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تفسير Commentary
وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

نحميا [8] Nehemiah
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Chapter Summary
1 اجْتَمَعَ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ كَرَجُل وَاحِدٍ إِلَى السَّاحَةِ الَّتِي أَمَامَ بَابِ الْمَاءِ وَقَالُوا لِعَزْرَا الْكَاتِبِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ بِسِفْرِ شَرِيعَةِ مُوسَى الَّتِي أَمَرَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ إِسْرَائِيلَ.1 And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that was before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel.
2 فَأَتَى عَزْرَا الْكَاتِبُ بِالشَّرِيعَةِ أَمَامَ الْجَمَاعَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَكُلِّ فَاهِمٍ مَا يُسْمَعُ، فِي الْيَوْمِ الأَوَّلِ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ السَّابعِ.2 And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month.
3 وَقَرَأَ فِيهَا أَمَامَ السَّاحَةِ الَّتِي أَمَامَ بَابِ الْمَاءِ، مِنَ الصَّبَاحِ إِلَى نِصْفِ النَّهَارِ، أَمَامَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْفَاهِمِينَ. وَكَانَتْ آذَانُ كُلِّ الشَّعْبِ نَحْوَ سِفْرِ الشَّرِيعَةِ.3 And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law.
4 وَوَقَفَ عَزْرَا الْكَاتِبُ عَلَى مِنْبَرِ الْخَشَبِ الَّذِي عَمِلُوهُ لِهذَا الأَمْرِ، وَوَقَفَ بِجَانِبِهِ مَتَّثْيَا وَشَمَعُ وَعَنَايَا وَأُورِيَّا وَحِلْقِيَّا وَمَعْسِيَا عَنْ يَمِينِهِ، وَعَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَدَايَا وَمِيشَائِيلُ وَمَلْكِيَّا وَحَشُومُ وَحَشْبَدَّانَةُ وَزَكَرِيَّا وَمَشُلاَّمُ.4 And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, and Meshullam.
5 وَفَتَحَ عَزْرَا السِّفْرَ أَمَامَ كُلِّ الشَّعْبِ، لأَنَّهُ كَانَ فَوْقَ كُلِّ الشَّعْبِ. وَعِنْدَمَا فَتَحَهُ وَقَفَ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ.5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up:
6 وَبَارَكَ عَزْرَا الرَّبَّ الإِلهَ الْعَظِيمَ. وَأَجَابَ جَمِيعُ الشَّعْبِ: «آمِينَ، آمِينَ!» رَافِعِينَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ، وَخَرُّوا وَسَجَدُوا لِلرَّبِّ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ إِلَى الأَرْضِ.6 And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with their faces to the ground.
7 وَيَشُوعُ وَبَانِي وَشَرَبْيَا وَيَامِينُ وَعَقُّوبُ وَشَبْتَايُ وَهُودِيَّا وَمَعْسِيَا وَقَلِيطَا وَعَزَرْيَا وَيُوزَابَادُ وَحَنَانُ وَفَلاَيَا وَاللاَّوِيُّونَ أَفْهَمُوا الشَّعْبَ الشَّرِيعَةَ، وَالشَّعْبُ فِي أَمَاكِنِهِمْ.7 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people stood in their place.
8 وَقَرَأُوا فِي السِّفْرِ، فِي شَرِيعَةِ اللهِ، بِبَيَانٍ، وَفَسَّرُوا الْمَعْنَى، وَأَفْهَمُوهُمُ الْقِرَاءَةَ.8 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading.
9 وَنَحَمْيَا أَيِ التِّرْشَاثَا، وَعَزْرَا الْكَاهِنُ الْكَاتِبُ، وَاللاَّوِيُّونَ الْمُفْهِمُونَ الشَّعْبَ قَالُوا لِجَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ: «هذَا الْيَوْمُ مُقَدَّسٌ لِلرَّبِّ إِلهِكُمْ، لاَ تَنُوحُوا وَلاَ تَبْكُوا». لأَنَّ جَمِيعَ الشَّعْبِ بَكَوْا حِينَ سَمِعُوا كَلاَمَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.9 And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.
