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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

التثنية [2] Deuteronomy
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Chapter Summary
1 «ثُمَّ تَحَوَّلْنَا وَارْتَحَلْنَا إِلَى الْبَرِّيَّةِ عَلَى طَرِيقِ بَحْرِ سُوفَ كَمَا كَلَّمَنِي الرَّبُّ، وَدُرْنَا بِجَبَلِ سِعِيرَ أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً.1 Then we turned, and took our journey into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea, as the LORD spake unto me: and we compassed mount Seir many days.
2 ثُمَّ كَلَّمَنِي الرَّبُّ قَائِلاً:2 And the LORD spake unto me, saying,
3 كَفَاكُمْ دَوَرَانٌ بِهذَا الْجَبَلِ. تَحَوَّلُوا نَحْوَ الشِّمَالِ.3 Ye have compassed this mountain long enough: turn you northward.
4 وَأَوْصِ الشَّعْبَ قَائِلاً: أَنْتُمْ مَارُّونَ بِتُخْمِ إِخْوَتِكُمْ بَنِي عِيسُو السَّاكِنِينَ فِي سِعِيرَ، فَيَخَافُونَ مِنْكُمْ فَاحْتَرِزُوا جِدًّا.4 And command thou the people, saying, Ye are to pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir; and they shall be afraid of you: take ye good heed unto yourselves therefore:
5 لاَ تَهْجِمُوا عَلَيْهِمْ، لأَنِّي لاَ أُعْطِيكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِهِمْ وَلاَ وَطْأَةَ قَدَمٍ، لأَنِّي لِعِيسُو قَدْ أَعْطَيْتُ جَبَلَ سِعِيرَ مِيرَاثًا.5 Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, not so much as a foot breadth; because I have given mount Seir unto Esau for a possession.
6 طَعَامًا تَشْتَرُونَ مِنْهُمْ بِالْفِضَّةِ لِتَأْكُلُوا، وَمَاءً أَيْضًا تَبْتَاعُونَ مِنْهُمْ بِالْفِضَّةِ لِتَشْرَبُوا.6 Ye shall buy meat of them for money, that ye may eat; and ye shall also buy water of them for money, that ye may drink.
7 لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكَ قَدْ بَارَكَكَ فِي كُلِّ عَمَلِ يَدِكَ، عَارِفًا مَسِيرَكَ فِي هذَا الْقَفْرِ الْعَظِيمِ. اَلآنَ أَرْبَعُونَ سَنَةً لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِكَ مَعَكَ، لَمْ يَنْقُصْ عَنْكَ شَيْءٌ.7 For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness: these forty years the LORD thy God hath been with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
8 فَعَبَرْنَا عَنْ إِخْوَتِنَا بَنِي عِيسُو السَّاكِنِينَ فِي سِعِيرَ عَلَى طَرِيقِ الْعَرَبَةِ، عَلَى أَيْلَةَ، وَعَلَى عِصْيُونَ جَابِرَ، ثُمَّ تَحَوَّلْنَا وَمَرَرْنَا فِي طَرِيقِ بَرِّيَّةِ مُوآبَ.8 And when we passed by from our brethren the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, through the way of the plain from Elath, and from Eziongaber, we turned and passed by the way of the wilderness of Moab.
9 «فَقَالَ لِي الرَّبُّ: لاَ تُعَادِ مُوآبَ وَلاَ تُثِرْ عَلَيْهِمْ حَرْبًا، لأَنِّي لاَ أُعْطِيكَ مِنْ أَرْضِهِمْ مِيرَاثًا، لأَنِّي لِبَنِي لُوطٍ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتُ «عَارَ» مِيرَاثًا.9 And the LORD said unto me, Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle: for I will not give thee of their land for a possession; because I have given Ar unto the children of Lot for a possession.
10 الإِيمِيُّونَ سَكَنُوا فِيهَا قَبْلاً. شَعْبٌ كَبِيرٌ وَكَثِيرٌ وَطَوِيلٌ كَالْعَنَاقِيِّينَ.10 The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims;
11 هُمْ أَيْضًا يُحْسَبُونَ رَفَائِيِّينَ كَالْعَنَاقِيِّينَ، لكِنَّ الْمُوآبِيِّينَ يَدْعُونَهُمْ إِيمِيِّينَ.11 Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites called them Emims.
12 وَفِي سِعِيرَ سَكَنَ قَبْلاً الْحُورِيُّونَ، فَطَرَدَهُمْ بَنُو عِيسُو وَأَبَادُوهُمْ مِنْ قُدَّامِهِمْ وَسَكَنُوا مَكَانَهُمْ، كَمَا فَعَلَ إِسْرَائِيلُ بِأَرْضِ مِيرَاثِهِمِ الَّتِي أَعْطَاهُمُ الرَّبُّ.12 The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the LORD gave unto them.
13 اَلآنَ قُومُوا وَاعْبُرُوا وَادِيَ زَارَدَ. فَعَبَرْنَا وَادِيَ زَارَدَ.13 Now rise up, said I, and get you over the brook Zered. And we went over the brook Zered.
14 وَالأَيَّامُ الَّتِي سِرْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ قَادَشَ بَرْنِيعَ حَتَّى عَبَرْنَا وَادِيَ زَارَدَ، كَانَتْ ثَمَانِيَ وَثَلاَثِينَ سَنَةً، حَتَّى فَنِيَ كُلُّ الْجِيلِ، رِجَالُ الْحَرْبِ مِنْ وَسَطِ الْمَحَلَّةِ، كَمَا أَقْسَمَ الرَّبُّ لَهُمْ.14 And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as the LORD sware unto them.
15 وَيَدُ الرَّبِّ أَيْضًا كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ لإِبَادَتِهِمْ مِنْ وَسَطِ الْمَحَلَّةِ حَتَّى فَنُوا.15 For indeed the hand of the LORD was against them, to destroy them from among the host, until they were consumed.
16 «فَعِنْدَمَا فَنِيَ جَمِيعُ رِجَالِ الْحَرْبِ بِالْمَوْتِ مِنْ وَسَطِ الشَّعْبِ،16 So it came to pass, when all the men of war were consumed and dead from among the people,
17 كَلَّمَنِي الرَّبُّ قَائِلاً:17 That the LORD spake unto me, saying,
18 أَنْتَ مَارٌّ الْيَوْمَ بِتُخْمِ مُوآبَ، بِعَارَ.18 Thou art to pass over through Ar, the coast of Moab, this day:
19 فَمَتَى قَرُبْتَ إِلَى تُجَاهِ بَنِي عَمُّونَ، لاَ تُعَادِهِمْ وَلاَ تَهْجِمُوا عَلَيْهِمْ، لأَنِّي لاَ أُعْطِيكَ مِنْ أَرْضِ بَنِي عَمُّونَ مِيرَاثًا، لأَنِّي لِبَنِي لُوطٍ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتُهَا مِيرَاثًا.19 And when thou comest nigh over against the children of Ammon, distress them not, nor meddle with them: for I will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon any possession; because I have given it unto the children of Lot for a possession.
20 هِيَ أَيْضًا تُحْسَبُ أَرْضَ رَفَائِيِّينَ. سَكَنَ الرَّفَائِيُّونَ فِيهَا قَبْلاً، لكِنَّ الْعَمُّونِيِّينَ يَدْعُونَهُمْ زَمْزُمِيِّينَ.20 (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;
21 شَعْبٌ كَبِيرٌ وَكَثِيرٌ وَطَوِيلٌ كَالْعَنَاقِيِّينَ، أَبَادَهُمُ الرَّبُّ مِنْ قُدَّامِهِمْ، فَطَرَدُوهُمْ وَسَكَنُوا مَكَانَهُمْ.21 A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:
22 كَمَا فَعَلَ لِبَنِي عِيسُو السَّاكِنِينَ فِي سِعِيرَ الَّذِينَ أَتْلَفَ الْحُورِيِّينَ مِنْ قُدَّامِهِمْ، فَطَرَدُوهُمْ وَسَكَنُوا مَكَانَهُمْ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ.22 As he did to the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed the Horims from before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead even unto this day:
23 وَالْعُوِّيُّونَ السَّاكِنُونَ فِي الْقُرَى إِلَى غَزَّةَ، أَبَادَهُمُ الْكَفْتُورِيُّونَ الَّذِينَ خَرَجُوا مِنْ كَفْتُورَ وَسَكَنُوا مَكَانَهُمْ.23 And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
24 «قُومُوا ارْتَحِلُوا وَاعْبُرُوا وَادِيَ أَرْنُونَ. اُنْظُرْ. قَدْ دَفَعْتُ إِلَى يَدِكَ سِيحُونَ مَلِكَ حَشْبُونَ الأَمُورِيَّ وَأَرْضَهُ. ابْتَدِئْ تَمَلَّكْ وَأَثِرْ عَلَيْهِ حَرْبًا.24 Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass over the river Arnon: behold, I have given into thine hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land: begin to possess it, and contend with him in battle.
25 فِي هذَا الْيَوْمِ أَبْتَدِئُ أَجْعَلُ خَشْيَتَكَ وَخَوْفَكَ أَمَامَ وُجُوهِ الشُّعُوبِ تَحْتَ كُلِّ السَّمَاءِ. الَّذِينَ يَسْمَعُونَ خَبَرَكَ يَرْتَعِدُونَ وَيَجْزَعُونَ أَمَامَكَ.25 This day will I begin to put the dread of thee and the fear of thee upon the nations that are under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee, and shall tremble, and be in anguish because of thee.
26 «فَأَرْسَلْتُ رُسُلاً مِنْ بَرِّيَّةِ قَدِيمُوتَ إِلَى سِيحُونَ مَلِكِ حَشْبُونَ بِكَلاَمِ سَلاَمٍ قَائِلاً:26 And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying,
27 أَمُرُّ فِي أَرْضِكَ. أَسْلُكُ الطَّرِيقَ الطَّرِيقَ، لاَ أَمِيلُ يَمِينًا وَلاَ شِمَالاً.27 Let me pass through thy land: I will go along by the high way, I will neither turn unto the right hand nor to the left.
28 طَعَامًا بِالْفِضَّةِ تَبِيعُنِي لآكُلَ، وَمَاءً بِالْفِضَّةِ تُعْطِينِي لأَشْرَبَ. أَمُرُّ بِرِجْلَيَّ فَقَطْ.28 Thou shalt sell me meat for money, that I may eat; and give me water for money, that I may drink: only I will pass through on my feet;
29 كَمَا فَعَلَ بِي بَنُو عِيسُو السَّاكِنُونَ فِي سِعِيرَ، وَالْمُوآبِيُّونَ السَّاكِنُونَ فِي عَارَ، إِلَى أَنْ أَعْبُرَ الأُرْدُنَّ إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَعْطَانَا الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا.29 (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us.
30 لكِنْ لَمْ يَشَأْ سِيحُونُ مَلِكُ حَشْبُونَ أَنْ يَدَعَنَا نَمُرَّ بِهِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكَ قَسَّى رُوحَهُ، وَقَوَّى قَلْبَهُ لِكَيْ يَدْفَعَهُ إِلَى يَدِكَ كَمَا فِي هذَا الْيَوْمِ.30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.
31 وَقَالَ الرَّبُّ لِي: اُنْظُرْ. قَدِ ابْتَدَأْتُ أَدْفَعُ أَمَامَكَ سِيحُونَ وَأَرْضَهُ. ابْتَدِئْ تَمَلَّكْ حَتَّى تَمْتَلِكَ أَرْضَهُ.31 And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have begun to give Sihon and his land before thee: begin to possess, that thou mayest inherit his land.
32 فَخَرَجَ سِيحُونُ لِلِقَائِنَا هُوَ وَجَمِيعُ قَوْمِهِ لِلْحَرْبِ إِلَى يَاهَصَ،32 Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.
33 فَدَفَعَهُ الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا أَمَامَنَا، فَضَرَبْنَاهُ وَبَنِيهِ وَجَمِيعَ قَوْمِهِ.33 And the LORD our God delivered him before us; and we smote him, and his sons, and all his people.
34 وَأَخَذْنَا كُلَّ مُدُنِهِ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ، وَحَرَّمْنَا مِنْ كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ: الرِّجَالَ وَالنِّسَاءَ وَالأَطْفَالَ. لَمْ نُبْقِ شَارِدًا. 34 And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain:
35 لكِنَّ الْبَهَائِمَ نَهَبْنَاهَا لأَنْفُسِنَا، وَغَنِيمَةَ الْمُدُنِ الَّتِي أَخَذْنَا،35 Only the cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, and the spoil of the cities which we took.
36 مِنْ عَرُوعِيرَ الَّتِي عَلَى حَافَةِ وَادِي أَرْنُونَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ الَّتِي فِي الْوَادِي، إِلَى جِلْعَادَ، لَمْ تَكُنْ قَرْيَةٌ قَدِ امْتَنَعَتْ عَلَيْنَا. الْجَمِيعُ دَفَعَهُ الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا أَمَامَنَا.36 From Aroer, which is by the brink of the river of Arnon, and from the city that is by the river, even unto Gilead, there was not one city too strong for us: the LORD our God delivered all unto us:
37 وَلكِنَّ أَرْضَ بَنِي عَمُّونَ لَمْ نَقْرَبْهَا. كُلَّ نَاحِيَةِ وَادِي يَبُّوقَ وَمُدُنَ الْجَبَلِ وَكُلَّ مَا أَوْصَى الرَّبُّ إِلهُنَا.37 Only unto the land of the children of Ammon thou camest not, nor unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the LORD our God forbade us.
حَرّم
أباد.