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وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

التثنية [24] Deuteronomy
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Chapter Summary
1 «إِذَا أَخَذَ رَجُلٌ امْرَأَةً وَتَزَوَّجَ بِهَا، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ نِعْمَةً فِي عَيْنَيْهِ لأَنَّهُ وَجَدَ فِيهَا عَيْبَ شَيْءٍ، وَكَتَبَ لَهَا كِتَابَ طَلاَقٍ وَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى يَدِهَا وَأَطْلَقَهَا مِنْ بَيْتِهِ،1 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.
2 وَمَتَى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ ذَهَبَتْ وَصَارَتْ لِرَجُلٍ آخَرَ،2 And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man's wife.
3 فَإِنْ أَبْغَضَهَا الرَّجُلُ الأَخِيرُ وَكَتَبَ لَهَا كِتَابَ طَلاَقٍ وَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى يَدِهَا وَأَطْلَقَهَا مِنْ بَيْتِهِ، أَوْ إِذَا مَاتَ الرَّجُلُ الأَخِيرُ الَّذِي اتَّخَذَهَا لَهُ زَوْجَةً،3 And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife;
4 لاَ يَقْدِرُ زَوْجُهَا الأَوَّلُ الَّذِي طَلَّقَهَا أَنْ يَعُودَ يَأْخُذُهَا لِتَصِيرَ لَهُ زَوْجَةً بَعْدَ أَنْ تَنَجَّسَتْ. لأَنَّ ذلِكَ رِجْسٌ لَدَى الرَّبِّ. فَلاَ تَجْلِبْ خَطِيَّةً عَلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيبًا.4 Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the LORD: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
5 «إِذَا اتَّخَذَ رَجُلٌ امْرَأَةً جَدِيدَةً، فَلاَ يَخْرُجْ فِي الْجُنْدِ، وَلاَ يُحْمَلْ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرٌ مَا. حُرًّا يَكُونُ فِي بَيْتِهِ سَنَةً وَاحِدَةً، وَيَسُرُّ امْرَأَتَهُ الَّتِي أَخَذَهَا.5 When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.
6 «لاَ يَسْتَرْهِنْ أَحَدٌ رَحًى أَوْ مِرْدَاتَهَا، لأَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا يَسْتَرْهِنُ حَيَاةً. 6 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.
7 «إِذَا وُجِدَ رَجُلٌ قَدْ سَرَقَ نَفْسًا مِنْ إِخْوَتِهِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَاسْتَرَقَّهُ وَبَاعَهُ، يَمُوتُ ذلِكَ السَّارِقُ، فَتَنْزِعُ الشَّرَّ مِنْ وَسَطِكَ.7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
8 «اِحْرِصْ فِي ضَرْبَةِ الْبَرَصِ لِتَحْفَظَ جِدًّا وَتَعْمَلَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا يُعَلِّمُكَ الْكَهَنَةُ اللاَّوِيُّونَ. كَمَا أَمَرْتُهُمْ تَحْرِصُونَ أَنْ تَعْمَلُوا.8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that thou observe diligently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you: as I commanded them, so ye shall observe to do.
9 اُذْكُرْ مَا صَنَعَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ بِمَرْيَمَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكُمْ مِنْ مِصْرَ.9 Remember what the LORD thy God did unto Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt.
10 «إِذَا أَقْرَضْتَ صَاحِبَكَ قَرْضًا مَا، فَلاَ تَدْخُلْ بَيْتَهُ لِكَيْ تَرْتَهِنَ رَهْنًا مِنْهُ.10 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge.
11 فِي الْخَارِجِ تَقِفُ، وَالرَّجُلُ الَّذِي تُقْرِضُهُ يُخْرِجُ إِلَيْكَ الرَّهْنَ إِلَى الْخَارِجِ.11 Thou shalt stand abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out the pledge abroad unto thee.
12 وَإِنْ كَانَ رَجُلاً فَقِيرًا فَلاَ تَنَمْ فِي رَهْنِهِ.12 And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge:
13 رُدَّ إِلَيْهِ الرَّهْنَ عِنْدَ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ، لِكَيْ يَنَامَ فِي ثَوْبِهِ وَيُبَارِكَكَ، فَيَكُونَ لَكَ بِرٌّ لَدَى الرَّبِّ إِلهِكَ.13 In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
14 «لاَ تَظْلِمْ أَجِيرًا مِسْكِينًا وَفَقِيرًا مِنْ إِخْوَتِكَ أَوْ مِنَ الْغُرَبَاءِ الَّذِينَ فِي أَرْضِكَ، فِي أَبْوَابِكَ.14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:
15 فِي يَوْمِهِ تُعْطِيهِ أُجْرَتَهُ، وَلاَ تَغْرُبْ عَلَيْهَا الشَّمْسُ، لأَنَّهُ فَقِيرٌ وَإِلَيْهَا حَامِلٌ نَفْسَهُ، لِئَلاَّ يَصْرُخَ عَلَيْكَ إِلَى الرَّبِّ فَتَكُونَ عَلَيْكَ خَطِيَّةٌ.15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
16 «لاَ يُقْتَلُ الآبَاءُ عَنِ الأَوْلاَدِ، وَلاَ يُقْتَلُ الأَوْلاَدُ عَنِ الآبَاءِ. كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ بِخَطِيَّتِهِ يُقْتَلُ.16 The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
17 «لاَ تُعَوِّجْ حُكْمَ الْغَرِيبِ وَالْيَتِيمِ، وَلاَ تَسْتَرْهِنْ ثَوْبَ الأَرْمَلَةِ.17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
18 وَاذْكُرْ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ عَبْدًا فِي مِصْرَ فَفَدَاكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ مِنْ هُنَاكَ. لِذلِكَ أَنَا أُوصِيكَ أَنْ تَعْمَلَ هذَا الأَمْرَ.18 But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
19 «إِذَا حَصَدْتَ حَصِيدَكَ فِي حَقْلِكَ وَنَسِيتَ حُزْمَةً فِي الْحَقْلِ، فَلاَ تَرْجعْ لِتَأْخُذَهَا، لِلْغَرِيبِ وَالْيَتِيمِ وَالأَرْمَلَةِ تَكُونُ، لِكَيْ يُبَارِكَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ فِي كُلِّ عَمَلِ يَدَيْكَ.19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.
20 وَإِذَا خَبَطْتَ زَيْتُونَكَ فَلاَ تُرَاجعِ الأَغْصَانَ وَرَاءَكَ، لِلْغَرِيبِ وَالْيَتِيمِ وَالأَرْمَلَةِ يَكُونُ.20 When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.
21 إِذَا قَطَفْتَ كَرْمَكَ فَلاَ تُعَلِّلْهُ وَرَاءَكَ. لِلْغَرِيبِ وَالْيَتِيمِ وَالأَرْمَلَةِ يَكُونُ.21 When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.
22 وَاذْكُرْ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ عَبْدًا فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. لِذلِكَ أَنَا أُوصِيكَ أَنْ تَعْمَلَ هذَا الأَمْرَ.22 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt: therefore I command thee to do this thing.
مِرْداة
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