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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

إرميا [52] Jeremiah
ألإصحاح السابق-Previous Chapter
مدخلإستمع
Chapter Summary
1 كَانَ صِدْقِيَّا ابْنَ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً حِينَ مَلَكَ، وَمَلَكَ إِحْدَى عَشَرَةَ سَنَةً فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَاسْمُ أُمِّهِ حَمِيطَلُ بِنْتُ إِرْمِيَا مِنْ لِبْنَةَ.1 Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
2 وَعَمِلَ الشَّرَّ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا عَمِلَ يَهُويَاقِيمُ.2 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
3 لأَنَّهُ لأَجْلِ غَضَبِ الرَّبِّ عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ وَيَهُوذَا حَتَى طَرَحَهُمْ مِنْ أَمَامِ وَجْهِهِ، كَانَ أَنَّ صِدْقِيَّا تَمَرَّدَ عَلَى مَلِكِ بَابِلَ.3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
4 وَفِي السَّنَةِ التَّاسِعَةِ لِمُلْكِهِ، فِي الشَّهْرِ الْعَاشِرِ، فِي عَاشِرِ الشَّهْرِ، جَاءَ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ هُوَ وَكُلُّ جَيْشِهِ عَلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ وَنَزَلُوا عَلَيْهَا وَبَنَوْا عَلَيْهَا أَبْرَاجًا حَوَالَيْهَا.4 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about.
5 فَدَخَلَتِ الْمَدِينَةُ فِي الْحِصَارِ إِلَى السَّنَةِ الْحَادِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ لِلْمَلِكِ صِدْقِيَّا.5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.
6 فِي الشَّهْرِ الرَّابعِ، فِي تَاسِعِ الشَّهْرِ اشْتَدَّ الْجُوعُ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ خُبْزٌ لِشَعْبِ الأَرْضِ.6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.
7 فَثُغِرَتِ الْمَدِينَةُ وَهَرَبَ كُلُّ رِجَالِ الْقِتَالِ، وَخَرَجُوا مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ لَيْلاً فِي طَرِيقِ الْبَابِ بَيْنَ السُّورَيْنِ اللَّذَيْنِ عِنْدَ جَنَّةِ الْمَلِكِ، وَالْكَلْدَانِيُّونَ عِنْدَ الْمَدِينَةِ حَوَالَيْهَا، فَذَهَبُوا فِي طَرِيقِ الْبَرِّيَّةِ.7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain.
8 فَتَبِعَتْ جُيُوشُ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ الْمَلِكَ، فَأَدْرَكُوا صِدْقِيَّا فِي بَرِّيَّةِ أَرِيحَا، وَتَفَرَّقَ كُلُّ جَيْشِهِ عَنْهُ.8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.
9 فَأَخَذُوا الْمَلِكَ وَأَصْعَدُوهُ إِلَى مَلِكِ بَابِلَ إِلَى رَبْلَةَ فِي أَرْضِ حَمَاةَ، فَكَلَّمَهُ بِالْقَضَاءِ عَلَيْهِ.9 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.
10 فَقَتَلَ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ بَنِي صِدْقِيَّا أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْهِ، وَقَتَلَ أَيْضًا كُلَّ رُؤَسَاءِ يَهُوذَا فِي رَبْلَةَ،10 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.
11 وَأَعْمَى عَيْنَيْ صِدْقِيَّا، وَقَيَّدَهُ بِسِلْسِلَتَيْنِ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ، وَجَاءَ بِهِ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ إِلَى بَابِلَ، وَجَعَلَهُ فِي السِّجْنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ وَفَاتِهِ.11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.
