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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13

تفسير Commentary
هنري أيرونسايد
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

العبرانيين [7] Hebrews
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Chapter Summary
1 لأَنَّ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ هذَا، مَلِكَ سَالِيمَ، كَاهِنَ اللهِ الْعَلِيِّ، الَّذِي اسْتَقْبَلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَاجِعًا مِنْ كَسْرَةِ الْمُلُوكِ وَبَارَكَهُ،1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
2 الَّذِي قَسَمَ لَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ عُشْرًا مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ. الْمُتَرْجَمَ أَوَّلاً «مَلِكَ الْبِرِّ» ثُمَّ أَيْضًا «مَلِكَ سَالِيمَ» أَيْ «مَلِكَ السَّلاَمِ»2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
3 بِلاَ أَبٍ، بِلاَ أُمٍّ، بِلاَ نَسَبٍ. لاَ بَدَاءَةَ أَيَّامٍ لَهُ وَلاَ نِهَايَةَ حَيَاةٍ. بَلْ هُوَ مُشَبَّهٌ بِابْنِ اللهِ. هذَا يَبْقَى كَاهِنًا إِلَى الأَبَدِ.3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
4 ثُمَّ انْظُرُوا مَا أَعْظَمَ هذَا الَّذِي أَعْطَاهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَئِيسُ الآبَاءِ، عُشْرًا أَيْضًا مِنْ رَأْسِ الْغَنَائِمِ!4 Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.
5 وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ هُمْ مِنْ بَنِي لاَوِي، الَّذِينَ يَأْخُذُونَ الْكَهَنُوتَ، فَلَهُمْ وَصِيَّةٌ أَنْ يُعَشِّرُوا الشَّعْبَ بِمُقْتَضَى النَّامُوسِ، أَيْ إِخْوَتَهُمْ، مَعَ أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ خَرَجُوا مِنْ صُلْبِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ.5 And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:
6 وَلكِنَّ الَّذِي لَيْسَ لَهُ نَسَبٌ مِنْهُمْ قَدْ عَشَّرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارَكَ الَّذِي لَهُ الْمَوَاعِيدُ!6 But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.
7 وَبِدُونِ كُلِّ مُشَاجَرَةٍ: الأَصْغَرُ يُبَارَكُ مِنَ الأَكْبَرِ7 And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.
8 وَهُنَا أُنَاسٌ مَائِتُونَ يَأْخُذُونَ عُشْرًا، وَأَمَّا هُنَاكَ فَالْمَشْهُودُ لَهُ بِأَنَّهُ حَيٌّ.8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.
9 حَتَّى أَقُولُ كَلِمَةً: إِنَّ لاَوِي أَيْضًا الآخِذَ الأَعْشَارَ قَدْ عُشِّرَ بِإِبْرَاهِيمَ.9 And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.
10 لأَنَّهُ كَانَ بَعْدُ فِي صُلْبِ أَبِيهِ حِينَ اسْتَقْبَلَهُ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ.10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.
11 فَلَوْ كَانَ بِالْكَهَنُوتِ الّلاَوِيِّ كَمَالٌ ­ إِذِ الشَّعْبُ أَخَذَ النَّامُوسَ عَلَيْهِ ­ مَاذَا كَانَتِ الْحَاجَةُ بَعْدُ إِلَى أَنْ يَقُومَ كَاهِنٌ آخَرُ عَلَى رُتْبَةِ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ؟ وَلاَ يُقَالُ عَلَى رُتْبَةِ هَارُونَ.11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?
12 لأَنَّهُ إِنْ تَغَيَّرَ الْكَهَنُوتُ، فَبِالضَّرُورَةِ يَصِيرُ تَغَيُّرٌ لِلنَّامُوسِ أَيْضًا.12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.
13 لأَنَّ الَّذِي يُقَالُ عَنْهُ هذَا كَانَ شَرِيكًا فِي سِبْطٍ آخَرَ لَمْ يُلاَزِمْ أَحَدٌ مِنْهُ الْمَذْبَحَ.13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
14 فَإِنَّهُ وَاضِحٌ أَنَّ رَبَّنَا قَدْ طَلَعَ مِنْ سِبْطِ يَهُوذَا، الَّذِي لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ عَنْهُ مُوسَى شَيْئًا مِنْ جِهَةِ الْكَهَنُوتِ.14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
15 وَذلِكَ أَكْثَرُ وُضُوحًا أَيْضًا إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى شِبْهِ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ يَقُومُ كَاهِنٌ آخَرُ،15 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest,
16 قَدْ صَارَ لَيْسَ بِحَسَبِ نَامُوسِ وَصِيَّةٍ جَسَدِيَّةٍ، بَلْ بِحَسَبِ قُوَّةِ حَيَاةٍ لاَ تَزُولُ.16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
17 لأَنَّهُ يَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ: «كَاهِنٌ إِلَى الأَبَدِ عَلَى رُتْبَةِ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ».17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
18 فَإِنَّهُ يَصِيرُ إِبْطَالُ الْوَصِيَّةِ السَّابِقَةِ مِنْ أَجْلِ ضَعْفِهَا وَعَدَمِ نَفْعِهَا،18 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.
19 إِذِ النَّامُوسُ لَمْ يُكَمِّلْ شَيْئًا. وَلكِنْ يَصِيرُ إِدْخَالُ رَجَاءٍ أَفْضَلَ بِهِ نَقْتَرِبُ إِلَى اللهِ.19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
20 وَعَلَى قَدْرِ مَا إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِدُونِ قَسَمٍ،20 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest:
21 لأَنَّ أُولئِكَ بِدُونِ قَسَمٍ قَدْ صَارُوا كَهَنَةً، وَأَمَّا هذَا فَبِقَسَمٍ مِنَ الْقَائِلِ لَهُ:«أَقْسَمَ الرَّبُّ وَلَنْ يَنْدَمَ، أَنْتَ كَاهِنٌ إِلَى الأَبَدِ عَلَى رُتْبَةِ مَلْكِي صَادَقَ».21 (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
22 عَلَى قَدْرِ ذلِكَ قَدْ صَارَ يَسُوعُ ضَامِنًا لِعَهْدٍ أَفْضَلَ.22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
23 وَأُولئِكَ قَدْ صَارُوا كَهَنَةً كَثِيرِينَ من أَجلِ مَنْعِهِمْ بِالْمَوْتِ عَنِ الْبَقَاءِ،23 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death:
24 وَأَمَّا هذَا فَمِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُ يَبْقَى إِلَى الأَبَدِ، لَهُ كَهَنُوتٌ لاَ يَزُولُ.24 But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.
25 فَمِنْ ثَمَّ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يُخَلِّصَ أَيْضًا إِلَى التَّمَامِ الَّذِينَ يَتَقَدَّمُونَ بِهِ إِلَى اللهِ، إِذْ هُوَ حَيٌّ فِي كُلِّ حِينٍ لِيَشْفَعَ فِيهِمْ.25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
26 لأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَلِيقُ بِنَا رَئِيسُ كَهَنَةٍ مِثْلُ هذَا، قُدُّوسٌ بِلاَ شَرّ وَلاَ دَنَسٍ، قَدِ انْفَصَلَ عَنِ الْخُطَاةِ وَصَارَ أَعْلَى مِنَ السَّمَاوَاتِ26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
27 الَّذِي لَيْسَ لَهُ اضْطِرَارٌ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ مِثْلُ رُؤَسَاءِ الْكَهَنَةِ أَنْ يُقَدِّمَ ذَبَائِحَ أَوَّلاً عَنْ خَطَايَا نَفْسِهِ ثُمَّ عَنْ خَطَايَا الشَّعْبِ، لأَنَّهُ فَعَلَ هذَا مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً، إِذْ قَدَّمَ نَفْسَهُ.27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
28 فَإِنَّ النَّامُوسَ يُقِيمُ أُنَاسًا بِهِمْ ضَعْفٌ رُؤَسَاءَ كَهَنَةٍ. وَأَمَّا كَلِمَةُ الْقَسَمِ الَّتِي بَعْدَ النَّامُوسِ فَتُقِيمُ ابْنًا مُكَمَّلاً إِلَى الأَبَدِ.28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.