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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

متى [22] Matthew
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Chapter Summary
1 وَجَعَلَ يَسُوعُ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ أَيْضًا بِأَمْثَال قَائِلاً:1 And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
2 «يُشْبِهُ مَلَكُوتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ إِنْسَانًا مَلِكًا صَنَعَ عُرْسًا لابْنِهِ،2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
3 وَأَرْسَلَ عَبِيدَهُ لِيَدْعُوا الْمَدْعُوِّينَ إِلَى الْعُرْسِ، فَلَمْ يُرِيدُوا أَنْ يَأْتُوا.3 And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.
4 فَأَرْسَلَ أَيْضًا عَبِيدًا آخَرِينَ قَائِلاً: قُولُوا لِلْمَدْعُوِّينَ: هُوَذَا غَدَائِي أَعْدَدْتُهُ. ثِيرَانِي وَمُسَمَّنَاتِي قَدْ ذُبِحَتْ، وَكُلُّ شَيْءٍ مُعَدٌّ. تَعَالَوْا إِلَى الْعُرْسِ!4 Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.
5 وَلكِنَّهُمْ تَهَاوَنُوا وَمَضَوْا، وَاحِدٌ إِلَى حَقْلِهِ، وَآخَرُ إِلَى تِجَارَتِهِ،5 But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:
6 وَالْبَاقُونَ أَمْسَكُوا عَبِيدَهُ وَشَتَمُوهُمْ وَقَتَلُوهُمْ.6 And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.
7 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْمَلِكُ غَضِبَ، وَأَرْسَلَ جُنُودَهُ وَأَهْلَكَ أُولئِكَ الْقَاتِلِينَ وَأَحْرَقَ مَدِينَتَهُمْ.7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
8 ثُمَّ قَالَ لِعَبِيدِهِ: أَمَّا الْعُرْسُ فَمُسْتَعَدٌّ، وَأَمَّا الْمَدْعُوُّونَ فَلَمْ يَكُونُوا مُسْتَحِقِّينَ.8 Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.
9 فَاذْهَبُوا إِلَى مَفَارِقِ الطُّرُقِ، وَكُلُّ مَنْ وَجَدْتُمُوهُ فَادْعُوهُ إِلَى الْعُرْسِ.9 Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
10 فَخَرَجَ أُولئِكَ الْعَبِيدُ إِلَى الطُّرُقِ، وَجَمَعُوا كُلَّ الَّذِينَ وَجَدُوهُمْ أَشْرَارًا وَصَالِحِينَ. فَامْتَلأَ الْعُرْسُ مِنَ الْمُتَّكِئِينَ.10 So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.
11 فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ الْمَلِكُ لِيَنْظُرَ الْمُتَّكِئِينَ، رَأَى هُنَاكَ إِنْسَانًا لَمْ يَكُنْ لاَبِسًا لِبَاسَ الْعُرْسِ.11 And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:
12 فَقَالَ لَهُ: يَا صَاحِبُ، كَيْفَ دَخَلْتَ إِلَى هُنَا وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ لِبَاسُ الْعُرْسِ؟ فَسَكَتَ.12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
13 حِينَئِذٍ قَالَ الْمَلِكُ لِلْخُدَّامِ: ارْبُطُوا رِجْلَيْهِ وَيَدَيْهِ، وَخُذُوهُ وَاطْرَحُوهُ فِي الظُّلْمَةِ الْخَارِجِيَّةِ. هُنَاكَ يَكُونُ الْبُكَاءُ وَصَرِيرُ الأَسْنَانِ.13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
14 لأَنَّ كَثِيرِينَ يُدْعَوْنَ وَقَلِيلِينَ يُنْتَخَبُونَ».14 For many are called, but few are chosen.
15 حِينَئِذٍ ذَهَبَ الْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ وَتَشَاوَرُوا لِكَيْ يَصْطَادُوهُ بِكَلِمَةٍ.15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk.
16 فَأَرْسَلُوا إِلَيْهِ تَلاَمِيذَهُمْ مَعَ الْهِيرُودُسِيِّينَ قَائِلِينَ:«يَا مُعَلِّمُ، نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ صَادِقٌ وَتُعَلِّمُ طَرِيقَ اللهِ بِالْحَقِّ، وَلاَ تُبَالِي بِأَحَدٍ، لأَنَّكَ لاَ تَنْظُرُ إِلَى وُجُوهِ النَّاسِ.16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men.
17 فَقُلْ لَنَا: مَاذَا تَظُنُّ؟ أَيَجُوزُ أَنْ تُعْطَى جِزْيَةٌ لِقَيْصَرَ أَمْ لاَ؟»17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?
18 فَعَلِمَ يَسُوعُ خُبْثَهُمْ وَقَالَ:«لِمَاذَا تُجَرِّبُونَنِي يَا مُرَاؤُونَ؟18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?
19 أَرُونِي مُعَامَلَةَ الْجِزْيَةِ». فَقَدَّمُوا لَهُ دِينَارًا.19 Shew me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny.
20 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«لِمَنْ هذِهِ الصُّورَةُ وَالْكِتَابَةُ؟»20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?
21 قَالُوا لَهُ:«لِقَيْصَرَ». فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«أَعْطُوا إِذًا مَا لِقَيْصَرَ لِقَيْصَرَ وَمَا ِللهِ ِللهِ».21 They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
22 فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا تَعَجَّبُوا وَتَرَكُوهُ وَمَضَوْا.22 When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.
23 فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ جَاءَ إِلَيْهِ صَدُّوقِيُّونَ، الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ لَيْسَ قِيَامَةٌ، فَسَأَلُوهُ23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,
24 قَائِلِينَ: «يَا مُعَلِّمُ، قَالَ مُوسَى: إِنْ مَاتَ أَحَدٌ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَوْلاَدٌ، يَتَزَوَّجْ أَخُوهُ بِامْرَأَتِهِ وَيُقِمْ نَسْلاً لأَخِيهِ.24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
25 فَكَانَ عِنْدَنَا سَبْعَةُ إِخْوَةٍ، وَتَزَوَّجَ الأَوَّلُ وَمَاتَ. وَإِذْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ نَسْلٌ تَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ لأَخِيهِ.25 Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:
26 وَكَذلِكَ الثَّانِي وَالثَّالِثُ إِلَى السَّبْعَةِ.26 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.
27 وَآخِرَ الْكُلِّ مَاتَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ أَيْضًا.27 And last of all the woman died also.
28 فَفِي الْقِيَامَةِ لِمَنْ مِنَ السَّبْعَةِ تَكُونُ زَوْجَةً؟ فَإِنَّهَا كَانَتْ لِلْجَمِيعِ!»28 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.
29 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«تَضِلُّونَ إِذْ لاَ تَعْرِفُونَ الْكُتُبَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اللهِ.29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
30 لأَنَّهُمْ فِي الْقِيَامَةِ لاَ يُزَوِّجُونَ وَلاَ يَتَزَوَّجُونَ، بَلْ يَكُونُونَ كَمَلاَئِكَةِ اللهِ فِي السَّمَاءِ.30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
31 وَأَمَّا مِنْ جِهَةِ قِيَامَةِ الأَمْوَاتِ، أَفَمَا قَرَأْتُمْ مَا قِيلَ لَكُمْ مِنْ قِبَلِ اللهِ الْقَائِلِ:31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,
32 أَنَا إِلهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِلهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَإِلهُ يَعْقُوبَ؟ لَيْسَ اللهُ إِلهَ أَمْوَاتٍ بَلْ إِلهُ أَحْيَاءٍ».32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
33 فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ الْجُمُوعُ بُهِتُوا مِنْ تَعْلِيمِهِ.33 And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
34 أَمَّا الْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ فَلَمَّا سَمِعُوا أَنَّهُ أَبْكَمَ الصَّدُّوقِيِّينَ اجْتَمَعُوا مَعًا،34 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.
35 وَسَأَلَهُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ، وَهُوَ نَامُوسِيٌّ، لِيُجَرِّبَهُ قِائِلاً:35 Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,
36 «يَا مُعَلِّمُ، أَيَّةُ وَصِيَّةٍ هِيَ الْعُظْمَى فِي النَّامُوسِ؟»36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
37 فَقَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«تُحِبُّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكَ مِنْ كُلِّ قَلْبِكَ، وَمِنْ كُلِّ نَفْسِكَ، وَمِنْ كُلِّ فِكْرِكَ.37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
38 هذِهِ هِيَ الْوَصِيَّةُ الأُولَى وَالْعُظْمَى.38 This is the first and great commandment.
39 وَالثَّانِيَةُ مِثْلُهَا: تُحِبُّ قَرِيبَكَ كَنَفْسِكَ.39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
40 بِهَاتَيْنِ الْوَصِيَّتَيْنِ يَتَعَلَّقُ النَّامُوسُ كُلُّهُ وَالأَنْبِيَاءُ».40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
41 وَفِيمَا كَانَ الْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ مُجْتَمِعِينَ سَأَلَهُمْ يَسُوعُ41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
42 قَائلاً:«مَاذَا تَظُنُّونَ فِي الْمَسِيحِ؟ ابْنُ مَنْ هُوَ؟» قَالُوا لَهُ:«ابْنُ دَاوُدَ».42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David.
43 قَالَ لَهُمْ: «فَكَيْفَ يَدْعُوهُ دَاوُدُ بِالرُّوحِ رَبًّا؟ قَائِلاً:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
44 قَالَ الرَّبُّ لِرَبِّي: اجْلِسْ عَنْ يَمِيني حَتَّى أَضَعَ أَعْدَاءَكَ مَوْطِئًا لِقَدَمَيْكَ.44 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?
45 فَإِنْ كَانَ دَاوُدُ يَدْعُوهُ رَبًّا، فَكَيْفَ يَكُونُ ابْنَهُ؟»45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
46 فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَحَدٌ أَنْ يُجِيبَهُ بِكَلِمَةٍ. وَمِنْ ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ لَمْ يَجْسُرْ أَحَدٌ أَنْ يَسْأَلَهُ بَتَّةً.46 And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.