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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

متى [13] Matthew
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Chapter Summary
1 فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجَ يَسُوعُ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَجَلَسَ عِنْدَ الْبَحْرِ،1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side.
2 فَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَيْهِ جُمُوعٌ كَثِيرَةٌ، حَتَّى إِنَّهُ دَخَلَ السَّفِينَةَ وَجَلَسَ. وَالْجَمْعُ كُلُّهُ وَقَفَ عَلَى الشَّاطِئِ.2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.
3 فَكَلَّمَهُمْ كَثِيرًا بِأَمْثَال قَائِلاً:«هُوَذَا الزَّارِعُ قَدْ خَرَجَ لِيَزْرَعَ،3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
4 وَفِيمَا هُوَ يَزْرَعُ سَقَطَ بَعْضٌ عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ، فَجَاءَتِ الطُّيُورُ وَأَكَلَتْهُ.4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:
5 وَسَقَطَ آخَرُ عَلَى الأَمَاكِنِ الْمُحْجِرَةِ، حَيْثُ لَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُ تُرْبَةٌ كَثِيرَةٌ، فَنَبَتَ حَالاً إِذْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ عُمْقُ أَرْضٍ.5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:
6 وَلكِنْ لَمَّا أَشْرَقَتِ الشَّمْسُ احْتَرَقَ، وَإِذْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ أَصْلٌ جَفَّ.6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
7 وَسَقَطَ آخَرُ عَلَى الشَّوْكِ، فَطَلَعَ الشَّوْكُ وَخَنَقَهُ.7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8 وَسَقَطَ آخَرُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ الْجَيِّدَةِ فَأَعْطَى ثَمَرًا، بَعْضٌ مِئَةً وَآخَرُ سِتِّينَ وَآخَرُ ثَلاَثِينَ.8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
9 مَنْ لَهُ أُذُنَانِ لِلسَّمْعِ، فَلْيَسْمَعْ»9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10 فَتَقَدَّمَ التَّلاَمِيذُ وَقَالُوا لَهُ:«لِمَاذَا تُكَلِّمُهُمْ بِأَمْثَال؟»10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
11 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«لأَنَّهُ قَدْ أُعْطِيَ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَعْرِفُوا أَسْرَارَ مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ، وَأَمَّا لأُولَئِكَ فَلَمْ يُعْطَ.11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
12 فَإِنَّ مَنْ لَهُ سَيُعْطَى وَيُزَادُ، وَأَمَّا مَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ فَالَّذِي عِنْدَهُ سَيُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُ.12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
13 مِنْ أَجْلِ هذَا أُكَلِّمُهُمْ بِأَمْثَال، لأَنَّهُمْ مُبْصِرِينَ لاَ يُبْصِرُونَ، وَسَامِعِينَ لاَ يَسْمَعُونَ وَلاَ يَفْهَمُونَ.13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
14 فَقَدْ تَمَّتْ فِيهِمْ نُبُوَّةُ إِشَعْيَاءَ الْقَائِلَةُ: تَسْمَعُونَ سَمْعًا وَلاَ تَفْهَمُونَ، وَمُبْصِرِينَ تُبْصِرُونَ وَلاَ تَنْظُرُونَ.14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
15 لأَنَّ قَلْبَ هذَا الشَّعْب قَدْ غَلُظَ، وَآذَانَهُمْ قَدْ ثَقُلَ سَمَاعُهَا. وَغَمَّضُوا عُيُونَهُمْ، لِئَلاَّ يُبْصِرُوا بِعُيُونِهِمْ، وَيَسْمَعُوا بِآذَانِهِمْ، وَيَفْهَمُوا بِقُلُوبِهِمْ، وَيَرْجِعُوا فَأَشْفِيَهُمْ.15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
16 وَلكِنْ طُوبَى لِعُيُونِكُمْ لأَنَّهَا تُبْصِرُ، وَلآذَانِكُمْ لأَنَّهَا تَسْمَعُ.16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
17 فَإِنِّي الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ أَنْبِيَاءَ وَأَبْرَارًا كَثِيرِينَ اشْتَهَوْا أَنْ يَرَوْا مَا أَنْتُمْ تَرَوْنَ وَلَمْ يَرَوْا، وَأَنْ يَسْمَعُوا مَا أَنْتُمْ تَسْمَعُونَ وَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا.17 For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
18 «فَاسْمَعُوا أَنْتُمْ مَثَلَ الزَّارِعِ:18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower.
