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إصحاحات Chapters
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10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

الملوك الثاني [16] 2Kings
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Chapter Summary
1 فِي السَّنَةِ السَّابِعَةَ عَشْرَةَ لِفَقْحَ بْنِ رَمَلْيَا، مَلَكَ آحَازُ بْنُ يُوثَامَ مَلِكِ يَهُوذَا.1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
2 كَانَ آحَازُ ابْنَ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً حِينَ مَلَكَ، وَمَلَكَ سِتَّ عَشَرَةَ سَنَةً فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ. وَلَمْ يَعْمَلِ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ فِي عَيْنَيِ الرَّبِّ إِلهِهِ كَدَاوُدَ أَبِيهِ،2 Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.
3 بَلْ سَارَ فِي طَرِيقِ مُلُوكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، حَتَّى إِنَّهُ عَبَّرَ ابْنَهُ فِي النَّارِ حَسَبَ أَرْجَاسِ الأُمَمِ الَّذِينَ طَرَدَهُمُ الرَّبُّ مِنْ أَمَامِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ.3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.
4 وَذَبَحَ وَأَوْقَدَ عَلَى الْمُرْتَفَعَاتِ وَعَلَى التِّلاَلِ وَتَحْتَ كُلِّ شَجَرَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ.4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.
5 حِينَئِذٍ صَعِدَ رَصِينُ مَلِكُ أَرَامَ وَفَقْحُ بْنُ رَمَلْيَا مَلِكُ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ لِلْمُحَارَبَةِ، فَحَاصَرُوا آحَازَ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَغْلِبُوهُ.5 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.
6 فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ أَرْجَعَ رَصِينُ مَلِكُ أَرَامَ أَيْلَةَ لِلأَرَامِيِّينَ، وَطَرَدَ الْيَهُودَ مِنْ أَيْلَةَ. وَجَاءَ الأَرَامِيُّونَ إِلَى أَيْلَةَ وَأَقَامُوا هُنَاكَ إِلَى هذَا الْيَوْمِ.6 At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.
7 وَأَرْسَلَ آحَازُ رُسُلاً إِلَى تَغْلَثَ فَلاَسِرَ مَلِكِ أَشُّورَ قَائِلاً: «أَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَابْنُكَ. اصْعَدْ وَخَلِّصْنِي مِنْ يَدِ مَلِكِ أَرَامَ وَمِنْ يَدِ مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ الْقَائِمَيْنِ عَلَيَّ».7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
8 فَأَخَذَ آحَازُ الْفِضَّةَ وَالذَّهَبَ الْمَوْجُودَةَ فِي بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ وَفِي خَزَائِنِ بَيْتِ الْمَلِكِ وَأَرْسَلَهَا إِلَى مَلِكِ أَشُّورَ هَدِيَّةً.8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.
9 فَسَمِعَ لَهُ مَلِكُ أَشُّورَ، وَصَعِدَ مَلِكُ أَشُّورَ إِلَى دِمَشْقَ وَأَخَذَهَا وَسَبَاهَا إِلَى قِيرَ، وَقَتَلَ رَصِينَ.9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
10 وَسَارَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ لِلِقَاءِ تَغْلَثَ فَلاَسِرَ مَلِكِ أَشُّورَ، إِلَى دِمَشْقَ. وَرَأَى الْمَذْبَحَ الَّذِي فِي دِمَشْقَ. وَأَرْسَلَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ إِلَى أُورِيَّا الْكَاهِنِ شِبْهَ الْمَذْبَحِ وَشَكْلَهُ حَسَبَ كُلِّ صِنَاعَتِهِ.10 And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
11 فَبَنَى أُورِيَّا الْكَاهِنُ مَذْبَحًا. حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَرْسَلَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ مِنْ دِمَشْقَ كَذلِكَ عَمِلَ أُورِيَّا الْكَاهِنُ، رَيْثَمَا جَاءَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ مِنْ دِمَشْقَ.11 And Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus: so Urijah the priest made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus.
12 فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ الْمَلِكُ مِنْ دِمَشْقَ رَأَى الْمَلِكُ الْمَذْبَحَ، فَتَقَدَّمَ الْمَلِكُ إِلَى الْمَذْبَحِ وَأَصْعَدَ عَلَيْهِ،12 And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.
13 وَأَوْقَدَ مُحْرَقَتَهُ وَتَقْدِمَتَهُ وَسَكَبَ سَكِيبَهُ، وَرَشَّ دَمَ ذَبِيحَةِ السَّلاَمَةِ الَّتِي لَهُ عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ.13 And he burnt his burnt offering and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings, upon the altar.
14 وَمَذْبَحُ النُّحَاسِ الَّذِي أَمَامَ الرَّبِّ قَدَّمَهُ مِنْ أَمَامِ الْبَيْتِ مِنْ بَيْنِ الْمَذْبَحِ وَبَيْتِ الرَّبِّ، وَجَعَلَهُ عَلَى جَانِبِ الْمَذْبَحِ الشِّمَالِيِّ.14 And he brought also the brazen altar, which was before the LORD, from the forefront of the house, from between the altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the north side of the altar.
15 وَأَمَرَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ أُورِيَّا الْكَاهِنَ قَائِلاً: «عَلَى الْمَذْبَحِ الْعَظِيمِ أَوْقِدْ مُحْرَقَةَ الصَّبَاحِ وَتَقْدِمَةَ الْمَسَاءِ، وَمُحْرَقَةَ الْمَلِكِ وَتَقْدِمَتَهُ، مَعَ مُحْرَقَةِ كُلِّ شَعْبِ الأَرْضِ وَتَقْدِمَتِهِمْ وَسَكَائِبِهِمْ، وَرُشَّ عَلَيْهِ كُلَّ دَمِ مُحْرَقَةٍ وَكُلَّ دَمِ ذَبِيحَةٍ. وَمَذْبَحُ النُّحَاسِ يَكُونُ لِي لِلسُّؤَالِ».15 And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering, and the evening meat offering, and the king's burnt sacrifice, and his meat offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: and the brazen altar shall be for me to enquire by.
16 فَعَمِلَ أُورِيَّا الْكَاهِنُ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ.16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz commanded.
17 وَقَطَعَ الْمَلِكُ آحَازُ أَتْرَاسَ الْقَوَاعِدِ وَرَفَعَ عَنْهَا الْمِرْحَضَةَ، وَأَنْزَلَ الْبَحْرَ عَنْ ثِيرَانِ النُّحَاسِ الَّتِي تَحْتَهُ وَجَعَلَهُ عَلَى رَصِيفٍ مِنْ حِجَارَةٍ.17 And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon the pavement of stones.
18 وَرِوَاقَ السَّبْتِ الَّذِي بَنَوْهُ فِي الْبَيْتِ، وَمَدْخَلَ الْمَلِكِ مِنْ خَارِجٍ، غَيَّرَهُ فِي بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ مِنْ أَجْلِ مَلِكِ أَشُّورَ.18 And the covert for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he from the house of the LORD for the king of Assyria.
19 وَبَقِيَّةُ أُمُورِ آحَازَ الَّتِي عَمِلَ، أَمَا هِيَ مَكْتُوبَةٌ فِي سِفْرِ أَخْبَارِ الأَيَّامِ لِمُلُوكِ يَهُوذَا؟19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
20 ثُمَّ اضْطَجَعَ آحَازُ مَعَ آبَائِهِ، وَدُفِنَ مَعَ آبَائِهِ فِي مَدِينَةِ دَاوُدَ، وَمَلَكَ حَزَقِيَّا ابْنُهُ عِوَضًا عَنْهُ.20 And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.