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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يوحنا [10] John
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Chapter Summary
1 «اَلْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ الَّذِي لاَ يَدْخُلُ مِنَ الْبَابِ إِلَى حَظِيرَةِ الْخِرَافِ، بَلْ يَطْلَعُ مِنْ مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ، فَذَاكَ سَارِقٌ وَلِصٌّ. 1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.
2 وَأَمَّا الَّذِي يَدْخُلُ مِنَ الْبَابِ فَهُوَ رَاعِي الْخِرَافِ.2 But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
3 لِهذَا يَفْتَحُ الْبَوَّابُ، وَالْخِرَافُ تَسْمَعُ صَوْتَهُ، فَيَدْعُو خِرَافَهُ الْخَاصَّةَ بِأَسْمَاءٍ وَيُخْرِجُهَا.3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
4 وَمَتَى أَخْرَجَ خِرَافَهُ الْخَاصَّةَ يَذْهَبُ أَمَامَهَا، وَالْخِرَافُ تَتْبَعُهُ، لأَنَّهَا تَعْرِفُ صَوْتَهُ.4 And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
5 وَأَمَّا الْغَرِيبُ فَلاَ تَتْبَعُهُ بَلْ تَهْرُبُ مِنْهُ، لأَنَّهَا لاَ تَعْرِفُ صَوْتَ الْغُرَبَاءِ».5 And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.
6 هذَا الْمَثَلُ قَالَهُ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ، وَأَمَّا هُمْ فَلَمْ يَفْهَمُوا مَا هُوَ الَّذِي كَانَ يُكَلِّمُهُمْ بِهِ.6 This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.
7 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ أَيْضًا:«الْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنِّي أَنَا بَابُ الْخِرَافِ.7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
8 جَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ أَتَوْا قَبْلِي هُمْ سُرَّاقٌ وَلُصُوصٌ، وَلكِنَّ الْخِرَافَ لَمْ تَسْمَعْ لَهُمْ.8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
9 أَنَا هُوَ الْبَابُ. إِنْ دَخَلَ بِي أَحَدٌ فَيَخْلُصُ وَيَدْخُلُ وَيَخْرُجُ وَيَجِدُ مَرْعًى.9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
10 اَلسَّارِقُ لاَ يَأْتِي إِلاَّ لِيَسْرِقَ وَيَذْبَحَ وَيُهْلِكَ، وَأَمَّا أَنَا فَقَدْ أَتَيْتُ لِتَكُونَ لَهُمْ حَيَاةٌ وَلِيَكُونَ لَهُمْ أَفْضَلُ.10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
11 أَنَا هُوَ الرَّاعِي الصَّالِحُ، وَالرَّاعِي الصَّالِحُ يَبْذِلُ نَفْسَهُ عَنِ الْخِرَافِ.11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
12 وَأَمَّا الَّذِي هُوَ أَجِيرٌ، وَلَيْسَ رَاعِيًا، الَّذِي لَيْسَتِ الْخِرَافُ لَهُ، فَيَرَى الذِّئْبَ مُقْبِلاً وَيَتْرُكُ الْخِرَافَ وَيَهْرُبُ، فَيَخْطَفُ الذِّئْبُ الْخِرَافَ وَيُبَدِّدُهَا.12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
13 وَالأَجِيرُ يَهْرُبُ لأَنَّهُ أَجِيرٌ، وَلاَ يُبَالِي بِالْخِرَافِ.13 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
14 أَمَّا أَنَا فَإِنِّي الرَّاعِي الصَّالِحُ، وَأَعْرِفُ خَاصَّتِي وَخَاصَّتِي تَعْرِفُنِي،14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.
15 كَمَا أَنَّ الآبَ يَعْرِفُنِي وَأَنَا أَعْرِفُ الآبَ. وَأَنَا أَضَعُ نَفْسِي عَنِ الْخِرَافِ.15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.
16 وَلِي خِرَافٌ أُخَرُ لَيْسَتْ مِنْ هذِهِ الْحَظِيرَةِ، يَنْبَغِي أَنْ آتِيَ بِتِلْكَ أَيْضًا فَتَسْمَعُ صَوْتِي، وَتَكُونُ رَعِيَّةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ وَرَاعٍ وَاحِدٌ.16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
17 لِهذَا يُحِبُّنِي الآبُ، لأَنِّي أَضَعُ نَفْسِي لآخُذَهَا أَيْضًا.17 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.
18 لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَأْخُذُهَا مِنِّي، بَلْ أَضَعُهَا أَنَا مِنْ ذَاتِي. لِي سُلْطَانٌ أَنْ أَضَعَهَا وَلِي سُلْطَانٌ أَنْ آخُذَهَا أَيْضًا. هذِهِ الْوَصِيَّةُ قَبِلْتُهَا مِنْ أَبِي».18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
19 فَحَدَثَ أَيْضًا انْشِقَاقٌ بَيْنَ الْيَهُودِ بِسَبَبِ هذَا الْكَلاَمِ.19 There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.
20 فَقَالَ كَثِيرُونَ مِنْهُمْ:«بِهِ شَيْطَانٌ وَهُوَ يَهْذِي. لِمَاذَا تَسْتَمِعُونَ لَهُ؟» 20 And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?
