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إصحاحات Chapters
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10

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أستير [8] Esther
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Chapter Summary
1 فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ أَعْطَى الْمَلِكُ أَحَشْوِيرُوشُ لأَسْتِيرَ الْمَلِكَةِ بَيْتَ هَامَانَ عَدُوِّ الْيَهُودِ. وَأَتَى مُرْدَخَايُ إِلَى أَمَامِ الْمَلِكِ لأَنَّ أَسْتِيرَ أَخْبَرَتْهُ بِمَا هُوَ لَهَا.1 On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he was unto her.
2 وَنَزَعَ الْمَلِكُ خَاتَمَهُ الَّذِي أَخَذَهُ مِنْ هَامَانَ وَأَعْطَاهُ لِمُرْدَخَايَ. وَأَقَامَتْ أَسْتِيرُ مُرْدَخَايَ عَلَى بَيْتِ هَامَانَ.2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3 ثُمَّ عَادَتْ أَسْتِيرُ وَتَكَلَّمَتْ أَمَامَ الْمَلِكِ وَسَقَطَتْ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَبَكَتْ وَتَضَرَّعَتْ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُزِيلَ شَرَّ هَامَانَ الأَجَاجِيِّ وَتَدْبِيرَهُ الَّذِي دَبَّرَهُ عَلَى الْيَهُودِ.3 And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.
4 فَمَدَّ الْمَلِكُ لأَسْتِيرَ قَضِيبَ الذَّهَبِ، فَقَامَتْ أَسْتِيرُ وَوَقَفَتْ أَمَامَ الْمَلِكِ4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king,
5 وَقَالَتْ: «إِذَا حَسُنَ عِنْدَ الْمَلِكِ، وَإِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ وَجَدْتُ نِعْمَةً أَمَامَهُ وَاسْتَقَامَ الأَمْرُ أَمَامَ الْمَلِكِ وَحَسُنْتُ أَنَا لَدَيْهِ، فَلْيُكْتَبْ لِكَيْ تُرَدَّ كِتَابَاتُ تَدْبِيرِ هَامَانَ بْنِ هَمَدَاثَا الأَجَاجِيِّ الَّتِي كَتَبَهَا لإِبَادَةِ الْيَهُودِ الَّذِينَ فِي كُلِّ بِلاَدِ الْمَلِكِ.5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have favour in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which are in all the king's provinces:
6 لأَنَّنِي كَيْفَ أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَرَى الشَّرَّ الَّذِي يُصِيبُ شَعْبِي؟ وَكَيْفَ أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَرَى هَلاَكَ جِنْسِي؟».6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?
7 فَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ أَحَشْوِيرُوشُ لأَسْتِيرَ الْمَلِكَةِ وَمُرْدَخَايَ الْيَهُودِيِّ: «هُوَذَا قَدْ أَعْطَيْتُ بَيْتَ هَامَانَ لأَسْتِيرَ، أَمَّا هُوَ فَقَدْ صَلَبُوهُ عَلَى الْخَشَبَةِ مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُ مَدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَى الْيَهُودِ.7 Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
8 فَاكْتُبَا أَنْتُمَا إِلَى الْيَهُودِ مَا يَحْسُنُ فِي أَعْيُنِكُمَا بِاسْمِ الْمَلِكِ، وَاخْتُمَاهُ بِخَاتِمِ الْمَلِكِ، لأَنَّ الْكِتَابَةَ الَّتِي تُكْتَبُ بِاسْمِ الْمَلِكِ وَتُخْتَمُ بِخَاتِمِهِ لاَ تُرَدُّ».8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
9 فَدُعِيَ كُتَّابُ الْمَلِكِ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّالِثِ، أَيْ شَهْرِ سِيوَانَ، فِي الثَّالِثِ وَالْعِشْرِينَ مِنْهُ، وَكُتِبَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ مُرْدَخَايُ إِلَى الْيَهُودِ وَإِلَى الْمَرَازِبَةِ وَالْوُلاَةِ وَرُؤَسَاءِ الْبُلْدَانِ الَّتِي مِنَ الْهِنْدِ إِلَى كُوشَ، مِئَةٍ وَسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ كُورَةً، إِلَى كُلِّ كُورَةٍ بِكِتَابَتِهَا وَكُلِّ شَعْبٍ بِلِسَانِهِ، وَإِلَى الْيَهُودِ بِكِتَابَتِهِمْ وَلِسَانِهِمْ.9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.
10 فَكَتَبَ بِاسْمِ الْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ وَخَتَمَ بِخَاتِمِ الْمَلِكِ، وَأَرْسَلَ رَسَائِلَ بِأَيْدِي بَرِيدِ الْخَيْلِ رُكَّابِ الْجِيَادِ وَالْبِغَالِ بَنِي الرَّمَكِِ، 10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries:
11 الَّتِي بِهَا أَعْطَى الْمَلِكُ الْيَهُودَ فِي مَدِينَةٍ فَمَدِينَةٍ أَنْ يَجْتَمِعُوا وَيَقِفُوا لأَجْلِ أَنْفُسِهِمْ، وَيُهْلِكُوا وَيَقْتُلُوا وَيُبِيدُوا قُوَّةَ كُلِّ شَعْبٍ وَكُورَةٍ تُضَادُّهُمْ حَتَّى الأَطْفَالَ وَالنِّسَاءَ، وَأَنْ يَسْلُبُوا غَنِيمَتَهُمْ،11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,
12 فِي يَوْمٍ وَاحِدٍ فِي كُلِّ كُوَرِ الْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ، فِي الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي عَشَرَ، أَيْ شَهْرِ أَذَارَ.12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
13 صُورَةُ الْكِتَابَةِ الْمُعْطَاةِ سُنَّةً فِي كُلِّ الْبُلْدَانِ، أُشْهِرَتْ عَلَى جَمِيعِ الشُّعُوبِ أَنْ يَكُونَ الْيَهُودُ مُسْتَعِدِّينَ لِهذَا الْيَوْمِ لِيَنْتَقِمُوا مِنْ أَعْدَائِهِمْ.13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14 فَخَرَجَ البَرِيدُ رُكَّابُ الْجِيَادِ وَالْبِغَالِ وَأَمْرُ الْمَلِكِ يَحُثُّهُمْ وَيُعَجِّلُهُمْ، وَأُعْطِيَ الأَمْرُ فِي شُوشَنَ الْقَصْرِ. 14 So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.
15 وَخَرَجَ مُرْدَخَايُ مِنْ أَمَامِ الْمَلِكِ بِلِبَاسٍ مَلِكِيٍّ أَسْمَانْجُونِيٍّ وَأَبْيَضَ، وَتَاجٌ عَظِيمٌ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ، وَحُلَّةٌ مِنْ بَزّ وَأُرْجُوَانٍ. وَكَانَتْ مَدِينَةُ شُوشَنَ مُتَهَلِّلَةً وَفَرِحَةً.15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
16 وَكَانَ لِلْيَهُودِ نُورٌ وَفَرَحٌ وَبَهْجَةٌ وَكَرَامَةٌ.16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.
17 وَفِي كُلِّ بِلاَدٍ وَمَدِينَةٍ، كُلِّ مَكَانٍ وَصَلَ إِلَيْهِ كَلاَمُ الْمَلِكِ وَأَمْرُهُ، كَانَ فَرَحٌ وَبَهْجَةٌ عِنْدَ الْيَهُودِ وَوَلاَئِمُ وَيَوْمٌ طَيِّبٌ. وَكَثِيرُونَ مِنْ شُعُوبِ الأَرْضِ تَهَوَّدُوا لأَنَّ رُعْبَ الْيَهُودِ وَقَعَ عَلَيْهِمْ.17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
الرمك
مفردها الرمكة: الفرس الأصيل. جواد كريم النسب يتخذ للنسل.
بريد
فرقة كانت مخصصة لنقل الرسائل.