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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

متى [19] Matthew
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Chapter Summary
1 وَلَمَّا أَكْمَلَ يَسُوعُ هذَا الْكَلاَمَ انْتَقَلَ مِنَ الْجَلِيلِ وَجَاءَ إِلَى تُخُومِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ مِنْ عَبْرِ الأُرْدُنِّ.1 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan;
2 وَتَبِعَتْهُ جُمُوعٌ كَثِيرَةٌ فَشَفَاهُمْ هُنَاكَ.2 And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there.
3 وَجَاءَ إِلَيْهِ الْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ لِيُجَرِّبُوهُ قَائِلِينَ لَهُ:«هَلْ يَحِلُّ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يُطَلِّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ لِكُلِّ سَبَبٍ؟»3 The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause?
4 فَأَجَابَ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَمَا قَرَأْتُمْ أَنَّ الَّذِي خَلَقَ مِنَ الْبَدْءِ خَلَقَهُمَا ذَكَرًا وَأُنْثَى؟4 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,
5 وَقَالَ: مِنْ أَجْلِ هذَا يَتْرُكُ الرَّجُلُ أَبَاهُ وَأُمَّهُ وَيَلْتَصِقُ بِامْرَأَتِهِ، وَيَكُونُ الاثْنَانِ جَسَدًا وَاحِدًا.5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?
6 إِذًا لَيْسَا بَعْدُ اثْنَيْنِ بَلْ جَسَدٌ وَاحِدٌ. فَالَّذِي جَمَعَهُ اللهُ لاَ يُفَرِّقُهُ إِنْسَانٌ».6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
7 قَالُوا لَهُ:«فَلِمَاذَا أَوْصَى مُوسَى أَنْ يُعْطَى كِتَابُ طَلاَق فَتُطَلَّقُ؟»7 They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?
8 قَالَ لَهُمْ: «إِنَّ مُوسَى مِنْ أَجْلِ قَسَاوَةِ قُلُوبِكُمْ أَذِنَ لَكُمْ أَنْ تُطَلِّقُوا نِسَاءَكُمْ. وَلكِنْ مِنَ الْبَدْءِ لَمْ يَكُنْ هكَذَا.8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so.
9 وَأَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ مَنْ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ إِلاَّ بِسَبَب الزِّنَا وَتَزَوَّجَ بِأُخْرَى يَزْنِي، وَالَّذِي يَتَزَوَّجُ بِمُطَلَّقَةٍ يَزْنِي».9 And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.
10 قَالَ لَهُ تَلاَمِيذُهُ: «إِنْ كَانَ هكَذَا أَمْرُ الرَّجُلِ مَعَ الْمَرْأَةِ، فَلاَ يُوافِقُ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ!»10 His disciples say unto him, If the case of the man be so with his wife, it is not good to marry.
11 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«لَيْسَ الْجَمِيعُ يَقْبَلُونَ هذَا الْكَلاَمَ بَلِ الَّذِينَ أُعْطِيَ لَهُم،11 But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given.
12 لأَنَّهُ يُوجَدُ خِصْيَانٌ وُلِدُوا هكَذَا مِنْ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِهِمْ، وَيُوجَدُ خِصْيَانٌ خَصَاهُمُ النَّاسُ، وَيُوجَدُ خِصْيَانٌ خَصَوْا أَنْفُسَهُمْ لأَجْلِ مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ. مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ أَنْ يَقْبَلَ فَلْيَقْبَلْ».12 For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it.
13 حِينَئِذٍ قُدِّمَ إِلَيْهِ أَوْلاَدٌ لِكَيْ يَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَيُصَلِّيَ، فَانْتَهَرَهُمُ التَّلاَمِيذُ.13 Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them.
14 أَمَّا يَسُوعُ فَقَالَ:«دَعُوا الأَوْلاَدَ يَأْتُونَ إِلَيَّ وَلاَ تَمْنَعُوهُمْ لأَنَّ لِمِثْلِ هؤُلاَءِ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ».14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.
15 فَوَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَيْهِمْ، وَمَضَى مِنْ هُنَاكَ.15 And he laid his hands on them, and departed thence.
