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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

أخبار الأيام الثاني [30] 2Chronicles
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Chapter Summary
1 وَأَرْسَلَ حَزَقِيَّا إِلَى جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَهُوذَا، وَكَتَبَ أَيْضًا رَسَائِلَ إِلَى أَفْرَايِمَ وَمَنَسَّى أَنْ يَأْتُوا إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ لِيَعْمَلُوا فِصْحًا لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِ إِسْرَائِيلَ.1 And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, to keep the passover unto the LORD God of Israel.
2 فَتَشَاوَرَ الْمَلِكُ وَرُؤَسَاؤُهُ وَكُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ أَنْ يَعْمَلُوا الْفِصْحَ فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي،2 For the king had taken counsel, and his princes, and all the congregation in Jerusalem, to keep the passover in the second month.
3 لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَعْمَلُوهُ فِي ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ، لأَنَّ الْكَهَنَةَ لَمْ يَتَقَدَّسُوا بِالْكِفَايَةِ، وَالشَّعْبَ لَمْ يَجْتَمِعُوا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.3 For they could not keep it at that time, because the priests had not sanctified themselves sufficiently, neither had the people gathered themselves together to Jerusalem.
4 فَحَسُنَ الأَمْرُ فِي عَيْنَيِ الْمَلِكِ وَعُيُونِ كُلِّ الْجَمَاعَةِ.4 And the thing pleased the king and all the congregation.
5 فَاعْتَمَدُوا عَلَى إِطْلاَقِ النِّدَاءِ فِي جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ بِئْرِ سَبْعٍ إِلَى دَانَ أَنْ يَأْتُوا لِعَمَلِ الْفِصْحِ لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِ إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، لأَنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَعْمَلُوهُ كَمَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ مُنْذُ زَمَانٍ كَثِيرٍ.5 So they established a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep the passover unto the LORD God of Israel at Jerusalem: for they had not done it of a long time in such sort as it was written.
6 فَذَهَبَ السُّعَاةُ بِالرَّسَائِلِ مِنْ يَدِ الْمَلِكِ وَرُؤَسَائِهِ فِي جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَهُوذَا، وَحَسَبَ وَصِيَّةِ الْمَلِكِ كَانُوا يَقُولُونَ: «يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، ارْجِعُوا إِلَى الرَّبِّ إِلهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ، فَيَرْجعَ إِلَى النَّاجِينَ الْبَاقِينَ لَكُمْ مِنْ يَدِ مُلُوكِ أَشُّورَ.6 So the posts went with the letters from the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye children of Israel, turn again unto the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, and he will return to the remnant of you, that are escaped out of the hand of the kings of Assyria.
7 وَلاَ تَكُونُوا كَآبَائِكُمْ وَكَإِخْوَتِكُمُ الَّذِينَ خَانُوا الرَّبَّ إِلهَ آبَائِهِمْ فَجَعَلَهُمْ دَهْشَةً كَمَا أَنْتُمْ تَرَوْنَ.7 And be not ye like your fathers, and like your brethren, which trespassed against the LORD God of their fathers, who therefore gave them up to desolation, as ye see.
8 الآنَ لاَ تُصَلِّبُوا رِقَابَكُمْ كَآبَائِكُمْ، بَلِ اخْضَعُوا لِلرَّبِّ وَادْخُلُوا مَقْدِسَهُ الَّذِي قَدَّسَهُ إِلَى الأَبَدِ، وَاعْبُدُوا الرَّبَّ إِلهَكُمْ فَيَرْتَدَّ عَنْكُمْ حُمُوُّ غَضَبِهِ.8 Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
9 لأَنَّهُ بِرُجُوعِكُمْ إِلَى الرَّبِّ يَجِدُ إِخْوَتُكُمْ وَبَنُوكُمْ رَحْمَةً أَمَامَ الَّذِينَ يَسْبُونَهُمْ، فَيَرْجِعُونَ إِلَى هذِهِ الأَرْضِ، لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكُمْ حَنَّانٌ وَرَحِيمٌ، وَلاَ يُحَوِّلُ وَجْهَهُ عَنْكُمْ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ».9 For if ye turn again unto the LORD, your brethren and your children shall find compassion before them that lead them captive, so that they shall come again into this land: for the LORD your God is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if ye return unto him.
10 فَكَانَ السُّعَاةُ يَعْبُرُونَ مِنْ مَدِينَةٍ إِلَى مَدِينَةٍ فِي أَرْضِ أَفْرَايِمَ وَمَنَسَّى حَتَّى زَبُولُونَ، فَكَانُوا يَضْحَكُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَيَهْزَأُونَ بِهِمْ.10 So the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun: but they laughed them to scorn, and mocked them.
11 إِلاَّ إِنَّ قَوْمًا مِنْ أَشِيرَ وَمَنَسَّى وَزَبُولُونَ تَوَاضَعُوا وَأَتَوْا إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ.11 Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem.
12 وَكَانَتْ يَدُ اللهِ فِي يَهُوذَا أَيْضًا، فَأَعْطَاهُمْ قَلْبًا وَاحِدًا لِيَعْمَلُوا بِأَمْرِ الْمَلِكِ وَالرُّؤَسَاءِ، حَسَبَ قَوْلِ الرَّبِّ.12 Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king and of the princes, by the word of the LORD.
13 فَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَى أُورُشَلِيمَ شَعْبٌ كَثِيرٌ لِعَمَلِ عِيدِ الْفَطِيرِ فِي الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي، جَمَاعَةٌ كَثِيرَةٌ جِدًّا.13 And there assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the feast of unleavened bread in the second month, a very great congregation.
