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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد

الأمثال [28] Proverbs
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1 اَلشِّرِّيرُ يَهْرُبُ وَلاَ طَارِدَ، أَمَّا الصِّدِّيقُونَ فَكَشِبْل ثَبِيتٍ.1 The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.
2 لِمَعْصِيَةِ أَرْضٍ تَكْثُرُ رُؤَسَاؤُهَا، لكِنْ بِذِي فَهْمٍ وَمَعْرِفَةٍ تَدُومُ.2 For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.
3 اَلرَّجُلُ الْفَقِيرُ الَّذِي يَظْلِمُ فُقَرَاءَ، هُوَ مَطَرٌ جَارِفٌ لاَ يُبْقِي طَعَامًا.3 A poor man that oppresseth the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
4 تَارِكُو الشَّرِيعَةِ يَمْدَحُونَ الأَشْرَارَ، وَحَافِظُو الشَّرِيعَةِ يُخَاصِمُونَهُمْ.4 They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.
5 اَلنَّاسُ الأَشْرَارُ لاَ يَفْهَمُونَ الْحَقَّ، وَطَالِبُو الرَّبِّ يَفْهَمُونَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ.5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.
6 اَلْفَقِيرُ السَّالِكُ بِاسْتِقَامَتِهِ، خَيْرٌ مِنْ مُعْوَجِّ الطُّرُقِ وَهُوَ غَنِيٌّ.6 Better is the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than he that is perverse in his ways, though he be rich.
7 اَلْحَافِظُ الشَّرِيعَةَ هُوَ ابْنٌ فَهِيمٌ، وَصَاحِبُ الْمُسْرِفِينَ يُخْجِلُ أَبَاهُ.7 Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous men shameth his father.
8 اَلْمُكْثِرُ مَالَهُ بِالرِّبَا وَالْمُرَابَحَةِ، فَلِمَنْ يَرْحَمُ الْفُقَرَاءَ يَجْمَعُهُ.8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
9 مَنْ يُحَوِّلُ أُذْنَهُ عَنْ سَمَاعِ الشَّرِيعَةِ، فَصَلاَتُهُ أَيْضًا مَكْرَهَةٌ.9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.
10 مَنْ يُضِلُّ الْمُسْتَقِيمِينَ فِي طَرِيق رَدِيئَةٍ فَفِي حُفْرَتِهِ يَسْقُطُ هُوَ، أَمَّا الْكَمَلَةُ فَيَمْتَلِكُونَ خَيْرًا.10 Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good things in possession.
11 اَلرَّجُلُ الْغَنِيُّ حَكِيمٌ فِي عَيْنَيْ نَفْسِهِ، وَالْفَقِيرُ الْفَهِيمُ يَفْحَصُهُ.11 The rich man is wise in his own conceit; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him out.
12 إِذَا فَرِحَ الصِّدِّيقُونَ عَظُمَ الْفَخْرُ، وَعِنْدَ قِيَامِ الأَشْرَارِ تَخْتَفِي النَّاسُ.12 When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.
13 مَنْ يَكْتُمُ خَطَايَاهُ لاَ يَنْجَحُ، وَمَنْ يُقِرُّ بِهَا وَيَتْرُكُهَا يُرْحَمُ.13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.
14 طُوبَى لِلإِنْسَانِ الْمُتَّقِي دَائِمًا، أَمَّا الْمُقَسِّي قَلْبَهُ فَيَسْقُطُ فِي الشَّرِّ.14 Happy is the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
15 أَسَدٌ زَائِرٌ وَدُبٌّ ثَائِرٌ، الْمُتَسَلِّطُ الشِّرِّيرُ عَلَى شَعْبٍ فَقِيرٍ.15 As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.
16 رَئِيسٌ نَاقِصُ الْفَهْمِ وَكَثِيرُ الْمَظَالِمِ. مُبْغِضُ الرَّشْوَةِ تَطُولُ أَيَّامُهُ.16 The prince that wanteth understanding is also a great oppressor: but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.
17 اَلرَّجُلُ الْمُثَقَّلُ بِدَمِ نَفْسٍ، يَهْرُبُ إِلَى الْجُبِّ. لاَ يُمْسِكَنَّهُ أَحَدٌ.17 A man that doeth violence to the blood of any person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
18 اَلسَّالِكُ بِالْكَمَالِ يَخْلُصُ، وَالْمُلْتَوِي فِي طَرِيقَيْنِ يَسْقُطُ فِي إِحْدَاهُمَا.18 Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.
19 اَلْمُشْتَغِلُ بِأَرْضِهِ يَشْبَعُ خُبْزًا، وَتَابعُ الْبَطَّالِينَ يَشْبَعُ فَقْرًا.19 He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough.
20 اَلرَّجُلُ الأَمِينُ كَثِيرُ الْبَرَكَاتِ، وَالْمُسْتَعْجِلُ إِلَى الْغِنَى لاَ يُبْرَأُ.20 A faithful man shall abound with blessings: but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be innocent.
21 مُحَابَاةُ الْوُجُوهِ لَيْسَتْ صَالِحَةً، فَيُذْنِبُ الإِنْسَانُ لأَجْلِ كِسْرَةِ خُبْزٍ.21 To have respect of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread that man will transgress.
22 ذُو الْعَيْنِ الشِّرِّيرَةِ يَعْجَلُ إِلَى الْغِنَى، وَلاَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ الْفَقْرَ يَأْتِيهِ.22 He that hasteth to be rich hath an evil eye, and considereth not that poverty shall come upon him.
23 مَنْ يُوَبِّخُ إِنْسَانًا يَجِدُ أَخِيرًا نِعْمَةً أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الْمُطْرِي بِاللِّسَانِ.23 He that rebuketh a man afterwards shall find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue.
24 السَّالِبُ أَبَاهُ أَوْ أُمَّهُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ: «لاَ بَأْسَ» فَهُوَ رَفِيقٌ لِرَجُل مُخْرِبٍ.24 Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.
25 اَلْمُنْتَفِخُ النَّفْسُ يُهَيِّجُ الْخِصَامَ، وَالْمُتَّكِلُ عَلَى الرَّبِّ يُسَمَّنُ.25 He that is of a proud heart stirreth up strife: but he that putteth his trust in the LORD shall be made fat.
26 اَلْمُتَّكِلُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ هُوَ جَاهِلٌ، وَالسَّالِكُ بِحِكْمَةٍ هُوَ يَنْجُو.26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered.
27 مَنْ يُعْطِي الْفَقِيرَ لاَ يَحْتَاجُ، وَلِمَنْ يَحْجِبُ عَنْهُ عَيْنَيْهِ لَعَنَاتٌ كَثِيرَةٌ.27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
28 عِنْدَ قِيَامِ الأَشْرَارِ تَخْتَبِئُ النَّاسُ، وَبِهَلاَكِهِمْ يَكْثُرُ الصِّدِّيقُونَ.28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase.