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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
هنري أيرونسايد
بنيامين بنكرتن
وليم إدي
ديفيد كوزيك
Matthew Henry

لوقا [6] Luke
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Chapter Summary
الحوار حول السبت
1 وَفِي السَّبْتِ الثَّانِي بَعْدَ الأَوَّلِ اجْتَازَ بَيْنَ الزُّرُوعِ. وَكَانَ تَلاَمِيذُهُ يَقْطِفُونَ السَّنَابِلَ وَيَأْكُلُونَ وَهُمْ يَفْرُكُونَهَا بِأَيْدِيهِمْ.1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.
2 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ قَوْمٌ مِنَ الْفَرِّيسِيِّينَ: «لِمَاذَا تَفْعَلُونَ مَا لاَ يَحِلُّ فِعْلُهُ فِي السُّبُوتِ؟»2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?
3 فَأَجَابَ يَسُوعُ وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «أَمَا قَرَأْتُمْ وَلاَ هذَا الَّذِي فَعَلَهُ دَاوُدُ، حِينَ جَاعَ هُوَ وَالَّذِينَ كَانُوا مَعَهُ؟3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;
4 كَيْفَ دَخَلَ بَيْتَ اللهِ وَأَخَذَ خُبْزَ التَّقْدِمَةِ وَأَكَلَ، وَأَعْطَى الَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَيْضًا، الَّذِي لاَ يَحِلُّ أَكْلُهُ إِلاَّ لِلْكَهَنَةِ فَقَطْ»4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?
5 وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «إِنَّ ابْنَ الإِنْسَانِ هُوَ رَبُّ السَّبْتِ أَيْضًا».5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
شفاء ذي اليد اليابسة
6 وَفِي سَبْتٍ آخَرَ دَخَلَ الْمَجْمَعَ وَصَارَ يُعَلِّمُ. وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ رَجُلٌ يَدُهُ الْيُمْنَى يَابِسَةٌ،6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
7 وَكَانَ الْكَتَبَةُ وَالْفَرِّيسِيُّونَ يُرَاقِبُونَهُ هَلْ يَشْفِي فِي السَّبْتِ، لِكَيْ يَجِدُوا عَلَيْهِ شِكَايَةً.7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.
8 أَمَّا هُوَ فَعَلِمَ أَفْكَارَهُمْ، وَقَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ الَّذِي يَدُهُ يَابِسَةٌ: «قُمْ وَقِفْ فِي الْوَسْطِ». فَقَامَ وَوَقَفَ.8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.
9 ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ يَسُوعُ: «أَسْأَلُكُمْ شَيْئًا: هَلْ يَحِلُّ فِي السَّبْتِ فِعْلُ الْخَيْرِ أَوْ فِعْلُ الشَّرِّ؟ تَخْلِيصُ نَفْسٍ أَوْ إِهْلاَكُهَا؟».9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
10 ثُمَّ نَظَرَ حَوْلَهُ إِلَى جَمِيعِهِمْ وَقَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ: «مُدَّ يَدَكَ». فَفَعَلَ هكَذَا. فَعَادَتْ يَدُهُ صَحِيحَةً كَالأُخْرَى.10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
11 فَامْتَلأُوا حُمْقًا وَصَارُوا يَتَكَالَمُونَ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ مَاذَا يَفْعَلُونَ بِيَسُوعَ.11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.
الرسل الاثنا عشر
12 وَفِي تِلْكَ الأَيَّامِ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ لِيُصَلِّيَ. وَقَضَى اللَّيْلَ كُلَّهُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ للهِ.12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
13 وَلَمَّا كَانَ النَّهَارُ دَعَا تَلاَمِيذَهُ، وَاخْتَارَ مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ، الَّذِينَ سَمَّاهُمْ أَيْضًا «رُسُلاً»:13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;
14 سِمْعَانَ الَّذِي سَمَّاهُ أَيْضًا بُطْرُسَ وَأَنْدَرَاوُسَ أَخَاهُ. يَعْقُوبَ وَيُوحَنَّا. فِيلُبُّسَ وَبَرْثُولَمَاوُسَ.14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
15 مَتَّى وَتُومَا. يَعْقُوبَ بْنَ حَلْفَى وَسِمْعَانَ الَّذِي يُدْعَى الْغَيُورَ.15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
16 يَهُوذَا أَخَا يَعْقُوبَ، وَيَهُوذَا الإِسْخَرْيُوطِيَّ الَّذِي صَارَ مُسَلِّمًا أَيْضًا.16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
17 وَنَزَلَ مَعَهُمْ وَوَقَفَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ سَهْل، هُوَ وَجَمْعٌ مِنْ تَلاَمِيذِهِ، وَجُمْهُورٌ كَثِيرٌ مِنَ الشَّعْبِ، مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَأُورُشَلِيمَ وَسَاحِلِ صُورَ وَصَيْدَاءَ، الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا لِيَسْمَعُوهُ وَيُشْفَوْا مِنْ أَمْرَاضِهِمْ،17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;
18 وَالْمُعَذَّبُونَ مِنْ أَرْوَاحٍ نَجِسَةٍ. وَكَانُوا يَبْرَأُونَ.18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.