10 فَقَالَ لَهُمُ: «اذْهَبُوا كُلُوا السَّمِينَ، وَاشْرَبُوا الْحُلْوَ، وَابْعَثُوا أَنْصِبَةً لِمَنْ لَمْ يُعَدَّ لَهُ، لأَنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مُقَدَّسٌ لِسَيِّدِنَا. وَلاَ تَحْزَنُوا، لأَنَّ فَرَحَ الرَّبِّ هُوَ قُوَّتُكُمْ».10 Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our LORD: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.
11 وَكَانَ اللاَّوِيُّونَ يُسَكِّتُونَ كُلَّ الشَّعْبِ قَائِلِينَ: «اسْكُتُوا، لأَنَّ الْيَوْمَ مُقَدَّسٌ فَلاَ تَحْزَنُوا».11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.
12 فَذَهَبَ كُلُّ الشَّعْبِ لِيَأْكُلُوا وَيَشْرَبُوا وَيَبْعَثُوا أَنْصِبَةً وَيَعْمَلُوا فَرَحًا عَظِيمًا، لأَنَّهُمْ فَهِمُوا الْكَلاَمَ الَّذِي عَلَّمُوهُمْ إِيَّاهُ.12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
13 وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّانِي اجْتَمَعَ رُؤُوسُ آبَاءِ جَمِيعِ الشَّعْبِ وَالْكَهَنَةِ وَاللاََّوِيُّونَ إِلَى عَزْرَا الْكَاتِبِ لِيُفْهِمَهُمْ كَلاَمَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.13 And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law.
14 فَوَجَدُوا مَكْتُوبًا فِي الشَّرِيعَةِ الَّتِي أَمَرَ بِهَا الرَّبُّ عَنْ يَدِ مُوسَى أَنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ يَسْكُنُونَ فِي مَظَالَّ فِي الْعِيدِ فِي الشَّهْرِ السَّابعِ،14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
15 وَأَنْ يُسْمِعُوا وَيُنَادُوا فِي كُلِّ مُدُنِهِمْ وَفِي أُورُشَلِيمَ قَائِلِينَ: «اخْرُجُوا إِلَى الْجَبَلِ وَأْتُوا بِأَغْصَانِ زَيْتُونٍ وَأَغْصَانِ زَيْتُونٍ بَرِّيٍّ وَأَغْصَانِ آسٍ وَأَغْصَانِ نَخْل وَأَغْصَانِ أَشْجَارٍ غَبْيَاءَ لِعَمَلِ مَظَالَّ، كَمَا هُوَ مَكْتُوبٌ». 15 And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
16 فَخَرَجَ الشَّعْبُ وَجَلَبُوا وَعَمِلُوا لأَنْفُسِهِمْ مَظَالَّ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَلَى سَطْحِهِ، وَفِي دُورِهِمْ، وَدُورِ بَيْتِ اللهِ، وَفِي سَاحَةِ بَابِ الْمَاءِ، وَفِي سَاحَةِ بَابِ أَفْرَايِمَ.16 So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
17 وَعَمِلَ كُلُّ الْجَمَاعَةِ الرَّاجِعِينَ مِنَ السَّبْيِ مَظَالَّ، وَسَكَنُوا فِي الْمَظَالِّ، لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ هكَذَا مِنْ أَيَّامِ يَشُوعَ بْنِ نُونٍ إِلَى ذلِكَ الْيَوْمِ، وَكَانَ فَرَحٌ عَظِيمٌ جِدًّا.17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
18 وَكَانَ يُقْرَأُ فِي سِفْرِ شَرِيعَةِ اللهِ يَوْمًا فَيَوْمًا مِنَ الْيَوْمِ الأَوَّلِ إِلَى الْيَوْمِ الأَخِيرِ. وَعَمِلُوا عِيدًا سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ، وَفِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّامِنِ اعْتِكَافٌ حَسَبَ الْمَرْسُومِ.18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.
آس
نبات عطري، ريحان، حبلاس.