12 وَفِي الشَّهْرِ الْخَامِسِ، فِي عَاشِرِ الشَّهْرِ، وَهِيَ السَّنَةُ التَّاسِعَةُ عَشَرَةَ لِلْمَلِكِ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ، جَاءَ نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ، الَّذِي كَانَ يَقِفُ أَمَامَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ،12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,
13 وَأَحْرَقَ بَيْتَ الرَّبِّ، وَبَيْتَ الْمَلِكِ، وَكُلَّ بُيُوتِ أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَكُلَّ بُيُوتِ الْعُظَمَاءِ، أَحْرَقَهَا بِالنَّارِ.13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire:
14 وَكُلَّ أَسْوَارِ أُورُشَلِيمَ مُسْتَدِيرًا هَدَمَهَا كُلُّ جَيْشِ الْكَلْدَانِيِّينَ الَّذِي مَعَ رَئِيسِ الشُّرَطِ.14 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.
15 وَسَبَى نَبُوزَرَادَانُ، رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ، بَعْضًا مِنْ فُقَرَاءِ الشَّعْبِ، وَبَقِيَّةَ الشَّعْبِ الَّذِينَ بَقُوا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ، وَالْهَارِبِينَ الَّذِينَ سَقَطُوا إِلَى مَلِكِ بَابِلَ، وَبَقِيَّةَ الْجُمْهُورِ.15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.
16 وَلكِنَّ نَبُوزَرَادَانَ، رَئِيسَ الشُّرَطِ، أَبْقَى مِنْ مَسَاكِينِ الأَرْضِ كَرَّامِينَ وَفَلاَّحِينَ.16 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land for vinedressers and for husbandmen.
17 وَكَسَّرَ الْكَلْدَانِيُّونَ أَعْمِدَةَ النُّحَاسِ الَّتِي لِبَيْتِ الرَّبِّ، وَالْقَوَاعِدَ وَبَحْرَ النُّحَاسِ الَّذِي فِي بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ، وَحَمَلُوا كُلَّ نُحَاسِهَا إِلَى بَابِلَ.17 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.
18 وَأَخَذُوا الْقُدُورَ وَالرُّفُوشَ وَالْمَقَاصَّ وَالْمَنَاضِحَ وَالصُّحُونَ وَكُلَّ آنِيَةِ النُّحَاسِ الَّتِي كَانُوا يَخْدِمُونَ بِهَا.18 The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.
19 وَأَخَذَ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ الطُّسُوسَ وَالْمَجَامِرَ وَالْمَنَاضِحَ وَالْقُدُورَ وَالْمَنَايِرَ وَالصُّحُونَ وَالأَقْدَاحَ، مَا كَانَ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَالذَّهَبَ، وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ فَالْفِضَّةَ.19 And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.
20 وَالْعَمُودَيْنِ وَالْبَحْرَ الْوَاحِدَ، وَالاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ ثَوْرًا مِنْ نُحَاسٍ الَّتِي تَحْتَ الْقَوَاعِدِ، الَّتِي عَمِلَهَا الْمَلِكُ سُلَيْمَانُ لِبَيْتِ الرَّبِّ. لَمْ يَكُنْ وَزْنٌ لِنُحَاسِ كُلِّ هذِهِ الأَدَوَاتِ.20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
21 أَمَّا الْعَمُودَانِ فَكَانَ طُولُ الْعَمُودِ الْوَاحِدِ ثَمَانِيَ عَشَرَةَ ذِرَاعًا، وَخَيْطٌ اثْنَتَا عَشَرَةَ ذِرَاعًا يُحِيطُ بِهِ، وَغِلَظُهُ أَرْبَعُ أَصَابِعَ، وَهُوَ أَجْوَفُ.21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.
22 وَعَلَيْهِ تَاجٌ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ، ارْتِفَاعُ التَّاجِ الْوَاحِدِ خَمْسُ أَذْرُعٍ. وَعَلَى التَّاجِ حَوَالَيْهِ شَبَكَةٌ وَرُمَّانَاتُ، الْكُلِّ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ. وَمِثْلُ ذلِكَ لِلْعَمُودِ الثَّانِي، وَالرُّمَّانَاتِ.22 And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.
