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إصحاحات Chapters
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10

تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

عزرا [5] Ezra
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Chapter Summary
1 فَتَنَبَّأَ النَّبِيَّانِ حَجَّيِ النَّبِيُّ وَزَكَرِيَّا بْنُ عِدُّوَ لِلْيَهُودِ الَّذِينَ فِي يَهُوذَا وَأُورُشَلِيمَ بِاسْمِ إِلهِ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَيْهِمْ.1 Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them.
2 حِينَئِذٍ قَامَ زَرُبَّابَِلُ بْنُ شَأَلْتِئِيلَ وَيَشُوعُ بْنُ يُوصَادَاقَ، وَشَرَعَا بِبُنْيَانِ بَيْتِ اللهِ الَّذِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَمَعَهُمَا أَنْبِيَاءُ اللهِ يُسَاعِدُونَهُمَا.2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them.
3 فِي ذلِكَ الزَّمَانِ جَاءَ إِلَيْهِمْ تَتْنَايُ وَالِي عَبْرِ النَّهْرِ وَشَتَرْبُوزْنَايُ وَرُفَقَاؤُهُمَا وَقَالُوا لَهُمْ هكَذَا: «مَنْ أَمَرَكُمْ أَنْ تَبْنُوا هذَا الْبَيْتَ وَتُكَمِّلُوا هذَا السُّورَ؟».3 At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai and their companions, and said thus unto them, Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall?
4 حِينَئِذٍ أَخْبَرْنَاهُمْ عَلَى هَذَا الْمَنْوَالِ مَا هِيَ أَسْمَاءُ الرِّجَالِ الَّذِينَ يَبْنُونَ هذَا الْبِنَاءَ.4 Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the men that make this building?
5 وَكَانَتْ عَلَى شُيُوخِ الْيَهُودِ عَيْنُ إِلهِهِمْ فَلَمْ يُوقِفُوهُمْ حَتَّى وَصَلَ الأَمْرُ إِلَى دَارِيُوسَ، وَحِينَئِذٍ جَاوَبُوا بِرِسَالَةٍ عَنْ هذَا.5 But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius: and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter.
6 صُورَةُ الرِّسَالَةِ الَّتِي أَرْسَلَهَا تَتْنَايُ وَالِي عَبْرِ النَّهْرِ وَشَتَرْبُوزْنَايُ وَرُفَقَاؤُهُمَا الأَفَرْسَكِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ فِي عَبْرِ النَّهْرِ إِلَى دَارِيُوسَ الْمَلِكِ. أَرْسَلُوا إِلَيْهِ رِسَالَةً وَكَانَ مَكْتُوبًا فِيهَا هكَذَا:6 The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river, sent unto Darius the king:
7 «لِدَارِيُوسَ الْمَلِكِ كُلُّ سَلاَمٍ.7 They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace.
8 لِيَكُنْ مَعْلُومًا لَدَى الْمَلِكِ أَنَّنَا ذَهَبْنَا إِلَى بِلاَدِ يَهُوذَا، إِلَى بَيْتِ الإِلهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَإِذَا بِهِ يُبْنَى بِحِجَارَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ، وَيُوضَعُ خَشَبٌ فِي الْحِيطَانِ. وَهذَا الْعَمَلُ يُعْمَلُ بِسُرْعَةٍ وَيَنْجَحُ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ.8 Be it known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones, and timber is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands.
9 حِينَئِذٍ سَأَلْنَا أُولئِكَ الشُّيُوخَ وَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ هكَذَا: مَنْ أَمَرَكُمْ بِبِنَاءِ هذَا الْبَيْتِ وَتَكْمِيلِ هذِهِ الأَسْوَارِ؟9 Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls?
10 وَسَأَلْنَاهُمْ أَيْضًا عَنْ أَسْمَائِهِمْ لِنُعْلِمَكَ، وَكَتَبْنَا أَسْمَاءَ الرِّجَالِ رُؤُوسِهِمْ.10 We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them.
11 وَبِمِثْلِ هذَا الْجَوَابِ جَاوَبُوا قَائِلِينَ: نَحْنُ عَبِيدُ إِلهِ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ، وَنَبْنِي هذَا الْبَيْتَ الَّذِي بُنِيَ قَبْلَ هذِهِ السِّنِينَ الْكَثِيرَةِ، وَقَدْ بَنَاهُ مَلِكٌ عَظِيمٌ لإِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَكْمَلَهُ.11 And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Israel builded and set up.
12 وَلكِنْ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَسْخَطَ آبَاؤُنَا إِلهَ السَّمَاءِ دَفَعَهُمْ لِيَدِ نَبُوخَذْنَصَّرَ مَلِكِ بَابِلَ الْكَلْدَانِيِّ، الَّذِي هَدَمَ هذَا الْبَيْتَ وَسَبَى الشَّعْبَ إِلَى بَابِلَ.12 But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon.
13 عَلَى أَنَّهُ فِي السَّنَةِ الأُولَى لِكُورَشَ مَلِكَ بَابِلَ، أَصْدَرَ كُورَشُ الْمَلِكُ أَمْرًا بِبِنَاءِ بَيْتِ اللهِ هذَا.13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon the same king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God.
14 حَتَّى إِنَّ آنِيَةَ بَيْتِ اللهِ هذَا، الَّتِي مِنْ ذَهَبٍ وَفِضَّةٍ، الَّتِي أَخْرَجَهَا نَبُوخَذْنَصَّرُ مِنَ الْهَيْكَلِ الَّذِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ وَأَتَى بِهَا إِلَى الْهَيْكَلِ الَّذِي فِي بَابِلَ، أَخْرَجَهَا كُورَشُ الْمَلِكُ مِنَ الْهَيْكَلِ الَّذِي فِي بَابِلَ وَأُعْطِيَتْ لِوَاحِدٍ اسْمُهُ شِيشْبَصَّرُ الَّذِي جَعَلَهُ وَالِيًا.14 And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them into the temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered unto one, whose name was Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor;
15 وَقَالَ لَهُ: خُذْ هذِهِ الآنِيَةَ وَاذْهَبْ وَاحْمِلْهَا إِلَى الْهَيْكَلِ الَّذِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَلْيُبْنَ بَيْتُ اللهِ فِي مَكَانِهِ.15 And said unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in his place.
16 حِينَئِذٍ جَاءَ شِيشْبَصَّرُ هذَا وَوَضَعَ أَسَاسَ بَيْتِ اللهِ الَّذِي فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ، وَمِنْ ذلِكَ الْوَقْتِ إِلَى الآنَ يُبْنَى وَلَمْ يُكْمَلْ.16 Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished.
17 وَالآنَ إِذَا حَسُنَ عِنْدَ الْمَلِكِ فَلْيُفَتَّشْ فِي بَيْتِ خَزَائِنِ الْمَلِكِ الَّذِي هُوَ هُنَاكَ فِي بَابِلَ: هَلْ كَانَ قَدْ صَدَرَ أَمْرٌ مِنْ كُورَشَ الْمَلِكِ بِبِنَاءِ بَيْتِ اللهِ هذَا فِي أُورُشَلِيمَ؟ وَلْيُرْسِلِ الْمَلِكُ إِلَيْنَا مُرَادَهُ فِي ذلِكَ».17 Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter.