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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يوحنا [20] John
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Chapter Summary
1 وَفِي أَوَّلِ الأُسْبُوعِ جَاءَتْ مَرْيَمُ الْمَجْدَلِيَّةُ إِلَى الْقَبْرِ بَاكِرًا، وَالظَّلاَمُ بَاق. فَنَظَرَتِ الْحَجَرَ مَرْفُوعًا عَنِ الْقَبْرِ.1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
2 فَرَكَضَتْ وَجَاءَتْ إِلَى سِمْعَانَ بُطْرُسَ وَإِلَى التِّلْمِيذِ الآخَرِ الَّذِي كَانَ يَسُوعُ يُحِبُّهُ، وَقَالَتْ لَهُمَا:«أَخَذُوا السَّيِّدَ مِنَ الْقَبْرِ، وَلَسْنَا نَعْلَمُ أَيْنَ وَضَعُوهُ!».2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the LORD out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
3 فَخَرَجَ بُطْرُسُ وَالتِّلْمِيذُ الآخَرُ وَأَتَيَا إِلَى الْقَبْرِ.3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.
4 وَكَانَ الاثْنَانِ يَرْكُضَانِ مَعًا. فَسَبَقَ التِّلْمِيذُ الآخَرُ بُطْرُسَ وَجَاءَ أَوَّلاً إِلَى الْقَبْرِ،4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
5 وَانْحَنَى فَنَظَرَ الأَكْفَانَ مَوْضُوعَةً، وَلكِنَّهُ لَمْ يَدْخُلْ.5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.
6 ثُمَّ جَاءَ سِمْعَانُ بُطْرُسُ يَتْبَعُهُ، وَدَخَلَ الْقَبْرَ وَنَظَرَ الأَكْفَانَ مَوْضُوعَةً،6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
7 وَالْمِنْدِيلَ الَّذِي كَانَ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ لَيْسَ مَوْضُوعًا مَعَ الأَكْفَانِ، بَلْ مَلْفُوفًا فِي مَوْضِعٍ وَحْدَهُ.7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.
8 فَحِينَئِذٍ دَخَلَ أَيْضًا التِّلْمِيذُ الآخَرُ الَّذِي جَاءَ أَوَّلاً إِلَى الْقَبْرِ، وَرَأَى فَآمَنَ،8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
9 لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَكُونُوا بَعْدُ يَعْرِفُونَ الْكِتَابَ: أَنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَقُومَ مِنَ الأَمْوَاتِ.9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
10 فَمَضَى التِّلْمِيذَانِ أَيْضًا إِلَى مَوْضِعِهِمَا.10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
11 أَمَّا مَرْيَمُ فَكَانَتْ وَاقِفَةً عِنْدَ الْقَبْرِ خَارِجًا تَبْكِي. وَفِيمَا هِيَ تَبْكِي انْحَنَتْ إِلَى الْقَبْرِ،11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre,
12 فَنَظَرَتْ مَلاَكَيْنِ بِثِيَابٍ بِيضٍ جَالِسَيْنِ وَاحِدًا عِنْدَ الرَّأْسِ وَالآخَرَ عِنْدَ الرِّجْلَيْنِ، حَيْثُ كَانَ جَسَدُ يَسُوعَ مَوْضُوعًا.12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
13 فَقَالاَ لَهَا:«يَا امْرَأَةُ، لِمَاذَا تَبْكِينَ؟» قَالَتْ لَهُمَا:«إِنَّهُمْ أَخَذُوا سَيِّدِي، وَلَسْتُ أَعْلَمُ أَيْنَ وَضَعُوهُ!».13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my LORD, and I know not where they have laid him.
14 وَلَمَّا قَالَتْ هذَا الْتَفَتَتْ إِلَى الْوَرَاءِ، فَنَظَرَتْ يَسُوعَ وَاقِفًا، وَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ يَسُوعُ.14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
15 قَالَ لَهَا يَسُوعُ:«يَا امْرَأَةُ، لِمَاذَا تَبْكِينَ؟ مَنْ تَطْلُبِينَ؟» فَظَنَّتْ تِلْكَ أَنَّهُ الْبُسْتَانِيُّ، فَقَالَتْ لَهُ:«يَا سَيِّدُ، إِنْ كُنْتَ أَنْتَ قَدْ حَمَلْتَهُ فَقُلْ لِي أَيْنَ وَضَعْتَهُ، وَأَنَا آخُذُهُ».15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
16 قَالَ لَهَا يَسُوعُ:«يَا مَرْيَمُ» فَالْتَفَتَتْ تِلْكَ وَقَالَتْ لَهُ: «رَبُّونِي!» الَّذِي تَفْسِيرُهُ: يَا مُعَلِّمُ.16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
17 قَالَ لَهَا يَسُوعُ:«لاَ تَلْمِسِينِي لأَنِّي لَمْ أَصْعَدْ بَعْدُ إِلَى أَبِي. وَلكِنِ اذْهَبِي إِلَى إِخْوَتِي وَقُولِي لَهُمْ:إِنِّي أَصْعَدُ إِلَى أَبِي وَأَبِيكُمْ وَإِلهِي وَإِلهِكُمْ».17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
18 فَجَاءَتْ مَرْيَمُ الْمَجْدَلِيَّةُ وَأَخْبَرَتِ التَّلاَمِيذَ أَنَّهَا رَأَتِ الرَّبَّ، وَأَنَّهُ قَالَ لَهَا هذَا.18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the LORD, and that he had spoken these things unto her.