19 وَكُلُّ الْجَمْعِ طَلَبُوا أَنْ يَلْمِسُوهُ، لأَنَّ قُوَّةً كَانَتْ تَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ وَتَشْفِي الْجَمِيعَ.19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.
السعادة الحقيقية
20 وَرَفَعَ عَيْنَيْهِ إِلَى تَلاَمِيذِهِ وَقَالَ: «طُوبَاكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمَسَاكِينُ، لأَنَّ لَكُمْ مَلَكُوتَ اللهِ.20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 طُوبَاكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْجِيَاعُ الآنَ، لأَنَّكُمْ تُشْبَعُونَ. طُوبَاكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْبَاكُونَ الآنَ، لأَنَّكُمْ سَتَضْحَكُونَ.21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
22 طُوبَاكُمْ إِذَا أَبْغَضَكُمُ النَّاسُ، وَإِذَا أَفْرَزُوكُمْ وَعَيَّرُوكُمْ، وَأَخْرَجُوا اسْمَكُمْ كَشِرِّيرٍ مِنْ أَجْلِ ابْنِ الإِنْسَانِ.22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
23 اِفْرَحُوا فِي ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَتَهَلَّلُوا، فَهُوَذَا أَجْرُكُمْ عَظِيمٌ فِي السَّمَاءِ. لأَنَّ آبَاءَهُمْ هكَذَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ بِالأَنْبِيَاءِ.23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
24 وَلكِنْ وَيْلٌ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَا الأَغْنِيَاءُ، لأَنَّكُمْ قَدْ نِلْتُمْ عَزَاءَكُمْ.24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.
25 وَيْلٌ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَا الشَّبَاعَى، لأَنَّكُمْ سَتَجُوعُونَ. وَيْلٌ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَا الضَّاحِكُونَ الآنَ، لأَنَّكُمْ سَتَحْزَنُونَ وَتَبْكُونَ.25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
26 وَيْلٌ لَكُمْ إِذَا قَالَ فِيكُمْ جَمِيعُ النَّاسِ حَسَنًا. لأَنَّهُ هكَذَا كَانَ آبَاؤُهُمْ يَفْعَلُونَ بِالأَنْبِيَاءِ الْكَذَبَةِ.26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
أحبوا أعداءكم
27 «لكِنِّي أَقُولُ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَا السَّامِعُونَ: أَحِبُّوا أَعْدَاءَكُمْ، أَحْسِنُوا إِلَى مُبْغِضِيكُمْ،27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,
28 بَارِكُوا لاَعِنِيكُمْ، وَصَلُّوا لأَجْلِ الَّذِينَ يُسِيئُونَ إِلَيْكُمْ.28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.
29 مَنْ ضَرَبَكَ عَلَى خَدِّكَ فَاعْرِضْ لَهُ الآخَرَ أَيْضًا، وَمَنْ أَخَذَ رِدَاءَكَ فَلاَ تَمْنَعْهُ ثَوْبَكَ أَيْضًا.29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.
30 وَكُلُّ مَنْ سَأَلَكَ فَأَعْطِهِ، وَمَنْ أَخَذَ الَّذِي لَكَ فَلاَ تُطَالِبْهُ.30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.
31 وَكَمَا تُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَفْعَلَ النَّاسُ بِكُمُ افْعَلُوا أَنْتُمْ أَيْضًا بِهِمْ هكَذَا.31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.
32 وَإِنْ أَحْبَبْتُمُ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَكُمْ، فَأَيُّ فَضْل لَكُمْ؟ فَإِنَّ الْخُطَاةَ أَيْضًا يُحِبُّونَ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَهُمْ.32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.
33 وَإِذَا أَحْسَنْتُمْ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُحْسِنُونَ إِلَيْكُمْ، فَأَيُّ فَضْل لَكُمْ؟ فَإِنَّ الْخُطَاةَ أَيْضًا يَفْعَلُونَ هكَذَا.33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.
34 وَإِنْ أَقْرَضْتُمُ الَّذِينَ تَرْجُونَ أَنْ تَسْتَرِدُّوا مِنْهُمْ، فَأَيُّ فَضْل لَكُمْ؟ فَإِنَّ الْخُطَاةَ أَيْضًا يُقْرِضُونَ الْخُطَاةَ لِكَيْ يَسْتَرِدُّوا مِنْهُمُ الْمِثْلَ.34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.
35 بَلْ أَحِبُّوا أَعْدَاءَكُمْ، وَأَحْسِنُوا وَأَقْرِضُوا وَأَنْتُمْ لاَ تَرْجُونَ شَيْئًا، فَيَكُونَ أَجْرُكُمْ عَظِيمًا وَتَكُونُوا بَنِي الْعَلِيِّ، فَإِنَّهُ مُنْعِمٌ عَلَى غَيْرِ الشَّاكِرِينَ وَالأَشْرَارِ.35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.