21 آخَرُونَ قَالُوا:«لَيْسَ هذَا كَلاَمَ مَنْ بِهِ شَيْطَانٌ. أَلَعَلَّ شَيْطَانًا يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَفْتَحَ أَعْيُنَ الْعُمْيَانِ؟».21 Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?
22 وَكَانَ عِيدُ التَّجْدِيدِ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَكَانَ شِتَاءٌ. 22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
23 وَكَانَ يَسُوعُ يَتَمَشَّى فِي الْهَيْكَلِ فِي رِوَاقِ سُلَيْمَانَ،23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.
24 فَاحْتَاطَ بِهِ الْيَهُودُ وَقَالُوا لَهُ: «إِلَى مَتَى تُعَلِّقُ أَنْفُسَنَا؟ إِنْ كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الْمَسِيحَ فَقُلْ لَنَا جَهْرًا».24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.
25 أَجَابَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«إِنِّي قُلْتُ لَكُمْ وَلَسْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ. اَلأَعْمَالُ الَّتِي أَنَا أَعْمَلُهَا بِاسْمِ أَبِي هِيَ تَشْهَدُ لِي.25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.
26 وَلكِنَّكُمْ لَسْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ لأَنَّكُمْ لَسْتُمْ مِنْ خِرَافِي، كَمَا قُلْتُ لَكُمْ.26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
27 خِرَافِي تَسْمَعُ صَوْتِي، وَأَنَا أَعْرِفُهَا فَتَتْبَعُنِي.27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
28 وَأَنَا أُعْطِيهَا حَيَاةً أَبَدِيَّةً، وَلَنْ تَهْلِكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَلاَ يَخْطَفُهَا أَحَدٌ مِنْ يَدِي.28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
29 أَبِي الَّذِي أَعْطَانِي إِيَّاهَا هُوَ أَعْظَمُ مِنَ الْكُلِّ، وَلاَ يَقْدِرُ أَحَدٌ أَنْ يَخْطَفَ مِنْ يَدِ أَبِي.29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
30 أَنَا وَالآبُ وَاحِدٌ».30 I and my Father are one.
31 فَتَنَاوَلَ الْيَهُودُ أَيْضًا حِجَارَةً لِيَرْجُمُوهُ.31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.
32 أَجَابَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«أَعْمَالاً كَثِيرَةً حَسَنَةً أَرَيْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَبِي. بِسَبَبِ أَيِّ عَمَل مِنْهَا تَرْجُمُونَنِي؟»32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?
33 أَجَابَهُ الْيَهُودُ قَائِلِينَ:«لَسْنَا نَرْجُمُكَ لأَجْلِ عَمَل حَسَنٍ، بَلْ لأَجْلِ تَجْدِيفٍ، فَإِنَّكَ وَأَنْتَ إِنْسَانٌ تَجْعَلُ نَفْسَكَ إِلهًا»33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
34 أَجَابَهُمْ يَسُوعُ: «أَلَيْسَ مَكْتُوبًا فِي نَامُوسِكُمْ: أَنَا قُلْتُ إِنَّكُمْ آلِهَةٌ؟34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?
35 إِنْ قَالَ آلِهَةٌ لأُولئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَارَتْ إِلَيْهِمْ كَلِمَةُ اللهِ، وَلاَ يُمْكِنُ أَنْ يُنْقَضَ الْمَكْتُوبُ،35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
36 فَالَّذِي قَدَّسَهُ الآبُ وَأَرْسَلَهُ إِلَى الْعَالَمِ، أَتَقُولُونَ لَهُ: إِنَّكَ تُجَدِّفُ، لأَنِّي قُلْتُ: إِنِّي ابْنُ اللهِ؟36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
37 إِنْ كُنْتُ لَسْتُ أَعْمَلُ أَعْمَالَ أَبِي فَلاَ تُؤْمِنُوا بِي.37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
38 وَلكِنْ إِنْ كُنْتُ أَعْمَلُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تُؤْمِنُوا بِي فَآمِنُوا بِالأَعْمَالِ، لِكَيْ تَعْرِفُوا وَتُؤْمِنُوا أَنَّ الآبَ فِيَّ وَأَنَا فِيهِ».38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.
39 فَطَلَبُوا أَيْضًا أَنْ يُمْسِكُوهُ فَخَرَجَ مِنْ أَيْدِيهِمْ،39 Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,
40 وَمَضَى أَيْضًا إِلَى عَبْرِ الأُرْدُنِّ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي كَانَ يُوحَنَّا يُعَمِّدُ فِيهِ أَوَّلاً وَمَكَثَ هُنَاكَ.40 And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.
41 فَأَتَى إِلَيْهِ كَثِيرُونَ وَقَالُوا:«إِنَّ يُوحَنَّا لَمْ يَفْعَلْ آيَةً وَاحِدَةً، وَلكِنْ كُلُّ مَا قَالَهُ يُوحَنَّا عَنْ هذَا كَانَ حَقًّا».41 And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.
42 فَآمَنَ كَثِيرُونَ بِهِ هُنَاكَ.42 And many believed on him there.
حظيرة
صيرة: موضع تبيت فيه الماشية فيقيها البرد والريح.
يَهْذي
يتكلم كلاماً غير معقول.
التجديد (عيد)
عيد سنوي أنشأه يهوذا المكابي سنة 165 ق. م. تذكاراً لتطهير الهيكل وتجديد العبادة فيه.