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تفسير Commentary
بنيامين بنكرتن
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

كورنثوس الأولى [14] 1Corinthians
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Chapter Summary
1 اِتْبَعُوا الْمَحَبَّةَ، وَلكِنْ جِدُّوا لِلْمَوَاهِبِ الرُّوحِيَّةِ، وَبِالأَوْلَى أَنْ تَتَنَبَّأُوا.1 Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.
2 لأَنَّ مَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِلِسَانٍ لاَ يُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ بَلِ اللهَ، لأَنْ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَسْمَعُ، وَلكِنَّهُ بِالرُّوحِ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِأَسْرَارٍ.2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
3 وَأَمَّا مَنْ يَتَنَبَّأُ، فَيُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ بِبُنْيَانٍ وَوَعْظٍ وَتَسْلِيَةٍ.3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.
4 مَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِلِسَانٍ يَبْنِي نَفْسَهُ، وَأَمَّا مَنْ يَتَنَبَّأُ فَيَبْنِي الْكَنِيسَةَ.4 He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church.
5 إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنَّ جَمِيعَكُمْ تَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ، وَلكِنْ بِالأَوْلَى أَنْ تَتَنَبَّأُوا. لأَنَّ مَنْ يَتَنَبَّأُ أَعْظَمُ مِمَّنْ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ، إِلاَّ إِذَا تَرْجَمَ، حَتَّى تَنَالَ الْكَنِيسَةُ بُنْيَانًا.5 I would that ye all spake with tongues but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.
6 فَالآنَ أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ، إِنْ جِئْتُ إِلَيْكُمْ مُتَكَلِّمًا بِأَلْسِنَةٍ، فَمَاذَا أَنْفَعُكُمْ، إِنْ لَمْ أُكَلِّمْكُمْ إِمَّا بِإِعْلاَنٍ، أَوْ بِعِلْمٍ، أَوْ بِنُبُوَّةٍ، أَوْ بِتَعْلِيمٍ؟6 Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?
7 اَلأَشْيَاءُ الْعَادِمَةُ النُّفُوسِ الَّتِي تُعْطِي صَوْتًا: مِزْمَارٌ أَوْ قِيثَارَةٌ، مَعَ ذلِكَ إِنْ لَمْ تُعْطِ فَرْقًا لِلنَّغَمَاتِ، فَكَيْفَ يُعْرَفُ مَا زُمِّرَ أَوْ مَا عُزِفَ بِهِ؟7 And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?
8 فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ أَعْطَى الْبُوقُ أَيْضًا صَوْتًا غَيْرَ وَاضِحٍ، فَمَنْ يَتَهَيَّأُ لِلْقِتَالِ؟8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?
9 هكَذَا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا إِنْ لَمْ تُعْطُوا بِاللِّسَانِ كَلاَمًا يُفْهَمُ، فَكَيْفَ يُعْرَفُ مَا تُكُلِّمَ بِهِ؟ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَكُونُونَ تَتَكَلَّمُونَ فِي الْهَوَاءِ!9 So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air.
10 رُبَّمَا تَكُونُ أَنْوَاعُ لُغَاتٍ هذَا عَدَدُهَا فِي الْعَالَمِ، وَلَيْسَ شَيْءٌ مِنْهَا بِلاَ مَعْنىً.10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification.
11 فَإِنْ كُنْتُ لاَ أَعْرِفُ قُوَّةَ اللُّغَةِ أَكُونُ عِنْدَ الْمُتَكَلِّمِ أَعْجَمِيًّا، وَالْمُتَكَلِّمُ أَعْجَمِيًّا عِنْدِي.11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me.
12 هكَذَا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا، إِذْ إِنَّكُمْ غَيُورُونَ لِلْمَوَاهِبِ الرُّوحِيَّةِ، اطْلُبُوا لأَجْلِ بُنْيَانِ الْكَنِيسَةِ أَنْ تَزْدَادُوا.12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church.
13 لِذلِكَ مَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِلِسَانٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ لِكَيْ يُتَرْجِمَ.13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret.
14 لأَنَّهُ إِنْ كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي بِلِسَانٍ، فَرُوحِي تُصَلِّي، وَأَمَّا ذِهْنِي فَهُوَ بِلاَ ثَمَرٍ.14 For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.
15 فَمَا هُوَ إِذًا؟ أُصَلِّي بِالرُّوحِ، وَأُصَلِّي بِالذِّهْنِ أَيْضًا. أُرَتِّلُ بِالرُّوحِ، وَأُرَتِّلُ بِالذِّهْنِ أَيْضًا.15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
16 وَإِلاَّ فَإِنْ بَارَكْتَ بِالرُّوحِ، فَالَّذِي يُشْغِلُ مَكَانَ الْعَامِّيِّ، كَيْفَ يَقُولُ «آمِينَ» عِنْدَ شُكْرِكَ؟ لأَنَّهُ لاَ يَعْرِفُ مَاذَا تَقُولُ!16 Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?
17 فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ تَشْكُرُ حَسَنًا، وَلكِنَّ الآخَرَ لاَ يُبْنَى.17 For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified.
18 أَشْكُرُ إِلهِي أَنِّي أَتَكَلَّمُ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ جَمِيعِكُمْ.18 I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all:
19 وَلكِنْ،فِي كَنِيسَةٍ، أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَتَكَلَّمَ خَمْسَ كَلِمَاتٍ بِذِهْنِي لِكَيْ أُعَلِّمَ آخَرِينَ أَيْضًا، أَكْثَرَ مِنْ عَشْرَةِ آلاَفِ كَلِمَةٍ بِلِسَانٍ.19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.
20 أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ، لاَ تَكُونُوا أَوْلاَدًا فِي أَذْهَانِكُمْ، بَلْ كُونُوا أَوْلاَدًا فِي الشَّرِّ، وَأَمَّا فِي الأَذْهَانِ فَكُونُوا كَامِلِينَ.20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
21 مَكْتُوبٌ فِي النَّامُوسِ:«إِنِّي بِذَوِي أَلْسِنَةٍ أُخْرَى وَبِشِفَاهٍ أُخْرَى سَأُكَلِّمُ هذَا الشَّعْبَ، وَلاَ هكَذَا يَسْمَعُونَ لِي، يَقُولُ الرَّبُّ».21 In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord.
22 إِذًا الأَلْسِنَةُ آيَةٌ، لاَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ، بَلْ لِغَيْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ. أَمَّا النُّبُوَّةُ فَلَيْسَتْ لِغَيْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، بَلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ.22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.
23 فَإِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الْكَنِيسَةُ كُلُّهَا فِي مَكَانٍ وَاحِدٍ، وَكَانَ الْجَمِيعُ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ، فَدَخَلَ عَامِّيُّونَ أَوْ غَيْرُ مُؤْمِنِينَ، أَفَلاَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّكُمْ تَهْذُونَ؟23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?
24 وَلكِنْ إِنْ كَانَ الْجَمِيعُ يَتَنَبَّأُونَ، فَدَخَلَ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُ مُؤْمِنٍ أَوْ عَامِّيٌّ، فَإِنَّهُ يُوَبَّخُ مِنَ الْجَمِيعِ. يُحْكَمُ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْجَمِيعِ.24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:
25 وَهكَذَا تَصِيرُ خَفَايَا قَلْبِهِ ظَاهِرَةً. وَهكَذَا يَخِرُّ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ وَيَسْجُدُ ِللهِ، مُنَادِيًا: أَنَّ اللهَ بِالْحَقِيقَةِ فِيكُمْ.25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.
26 فَمَا هُوَ إِذًا أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ؟ مَتَى اجْتَمَعْتُمْ فَكُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ لَهُ مَزْمُورٌ، لَهُ تَعْلِيمٌ، لَهُ لِسَانٌ، لَهُ إِعْلاَنٌ، لَهُ تَرْجَمَةٌ. فَلْيَكُنْ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ لِلْبُنْيَانِ.26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
27 إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِلِسَانٍ، فَاثْنَيْنِ اثْنَيْنِ، أَوْ عَلَى الأَكْثَرِ ثَلاَثَةً ثَلاَثَةً، وَبِتَرْتِيبٍ،وَلْيُتَرْجِمْ وَاحِدٌ.27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret.
28 وَلكِنْ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مُتَرْجِمٌ فَلْيَصْمُتْ فِي الْكَنِيسَةِ، وَلْيُكَلِّمْ نَفْسَهُ وَاللهَ.28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.
29 أَمَّا الأَنْبِيَاءُ فَلْيَتَكَلَّمِ اثْنَانِ أَوْ ثَلاَثَةٌ، وَلْيَحْكُمِ الآخَرُونَ.29 Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.
30 وَلكِنْ إِنْ أُعْلِنَ لآخَرَ جَالِسٍ فَلْيَسْكُتِ الأَوَّلُ.30 If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace.
31 لأَنَّكُمْ تَقْدِرُونَ جَمِيعُكُمْ أَنْ تَتَنَبَّأُوا وَاحِدًا وَاحِدًا، لِيَتَعَلَّمَ الْجَمِيعُ وَيَتَعَزَّى الْجَمِيعُ.31 For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted.
32 وَأَرْوَاحُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ خَاضِعَةٌ لِلأَنْبِيَاءِ.32 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.
33 لأَنَّ اللهَ لَيْسَ إِلهَ تَشْوِيشٍ بَلْ إِلهُ سَلاَمٍ، كَمَا فِي جَمِيعِ كَنَائِسِ الْقِدِّيسِينَ.33 For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.
34 لِتَصْمُتْ نِسَاؤُكُمْ فِي الْكَنَائِسِ، لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مَأْذُونًا لَهُنَّ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمْنَ، بَلْ يَخْضَعْنَ كَمَا يَقُولُ النَّامُوسُ أَيْضًا.34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience as also saith the law.
35 وَلكِنْ إِنْ كُنَّ يُرِدْنَ أَنْ يَتَعَلَّمْنَ شَيْئًا، فَلْيَسْأَلْنَ رِجَالَهُنَّ فِي الْبَيْتِ، لأَنَّهُ قَبِيحٌ بِالنِّسَاءِ أَنْ تَتَكَلَّمَ فِي كَنِيسَةٍ.35 And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
36 أَمْ مِنْكُمْ خَرَجَتْ كَلِمَةُ اللهِ؟ أَمْ إِلَيْكُمْ وَحْدَكُمُ انْتَهَتْ؟36 What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only?
37 إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدٌ يَحْسِبُ نَفْسَهُ نَبِيًّا أَوْ رُوحِيًّا، فَلْيَعْلَمْ مَا أَكْتُبُهُ إِلَيْكُمْ أَنَّهُ وَصَايَا الرَّبِّ.37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.
38 وَلكِنْ إِنْ يَجْهَلْ أَحَدٌ، فَلْيَجْهَلْ!38 But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant.
39 إِذًا أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ جِدُّوا لِلتَّنَبُّؤِ، وَلاَ تَمْنَعُوا التَّكَلُّمَ بِأَلْسِنَةٍ.39 Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.
40 وَلْيَكُنْ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ بِلِيَاقَةٍ وَبِحَسَبِ تَرْتِيبٍ.40 Let all things be done decently and in order.