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إصحاحات Chapters
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تفسير Commentary
ناشد حنا
وليم ماكدونالد
Matthew Henry

يعقوب [2] James
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Chapter Summary
1 يَا إِخْوَتِي، لاَ يَكُنْ لَكُمْ إِيمَانُ رَبِّنَا يَسُوعَ الْمَسِيحِ، رَبِّ الْمَجْدِ، فِي الْمُحَابَاةِ.1 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.
2 فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ دَخَلَ إِلَى مَجْمَعِكُمْ رَجُلٌ بِخَوَاتِمِ ذَهَبٍ فِي لِبَاسٍ بَهِيٍّ، وَدَخَلَ أَيْضًا فَقِيرٌ بِلِبَاسٍ وَسِخٍ،2 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
3 فَنَظَرْتُمْ إِلَى اللاَّبِسِ اللِّبَاسَ الْبَهِيَّ وَقُلْتُمْ لَهُ:«اجْلِسْ أَنْتَ هُنَا حَسَنًا». وَقُلْتُمْ لِلْفَقِيرِ:«قِفْ أَنْتَ هُنَاكَ» أَوِ: «اجْلِسْ هُنَا تَحْتَ مَوْطِئِ قَدَمَيَّ»3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
4 فَهَلْ لاَ تَرْتَابُونَ فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ، وَتَصِيرُونَ قُضَاةَ أَفْكَارٍ شِرِّيرَةٍ؟4 Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
5 اسْمَعُوا يَا إِخْوَتِي الأَحِبَّاءَ: أَمَا اخْتَارَ اللهُ فُقَرَاءَ هذَا الْعَالَمِ أَغْنِيَاءَ فِي الإِيمَانِ، وَوَرَثَةَ الْمَلَكُوتِ الَّذِي وَعَدَ بِهِ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَهُ؟5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
6 وَأَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَأَهَنْتُمُ الْفَقِيرَ. أَلَيْسَ الأَغْنِيَاءُ يَتَسَلَّطُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَهُمْ يَجُرُّونَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَحَاكِمِ؟6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
7 أَمَا هُمْ يُجَدِّفُونَ عَلَى الاسْمِ الْحَسَنِ الَّذِي دُعِيَ بِهِ عَلَيْكُمْ؟7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?
8 فَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُكَمِّلُونَ النَّامُوسَ الْمُلُوكِيَّ حَسَبَ الْكِتَابِ:«تُحِبُّ قَرِيبَكَ كَنَفْسِكَ». فَحَسَنًا تَفْعَلُونَ.8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
9 وَلكِنْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحَابُونَ، تَفْعَلُونَ خَطِيَّةً، مُوَبَّخِينَ مِنَ النَّامُوسِ كَمُتَعَدِّينَ.9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
10 لأَنَّ مَنْ حَفِظَ كُلَّ النَّامُوسِ، وَإِنَّمَا عَثَرَ فِي وَاحِدَةٍ، فَقَدْ صَارَ مُجْرِمًا فِي الْكُلِّ.10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
11 لأَنَّ الَّذِي قَالَ: «لاَ تَزْنِ»، قَالَ أَيْضًا:«لاَ تَقْتُلْ». فَإِنْ لَمْ تَزْنِ وَلكِنْ قَتَلْتَ، فَقَدْ صِرْتَ مُتَعَدِّيًا النَّامُوسَ.11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.
12 هكَذَا تَكَلَّمُوا وَهكَذَا افْعَلُوا كَعَتِيدِينَ أَنْ تُحَاكَمُوا بِنَامُوسِ الْحُرِّيَّةِ.12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.
13 لأَنَّ الْحُكْمَ هُوَ بِلاَ رَحْمَةٍ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ رَحْمَةً، وَالرَّحْمَةُ تَفْتَخِرُ عَلَى الْحُكْمِ.13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
14 مَا الْمَنْفَعَةُ يَا إِخْوَتِي إِنْ قَالَ أَحَدٌ إِنَّ لَهُ إِيمَانًا وَلكِنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ أَعْمَالٌ، هَلْ يَقْدِرُ الإِيمَانُ أَنْ يُخَلِّصَهُ؟14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him?
15 إِنْ كَانَ أَخٌ وَأُخْتٌ عُرْيَانَيْنِ وَمُعْتَازَيْنِ لِلْقُوتِ الْيَوْمِيِّ،15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food,
16 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا أَحَدُكُمُ:«امْضِيَا بِسَلاَمٍ، اسْتَدْفِئَا وَاشْبَعَا» وَلكِنْ لَمْ تُعْطُوهُمَا حَاجَاتِ الْجَسَدِ، فَمَا الْمَنْفَعَةُ؟16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?
17 هكَذَا الإِيمَانُ أَيْضًا، إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ أَعْمَالٌ، مَيِّتٌ فِي ذَاتِهِ.17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
18 لكِنْ يَقُولُ قَائِلٌ:«أَنْتَ لَكَ إِيمَانٌ، وَأَنَا لِي أَعْمَالٌ» أَرِنِي إِيمَانَكَ بِدُونِ أَعْمَالِكَ، وَأَنَا أُرِيكَ بِأَعْمَالِي إِيمَانِي.18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
19 أَنْتَ تُؤْمِنُ أَنَّ اللهَ وَاحِدٌ. حَسَنًا تَفْعَلُ. وَالشَّيَاطِينُ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَيَقْشَعِرُّونَ!19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.
20 وَلكِنْ هَلْ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَعْلَمَ أَيُّهَا الإِنْسَانُ الْبَاطِلُ أَنَّ الإِيمَانَ بِدُونِ أَعْمَال مَيِّتٌ؟20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
21 أَلَمْ يَتَبَرَّرْ إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَبُونَا بِالأَعْمَالِ، إِذْ قَدَّمَ إِسْحَاقَ ابْنَهُ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ؟21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
22 فَتَرَى أَنَّ الإِيمَانَ عَمِلَ مَعَ أَعْمَالِهِ، وَبِالأَعْمَالِ أُكْمِلَ الإِيمَانُ،22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
23 وَتَمَّ الْكِتَابُ الْقَائِلُ:«فَآمَنَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بِاللهِ فَحُسِبَ لَهُ بِرًّا» وَدُعِيَ خَلِيلَ اللهِ.23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
24 تَرَوْنَ إِذًا أَنَّهُ بِالأَعْمَالِ يَتَبَرَّرُ الإِنْسَانُ، لاَبِالإِيمَانِ وَحْدَهُ.24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
25 كَذلِكَ رَاحَابُ الزَّانِيَةُ أَيْضًا، أَمَا تَبَرَّرَتْ بِالأَعْمَالِ، إِذْ قَبِلَتِ الرُّسُلَ وَأَخْرَجَتْهُمْ فِي طَرِيق آخَرَ؟25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?
26 لأَنَّهُ كَمَا أَنَّ الْجَسَدَ بِدُونَ رُوحٍ مَيِّتٌ، هكَذَا الإِيمَانُ أَيْضًا بِدُونِ أَعْمَال مَيِّتٌ.26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.