36 فَكُونُوا رُحَمَاءَ كَمَا أَنَّ أَبَاكُمْ أَيْضًا رَحِيمٌ.36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
لا تدينوا الآخرين
37 «وَلاَ تَدِينُوا فَلاَ تُدَانُوا. لاَ تَقْضُوا عَلَى أَحَدٍ فَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكُمْ. اِغْفِرُوا يُغْفَرْ لَكُمْ.37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
38 أَعْطُوا تُعْطَوْا، كَيْلاً جَيِّدًا مُلَبَّدًا مَهْزُوزًا فَائِضًا يُعْطُونَ فِي أَحْضَانِكُمْ. لأَنَّهُ بِنَفْسِ الْكَيْلِ الَّذِي بِهِ تَكِيلُونَ يُكَالُ لَكُمْ».38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
39 وَضَرَبَ لَهُمْ مَثَلاً: «هَلْ يَقْدِرُ أَعْمَى أَنْ يَقُودَ أَعْمَى؟ أَمَا يَسْقُطُ الاثْنَانِ فِي حُفْرَةٍ؟39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?
40 لَيْسَ التِّلْمِيذُ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ مُعَلِّمِهِ، بَلْ كُلُّ مَنْ صَارَ كَامِلاً يَكُونُ مِثْلَ مُعَلِّمِهِ.40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.
41 لِمَاذَا تَنْظُرُ الْقَذَى الَّذِي فِي عَيْنِ أَخِيكَ، وَأَمَّا الْخَشَبَةُ الَّتِي فِي عَيْنِكَ فَلاَ تَفْطَنُ لَهَا؟41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?
42 أَوْ كَيْفَ تَقْدِرُ أَنْ تَقُولَ لأَخِيكَ: يَا أَخِي، دَعْنِي أُخْرِجِ الْقَذَى الَّذِي فِي عَيْنِكَ، وَأَنْتَ لاَ تَنْظُرُ الْخَشَبَةَ الَّتِي فِي عَيْنِكَ؟ يَا مُرَائِي! أَخْرِجْ أَوَّلاً الْخَشَبَةَ مِنْ عَيْنِكَ، وَحِينَئِذٍ تُبْصِرُ جَيِّدًا أَنْ تُخْرِجَ الْقَذَى الَّذِي فِي عَيْنِ أَخِيكَ.42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.
كل شجرة تعرف من ثمرها
43 «لأَنَّهُ مَا مِنْ شَجَرَةٍ جَيِّدَةٍ تُثْمِرُ ثَمَرًا رَدِيًّا، وَلاَ شَجَرَةٍ رَدِيَّةٍ تُثْمِرُ ثَمَرًا جَيِّدًا.43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
44 لأَنَّ كُلَّ شَجَرَةٍ تُعْرَفُ مِنْ ثَمَرِهَا. فَإِنَّهُمْ لاَ يَجْتَنُونَ مِنَ الشَّوْكِ تِينًا، وَلاَ يَقْطِفُونَ مِنَ الْعُلَّيْقِ عِنَبًا.44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.
45 اَلإِنْسَانُ الصَّالِحُ مِنْ كَنْزِ قَلْبِهِ الصَّالِحِ يُخْرِجُ الصَّلاَحَ، وَالإِنْسَانُ الشِّرِّيرُ مِنْ كَنْزِ قَلْبِهِ الشِّرِّيرِ يُخْرِجُ الشَّرَّ. فَإِنَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلَةِ الْقَلْبِ يَتَكَلَّمُ فَمُهُ.45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
البيت المؤسّس على الصخر
46 «وَلِمَاذَا تَدْعُونَنِي: يَارَبُّ، يَارَبُّ، وَأَنْتُمْ لاَ تَفْعَلُونَ مَا أَقُولُهُ؟46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?
47 كُلُّ مَنْ يَأْتِي إِلَيَّ وَيَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي وَيَعْمَلُ بِهِ أُرِيكُمْ مَنْ يُشْبِهُ.47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:
48 يُشْبِهُ إِنْسَانًا بَنَى بَيْتًا، وَحَفَرَ وَعَمَّقَ وَوَضَعَ الأَسَاسَ عَلَى الصَّخْرِ. فَلَمَّا حَدَثَ سَيْلٌ صَدَمَ النَّهْرُ ذلِكَ الْبَيْتَ، فَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ أَنْ يُزَعْزِعَهُ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ مُؤَسَّسًا عَلَى الصَّخْرِ.48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.
49 وَأَمَّا الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ وَلاَ يَعْمَلُ، فَيُشْبِهُ إِنْسَانًا بَنَى بَيْتَهُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ مِنْ دُونِ أَسَاسٍ، فَصَدَمَهُ النَّهْرُ فَسَقَطَ حَالاً، وَكَانَ خَرَابُ ذلِكَ الْبَيْتِ عَظِيمًا!».49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.