19 كُلُّ مَنْ يَسْمَعُ كَلِمَةَ الْمَلَكُوتِ وَلاَ يَفْهَمُ، فَيَأْتِي الشِّرِّيرُ وَيَخْطَفُ مَا قَدْ زُرِعَ فِي قَلْبِهِ. هذَا هُوَ الْمَزْرُوعُ عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ.19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
20 وَالْمَزْرُوعُ عَلَى الأَمَاكِنِ الْمُحْجِرَةِ هُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الْكَلِمَةَ، وَحَالاً يَقْبَلُهَا بِفَرَحٍ،20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it;
21 وَلكِنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ أَصْلٌ فِي ذَاتِهِ، بَلْ هُوَ إِلَى حِينٍ. فَإِذَا حَدَثَ ضِيقٌ أَوِ اضْطِهَادٌ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْكَلِمَةِ فَحَالاً يَعْثُرُ.21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
22 وَالْمَزْرُوعُ بَيْنَ الشَّوْكِ هُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الْكَلِمَةَ، وَهَمُّ هذَا الْعَالَمِ وَغُرُورُ الْغِنَى يَخْنُقَانِ الْكَلِمَةَ فَيَصِيرُ بِلاَ ثَمَرٍ.22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
23 وَأَمَّا الْمَزْرُوعُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ الْجَيِّدَةِ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الْكَلِمَةَ وَيَفْهَمُ. وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَأْتِي بِثَمَرٍ، فَيَصْنَعُ بَعْضٌ مِئَةً وَآخَرُ سِتِّينَ وَآخَرُ ثَلاَثِينَ».23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
24 قَدَّمَ لَهُمْ مَثَلاً آخَرَ قِائِلاً:«يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ إِنْسَانًا زَرَعَ زَرْعًا جَيِّدًا فِي حَقْلِهِ.24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:
25 وَفِيمَا النَّاسُ نِيَامٌ جَاءَ عَدُوُّهُ وَزَرَعَ زَوَانًا فِي وَسْطِ الْحِنْطَةِ وَمَضَى.25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.
26 فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ النَّبَاتُ وَصَنَعَ ثَمَرًا، حِينَئِذٍ ظَهَرَ الزَّوَانُ أَيْضًا.26 But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also.
27 فَجَاءَ عَبِيدُ رَبِّ الْبَيْتِ وَقَالُوا لَهُ:يَا سَيِّدُ، أَلَيْسَ زَرْعًا جَيِّدًا زَرَعْتَ فِي حَقْلِكَ؟ فَمِنْ أَيْنَ لَهُ زَوَانٌ؟.27 So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?
28 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: إِنْسَانٌ عَدُوٌّ فَعَلَ هذَا. فَقَالَ لَهُ الْعَبِيدُ: أَتُرِيدُ أَنْ نَذْهَبَ وَنَجْمَعَهُ؟28 He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?
29 فَقَالَ: لاَ! لِئَلاَّ تَقْلَعُوا الْحِنْطَةَ مَعَ الزَّوَانِ وَأَنْتُمْ تَجْمَعُونَهُ.29 But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.
30 دَعُوهُمَا يَنْمِيَانِ كِلاَهُمَا مَعًا إِلَى الْحَصَادِ، وَفِي وَقْتِ الْحَصَادِ أَقُولُ لِلْحَصَّادِينَ: اجْمَعُوا أَوَّلاً الزَّوَانَ وَاحْزِمُوهُ حُزَمًا لِيُحْرَقَ، وَأَمَّا الْحِنْطَةَ فَاجْمَعُوهَا إِلَى مَخْزَني».30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
31 قَدَّمَ لَهُمْ مَثَلاً آخَرَ قَائِلاً:«يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ حَبَّةَ خَرْدَل أَخَذَهَا إِنْسَانٌ وَزَرَعَهَا فِي حَقْلِهِ،31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:
32 وَهِيَ أَصْغَرُ جَمِيعِ الْبُزُورِ. وَلكِنْ مَتَى نَمَتْ فَهِيَ أَكْبَرُ الْبُقُولِ، وَتَصِيرُ شَجَرَةً، حَتَّى إِنَّ طُيُورَ السَّمَاءِ تَأْتِي وَتَتَآوَى فِي أَغْصَانِهَا».32 Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.
33 قَالَ لَهُمْ مَثَلاً آخَرَ:«يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ خَمِيرَةً أَخَذَتْهَا امْرَأَةٌ وَخَبَّأَتْهَا فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَكْيَالِ دَقِيق حَتَّى اخْتَمَرَ الْجَمِيعُ».33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.
34 هذَا كُلُّهُ كَلَّمَ بِهِ يَسُوعُ الْجُمُوعَ بِأَمْثَال، وَبِدُونِ مَثَل لَمْ يَكُنْ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ،34 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:
35 لِكَيْ يَتِمَّ مَا قِيلَ بِالنَّبِيِّ الْقَائِلِ:«سَأَفْتَحُ بِأَمْثَال فَمِي، وَأَنْطِقُ بِمَكْتُومَاتٍ مُنْذُ تَأْسِيسِ الْعَالَمِ».35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
36 حِينَئِذٍ صَرَفَ يَسُوعُ الْجُمُوعَ وَجَاءَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ. فَتَقَدَّمَ إِلَيْهِ تَلاَمِيذُهُ قَائِلِينَ:«فَسِّرْ لَنَا مَثَلَ زَوَانِ الْحَقْلِ».36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.
37 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«اَلزَّارِعُ الزَّرْعَ الْجَيِّدَ هُوَ ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ.37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
38 وَالْحَقْلُ هُوَ الْعَالَمُ. وَالزَّرْعُ الْجَيِّدُ هُوَ بَنُو الْمَلَكُوتِ. وَالزَّوَانُ هُوَ بَنُو الشِّرِّيرِ.38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
39 وَالْعَدُوُّ الَّذِي زَرَعَهُ هُوَ إِبْلِيسُ. وَالْحَصَادُ هُوَ انْقِضَاءُ الْعَالَمِ. وَالْحَصَّادُونَ هُمُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ.39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
40 فَكَمَا يُجْمَعُ الزَّوَانُ وَيُحْرَقُ بِالنَّارِ، هكَذَا يَكُونُ فِي انْقِضَاءِ هذَا الْعَالَمِ:40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
41 يُرْسِلُ ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ مَلاَئِكَتَهُ فَيَجْمَعُونَ مِنْ مَلَكُوتِهِ جَمِيعَ الْمَعَاثِرِ وَفَاعِلِي الإِثْمِ،41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
42 وَيَطْرَحُونَهُمْ فِي أَتُونِ النَّارِ. هُنَاكَ يَكُونُ الْبُكَاءُ وَصَرِيرُ الأَسْنَانِ.42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
43 حِينَئِذٍ يُضِيءُ الأَبْرَارُ كَالشَّمْسِ فِي مَلَكُوتِ أَبِيهِمْ. مَنْ لَهُ أُذُنَانِ لِلسَّمْعِ، فَلْيَسْمَعْ.43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
44 «أَيْضًا يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ كَنْزًا مُخْفىً فِي حَقْل، وَجَدَهُ إِنْسَانٌ فَأَخْفَاهُ. وَمِنْ فَرَحِهِ مَضَى وَبَاعَ كُلَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ وَاشْتَرَى ذلِكَ الْحَقْلَ.44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
45 أَيْضًا يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ إِنْسَانًا تَاجِرًا يَطْلُبُ لآلِئَ حَسَنَةً،45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:
46 فَلَمَّا وَجَدَ لُؤْلُؤَةً وَاحِدَةً كَثِيرَةَ الثَّمَنِ، مَضَى وَبَاعَ كُلَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ وَاشْتَرَاهَا.46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
47 أَيْضًا يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ شَبَكَةً مَطْرُوحَةً فِي الْبَحْرِ، وَجَامِعَةً مِنْ كُلِّ نَوْعٍ.47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:
48 فَلَمَّا امْتَلأَتْ أَصْعَدُوهَا عَلَى الشَّاطِئِ، وَجَلَسُوا وَجَمَعُوا الْجِيَادَ إِلَى أَوْعِيَةٍ، وَأَمَّا الأَرْدِيَاءُ فَطَرَحُوهَا خَارِجًا.48 Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.
49 هكَذَا يَكُونُ فِي انْقِضَاءِ الْعَالَمِ: يَخْرُجُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَيُفْرِزُونَ الأَشْرَارَ مِنْ بَيْنِ الأَبْرَارِ،49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,
50 وَيَطْرَحُونَهُمْ فِي أَتُونِ النَّارِ. هُنَاكَ يَكُونُ الْبُكَاءُ وَصَرِيرُ الأَسْنَانِ».50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
51 قَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«أَفَهِمْتُمْ هذَا كُلَّهُ؟» فَقَالُوا:«نَعَمْ، يَا سَيِّدُ».51 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.
52 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ كُلُّ كَاتِبٍ مُتَعَلِّمٍ فِي مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ يُشْبِهُ رَجُلاً رَبَّ بَيْتٍ يُخْرِجُ مِنْ كَنْزِهِ جُدُدًا وَعُتَقَاءَ».52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
53 وَلَمَّا أَكْمَلَ يَسُوعُ هذِهِ الأَمْثَالَ انْتَقَلَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ.53 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
54 وَلَمَّا جَاءَ إِلَى وَطَنِهِ كَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُمْ فِي مَجْمَعِهِمْ حَتَّى بُهِتُوا وَقَالُوا:«مِنْ أَيْنَ لِهذَا هذِهِ الْحِكْمَةُ وَالْقُوَّاتُ؟54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works?
55 أَلَيْسَ هذَا ابْنَ النَّجَّارِ؟ أَلَيْسَتْ أُمُّهُ تُدْعَى مَرْيَمَ، وَإِخْوَتُهُ يَعْقُوبَ وَيُوسِي وَسِمْعَانَ وَيَهُوذَا؟55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
56 أَوَلَيْسَتْ أَخَوَاتُهُ جَمِيعُهُنَّ عِنْدَنَا؟ فَمِنْ أَيْنَ لِهذَا هذِهِ كُلُّهَا؟»56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?
57 فَكَانُوا يَعْثُرُونَ بِهِ. وَأَمَّا يَسُوعُ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«لَيْسَ نَبِيٌّ بِلاَ كَرَامَةٍ إِلاَّ فِي وَطَنِهِ وَفِي بَيْتِهِ».57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
58 وَلَمْ يَصْنَعْ هُنَاكَ قُوَّاتٍ كَثِيرَةً لِعَدَمِ إِيمَانِهِمْ.58 And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief.