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تفسير Commentary
هلال أمين
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

صموئيل الأول [1] 1Samuel
مدخلإستمع
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Chapter Summary
1 كَانَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ رَامَتَايِمَ صُوفِيمَ مِنْ جَبَلِ أَفْرَايِمَ اسْمُهُ أَلْقَانَةُ بْنُ يَرُوحَامَ بْنِ أَلِيهُوَ بْنِ تُوحُوَ بْنِ صُوفٍ. هُوَ أَفْرَايِمِيٌّ.1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
2 وَلَهُ امْرَأَتَانِ، اسْمُ الْوَاحِدَةِ حَنَّةُ، وَاسْمُ الأُخْرَى فَنِنَّةُ. وَكَانَ لِفَنِنَّةَ أَوْلاَدٌ، وَأَمَّا حَنَّةُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا أَوْلاَدٌ.2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
3 وَكَانَ هذَا الرَّجُلُ يَصْعَدُ مِنْ مَدِينَتِهِ مِنْ سَنَةٍ إِلَى سَنَةٍ لِيَسْجُدَ وَيَذْبَحَ لِرَبِّ الْجُنُودِ فِي شِيلُوهَ. وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ ابْنَا عَالِي: حُفْنِي وَفِينَحَاسُ، كَاهِنَا الرَّبِّ.3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
4 وَلَمَّا كَانَ الْوَقْتُ وَذَبَحَ أَلْقَانَةُ، أَعْطَى فَنِنَّةَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَجَمِيعَ بَنِيهَا وَبَنَاتِهَا أَنْصِبَةً. 4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
5 وَأَمَّا حَنَّةُ فَأَعْطَاهَا نَصِيبَ اثْنَيْنِ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ يُحِبُّ حَنَّةَ. وَلكِنَّ الرَّبَّ كَانَ قَدْ أَغْلَقَ رَحِمَهَا.5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
6 وَكَانَتْ ضَرَّتُهَا تُغِيظُهَا أَيْضًا غَيْظًا لأَجْلِ الْمُرَاغَمَةِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ أَغْلَقَ رَحِمَهَا. 6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
7 وَهكَذَا صَارَ سَنَةً بَعْدَ سَنَةٍ، كُلَّمَا صَعِدَتْ إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ، هكَذَا كَانَتْ تُغِيظُهَا. فَبَكَتْ وَلَمْ تَأْكُلْ.7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
8 فَقَالَ لَهَا أَلْقَانَةُ رَجُلُهَا: «يَا حَنَّةُ، لِمَاذَا تَبْكِينَ؟ وَلِمَاذَا لاَ تَأْكُلِينَ؟ وَلِمَاذَا يَكْتَئِبُ قَلْبُكِ؟ أَمَا أَنَا خَيْرٌ لَكِ مِنْ عَشَرَةِ بَنِينَ؟».8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?
9 فَقَامَتْ حَنَّةُ بَعْدَمَا أَكَلُوا فِي شِيلُوهَ وَبَعْدَمَا شَرِبُوا، وَعَالِي الْكَاهِنُ جَالِسٌ عَلَى الْكُرْسِيِّ عِنْدَ قَائِمَةِ هَيْكَلِ الرَّبِّ،9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.
10 وَهِيَ مُرَّةُ النَّفْسِ. فَصَلَّتْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ، وَبَكَتْ بُكَاءً،10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
11 وَنَذَرَتْ نَذْرًا وَقَالَتْ: «يَا رَبَّ الْجُنُودِ، إِنْ نَظَرْتَ نَظَرًا إِلَى مَذَلَّةِ أَمَتِكَ، وَذَكَرْتَنِي وَلَمْ تَنْسَ أَمَتَكَ بَلْ أَعْطَيْتَ أَمَتَكَ زَرْعَ بَشَرٍ، فَإِنِّي أُعْطِيهِ لِلرَّبِّ كُلَّ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ، وَلاَ يَعْلُو رَأْسَهُ مُوسَى».11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
12 وَكَانَ إِذْ أَكْثَرَتِ الصَّلاَةَ أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ وَعَالِي يُلاَحِظُ فَاهَا.12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.
13 فَإِنَّ حَنَّةَ كَانَتْ تَتَكَلَّمُ فِي قَلْبِهَا، وَشَفَتَاهَا فَقَطْ تَتَحَرَّكَانِ، وَصَوْتُهَا لَمْ يُسْمَعْ، أَنَّ عَالِيَ ظَنَّهَا سَكْرَى.13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.
14 فَقَالَ لَهَا عَالِي: «حَتَّى مَتَى تَسْكَرِينَ؟ انْزِعِي خَمْرَكِ عَنْكِ».14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.
15 فَأَجَابَتْ حَنَّةُ وَقَالت: «لاَ يَا سَيِّدِي. إِنِّي امْرَأَةٌ حَزِينَةُ الرُّوحِ وَلَمْ أَشْرَبْ خَمْرًا وَلاَ مُسْكِرًا، بَلْ أَسْكُبُ نَفْسِي أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ.15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.
16 لاَ تَحْسِبْ أَمَتَكَ ابْنَةَ بَلِيَّعَالَ، لأَنِّي مِنْ كَثْرَةِ كُرْبَتِي وَغَيْظِي قَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُ إِلَى الآنَ».16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.
17 فَأجَابَ عَالِي وَقَالَ: «اذْهَبِي بِسَلاَمٍ، وَإِلهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ يُعْطِيكِ سُؤْلَكِ الَّذِي سَأَلْتِهِ مِنْ لَدُنْهُ».17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
18 فَقَالَتْ: «لِتَجِدْ جَارِيَتُكَ نِعْمَةً فِي عَيْنَيْكَ». ثُمَّ مَضَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ فِي طَرِيقِهَا وَأَكَلَتْ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ وَجْهُهَا بَعْدُ مُغَيَّرًا.18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
19 وَبَكَّرُوا فِي الصَّبَاحِ وَسَجَدُوا أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ، وَرَجَعُوا وَجَاءُوا إِلَى بَيْتِهِمْ فِي الرَّامَةِ. وَعَرَفَ أَلْقَانَةُ امْرَأَتَهُ حَنَّةَ، وَالرَّبُّ ذَكَرَهَا.19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
20 وَكَانَ فِي مَدَارِ السَّنَةِ أَنَّ حَنَّةَ حَبِلَتْ وَوَلَدَتِ ابْنًا وَدَعَتِ اسْمَهُ صَمُوئِيلَ قَائِلَةً: «لأَنِّي مِنَ الرَّبِّ سَأَلْتُهُ».20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.
21 وَصَعِدَ الرَّجُلُ أَلْقَانَةُ وَجَمِيعُ بَيْتِهِ لِيَذْبَحَ لِلرَّبِّ الذَّبِيحَةَ السَّنَوِيَّةَ، وَنَذْرَهُ.21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
22 وَلكِنَّ حَنَّةَ لَمْ تَصْعَدْ لأَنَّهَا قَالَتْ لِرَجُلِهَا: «مَتَى فُطِمَ الصَّبِيُّ آتِي بِهِ لِيَتَرَاءَى أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ وَيُقِيمَ هُنَاكَ إِلَى الأَبَدِ».22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
23 فَقَالَ لَهَا أَلْقَانَةُ رَجُلُهَا: «اعْمَلِي مَا يَحْسُنُ فِي عَيْنَيْكِ. امْكُثِي حَتَّى تَفْطِمِيهِ. إِنَّمَا الرَّبُّ يُقِيمُ كَلاَمَهُ». فَمَكَثَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَأَرْضَعَتِ ابْنَهَا حَتَّى فَطَمَتْهُ.23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.
24 ثُمَّ حِينَ فَطَمَتْهُ أَصْعَدَتْهُ مَعَهَا بِثَلاَثَةِ ثِيرَانٍ وَإِيفَةِ دَقِيق وَزِقِّ خَمْرٍ، وَأَتَتْ بِهِ إِلَى الرَّبِّ فِي شِيلُوهَ وَالصَّبِيُّ صَغِيرٌ. 24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.
25 فَذَبَحُوا الثَّوْرَ وَجَاءُوا بِالصَّبِيِّ إِلَى عَالِي.25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.
26 وَقَالَتْ: «أَسْأَلُكَ يَا سَيِّدِي. حَيَّةٌ هِيَ نَفْسُكَ يَا سَيِّدِي، أَنَا الْمَرْأَةُ الَّتِي وَقَفَتْ لَدَيْكَ هُنَا تُصَلِّي إِلَى الرَّبِّ.26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
27 لأَجْلِ هذَا الصَّبِيِّ صَلَّيْتُ فَأَعْطَانِيَ الرَّبُّ سُؤْلِيَ الَّذِي سَأَلْتُهُ مِنْ لَدُنْهُ.27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:
28 وَأَنَا أَيْضًا قَدْ أَعَرْتُهُ لِلرَّبِّ. جَمِيعَ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ هُوَ عَارِيَّةٌ لِلرَّبِّ». وَسَجَدُوا هُنَاكَ لِلرَّبِّ. 28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.
أنصبة
مفردها نصيب: حصة، جزء من شيء، هدية.
ضَرّة
زوجة الرجل الثانية.
مُراغمة
اذلال. إغاظة.
زِق
وعاد من جلد. قِربة.
عارية
مُعار أو مستعار.