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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

كورنثوس الأولى [11] 1Corinthians
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Chapter Summary
1 كُونُوا مُتَمَثِّلِينَ بِي كَمَا أَنَا أَيْضًا بِالْمَسِيحِ.1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.
2 فَأَمْدَحُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ عَلَى أَنَّكُمْ تَذْكُرُونَنِي فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، وَتَحْفَظُونَ التَّعَالِيمَ كَمَا سَلَّمْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمْ.2 Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you.
3 وَلكِنْ أُرِيدُ أَنْ تَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ رَأْسَ كُلِّ رَجُل هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ، وَأَمَّا رَأْسُ الْمَرْأَةِ فَهُوَ الرَّجُلُ، وَرَأْسُ الْمَسِيحِ هُوَ اللهُ.3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
4 كُلُّ رَجُل يُصَلِّي أَوْ يَتَنَبَّأُ وَلَهُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ شَيْءٌ، يَشِينُ رَأْسَهُ. 4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.
5 وَأَمَّا كُلُّ امْرَأَةٍ تُصَلِّي أَوْ تَتَنَبَّأُ وَرَأْسُهَا غَيْرُ مُغُطَّى، فَتَشِينُ رَأْسَهَا، لأَنَّهَا وَالْمَحْلُوقَةَ شَيْءٌ وَاحِدٌ بِعَيْنِهِ.5 But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven.
6 إِذِ الْمَرْأَةُ، إِنْ كَانَتْ لاَ تَتَغَطَّى، فَلْيُقَصَّ شَعَرُهَا. وَإِنْ كَانَ قَبِيحًا بِالْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تُقَصَّ أَوْ تُحْلَقَ، فَلْتَتَغَطَّ.6 For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered.
7 فَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لاَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يُغَطِّيَ رَأْسَهُ لِكَوْنِهِ صُورَةَ اللهِ وَمَجْدَهُ. وَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ فَهِيَ مَجْدُ الرَّجُلِ.7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
8 لأَنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيْسَ مِنَ الْمَرْأَةِ، بَلِ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنَ الرَّجُلِ.8 For the man is not of the woman: but the woman of the man.
9 وَلأَنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْمَرْأَةِ، بَلِ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ أَجْلِ الرَّجُلِ.9 Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man.
10 لِهذَا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهَا سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى رَأْسِهَا، مِنْ أَجْلِ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ.10 For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels.
11 غَيْرَ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيْسَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمَرْأَةِ، وَلاَ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ دُونِ الرَّجُلِ فِي الرَّبِّ.11 Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord.
12 لأَنَّهُ كَمَا أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ هِيَ مِنَ الرَّجُلِ، هكَذَا الرَّجُلُ أَيْضًا هُوَ بِالْمَرْأَةِ. وَلكِنَّ جَمِيعَ الأَشْيَاءِ هِيَ مِنَ اللهِ.12 For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God.
13 احْكُمُوا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ: هَلْ يَلِيقُ بِالْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ إِلَى اللهِ وَهِيَ غَيْرُ مُغَطَّاةٍ؟13 Judge in yourselves: is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered?
14 أَمْ لَيْسَتِ الطَّبِيعَةُ نَفْسُهَا تُعَلِّمُكُمْ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِنْ كَانَ يُرْخِي شَعْرَهُ فَهُوَ عَيْبٌ لَهُ؟14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?
15 وَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ إِنْ كَانَتْ تُرْخِي شَعْرَهَا فَهُوَ مَجْدٌ لَهَا، لأَنَّ الشَّعْرَ قَدْ أُعْطِيَ لَهَا عِوَضَ بُرْقُعٍ.15 But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering.
16 وَلكِنْ إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ يُظْهِرُ أَنَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْخِصَامَ، فَلَيْسَ لَنَا نَحْنُ عَادَةٌ مِثْلُ هذِهِ، وَلاَ لِكَنَائِسِ اللهِ.16 But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.
17 وَلكِنَّنِي إِذْ أُوصِي بِهذَا، لَسْتُ أَمْدَحُ كَوْنَكُمْ تَجْتَمِعُونَ لَيْسَ لِلأَفْضَلِ، بَلْ لِلأَرْدَإِ.17 Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
18 لأَنِّي أَوَّلاً حِينَ تَجْتَمِعُونَ فِي الْكَنِيسَةِ، أَسْمَعُ أَنَّ بَيْنَكُمُ انْشِقَاقَاتٍ، وَأُصَدِّقُ بَعْضَ التَّصْدِيقِ.18 For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
19 لأَنَّهُ لاَ بُدَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ بِدَعٌ أَيْضًا، لِيَكُونَ الْمُزَكَّوْنَ ظَاهِرِينَ بَيْنَكُمْ.19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
20 فَحِينَ تَجْتَمِعُونَ مَعًا لَيْسَ هُوَ لأَكْلِ عَشَاءِ الرَّبِّ.20 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.
21 لأَنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ يَسْبِقُ فَيَأْخُذُ عَشَاءَ نَفْسِهِ فِي الأَكْلِ، فَالْوَاحِدُ يَجُوعُ وَالآخَرُ يَسْكَرُ.21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.
22 أَفَلَيْسَ لَكُمْ بُيُوتٌ لِتَأْكُلُوا فِيهَا وَتَشْرَبُوا؟ أَمْ تَسْتَهِينُونَ بِكَنِيسَةِ اللهِ وَتُخْجِلُونَ الَّذِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ؟ مَاذَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ؟ أَأَمْدَحُكُمْ عَلَى هذَا؟ لَسْتُ أَمْدَحُكُمْ!22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
23 لأَنَّنِي تَسَلَّمْتُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ مَا سَلَّمْتُكُمْ أَيْضًا: إِنَّ الرَّبَّ يَسُوعَ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الَّتِي أُسْلِمَ فِيهَا، أَخَذَ خُبْزًا23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
24 وَشَكَرَ فَكَسَّرَ، وَقَالَ:«خُذُوا كُلُوا هذَا هُوَ جَسَدِي الْمَكْسُورُ لأَجْلِكُمُ. اصْنَعُوا هذَا لِذِكْرِي».24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
25 كَذلِكَ الْكَأْسَ أَيْضًا بَعْدَمَا تَعَشَّوْا، قَائِلاً: «هذِهِ الْكَأْسُ هِيَ الْعَهْدُ الْجَدِيدُ بِدَمِي. اصْنَعُوا هذَا كُلَّمَا شَرِبْتُمْ لِذِكْرِي».25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
26 فَإِنَّكُمْ كُلَّمَا أَكَلْتُمْ هذَا الْخُبْزَ وَشَرِبْتُمْ هذِهِ الْكَأْسَ، تُخْبِرُونَ بِمَوْتِ الرَّبِّ إِلَى أَنْ يَجِيءَ.26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
27 إِذًا أَيُّ مَنْ أَكَلَ هذَا الْخُبْزَ، أَوْ شَرِبَ كَأْسَ الرَّبِّ، بِدُونِ اسْتِحْقَاق، يَكُونُ مُجْرِمًا فِي جَسَدِ الرَّبِّ وَدَمِهِ.27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
28 وَلكِنْ لِيَمْتَحِنِ الإِنْسَانُ نَفْسَهُ، وَهكَذَا يَأْكُلُ مِنَ الْخُبْزِ وَيَشْرَبُ مِنَ الْكَأْسِ.28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
29 لأَنَّ الَّذِي يَأْكُلُ وَيَشْرَبُ بِدُونِ اسْتِحْقَاق يَأْكُلُ وَيَشْرَبُ دَيْنُونَةً لِنَفْسِهِ، غَيْرَ مُمَيِّزٍ جَسَدَ الرَّبِّ.29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
30 مِنْ أَجْلِ هذَا فِيكُمْ كَثِيرُونَ ضُعَفَاءُ وَمَرْضَى، وَكَثِيرُونَ يَرْقُدُونَ.30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
31 لأَنَّنَا لَوْ كُنَّا حَكَمْنَا عَلَى أَنْفُسِنَا لَمَا حُكِمَ عَلَيْنَا،31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
32 وَلكِنْ إِذْ قَدْ حُكِمَ عَلَيْنَا، نُؤَدَّبُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ لِكَيْ لاَ نُدَانَ مَعَ الْعَالَمِ.32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
33 إِذًا يَا إِخْوَتِي، حِينَ تَجْتَمِعُونَ لِلأَكْلِ، انْتَظِرُوا بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا.33 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another.
34 إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ يَجُوعُ فَلْيَأْكُلْ فِي الْبَيْتِ، كَيْ لاَ تَجْتَمِعُوا لِلدَّيْنُونَةِ. وَأَمَّا الأُمُورُ الْبَاقِيَةُ فَعِنْدَمَا أَجِيءُ أُرَتِّبُهَا.34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
يشين
يُعيب، يُحقِّر.