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وليم ماكدونالد
وليم مارش
Matthew Henry

التثنية [20] Deuteronomy
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Chapter Summary
1 «إِذَا خَرَجْتَ لِلْحَرْبِ عَلَى عَدُوِّكَ وَرَأَيْتَ خَيْلاً وَمَرَاكِبَ، قَوْمًا أَكْثَرَ مِنْكَ، فَلاَ تَخَفْ مِنْهُمْ، لأَنَّ مَعَكَ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكَ الَّذِي أَصْعَدَكَ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ.1 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
2 وَعِنْدَمَا تَقْرُبُونَ مِنَ الْحَرْبِ يَتَقَدَّمُ الْكَاهِنُ وَيُخَاطِبُ الشَّعْبَ2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,
3 وَيَقُولُ لَهُمْ: اسْمَعْ يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ: أَنْتُمْ قَرُبْتُمُ الْيَوْمَ مِنَ الْحَرْبِ عَلَى أَعْدَائِكُمْ. لاَ تَضْعُفْ قُلُوبُكُمْ. لاَ تَخَافُوا وَلاَ تَرْتَعِدُوا وَلاَ تَرْهَبُوا وُجُوهَهُمْ،3 And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them;
4 لأَنَّ الرَّبَّ إِلهَكُمْ سَائِرٌ مَعَكُمْ لِكَيْ يُحَارِبَ عَنْكُمْ أَعْدَاءَكُمْ لِيُخَلِّصَكُمْ.4 For the LORD your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.
5 ثُمَّ يُخَاطِبُ الْعُرَفَاءُ الشَّعْبَ قَائِلِينَ: مَنْ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي بَنَى بَيْتًا جَدِيدًا وَلَمْ يُدَشِّنْهُ؟ لِيَذْهَبْ وَيَرْجعْ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ لِئَلاَّ يَمُوتَ فِي الْحَرْبِ فَيُدَشِّنَهُ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ.5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
6 وَمَنْ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي غَرَسَ كَرْمًا وَلَمْ يَبْتَكِرْهُ؟ لِيَذْهَبْ وَيَرْجعْ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ لِئَلاَّ يَمُوتَ فِي الْحَرْبِ فَيَبْتَكِرَهُ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ.6 And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.
7 وَمَنْ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي خَطَبَ امْرَأَةً وَلَمْ يَأْخُذْهَا؟ لِيَذْهَبْ وَيَرْجعْ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ لِئَلاَّ يَمُوتَ فِي الْحَرْبِ فَيَأْخُذَهَا رَجُلٌ آخَرُ.7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.
8 ثُمَّ يَعُودُ الْعُرَفَاءُ يُخَاطِبُونَ الشَّعْبَ وَيَقُولُونَ: مَنْ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الْخَائِفُ وَالضَّعِيفُ الْقَلْبِ؟ لِيَذْهَبْ وَيَرْجعْ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ لِئَلاَّ تَذُوبَ قُلُوبُ إِخْوَتِهِ مِثْلَ قَلْبِهِ.8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his heart.
9 وَعِنْدَ فَرَاغِ الْعُرَفَاءِ مِنْ مُخَاطَبَةِ الشَّعْبِ يُقِيمُونَ رُؤَسَاءَ جُنُودٍ عَلَى رَأْسِ الشَّعْبِ.9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people.
10 «حِينَ تَقْرُبُ مِنْ مَدِينَةٍ لِكَيْ تُحَارِبَهَا اسْتَدْعِهَا إِلَى الصُّلْحِ،10 When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.
11 فَإِنْ أَجَابَتْكَ إِلَى الصُّلْحِ وَفَتَحَتْ لَكَ، فَكُلُّ الشَّعْبِ الْمَوْجُودِ فِيهَا يَكُونُ لَكَ لِلتَّسْخِيرِ وَيُسْتَعْبَدُ لَكَ.11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.
12 وَإِنْ لَمْ تُسَالِمْكَ، بَلْ عَمِلَتْ مَعَكَ حَرْبًا، فَحَاصِرْهَا.12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:
13 وَإِذَا دَفَعَهَا الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ إِلَى يَدِكَ فَاضْرِبْ جَمِيعَ ذُكُورِهَا بِحَدِّ السَّيْفِ.13 And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:
14 وَأَمَّا النِّسَاءُ وَالأَطْفَالُ وَالْبَهَائِمُ وَكُلُّ مَا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ، كُلُّ غَنِيمَتِهَا، فَتَغْتَنِمُهَا لِنَفْسِكَ، وَتَأْكُلُ غَنِيمَةَ أَعْدَائِكَ الَّتِي أَعْطَاكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ.14 But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
15 هكَذَا تَفْعَلُ بِجَمِيعِ الْمُدُنِ الْبَعِيدَةِ مِنْكَ جِدًّا الَّتِي لَيْسَتْ مِنْ مُدُنِ هؤُلاَءِ الأُمَمِ هُنَا.15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.
16 وَأَمَّا مُدُنُ هؤُلاَءِ الشُّعُوبِ الَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ نَصِيبًا فَلاَ تَسْتَبْقِ مِنْهَا نَسَمَةً مَا،16 But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:
17 بَلْ تُحَرِّمُهَا تَحْرِيمًا: الْحِثِّيِّينَ وَالأَمُورِيِّينَ وَالْكَنْعَانِيِّينَ وَالْفِرِزِّيِّينَ وَالْحِوِّيِّينَ وَالْيَبُوسِيِّينَ، كَمَا أَمَرَكَ الرَّبُّ إِلهُكَ،17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:
18 لِكَيْ لاَ يُعَلِّمُوكُمْ أَنْ تَعْمَلُوا حَسَبَ جَمِيعِ أَرْجَاسِهِمِ الَّتِي عَمِلُوا لآلِهَتِهِمْ، فَتُخْطِئُوا إِلَى الرَّبِّ إِلهِكُمْ.18 That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.
19 «إِذَا حَاصَرْتَ مَدِينَةً أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً مُحَارِبًا إِيَّاهَا لِتَأْخُذَهَا، فَلاَ تُتْلِفْ شَجَرَهَا بِوَضْعِ فَأْسٍ عَلَيْهِ. إِنَّكَ مِنْهُ تَأْكُلُ. فَلاَ تَقْطَعْهُ. لأَنَّهُ هَلْ شَجَرَةُ الْحَقْلِ إِنْسَانٌ حَتَّى يَذْهَبَ قُدَّامَكَ فِي الْحِصَارِ؟19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege:
20 وَأَمَّا الشَّجَرُ الَّذِي تَعْرِفُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ شَجَرًا يُؤْكَلُ مِنْهُ، فَإِيَّاهُ تُتْلِفُ وَتَقْطَعُ وَتَبْنِي حِصْنًا عَلَى الْمَدِينَةِ الَّتِي تَعْمَلُ مَعَكَ حَرْبًا حَتَّى تَسْقُطَ.20 Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.