19 وَلَمَّا كَانَتْ عَشِيَّةُ ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، وَهُوَ أَوَّلُ الأُسْبُوعِ، وَكَانَتِ الأَبْوَابُ مُغَلَّقَةً حَيْثُ كَانَ التَّلاَمِيذُ مُجْتَمِعِينَ لِسَبَبِ الْخَوْفِ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ، جَاءَ يَسُوعُ وَوَقَفَ فِي الْوَسْطِ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«سَلاَمٌ لَكُمْ!»19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
20 وَلَمَّا قَالَ هذَا أَرَاهُمْ يَدَيْهِ وَجَنْبَهُ، فَفَرِحَ التَّلاَمِيذُ إِذْ رَأَوْا الرَّبَّ.20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the LORD.
21 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ أَيْضًا:«سَلاَمٌ لَكُمْ! كَمَا أَرْسَلَنِي الآبُ أُرْسِلُكُمْ أَنَا».21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
22 وَلَمَّا قَالَ هذَا نَفَخَ وَقَالَ لَهُمُ:«اقْبَلُوا الرُّوحَ الْقُدُسَ.22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
23 مَنْ غَفَرْتُمْ خَطَايَاهُ تُغْفَرُ لَهُ، وَمَنْ أَمْسَكْتُمْ خَطَايَاهُ أُمْسِكَتْ».23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
24 أَمَّا تُومَا، أَحَدُ الاثْنَيْ عَشَرَ، الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ التَّوْأَمُ، فَلَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُمْ حِينَ جَاءَ يَسُوعُ.24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
25 فَقَالَ لَهُ التَّلاَمِيذُ الآخَرُونَ:«قَدْ رَأَيْنَا الرَّبَّ!». فَقَالَ لَهُمْ:«إِنْ لَمْ أُبْصِرْ فِي يَدَيْهِ أَثَرَ الْمَسَامِيرِ، وَأَضَعْ إِصْبِعِي فِي أَثَرِ الْمَسَامِيرِ، وَأَضَعْ يَدِي فِي جَنْبِهِ، لاَ أُومِنْ».25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the LORD. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
26 وَبَعْدَ ثَمَانِيَةِ أَيَّامٍ كَانَ تَلاَمِيذُهُ أَيْضًا دَاخِلاً وَتُومَا مَعَهُمْ. فَجَاءَ يَسُوعُ وَالأَبْوَابُ مُغَلَّقَةٌ، وَوَقَفَ فِي الْوَسْطِ وَقَالَ:«سَلاَمٌ لَكُمْ!».26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
27 ثُمَّ قَالَ لِتُومَا:«هَاتِ إِصْبِعَكَ إِلَى هُنَا وَأَبْصِرْ يَدَيَّ، وَهَاتِ يَدَكَ وَضَعْهَا فِي جَنْبِي، وَلاَ تَكُنْ غَيْرَ مُؤْمِنٍ بَلْ مُؤْمِنًا».27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
28 أَجَابَ تُومَا وَقَالَ لَهُ:«رَبِّي وَإِلهِي!».28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My LORD and my God.
29 قَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«لأَنَّكَ رَأَيْتَنِي يَا تُومَا آمَنْتَ! طُوبَى لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَرَوْا».29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
30 وَآيَاتٍ أُخَرَ كَثِيرَةً صَنَعَ يَسُوعُ قُدَّامَ تَلاَمِيذِهِ لَمْ تُكْتَبْ فِي هذَا الْكِتَابِ.30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
31 وَأَمَّا هذِهِ فَقَدْ كُتِبَتْ لِتُؤْمِنُوا أَنَّ يَسُوعَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ اللهِ، وَلِكَيْ تَكُونَ لَكُمْ إِذَا آمَنْتُمْ حَيَاةٌ بِاسْمِهِ.31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.