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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يوحنا [5] John
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Chapter Summary
1 وَبَعْدَ هذَا كَانَ عِيدٌ لِلْيَهُودِ، فَصَعِدَ يَسُوعُ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.1 After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
2 وَفِي أُورُشَلِيمَ عِنْدَ بَابِ الضَّأْنِ بِرْكَةٌ يُقَالُ لَهَا بِالْعِبْرَانِيَّةِ «بَيْتُ حِسْدَا» لَهَا خَمْسَةُ أَرْوِقَةٍ. 2 Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.
3 فِي هذِهِ كَانَ مُضْطَجِعًا جُمْهُورٌ كَثِيرٌ مِنْ مَرْضَى وَعُمْيٍ وَعُرْجٍ وَعُسْمٍ، يَتَوَقَّعُونَ تَحْرِيكَ الْمَاءِ. 3 In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.
4 لأَنَّ مَلاَكًا كَانَ يَنْزِلُ أَحْيَانًا فِي الْبِرْكَةِ وَيُحَرِّكُ الْمَاءَ. فَمَنْ نَزَلَ أَوَّلاً بَعْدَ تَحْرِيكِ الْمَاءِ كَانَ يَبْرَأُ مِنْ أَيِّ مَرَضٍ اعْتَرَاهُ.4 For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
5 وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ إِنْسَانٌ بِهِ مَرَضٌ مُنْذُ ثَمَانٍ وَثَلاَثِينَ سَنَةً.5 And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.
6 هذَا رَآهُ يَسُوعُ مُضْطَجِعًا، وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ لَهُ زَمَانًا كَثِيرًا، فَقَالَ لَهُ: «أَتُرِيدُ أَنْ تَبْرَأَ؟»6 When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he saith unto him, Wilt thou be made whole?
7 أَجَابَهُ الْمَرِيضُ:«يَا سَيِّدُ، لَيْسَ لِي إِنْسَانٌ يُلْقِينِي فِي الْبِرْكَةِ مَتَى تَحَرَّكَ الْمَاءُ. بَلْ بَيْنَمَا أَنَا آتٍ، يَنْزِلُ قُدَّامِي آخَرُ».7 The impotent man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
8 قَالَ لَهُ يَسُوعُ:«قُمِ. احْمِلْ سَرِيرَكَ وَامْشِ».8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.
9 فَحَالاً بَرِئَ الإِنْسَانُ وَحَمَلَ سَرِيرَهُ وَمَشَى. وَكَانَ فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ سَبْتٌ.9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath.
10 فَقَالَ الْيَهُودُ لِلَّذِي شُفِيَ:«إِنَّهُ سَبْتٌ! لاَ يَحِلُّ لَكَ أَنْ تَحْمِلَ سَرِيرَكَ».10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed.
11 أَجَابَهُمْ:«إِنَّ الَّذِي أَبْرَأَنِي هُوَ قَالَ لِي: احْمِلْ سَرِيرَكَ وَامْشِ».11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk.
12 فَسَأَلُوهُ:«مَنْ هُوَ الإِنْسَانُ الَّذِي قَالَ لَكَ: احْمِلْ سَرِيرَكَ وَامْشِ؟».12 Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk?
13 أَمَّا الَّذِي شُفِيَ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَعْلَمُ مَنْ هُوَ، لأَنَّ يَسُوعَ اعْتَزَلَ، إِذْ كَانَ فِي الْمَوْضِعِ جَمْعٌ.13 And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that place.
14 بَعْدَ ذلِكَ وَجَدَهُ يَسُوعُ فِي الْهَيْكَلِ وَقَالَ لَهُ:«هَا أَنْتَ قَدْ بَرِئْتَ، فَلاَ تُخْطِئْ أَيْضًا، لِئَلاَّ يَكُونَ لَكَ أَشَرُّ».14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.
15 فَمَضَى الإِنْسَانُ وَأَخْبَرَ الْيَهُودَ أَنَّ يَسُوعَ هُوَ الَّذِي أَبْرَأَهُ.15 The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole.
16 وَلِهذَا كَانَ الْيَهُودُ يَطْرُدُونَ يَسُوعَ، وَيَطْلُبُونَ أَنْ يَقْتُلُوهُ، لأَنَّهُ عَمِلَ هذَا فِي سَبْتٍ.16 And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day.
17 فَأَجَابَهُمْ يَسُوعُ:«أَبِي يَعْمَلُ حَتَّى الآنَ وَأَنَا أَعْمَلُ».17 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
18 فَمِنْ أَجْلِ هذَا كَانَ الْيَهُودُ يَطْلُبُونَ أَكْثَرَ أَنْ يَقْتُلُوهُ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَنْقُضِ السَّبْتَ فَقَطْ، بَلْ قَالَ أَيْضًا إِنَّ اللهَ أَبُوهُ، مُعَادِلاً نَفْسَهُ بِاللهِ.18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
19 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمُ:«الْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: لاَ يَقْدِرُ الابْنُ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ مِنْ نَفْسِهِ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ مَا يَنْظُرُ الآبَ يَعْمَلُ. لأَنْ مَهْمَا عَمِلَ ذَاكَ فَهذَا يَعْمَلُهُ الابْنُ كَذلِكَ.19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
20 لأَنَّ الآبَ يُحِبُّ الابْنَ وَيُرِيهِ جَمِيعَ مَا هُوَ يَعْمَلُهُ، وَسَيُرِيهِ أَعْمَالاً أَعْظَمَ مِنْ هذِهِ لِتَتَعَجَّبُوا أَنْتُمْ.20 For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye may marvel.
21 لأَنَّهُ كَمَا أَنَّ الآبَ يُقِيمُ الأَمْوَاتَ وَيُحْيِي، كَذلِكَ الابْنُ أَيْضًا يُحْيِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ.21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
22 لأَنَّ الآبَ لاَ يَدِينُ أَحَدًا، بَلْ قَدْ أَعْطَى كُلَّ الدَّيْنُونَةِ لِلابْنِ،22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
23 لِكَيْ يُكْرِمَ الْجَمِيعُ الابْنَ كَمَا يُكْرِمُونَ الآبَ. مَنْ لاَ يُكْرِمُ الابْنَ لاَ يُكْرِمُ الآبَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَهُ.23 That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
24 «اَلْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّ مَنْ يَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي وَيُؤْمِنُ بِالَّذِي أَرْسَلَنِي فَلَهُ حَيَاةٌ أَبَدِيَّةٌ، وَلاَ يَأْتِي إِلَى دَيْنُونَةٍ، بَلْ قَدِ انْتَقَلَ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ إِلَى الْحَيَاةِ.24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
25 اَلْحَقَّ الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: إِنَّهُ تَأْتِي سَاعَةٌ وَهِيَ الآنَ، حِينَ يَسْمَعُ الأَمْوَاتُ صَوْتَ ابْنِ اللهِ، وَالسَّامِعُونَ يَحْيَوْنَ.25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
26 لأَنَّهُ كَمَا أَنَّ الآبَ لَهُ حَيَاةٌ فِي ذَاتِهِ، كَذلِكَ أَعْطَى الابْنَ أَيْضًا أَنْ تَكُونَ لَهُ حَيَاةٌ فِي ذَاتِهِ،26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
27 وَأَعْطَاهُ سُلْطَانًا أَنْ يَدِينَ أَيْضًا، لأَنَّهُ ابْنُ الإِنْسَانِ.27 And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.
28 لاَ تَتَعَجَّبُوا مِنْ هذَا، فَإِنَّهُ تَأْتِي سَاعَةٌ فِيهَا يَسْمَعُ جَمِيعُ الَّذِينَ فِي الْقُبُورِ صَوْتَهُ،28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,
29 فَيَخْرُجُ الَّذِينَ فَعَلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ إِلَى قِيَامَةِ الْحَيَاةِ، وَالَّذِينَ عَمِلُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ إِلَى قِيَامَةِ الدَّيْنُونَةِ.29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
30 أَنَا لاَ أَقْدِرُ أَنْ أَفْعَلَ مِنْ نَفْسِي شَيْئًا. كَمَا أَسْمَعُ أَدِينُ، وَدَيْنُونَتِي عَادِلَةٌ، لأَنِّي لاَ أَطْلُبُ مَشِيئَتِي بَلْ مَشِيئَةَ الآبِ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَنِي.30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.
31 «إِنْ كُنْتُ أَشْهَدُ لِنَفْسِي فَشَهَادَتِي لَيْسَتْ حَقًّا.31 If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.
32 الَّذِي يَشْهَدُ لِي هُوَ آخَرُ، وَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ شَهَادَتَهُ الَّتِي يَشْهَدُهَا لِي هِيَ حَقٌّ.32 There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true.
33 أَنْتُمْ أَرْسَلْتُمْ إِلَى يُوحَنَّا فَشَهِدَ لِلْحَقِّ.33 Ye sent unto John, and he bare witness unto the truth.
34 وَأَنَا لاَ أَقْبَلُ شَهَادَةً مِنْ إِنْسَانٍ، وَلكِنِّي أَقُولُ هذَا لِتَخْلُصُوا أَنْتُمْ.34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved.
35 كَانَ هُوَ السِّرَاجَ الْمُوقَدَ الْمُنِيرَ، وَأَنْتُمْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَهِجُوا بِنُورِهِ سَاعَةً.35 He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.
36 وَأَمَّا أَنَا فَلِي شَهَادَةٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ يُوحَنَّا، لأَنَّ الأَعْمَالَ الَّتِي أَعْطَانِي الآبُ لأُكَمِّلَهَا، هذِهِ الأَعْمَالُ بِعَيْنِهَا الَّتِي أَنَا أَعْمَلُهَا هِيَ تَشْهَدُ لِي أَنَّ الآبَ قَدْ أَرْسَلَنِي.36 But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me.
37 وَالآبُ نَفْسُهُ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَنِي يَشْهَدُ لِي. لَمْ تَسْمَعُوا صَوْتَهُ قَطُّ، وَلاَ أَبْصَرْتُمْ هَيْئَتَهُ،37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape.
38 وَلَيْسَتْ لَكُمْ كَلِمَتُهُ ثَابِتَةً فِيكُمْ، لأَنَّ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَهُ هُوَ لَسْتُمْ أَنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ.38 And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not.
39 فَتِّشُوا الْكُتُبَ لأَنَّكُمْ تَظُنُّونَ أَنَّ لَكُمْ فِيهَا حَيَاةً أَبَدِيَّةً. وَهِيَ الَّتِي تَشْهَدُ لِي.39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
40 وَلاَ تُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَأْتُوا إِلَيَّ لِتَكُونَ لَكُمْ حَيَاةٌ.40 And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.
41 «مَجْدًا مِنَ النَّاسِ لَسْتُ أَقْبَلُ،41 I receive not honour from men.
42 وَلكِنِّي قَدْ عَرَفْتُكُمْ أَنْ لَيْسَتْ لَكُمْ مَحَبَّةُ اللهِ فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ.42 But I know you, that ye have not the love of God in you.
43 أَنَا قَدْ أَتَيْتُ بِاسْمِ أَبِي وَلَسْتُمْ تَقْبَلُونَنِي. إِنْ أَتَى آخَرُ بِاسْمِ نَفْسِهِ فَذلِكَ تَقْبَلُونَهُ.43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.
44 كَيْفَ تَقْدِرُونَ أَنْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَأَنْتُمْ تَقْبَلُونَ مَجْدًا بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ، وَالْمَجْدُ الَّذِي مِنَ الإِلهِ الْوَاحِدِ لَسْتُمْ تَطْلُبُونَهُ؟44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that cometh from God only?
45 «لاَ تَظُنُّوا أَنِّي أَشْكُوكُمْ إِلَى الآبِ. يُوجَدُ الَّذِي يَشْكُوكُمْ وَهُوَ مُوسَى، الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ رَجَاؤُكُمْ.45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.
46 لأَنَّكُمْ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ تُصَدِّقُونَ مُوسَى لَكُنْتُمْ تُصَدِّقُونَنِي، لأَنَّهُ هُوَ كَتَبَ عَنِّي.46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.
47 فَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ لَسْتُمْ تُصَدِّقُونَ كُتُبَ ذَاكَ، فَكَيْفَ تُصَدِّقُونَ كَلاَمِي؟».47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?
أروِقة
مفردها رواق: مدخل المبنى المسقوف على أعمدة.
الضأن
الغنم.
عُسْم
مفردها أعسم: مشلول، يابس اليد أو الرجل.