16 وَإِذَا وَاحِدٌ تَقَدَّمَ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«أَيُّهَا الْمُعَلِّمُ الصَّالِحُ، أَيَّ صَلاَحٍ أَعْمَلُ لِتَكُونَ لِيَ الْحَيَاةُ الأَبَدِيَّةُ؟»16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?
17 فَقَالَ لَهُ:«لِمَاذَا تَدْعُوني صَالِحًا؟ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ صَالِحًا إِلاَّ وَاحِدٌ وَهُوَ اللهُ. وَلكِنْ إِنْ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَدْخُلَ الْحَيَاةَ فَاحْفَظِ الْوَصَايَا».17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.
18 قَالَ لَهُ:«أَيَّةَ الْوَصَايَا؟» فَقَالَ يَسُوعُ:«لاَ تَقْتُلْ. لاَ تَزْنِ. لاَ تَسْرِقْ. لاَ تَشْهَدْ بِالزُّورِ.18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,
19 أَكْرِمْ أَبَاكَ وَأُمَّكَ، وَأَحِبَّ قَرِيبَكَ كَنَفْسِكَ».19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
20 قَالَ لَهُ الشَّابُّ: «هذِهِ كُلُّهَا حَفِظْتُهَا مُنْذُ حَدَاثَتِي. فَمَاذَا يُعْوِزُني بَعْدُ؟»20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?
21 قَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«إِنْ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَكُونَ كَامِلاً فَاذْهَبْ وَبعْ أَمْلاَكَكَ وَأَعْطِ الْفُقَرَاءَ، فَيَكُونَ لَكَ كَنْزٌ فِي السَّمَاءِ، وَتَعَالَ اتْبَعْنِي».21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.
22 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الشَّابُّ الْكَلِمَةَ مَضَى حَزِينًا، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ ذَا أَمْوَال كَثِيرَةٍ.22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.
23 فَقَالَ يَسُوعُ لِتَلاَمِيذِهِ:«الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّهُ يَعْسُرُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ غَنِيٌّ إِلَى مَلَكُوتِ السَّمَاوَاتِ!23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
24 وَأَقُولُ لَكُمْ أَيْضًا: إِنَّ مُرُورَ جَمَل مِنْ ثَقْب إِبْرَةٍ أَيْسَرُ مِنْ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ غَنِيٌّ إِلَى مَلَكُوتِ اللهِ!».24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
25 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ تَلاَمِيذُهُ بُهِتُوا جِدًّا قَائِلِينَ:«إِذًا مَنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَخْلُصَ؟»25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?
26 فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«هذَا عِنْدَ النَّاسِ غَيْرُ مُسْتَطَاعٍ، وَلكِنْ عِنْدَ اللهِ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ مُسْتَطَاعٌ».26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.
27 فَأَجَابَ بُطْرُسُ حِينَئِذٍ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«هَا نَحْنُ قَدْ تَرَكْنَا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ وَتَبِعْنَاكَ. فَمَاذَا يَكُونُ لَنَا؟»27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore?
28 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّكُمْ أَنْتُمُ الَّذِينَ تَبِعْتُمُونِي، فِي التَّجْدِيدِ، مَتَى جَلَسَ ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّ مَجْدِهِ، تَجْلِسُونَ أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا عَلَى اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ كُرْسِيًّا تَدِينُونَ أَسْبَاطَ إِسْرَائِيلَ الاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ. 28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
29 وَكُلُّ مَنْ تَرَكَ بُيُوتًا أَوْ إِخْوَةً أَوْ أَخَوَاتٍ أَوْ أَبًا أَوْ أُمًّا أَوِ امْرَأَةً أَوْ أَوْلاَدًا أَوْ حُقُولاً مِنْ أَجْلِ اسْمِي، يَأْخُذُ مِئَةَ ضِعْفٍ وَيَرِثُ الْحَيَاةَ الأَبَدِيَّةَ.29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
30 وَلكِنْ كَثِيرُونَ أَوَّلُونَ يَكُونُونَ آخِرِينَ، وَآخِرُونَ أَوَّلِينَ.30 But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.
التجديد
تجديد العالم أو العالم الجديد عندما يملك المسيح.
كُرْسيّ
تشير في العهد الجديد إلى العرش أو كرسي القضاء.