14 وَقَامُوا وَأَزَالُوا الْمَذَابحَ الَّتِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَأَزَالُوا كُلَّ مَذَابحِ التَّبْخِيرِ وَطَرَحُوهَا إِلَى وَادِي قَدْرُونَ.14 And they arose and took away the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for incense took they away, and cast them into the brook Kidron.
15 وَذَبَحُوا الْفِصْحَ فِي الرَّابعِ عَشَرَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ الثَّانِي. وَالْكَهَنَةُ وَاللاَّوِيُّونَ خَجِلُوا وَتَقَدَّسُوا وَأَدْخَلُوا الْمُحْرَقَاتِ إِلَى بَيْتِ الرَّبِّ،15 Then they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the second month: and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of the LORD.
16 وَأَقَامُوا عَلَى مَقَامِهِمْ حَسَبَ حُكْمِهِمْ كَنَامُوسِ مُوسَى رَجُلِ اللهِ. كَانَ الْكَهَنَةُ يَرُشُّونَ الدَّمَ مِنْ يَدِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ.16 And they stood in their place after their manner, according to the law of Moses the man of God: the priests sprinkled the blood, which they received of the hand of the Levites.
17 لأَنَّهُ كَانَ كَثِيرُونَ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ لَمْ يَتَقَدَّسُوا، فَكَانَ اللاَّوِيُّونَ عَلَى ذَبْحِ الْفِصْحِ عَنْ كُلِّ مَنْ لَيْسَ بِطَاهِرٍ لِتَقْدِيسِهِمْ لِلرَّبِّ.17 For there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified: therefore the Levites had the charge of the killing of the passovers for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto the LORD.
18 لأَنَّ كَثِيرِينَ مِنَ الشَّعْبِ، كَثِيرِينَ مِنْ أَفْرَايِمَ وَمَنَسَّى وَيَسَّاكَرَ وَزَبُولُونَ لَمْ يَتَطَهَّرُوا، بَلْ أَكَلُوا الْفِصْحَ لَيْسَ كَمَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ. إِلاَّ إِنَّ حَزَقِيَّا صَلَّى عَنْهُمْ قَائِلاً: «الرَّبُّ الصَّالِحُ يُكَفِّرُ عَنْ18 For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one
19 كُلِّ مَنْ هَيَّأَ قَلْبَهُ لِطَلَبِ اللهِ الرَّبِّ إِلهِ آبَائِهِ، وَلَيْسَ كَطَهَارَةِ الْقُدْسِ».19 That prepareth his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though he be not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary.
20 فَسَمِعَ الرَّبُّ لِحَزَقِيَّا وَشَفَى الشَّعْبَ.20 And the LORD hearkened to Hezekiah, and healed the people.
21 وَعَمِلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ الْمَوْجُودُونَ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ عِيدَ الْفَطِيرِ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ بِفَرَحٍ عَظِيمٍ، وَكَانَ اللاَّوِيُّونَ وَالْكَهَنَةُ يُسَبِّحُونَ الرَّبَّ يَوْمًا فَيَوْمًا بِآلاَتِ حَمْدٍ لِلرَّبِّ.21 And the children of Israel that were present at Jerusalem kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with great gladness: and the Levites and the priests praised the LORD day by day, singing with loud instruments unto the LORD.
22 وَطَيَّبَ حَزَقِيَّا قُلُوبَ جَمِيعِ اللاَّوِيِّينَ الْفَطِنِينَ فِطْنَةً صَالِحَةً لِلرَّبِّ، وَأَكَلُوا الْمَوْسِمَ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ يَذْبَحُونَ ذَبَائِحَ سَلاَمَةٍ وَيَحْمَدُونَ الرَّبَّ إِلهَ آبَائِهِمْ.22 And Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught the good knowledge of the LORD: and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
23 وَتَشَاوَرَ كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ أَنْ يَعْمَلُوا سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ أُخْرَى، فَعَمِلُوا سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ بِفَرَحٍ.23 And the whole assembly took counsel to keep other seven days: and they kept other seven days with gladness.
24 لأَنَّ حَزَقِيَّا مَلِكَ يَهُوذَا قَدَّمَ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ أَلْفَ ثَوْرٍ وَسَبْعَةَ آلاَفٍ مِنَ الضَّأْنِ، وَالرُّؤَسَاءُ قَدَّمُوا لِلْجَمَاعَةِ أَلْفَ ثَوْرٍ وَعَشَرَةَ آلاَفٍ مِنَ الضَّأْنِ، وَتَقَدَّسَ كَثِيرُونَ مِنَ الْكَهَنَةِ.24 For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the congregation a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.
25 وَفَرِحَ كُلُّ جَمَاعَةِ يَهُوذَا، وَالْكَهَنَةُ وَاللاَّوِيُّونَ، وَكُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ الآتِينَ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، وَالْغُرَبَاءُ الآتُونَ مِنْ أَرْضِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَالسَّاكِنُونَ فِي يَهُوذَا.25 And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced.
26 وَكَانَ فَرَحٌ عَظِيمٌ فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، لأَنَّهُ مِنْ أَيَّامِ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ مَلِكِ إِسْرَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ كَهذَا فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ.26 So there was great joy in Jerusalem: for since the time of Solomon the son of David king of Israel there was not the like in Jerusalem.
27 وَقَامَ الْكَهَنَةُ اللاَّوِيُّونَ وَبَارَكُوا الشَّعْبَ، فَسُمِعَ صَوْتُهُمْ وَدَخَلَتْ صَلاَتُهُمْ إِلَى مَسْكَنِ قُدْسِهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ.27 Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people: and their voice was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even unto heaven.