23 وَكَانَتِ الرُّمَّانَاتُ سِتًّا وَتِسْعِينَ لِلْجَانِبِ. كُلُّ الرُّمَّانَاتِ مِئَةٌ عَلَى الشَّبَكَةِ حَوَالَيْهَا.23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.
24 وَأَخَذَ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ سَرَايَا الْكَاهِنَ الأَوَّلَ، وَصَفَنْيَا الْكَاهِنَ الثَّانِي وَحَارِسِي الْبَابِ الثَّلاَثَةَ.24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
25 وَأَخَذَ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ خَصِيًّا وَاحِدًا كَانَ وَكِيلاً عَلَى رِجَالِ الْحَرْبِ، وَسَبْعَةَ رِجَال مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَنْظُرُونَ وَجْهَ الْمَلِكِ، الَّذِينَ وُجِدُوا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ، وَكَاتِبَ رَئِيسِ الْجُنْدِ الَّذِي كَانَ يَجْمَعُ شَعْبَ الأَرْضِ لِلتَّجَنُّدِ، وَسِتِّينَ رَجُلاً مِنْ شَعْبِ الأَرْضِ، الَّذِينَ وُجِدُوا فِي وَسْطِ الْمَدِينَةِ.25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.
26 أَخَذَهُمْ نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ، وَسَارَ بِهِمْ إِلَى مَلِكِ بَابِلَ، إِلَى رَبْلَةَ،26 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah.
27 فَضَرَبَهُمْ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ وَقَتَلَهُمْ فِي رَبْلَةَ فِي أَرْضِ حَمَاةَ. فَسُبِيَ يَهُوذَا مِنْ أَرْضِهِ.27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.
28 هذَا هُوَ الشَّعْبُ الَّذِي سَبَاهُ نَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرُ فِي السَّنَةِ السَّابِعَةِ: مِنَ الْيَهُودِ ثَلاَثَةُ آلاَفٍ وَثَلاَثَةٌ وَعِشْرُونَ.28 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty:
29 وَفِي السَّنَةِ الثَّامِنَةِ عَشَرَةَ لِنَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ سُبِيَ مِنْ أُورُشَلِيمَ ثَمَانُ مِئَةٍ وَاثْنَانِ وَثَلاَثُونَ نَفْسًا.29 In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:
30 فِي السَّنَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ وَالْعِشْرِينَ لِنَبُوخَذْرَاصَّرَ، سَبَى نَبُوزَرَادَانُ رَئِيسُ الشُّرَطِ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ سَبْعَ مِئَةٍ وَخَمْسًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ نَفْسًا. جُمْلَةُ النُّفُوسِ أَرْبَعَةُ آلاَفٍ وَسِتُّ مِئَةٍ.30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.
31 وَفِي السَّنَةِ السَّابِعَةِ وَالثَّلاَثِينَ لِسَبْيِ يَهُويَاكِينَ، فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي عَشَرَ، فِي الْخَامِسِ وَالْعِشْرِينَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ، رَفَعَ أَوِيلُ مَرُودَخُ مَلِكُ بَابِلَ، فِي سَنَةِ تَمَلُّكِهِ، رَأْسَ يَهُويَاكِينَ مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا، وَأَخْرَجَهُ مِنَ السِّجْنِ.31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison.
32 وَكَلَّمَهُ بِخَيْرٍ، وَجَعَلَ كُرْسِيَّهُ فَوْقَ كَرَاسِيِّ الْمُلُوكِ الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ فِي بَابِلَ.32 And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,
33 وَغَيَّرَ ثِيَابَ سِجْنِهِ، وَكَانَ يَأْكُلُ دَائِمًا الْخُبْزَ أَمَامَهُ كُلَّ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ.33 And changed his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.
34 وَوَظِيفَتُهُ وَظِيفَةٌ دَائِمَةٌ تُعْطَى لَهُ مِنْ عِنْدِ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ، أَمْرَ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِيَوْمِهِ، إِلَى يَوْمِ وَفَاتِهِ، كُلَّ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ.34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.