عَلَى بَابِلَ حَوَالَيْهَا يَا جَمِيعَ الَّذِينَ يَنْزِعُونَ فِي الْقَوْسِ. ارْمُوا عَلَيْهَا. لاَ تُوَفِّرُوا السِّهَامَ لأَنَّهَا قَدْ أَخْطَأَتْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ.14 Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against the LORD.
15 اهْتِفُوا عَلَيْهَا حَوَالَيْهَا. قَدْ أَعْطَتْ يَدَهَا. سَقَطَتْ أُسُسُهَا. نُقِضَتْ أَسْوَارُهَا. لأَنَّهَا نَقْمَةُ الرَّبِّ هِيَ، فَانْتَقِمُوا مِنْهَا. كَمَا فَعَلَتِ افْعَلُوا بِهَا.15 Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it is the vengeance of the LORD: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do unto her.
16 اقْطَعُوا الزَّارِعَ مِنْ بَابِلَ، وَمَاسِكَ الْمِنْجَلِ فِي وَقْتِ الْحَصَادِ. مِنْ وَجْهِ السَّيْفِ الْقَاسِي يَرْجِعُونَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى شَعْبِهِ، وَيَهْرُبُونَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى أَرْضِهِ.16 Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every one to his own land.
17 «إِسْرَائِيلُ غَنَمٌ مُتَبَدِّدَةٌ. قَدْ طَرَدَتْهُ السِّبَاعُ. أَوَّلاً أَكَلَهُ مَلِكُ أَشُّورَ، ثُمَّ هذَا الأَخِيرُ، نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ هَرَسَ عِظَامَهُ.17 Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have driven him away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones.
18 لِذلِكَ هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ إِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: هأَنَذَا أُعَاقِبُ مَلِكَ بَابِلَ وَأَرْضَهُ كَمَا عَاقَبْتُ مَلِكَ أَشُّورَ.18 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land, as I have punished the king of Assyria.
19 وَأَرُدُّ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى مَسْكَنِهِ، فَيَرْعَى كَرْمَلَ وَبَاشَانَ، وَفِي جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ وَجِلْعَادَ تَشْبَعُ نَفْسُهُ.19 And I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon mount Ephraim and Gilead.
20 فِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ وَفِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، يُطْلَبُ إِثْمُ إِسْرَائِيلَ فَلاَ يَكُونُ، وَخَطِيَّةُ يَهُوذَا فَلاَ تُوجَدُ، لأَنِّي أَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ أُبْقِيهِ.20 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.
21 «اِصْعَدْ عَلَى أَرْضِ مِرَاثَايِمَ. عَلَيْهَا وَعَلَى سُكَّانِ فَقُودَ. اخْرِبْ وَحَرِّمْ وَرَاءَهُمْ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَافْعَلْ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرْتُكَ بِهِ.21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.
22 صَوْتُ حَرْبٍ فِي الأَرْضِ، وَانْحِطَامٌ عَظِيمٌ.22 A sound of battle is in the land, and of great destruction.
23 كَيْفَ قُطِعَتْ وَتَحَطَّمَتْ مِطْرَقَةُ كُلِّ الأَرْضِ؟ كَيْفَ صَارَتْ بَابِلُ خَرِبَةً بَيْنَ الشُّعُوبِ؟23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
24 قَدْ نَصَبْتُ لَكِ شَرَكًا، فَعَلِقْتِ يَا بَابِلُ، وَأَنْتِ لَمْ تَعْرِفِي! قَدْ وُجِدْتِ وَأُمْسِكْتِ لأَنَّكِ قَدْ خَاصَمْتِ الرَّبَّ.24 I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou wast not aware: thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against the LORD.
25 فَتَحَ الرَّبُّ خِزَانَتَهُ، وَأَخْرَجَ آلاَتِ رِجْزِهِ، لأَنَّ لِلسَّيِّدِ رَبِّ الْجُنُودِ عَمَلاً فِي أَرْضِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ.25 The LORD hath opened his armoury, and hath brought forth the weapons of his indignation: for this is the work of the Lord GOD of hosts in the land of the Chaldeans.
26 هَلُمَّ إِلَيْهَا مِنَ الأَقْصَى. افْتَحُوا أَهْرَاءَهَا. كَوِّمُوهَا عِرَامًا، وَحَرِّمُوهَا وَلاَ تَكُنْ لَهَا بَقِيَّةٌ. 26 Come against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses: cast her up as heaps, and destroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left.
27 أَهْلِكُوا كُلَّ عُجُولِهَا. لِتَنْزِلْ لِلذَّبْحِ. وَيْلٌ لَهُمْ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ أَتَى يَوْمُهُمْ، زَمَانُ عِقَابِهِمْ.27 Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.
28 صَوْتُ هَارِبِينَ وَنَاجِينَ مِنْ أَرْضِ بَابِلَ، لِيُخْبِرُوا فِي صِهْيَوْنَ بِنَقْمَةِ الرَّبِّ إِلهِنَا، نَقْمَةِ هَيْكَلِهِ.28 The voice of them that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God, the vengeance of his temple.
29 اُدْعُوا إِلَى بَابِلَ أَصْحَابَ الْقِسِيِّ. لِيَنْزِلْ عَلَيْهَا كُلُّ مَنْ يَنْزِعُ فِي الْقَوْسِ حَوَالَيْهَا. لاَ يَكُنْ نَاجٍ. كَافِئُوهَا نَظِيرَ عَمَلِهَا. افْعَلُوا بِهَا حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا فَعَلَتْ، لأَنَّهَا بَغَتْ عَلَى الرَّبِّ، عَلَى قُدُّوسِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the LORD, against the Holy One of Israel.
30 لِذلِكَ يَسْقُطُ شُبَّانُهَا فِي الشَّوَارِعِ، وَكُلُّ رِجَالِ حَرْبِهَا يَهْلِكُونَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ.30 Therefore shall her young men fall in the streets, and all her men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD.
31 هأَنَذَا عَلَيْكِ أَيَّتُهَا الْبَاغِيَةُ، يَقُولُ السَّيِّدُ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ، لأَنَّهُ قَد أَتَى يَوْمُكِ حِينَ عِقَابِي إِيَّاكِ.31 Behold, I am against thee, O thou most proud, saith the Lord GOD of hosts: for thy day is come, the time that I will visit thee.
32 فَيَعْثُرُ الْبَاغِي وَيَسقُطُ ولاَ يَكُونُ لَهُ مَنْ يُقِيمُهُ، وَأُشْعِلُ نَارًا في مُدُنِهِ فَتَأْكُلُ كُلَّ مَا حَوَالَيْهَا.32 And the most proud shall stumble and fall, and none shall raise him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all round about him.
33 «هكَذَا قَالَ رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ: إِنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَنِي يَهُوذَا مَعًا مَظْلُومُونَ، وَكُلُّ الَّذِينَ سَبَوْهُمْ أَمْسَكُوهُمْ. أَبَوْا أَنْ يُطْلِقُوهُمْ.33 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah were oppressed together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go.
34 وَلِيُّهُمْ قَوِيٌّ. رَبُّ الْجُنُودِ اسْمُهُ. يُقِيمُ دَعْوَاهُمْ لِكَيْ يُرِيحَ الأَرْضَ وَيُزْعِجَ سُكَّانَ بَابِلَ.34 Their Redeemer is strong; the LORD of hosts is his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.
35 سَيْفٌ عَلَى الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، وَعَلَى سُكَّانِ بَابِلَ، وَعَلَى رُؤَسَائِهَا، وَعَلَى حُكَمَائِهَا.35 A sword is upon the Chaldeans, saith the LORD, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise men.
36 سَيْفٌ عَلَى الْمُخَادِعِينَ، فَيَصِيرُونَ حُمُقًا. سَيْفٌ عَلَى أَبْطَالِهَا فَيَرْتَعِبُونَ.36 A sword is upon the liars; and they shall dote: a sword is upon her mighty men; and they shall be dismayed.
37 سَيْفٌ عَلَى خَيْلِهَا وَعَلَى مَرْكَبَاتِهَا وَعَلَى كُلِّ اللَّفِيفِ الَّذِي فِي وَسْطِهَا، فَيَصِيرُونَ نِسَاءً. سَيْفٌ عَلَى خَزَائِنِهَا فَتُنْهَبُ.37 A sword is upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword is upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
38 حَرٌّ عَلَى مِيَاهِهَا فَتَنْشَفُ، لأَنَّهَا أَرْضُ مَنْحُوتَاتٍ هِيَ، وَبِالأَصْنَامِ تُجَنُّ.38 A drought is upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
39 لِذلِكَ تَسْكُنُ وُحُوشُ الْقَفْرِ مَعَ بَنَاتِ آوَى، وَتَسْكُنُ فِيهَا رِعَالُ النَّعَامِ، وَلاَ تُسْكَنُ بَعْدُ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَلاَ تُعْمَرُ إِلَى دَوْرٍ فَدَوْرٍ. 39 Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell there, and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation.
40 كَقَلْبِ اللهِ سَدُومَ وَعَمُورَةَ وَمُجَاوَرَاتِهَا، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ، لاَ يَسْكُنُ هُنَاكَ إِنْسَانٌ، وَلاَ يَتَغَرَّبُ فِيهَا ابْنُ آدَمَ.40 As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.
41 هُوَذَا شَعْبٌ مُقْبِلٌ مِنَ الشِّمَالِ، وَأُمَّةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ، وَيُوقَظُ مُلُوكٌ كَثِيرُونَ مِنْ أَقَاصِي الأَرْضِ.41 Behold, a people shall come from the north, and a great nation, and many kings shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.
42 يُمْسِكُونَ الْقَوْسَ وَالرُّمْحَ. هُمْ قُسَاةٌ لاَ يَرْحَمُونَ. صَوْتُهُمْ يَعِجُّ كَبَحْرٍ، وَعَلَى خَيْل يَرْكَبُونَ، مُصْطَفِّينَ كَرَجُل وَاحِدٍ لِمُحَارَبَتِكِ يَا بِنْتَ بَابِلَ.42 They shall hold the bow and the lance: they are cruel, and will not shew mercy: their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, every one put in array, like a man to the battle, against thee, O daughter of Babylon.
43 سَمِعَ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ خَبَرَهُمْ فَارْتَخَتْ يَدَاهُ. أَخَذَتْهُ الضِّيقَةُ وَالْوَجَعُ كَمَاخِضٍ.43 The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish took hold of him, and pangs as of a woman in travail.
44 هَا هُوَ يَصْعَدُ كَأَسَدٍ مِنْ كِبْرِيَاءِ الأُرْدُنِّ إِلَى مَرْعًى دَائِمٍ. لأَنِّي أَغْمِزُ وَأَجْعَلُهُمْ يَرْكُضُونَ عَنْهُ. فَمَنْ هُوَ مُنْتَخَبٌ فَأُقِيمَهُ عَلَيْهِ؟ لأَنَّهُ مَنْ مِثْلِي؟ وَمَنْ يُحَاكِمُنِي؟ وَمَنْ هُوَ الرَّاعِي الَّذِي يَقِفُ أَمَامِي؟44 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?
45 لِذلِكَ اسْمَعُوا مَشُورَةَ الرَّبِّ الَّتِي قَضَى بِهَا عَلَى بَابِلَ، وَأَفْكَارَهُ الَّتِي افْتَكَرَ بِهَا عَلَى أَرْضِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ: إِنَّ صِغَارَ الْغَنَمِ تَسْحَبُهُمْ. إِنَّهُ يَخْرِبُ مَسْكَنَهُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ.45 Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitation desolate with them.
46 مِنَ الْقَوْلِ: أُخِذَتْ بَابِلُ. رَجَفَتِ الأَرْضُ وَسُمِعَ صُرَاخٌ فِي الشُّعُوبِ.46 At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.
كراريز
مفردها كرّاز: كبش يضع الراعي في عنقه جرساً فيتبعه القطيع.
عراماً
مفردها عرمة: كومة من المحاصيل بعد درسها.
بنات آوى
مفردها ابن آوى: نوع من الكلاب البرية تسميه العامة الواوي.
رِعال
مفردها رَعْلة: بنت النعامة التي تسير في المقدمة.